Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 (SOR/90-288)

Regulations are current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2014-06-13. Previous Versions

Submission of Documents

 A person who is required or authorized to submit a document under the Act or Regulations shall submit it in writing by one of the following ways:

  • (a) in person;

  • (b) by mail or by courier; or

  • (c) by facsimile or other electronic means if the information contained in it is the same as the information that would have been provided if it had been sent or issued in paper form.

  • SOR/2004-280, s. 2;
  • SOR/2012-286, s. 16(F);
  • SOR/2013-75, s. 1.

 Any record or document that a person is required to make available to an inspector shall be made available in one or both of the official languages.

  • SOR/2004-280, s. 2.

Meat Products Exempted from the Application of the Act

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), sections 7 to 9 of the Act do not apply in respect of

    • (a) a shipment of meat products weighing 20 kg or less that is intended to be used for non-commercial purposes;

    • (b) a shipment of meat products that is part of an immigrant’s or emigrant’s effects;

    • (c) a meat product derived from a marine mammal;

    • (d) a prepared pet food;

    • (d.1) feed, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Feeds Regulations, 1983;

    • (e) a meat product carried on any vessel, train, motor vehicle, aircraft or other means of transportation for use as food for the crew or passengers thereof;

    • (f) a carcass of a game animal, or a part of a carcass of a game animal, including the carcass or part of the carcass of the animal that is considered to be a game animal in another country, that is to be used for non-commercial purposes;

    • (g) gelatin, bone meal, collagen casing, hydrolyzed animal protein, monoglyceride, diglyceride, fatty acid and the products resulting from the rendering of inedible meat products;

    • (h) a meat product, the total amount of which does not weigh more than 100 kg, destined and used for analysis, evaluation, testing, research or an international food exhibition;

    • (i) a food in which the meat product is of insignificant quantity having regard to the nature of the food and the nature of the meat product therein;

    • (j) animal skins not intended for use as human or animal food, hooves, horns, antlers, feathers, hair, wool and pharmaceuticals containing products of animal origin; and

    • (k) a meat product that is destined for inedible rendering; and

    • (l) a food that meets the following specifications, namely,

      • (i) the food is a mixture of a fish product and a meat product,

      • (ii) the food is commonly recognized as a fish product, having regard to

        • (A) the relative proportions and type of the fish and meat ingredients present in the food,

        • (B) the common name of the food,

        • (C) the type of processing applied to the fish and meat ingredients, and

        • (D) the historical recognition of the food as a fish product,

      • (iii) the food is processed in an establishment registered in accordance with the Fish Inspection Regulations or has been imported into Canada in compliance with those Regulations, and

      • (iv) the meat product used in the preparation of the food originates from an establishment registered in accordance with these Regulations or a foreign establishment authorized to export meat products to Canada in accordance with these Regulations.

  • (1.1) The exemption established in paragraph (1)(i) does not apply to a food that is, that contains or that is derived from specified risk material in any form that originated in a country, or a part of a country, other than a country or part of a country that is designated under section 7 of the Health of Animals Regulations as posing a negligible risk for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy.

  • (2) Section 7 of the Act does not apply to a meat product in respect of which a notice for removal has been given to an importer in accordance with subsection 18(1) of the Act.

  • (3) Section 8 of the Act does not apply in respect of the following meat products:

    • (a) a meat product transported by a person for non-commercial purposes;

    • (b) a meat product that is identified for use as animal food or for medicinal purposes and used for animal food or for medicinal purposes;

    • (c) [Repealed, SOR/94-683, s. 4]

    • (d) a meat product that is produced in a federal penitentiary and sent or conveyed to another federal penitentiary;

    • (e) a meat product derived from a muskox, caribou or reindeer that is a game animal, if the meat product was produced under an inspection system established for the purposes of these Regulations; and

    • (f) an imported meat product that is being delivered to a registered establishment for inspection as required by the Act or these Regulations.

  • (4) Subsection 9(1) of the Act does not apply in respect of a meat product that has been exported from Canada and is thereafter imported into Canada in the state in which it was exported.

