Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 (SOR/90-288)

Regulations are current to 2017-07-03 and last amended on 2014-06-13. Previous Versions

  •  (1) Every operator or importer shall develop, implement and maintain written procedures for the recall of meat products that shall meet the requirements set out in the FSEP Manual and the Manual of Procedures.

  • (2) The operator or importer shall develop and maintain any product distribution records that are necessary to facilitate the location of products in the event of a product recall.

  • (3) The operator or importer shall review the product recall procedures and shall conduct a product recall simulation at least once a year.

  • (4) On the request of an inspector, the operator or importer shall make available to the inspector, in a readily accessible location, a copy of the product recall procedures, the results of the product recall simulations for the previous year and the product distribution records

    • (a) for the last three years in the case of any meat product that is treated as a shelf stable in a manner described in any of paragraphs 94(3)(a) to (f); and

    • (b) for a period that is at least equivalent to twice the possible shelf life for any other meat product.

  • SOR/2004-280, s. 18.

 Every operator shall prepare written procedures that conform to the requirements set out in the FSEP Manual and keep and maintain records for receiving, investigating and responding to product complaints.

  • SOR/2004-280, s. 18.

PART IIIExamination, Inspection, Humane Treatment and Slaughter, Packaging and Labelling

[SOR/94-683, s. 4; SOR/2001-167, s. 10]

Ante-Mortem Examination, Ante-Mortem Inspection and Humane Treatment and Slaughter of Food Animals

[SOR/2001-167, s. 10]

 Every operator and every person engaged in the handling and slaughtering of a food animal in a registered establishment shall comply with sections 62 to 80.

  • SOR/2001-111, s. 1;
  • SOR/2011-205, s. 45.

 [Repealed, SOR/2011-205, s. 46]

  •  (1) No food animal shall be handled in a manner that subjects the animal to avoidable distress or avoidable pain.

  • (2) No goad or electrical prod shall be applied to the anal, genital or facial region of a food animal.

  •  (1) Different species of food animals shall be kept separate from each other.

  • (2) Every food animal that is obviously diseased or injured shall immediately be segregated from apparently healthy food animals.

  • (3) Every food animal that is a potential danger to other food animals shall immediately be segregated from those other food animals.

 Every holding pen that is used for food animals awaiting slaughter shall be provided with adequate ventilation and shall not be used in a manner that results in their overcrowding.

 Every food animal in a holding pen awaiting slaughter shall be provided with access to potable water and shall, if held for more than 24 hours, be provided with feed.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), an equine animal and a bird, other than an ostrich, rhea and emu, may be presented for slaughter in a registered establishment only if the operator has been provided with a completed animal information document in respect of the animal by the owner or producer of the animal, or their authorized representative.

  • (2) The animal information document must include

    • (a) the name and contact information of the owner or producer of the animal;

    • (b) the identification of the last location at which the animal was raised or kept before being sent to slaughter by specifying the address of the location or a code or number that identifies the location;

    • (c) the identification number of each animal or other information that identifies it;

    • (d) in the case of an equine animal, the name of any on-farm food safety program in which the owner or producer participates;

    • (e) a description of any physical or chemical hazard with respect to the animal of which the owner or producer is aware;

    • (f) in the case of birds, other than ostriches, rheas and emus, the time at which the catching of the birds to be loaded started, the last time that the birds had access to water before loading and the last time at which the birds were fed before loading the birds in the transport containers;

    • (g) in the case of an equine animal, for the last 180 days of the life of the animal,

      • (i) the name of any disease or syndrome that was diagnosed or a description of the clinical signs of any illness or deviation from normal behaviour or appearance,

      • (ii) the name of any drug or vaccine administered, as well as its Drug Identification Number, if any, its route of administration, the last date of its administration and the dosage administered and either the withdrawal period or, in the case of extra label drug use, a copy of the prescription issued by a veterinarian together with a document attesting to the withdrawal period determined by a competent person or body respecting that use, and

      • (iii) any use of the animal;

