Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-08-31. Previous Versions

Emergency Features

 No private operator shall operate an aeroplane that is configured for 20 or more passenger seats unless the features that facilitate emergency evacuations meet the requirements set out in section 624.222 of Standard 624 — Emergency Features of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

Demonstration of Emergency Evacuation Procedures

  •  (1) A private operator who decides to introduce a model of aeroplane into its fleet for the purpose of carrying passengers shall carry out a successful demonstration of its emergency evacuation procedures for that model of aeroplane before operating an aeroplane of that model to carry passengers.

  • (2) If a private operator decides to introduce an aeroplane into its fleet and there is a difference in any of the following items between that aeroplane and other aeroplanes of the same model that are already in the fleet, the private operator shall treat the aeroplane as if it were a different model of aeroplane and carry out a successful demonstration of its emergency evacuation procedures for that model before operating the aeroplane to carry passengers:

    • (a) the location of the flight attendants or their emergency evacuation duties or procedures;

    • (b) the number, location or type of emergency exits; or

    • (c) the number, location or type of opening mechanisms for the emergency exits.

  • (3) A private operator who decides to change any of the following items in respect of an aeroplane shall carry out a successful demonstration of its emergency evacuation procedures for the model of that aeroplane, as changed, before operating the aeroplane to carry passengers:

    • (a) the location of the flight attendants or their emergency evacuation duties or procedures;

    • (b) the number, location or type of emergency exits; or

    • (c) the number, location or type of opening mechanisms for the emergency exits.

  • (4) Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply in respect of a model of aeroplane that is configured to carry fewer than 44 passengers.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

Carrying Out a Demonstration of Emergency Evacuation Procedures

  •  (1) A private operator who carries out a demonstration of its emergency evacuation procedures for a model of aeroplane shall

    • (a) do so without passengers;

    • (b) do so with flight attendants who have completed the private operator’s training program for that model of aeroplane; and

    • (c) begin the demonstration using the private operator’s normal procedures, then transition to its emergency procedures.

  • (2) The demonstration is successful if the flight attendants can, within 15 seconds after the transition from the private operator’s normal procedures to its emergency procedures,

    • (a) open 50% of the floor-level emergency exits that are required by the certification basis established in respect of the model of aeroplane;

    • (b) open 50% of the non-floor-level emergency exits the opening of which is set out as an emergency evacuation duty in the private operator’s operations manual; and

    • (c) deploy 50% of the escape slides.

  • (3) The private operator shall record the demonstration using time-encoded video and keep the recording for at least five years after the day on which the demonstration is carried out.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

[604.225 to 604.239 reserved]

Embarking and Disembarking of Passengers

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a private operator who operates an aeroplane to carry passengers shall ensure that all flight attendants assigned to a flight using that aeroplane are on board during passenger embarkation and disembarkation.

  • (2) In the case of a flight to which more than one flight attendant is assigned, the private operator may reduce the number of flight attendants by one during passenger embarkation if

    • (a) the flight attendant who leaves the aeroplane remains within the immediate vicinity of the door through which passengers are embarking and carries out safety-related duties for the flight;

    • (b) the engines used for the propulsion of the aeroplane are not running; and

    • (c) at least one floor-level exit remains open to provide for passenger egress.

  • (3) In the case of a flight to which more than one flight attendant is assigned, the private operator may reduce the number of flight attendants during passenger disembarkation if

    • (a) the engines used for the propulsion of the aeroplane are not running;

    • (b) at least one floor-level exit remains open to provide for passenger egress; and

    • (c) half of the required number of flight attendants — rounded down to the next lower number in the case of fractions, but never less than one — remain on board.

  • (4) Paragraphs (2)(b) and (3)(a) do not apply in respect of an engine on a propeller-driven aeroplane if

    • (a) the engine has a propeller brake;

    • (b) the propeller brake is set; and

    • (c) the aeroplane flight manual indicates that the engine may be used as an auxiliary power unit.

  • (5) The private operator shall ensure that, during passenger embarkation and disembarkation,

    • (a) if only one flight attendant is on board, he or she remains in the vicinity of the door through which passengers are embarking or disembarking; and

    • (b) if more than one flight attendant is on board, they are evenly distributed in the passenger cabin and are in the vicinity of the floor-level exits.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

Emergency Evacuation — Before and During Surface Movement

 A private operator shall, for each aeroplane in its fleet that is configured to carry 20 or more passengers, have procedures to ensure that

  • (a) at least one floor-level exit provides for passenger egress before the movement of the aeroplane on the surface; and

  • (b) every automatically deployable means of emergency passenger evacuation is ready for immediate use during the movement of the aeroplane on the surface.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

Single-aisle Aeroplane

 Despite section 605.09, no person shall conduct a take-off in a single-aisle aeroplane that is carrying passengers unless all emergency exits and escape slides are operative.

  • SOR/2015-127, s. 12.

[604.243 reserved]

Subpart 5 — Aircraft Requirements

Application

  •  (1) This Subpart applies to

    • (a) persons operating Canadian aircraft other than ultra-light aeroplanes or hang gliders; and

    • (b) persons operating foreign aircraft in Canada where those persons are Canadian citizens, permanent residents or corporations incorporated by or under the laws of Canada or a province.

  • (2) The following requirements apply to persons operating foreign aircraft, other than persons referred to in paragraph (1)(b), while those aircraft are operated in Canada:

    • (a) the requirement to carry a flight authority on board the aircraft in accordance with section 605.03;

    • (b) the requirement that an aircraft be equipped with transponder and automatic pressure-altitude reporting equipment in accordance with section 605.35;

    • (c) the requirement that an aircraft be equipped with one or more ELTs in accordance with section 605.38; and

    • (d) radiocommunication and radio navigation equipment requirements that are specific to the aircraft and types of flight referred to in sections 605.14 to 605.21.

[605.02 reserved]

Division I — Aircraft Requirements — General

Flight Authority

  •  (1) No person shall operate an aircraft in flight unless

    • (a) a flight authority is in effect in respect of the aircraft;

    • (b) the aircraft is operated in accordance with the conditions set out in the flight authority; and

    • (c) subject to subsections (2) and (3), the flight authority is carried on board the aircraft.

  • (2) Where a specific-purpose flight permit has been issued pursuant to section 507.04, an aircraft may be operated without the flight authority carried on board where

    • (a) the flight is conducted in Canadian airspace; and

    • (b) an entry is made into the journey log indicating

      • (i) that the aircraft is operating under a specific-purpose flight permit, and

      • (ii) where applicable, any operational conditions that pertain to flight operations under the specific-purpose flight permit.

  • (3) A balloon may be operated without the flight authority carried on board where the flight authority is immediately available to the pilot-in-command

    • (a) prior to commencing a flight; and

    • (b) on completion of the flight.

 
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