  • (5) Subject to subsection (6), for the purpose of implementing the Agreement as defined in section 2 of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, section 8 and subsection 9(2) of the Act do not apply in respect of a meat product that is

    • (a) imported into Canada from the United States, as defined in section 2 of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act; and

    • (b) certified, by a person who is empowered by the United States Department of Agriculture to enforce the national meat inspection legislation of the United States, as being a product of that country and as meeting the standards set out in these Regulations and as being packaged and labelled in accordance with these Regulations.

  • (6) Spot checks or similar verifying measures, including any such measures conducted at the border and including any unloading requirements, may be conducted in respect of a meat product that is imported into Canada from the United States by an inspector, at facilities designated by the Director.

  • (7) Subject to subsections (8) and (9), section 9 of the Act does not apply in respect of a meat product that is imported from the United States onto the Akwesasne Reserve for use by an Akwesasne resident.

  • (8) Subsection (7) does not apply in respect of a meat product that is imported into Canada from another country through the United States.

  • (9) For the purpose of subsection (7), Akwesasne resident means an individual who has established permanent residence on the Akwesasne Reserve.

  • SOR/91-446, s. 1;
  • SOR/92-2, s. 1;
  • SOR/92-292, s. 2;
  • SOR/93-160, s. 2;
  • SOR/94-683, s. 4;
  • SOR/2001-167, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-436, s. 1;
  • SOR/2003-6, s. 82;
  • SOR/2004-280, s. 3;
  • SOR/2005-163, s. 1;
  • SOR/2006-147, s. 30;
  • SOR/2011-234, s. 2;
  • SOR/2014-151, s. 2.

PART IStandards

Standards and Identification of Edible Meat Products

 Subject to section 121, every operator shall ensure that no meat product in a registered establishment is identified as edible unless it meets the requirements set out in this Part.

 The standards for a meat product set out in Column I of an item of Schedule I that is identified as edible in a registered establishment are the standards prescribed in Columns II to V of that item.

 For the purposes of this Part and Schedule I, only the meat product protein derived from meat, meat by-products permitted by section 21, mechanically separated meat and partially defatted fatty tissue shall be considered when calculating the meat product protein content.

 Every prepared meat product, other than white pudding or haggis, that contains a filler and in respect of which no standard is prescribed in Schedule I, shall contain not less than

  • (a) in the case of an uncooked product, 9.5 per cent meat product protein and 11 per cent total protein; and

  • (b) in the case of a cooked product, 11.5 per cent meat product protein and 13 per cent total protein.

 [Repealed, SOR/93-160, s. 3]

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and section 121, no meat product shall be identified as edible unless

    • (a) the food animal from which the meat product is derived was subjected to an ante-mortem examination or an ante-mortem inspection, as the case may be, and slaughtered in accordance with these Regulations;

    • (b) the carcass from which the meat product is derived is dressed and subjected to a post-mortem examination or a post-mortem inspection, as the case may be, in accordance with these Regulations; and

    • (c) the meat product conforms to the applicable standards prescribed by these Regulations and the Food and Drug Regulations.

  • (2) On the request of an operator in order to meet a special market need and with the consent of the Director, the carcass of any food animal slaughtered in a registered establishment may be identified as edible without having been dressed if

    • (a) the food animal from which the carcass is derived was subjected to an ante-mortem examination or an ante-mortem inspection, as the case may be, and slaughtered in accordance with these Regulations;

    • (b) the carcass is sufficiently dressed to enable a complete post-mortem examination or a complete post-mortem inspection, as the case may be, to be performed; and

    • (c) the person who performed the post-mortem examination or the post-mortem inspection has determined that the carcass is edible.

  • (3) On the request of an operator and with the consent of the President, a meat product derived from a muskox, caribou or reindeer that is a game animal may be identified as edible if

    • (a) the meat product was produced under an inspection system established for the purposes of these Regulations;

    • (b) the carcass from which the meat product is derived is dressed and subjected to a post-mortem inspection, in accordance with these Regulations; and

    • (c) the meat product conforms to the applicable standards prescribed by these Regulations and the Food and Drug Regulations.

  • SOR/92-292, s. 3;
  • SOR/2001-167, s. 3;
  • SOR/2004-280, s. 4;
  • SOR/2014-151, s. 3.
 
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