Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Child Restraint System

  •  (1) No operator of an aircraft shall permit the use of a child restraint system on board the aircraft unless

    • (a) the person using the child restraint system is accompanied by a parent or guardian who will attend to the safety of the person during the flight;

    • (b) the weight and height of the person using the child restraint system are within the range specified by the manufacturer;

    • (c) the child restraint system bears a legible label indicating the applicable design standards and date of manufacture;

    • (d) the child restraint system is properly secured by the safety belt of a forward-facing seat that is not located in an emergency exit row and does not block access to an aisle; and

    • (e) the tether strap is used according to the manufacturer’s instructions or, where subsection (2) applies, secured so as not to pose a hazard to the person using the child restraint system or to any other person.

  • (2) Where a seat incorporates design features to reduce occupant loads, such as the crushing or separation of certain components, and the seat is in compliance with the applicable design standards, no person shall use the tether strap on the child restraint system to secure the system.

  • (3) Every passenger who is responsible for a person who is using a child restraint system on board an aircraft shall be

    • (a) seated in a seat adjacent to the seat to which the child restraint system is secured;

    • (b) familiar with the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the child restraint system; and

    • (c) familiar with the method of securing the person in the child restraint system and of releasing the person from it.

Flight Control Locks

 No operator of an aircraft shall permit the use of a flight control lock in respect of the aircraft unless

  • (a) the flight control lock is incapable of becoming engaged when the aircraft is being operated; and

  • (b) an unmistakable warning is provided to the person operating the aircraft whenever the flight control lock is engaged.

De-icing or Anti-icing Equipment

 No person shall conduct a take-off or continue a flight in an aircraft where icing conditions are reported to exist or are forecast to be encountered along the route of flight unless

  • (a) the pilot-in-command determines that the aircraft is adequately equipped to operate in icing conditions in accordance with the standards of airworthiness under which the type certificate for that aircraft was issued; or

  • (b) current weather reports or pilot reports indicate that icing conditions no longer exist.

Oxygen Equipment and Supply

  •  (1) No person shall operate an unpressurized aircraft unless it is equipped with sufficient oxygen dispensing units and oxygen supply to comply with the requirements set out in the table to this subsection.

    TABLE

    OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS FOR UNPRESSURIZED AIRCRAFT

    ItemColumn IColumn II
    Persons for Whom Oxygen Supply Must Be AvailablePeriod of Flight and Cabin-Pressure-Altitude
    1All crew members and 10 per cent of passengers and, in any case, no less than one passengerEntire period of flight exceeding 30 minutes at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 10,000 feet ASL but not exceeding 13,000 feet ASL
    2All persons on board the aircraft
    • (a) Entire period of flight at-cabin-pressure altitudes above 13,000 feet ASL

    • (b) For aircraft operated in an air transport service under the conditions referred to in paragraph (a), a period of flight of not less than one hour

  • (2) No person shall operate a pressurized aircraft unless it is equipped with sufficient oxygen dispensing units and oxygen supply to provide, in the event of cabin pressurization failure at the most critical point during the flight, sufficient oxygen to continue the flight to an aerodrome suitable for landing while complying with the requirements of the table to this subsection.

    TABLE

    MINIMUM OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS FOR PRESSURIZED AIRCRAFT FOLLOWING EMERGENCY DESCENT (NOTE 1)

    ItemColumn IColumn II
    Persons for Whom Oxygen Supply Must Be AvailablePeriod of Flight and Cabin-Pressure-Altitude
    1All crew members and 10 per cent of passengers and, in any case, no less than one passenger
    • (a) Entire period of flight exceeding 30 minutes at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 10,000 feet ASL but not exceeding 13,000 feet ASL

    • (b) Entire period of flight at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 13,000 feet ASL

    • (c) For aircraft operated in an air transport service under the conditions referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), a period of flight of not less than

      • (i) 30 minutes (Note 2), and

      • (ii) for flight crew members, two hours for aircraft the type certificate of which authorizes flight at altitudes exceeding FL 250 (Note 3)

    2All passengers
    • (a) Entire period of flight at cabin-pressure-altitudes exceeding 13,000 feet ASL

    • (b) For aircraft operated in an air transport service under the conditions referred to in paragraph (a), a period of flight of not less than 10 minutes

    Note 1: In determining the available supply, the cabin-pressure- altitude descent profile for the routes concerned must be taken into account.

    Note 2: The minimum supply is that quantity of oxygen necessary for a constant rate of descent from the aircraft’s maximum operating altitude authorized in the type certificate to 10,000 feet ASL in 10 minutes, followed by 20 minutes at 10,000 feet ASL.

    Note 3: The minimum supply is that quantity of oxygen necessary for a constant rate of descent from the aircraft’s maximum operating altitude authorized in the type certificate to 10,000 feet ASL in 10 minutes, followed by 110 minutes at 10,000 feet ASL.

Use of Oxygen

  •  (1) Where an aircraft is operated at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 10,000 feet ASL but not exceeding 13,000 feet ASL, each crew member shall wear an oxygen mask and use supplemental oxygen for any part of the flight at those altitudes that is more than 30 minutes in duration.

  • (2) Where an aircraft is operated at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 13,000 feet ASL, each person on board the aircraft shall wear an oxygen mask and use supplemental oxygen for the duration of the flight at those altitudes.

  • (3) The pilot at the flight controls of an aircraft shall use an oxygen mask if

    • (a) the aircraft is not equipped with quick-donning oxygen masks and is operated at or above flight level 250; or

    • (b) the aircraft is equipped with quick-donning oxygen masks and is operated above flight level 410.

Flight Data Recorder and Cockpit Voice Recorder

  •  (1) Subject to section 605.34, no person shall conduct a take-off in any of the following multi-engined turbine-powered aircraft unless the aircraft is equipped with a flight data recorder that conforms to section 551.100 of Chapter 551 of the Airworthiness Manual and section 625.33 of Standard 625 — Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards:

    • (a) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 30 or fewer passengers, configured for 10 or more passenger seats and manufactured after October 11, 1991;

    • (b) an aeroplane in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 30 or fewer passengers and configured for 20 to 30 passenger seats;

    • (c) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of more than 30 passengers; and

    • (d) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of cargo only and operated under Subpart 5 of Part VII.

  • (2) Subject to section 605.34, no person shall conduct a take-off in a multi-engined turbine-powered aircraft that is configured for six or more passenger seats and for which two pilots are required by the aircraft type certificate or by the subpart under which the aircraft is operated, unless the aircraft is equipped with a cockpit voice recorder that conforms to section 551.101 of Chapter 551 of the Airworthiness Manual and section 625.33 of Standard 625 — Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards.

  • SOR/2003-249, s. 1.
 
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