    • (h) in the case of birds, other than ostriches, rheas and emus, for the last 120 days of the life of a bird that has been used for breeding or egg production or for the life of any other bird,

      • (i) the mortality rate for the flock, the name of any disease or syndrome that was diagnosed in the flock and the date on which the flock recovered from the disease or syndrome, and

      • (ii) the names of the drugs used to treat a disease or syndrome and vaccines administered and the name of any drug used extra label, their route of administration, the first and last date of their administration and the dosage administered and either the withdrawal period or, in the case of extra label drug use, a copy of the prescription issued by a veterinarian together with a document attesting to the withdrawal period determined by a competent person or body respecting this use; and

    • (i) in the case of birds, other than ostriches, rheas and emus, in addition to the information referred to in paragraph (h), the name of any drug requiring a withdrawal period that has been used in the last 14 days.

  • (3) For every equine animal and every shipment of birds, other than ostriches, rheas and emus, that is slaughtered in a registered establishment, the operator shall keep and retain, for a period of not less than one year beginning on the day on which the food animal is slaughtered, records that contain

    • (a) the information required by subsection (2);

    • (b) the date and time at which the slaughtering process began, if any;

    • (c) the condition of the food animal on its arrival, and, in the case of a shipment of birds,

      • (i) their average weight, and

      • (ii) the number of birds found dead at the time the shipment was presented for slaughter; and

    • (d) if the food animal or its carcass was condemned, the reasons for condemnation.

  • (4) A food animal referred to in subsection (1) may be presented for slaughter in a registered establishment without the operator being provided with a completed animal information document respecting the animal for the purpose of the operator

    • (a) holding the edible meat products derived from the food animal pending the reception of a completed animal information document; or

    • (b) preparing animal food or other inedible meat products.

  • SOR/2001-167, s. 11;
  • SOR/2004-280, s. 19;
  • SOR/2012-286, s. 26(F);
  • SOR/2014-151, s. 9.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (9), every operator who slaughters an animal shall perform, within 24 hours before the time of slaughter, an ante-mortem examination of the animal.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (9), no food animal shall be slaughtered in a registered establishment unless the animal has been subjected, within 24 hours before the time of slaughter, to

    • (a) an ante-mortem examination performed under subsection (1), or

    • (b) an ante-mortem inspection performed by an official veterinarian or by an inspector under the supervision of an official veterinarian.

  • (3) No food animal shall be slaughtered in a registered establishment unless the slaughter has been authorized by an inspector.

  • (4) On the request of an inspector, the operator shall present an animal to the inspector for an ante-mortem inspection, even if the slaughter of the animal has been authorized under subsection (3).

  • (5) The operator shall not slaughter an animal that was the subject of a request under subsection (4) unless an inspector has, after that request, inspected the animal and authorized the slaughter of the animal.

  • (6) Subject to subsection (7), if an operator or an inspector who is not an official veterinarian suspects, in the course of the ante-mortem examination or the ante-mortem inspection of a food animal, that the food animal shows a deviation from normal behaviour or appearance, the food animal shall be held and referred to an official veterinarian for a detailed inspection and instructions regarding its disposition.

  • (7) An official veterinarian may instruct an operator or an inspector who is not an official veterinarian that food animals with certain deviations from normal behaviour or appearance

    • (a) are not required to be referred to an official veterinarian for a detailed inspection; and

    • (b) are to be disposed of in accordance with the instructions provided by an official veterinarian.

  • (8) An operator shall comply with any instructions from an official veterinarian under subsection (6) or (7).

  • (9) The Director may specify how an ante-mortem examination or ante-mortem inspection is to be performed, including

    • (a) the methods and equipment that shall be used; and

    • (b) the criteria that the operator or the inspector shall take into account in determining whether the ante-mortem examination or the ante-mortem inspection of a shipment of food animals may be performed by

      • (i) the examination or inspection of a sample from the shipment, or

      • (ii) the examination of the animal information document for the shipment.

  • SOR/2001-167, s. 11;
  • SOR/2004-280, s. 20;
  • SOR/2014-151, s. 10.
 
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