Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-01-31 and last amended on 2017-01-01. Previous Versions

Use of Oxygen

  •  (1) Where an aircraft is operated at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 10,000 feet ASL but not exceeding 13,000 feet ASL, each crew member shall wear an oxygen mask and use supplemental oxygen for any part of the flight at those altitudes that is more than 30 minutes in duration.

  • (2) Where an aircraft is operated at cabin-pressure-altitudes above 13,000 feet ASL, each person on board the aircraft shall wear an oxygen mask and use supplemental oxygen for the duration of the flight at those altitudes.

  • (3) The pilot at the flight controls of an aircraft shall use an oxygen mask if

    • (a) the aircraft is not equipped with quick-donning oxygen masks and is operated at or above flight level 250; or

    • (b) the aircraft is equipped with quick-donning oxygen masks and is operated above flight level 410.

Flight Data Recorder and Cockpit Voice Recorder

  •  (1) Subject to section 605.34, no person shall conduct a take-off in any of the following multi-engined turbine-powered aircraft unless the aircraft is equipped with a flight data recorder that conforms to section 551.100 of Chapter 551 of the Airworthiness Manual and section 625.33 of Standard 625 — Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards:

    • (a) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 30 or fewer passengers, configured for 10 or more passenger seats and manufactured after October 11, 1991;

    • (b) an aeroplane in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 30 or fewer passengers and configured for 20 to 30 passenger seats;

    • (c) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of more than 30 passengers; and

    • (d) an aircraft in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of cargo only and operated under Subpart 5 of Part VII.

  • (2) Subject to section 605.34, no person shall conduct a take-off in a multi-engined turbine-powered aircraft that is configured for six or more passenger seats and for which two pilots are required by the aircraft type certificate or by the subpart under which the aircraft is operated, unless the aircraft is equipped with a cockpit voice recorder that conforms to section 551.101 of Chapter 551 of the Airworthiness Manual and section 625.33 of Standard 625 — Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards.

  • SOR/2003-249, s. 1.

Use of Flight Data Recorders and Cockpit Voice Recorders

  •  (1) Except where otherwise permitted in this section, no person shall operate an aircraft for which a flight data recorder or cockpit voice recorder is required by these Regulations unless

    • (a) in the case where a flight data recorder is required, the flight data recorder is operated continuously from the start of the take-off until the completion of the landing; and

    • (b) in the case where a cockpit voice recorder is required, the cockpit voice recorder is operated continuously from the time at which electrical power is first provided to the recorder before the flight to the time at which electrical power is removed from the recorder after the flight.

  • (2) No person shall erase any communications pertaining to the flight being undertaken that have been recorded by a cockpit voice recorder.

  • (3) Where a minimum equipment list has been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of an aircraft pursuant to subsection 605.07(3), the operator may operate the aircraft without a serviceable flight data recorder or cockpit voice recorder if the aircraft is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list.

  • (4) Where a minimum equipment list has not been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of an aircraft, the operator may operate the aircraft without a serviceable flight data recorder for a maximum period of 90 days after the date of failure of the flight data recorder if

    • (a) where a cockpit voice recorder is required by these Regulations, the cockpit voice recorder is serviceable; and

    • (b) the aircraft technical records show the date of the failure of the flight data recorder.

  • (5) Where a minimum equipment list has not been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of an aircraft, the operator may operate the aircraft without a serviceable cockpit voice recorder for a maximum period of 90 days after the date of failure of the cockpit voice recorder if

    • (a) where a flight data recorder is required by these Regulations, the flight data recorder is serviceable; and

    • (b) the aircraft technical records show the date of the failure of the cockpit voice recorder.

Transponder and Automatic Pressure-Altitude Reporting Equipment

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), no person shall operate an aircraft, other than a balloon or a glider, in transponder airspace, unless the aircraft is equipped with a transponder and automatic pressure-altitude reporting equipment.

  • (2) The aircraft referred to in subsection (1) may be operated without a serviceable transponder and automatic pressure-altitude reporting equipment if

    • (a) where a minimum equipment list has been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of the aircraft pursuant to subsection 605.07(3), the aircraft is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list; or

    • (b) where a minimum equipment list has not been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of the aircraft, the aircraft is operated

      • (i) to the next aerodrome of intended landing, and

      • (ii) thereafter, in accordance with an air traffic control clearance, to complete a planned flight schedule or to proceed to a maintenance facility.

  • (3) An air traffic control unit may authorize a person to operate an aircraft that is not equipped in accordance with subsection (1) within airspace referred to in section 601.03 where

    • (a) the air traffic control unit provides an air traffic control service in respect of that airspace;

    • (b) the air traffic control unit received a request from the person to operate the aircraft within that airspace before the aircraft entered the airspace; and

    • (c) aviation safety is not likely to be affected.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 21.

Altitude Alerting System or Device

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall conduct a take-off in a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane unless it is equipped with an altitude alerting system or device that conforms to the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards.

  • (2) An aeroplane referred to in subsection (1) may be operated without a serviceable altitude alerting system or device if

    • (a) where a minimum equipment list has been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of the aeroplane pursuant to subsection 605.07(3), the aeroplane is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list; or

    • (b) where a minimum equipment list has not been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of the aeroplane, the aeroplane is operated

      • (i) from the place where the operator or pilot-in-command takes possession of the aeroplane to a place where the aeroplane can be equipped with such a system or device,

      • (ii) for the sole purpose of conducting a flight test, a competency check, a pilot proficiency check or flight crew member training, or

      • (iii) where the system or device becomes unserviceable after take-off, until it reaches an aerodrome at which the system or device can be repaired or replaced.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 21.

GPWS

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), no person operating under Subpart 4 or 5 of Part VII shall conduct a take-off in a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane that has a MCTOW of more than 15 000 kg (33,069 pounds) and for which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 10 or more passengers, unless the aeroplane is equipped with a GPWS.

  • (2) An aeroplane referred to in subsection (1) may be operated without a serviceable GPWS if a minimum equipment list has been approved by the Minister in respect of the operator of the aeroplane pursuant to subsection 605.07(3) and the aeroplane is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list.

  • (3) Where, in the interests of aviation safety, it is necessary during a flight to deactivate any mode of a GPWS, the pilot-in-command of the aeroplane may deactivate that mode if the deactivation is performed in accordance with the aircraft flight manual, aircraft operating manual, flight manual supplement or minimum equipment list.

  • (4) This section

    • (a) applies only in respect of aeroplanes manufactured on or before the day on which this subsection comes into force; and

    • (b) shall cease to apply on the expiry of two years after that day.

  • SOR/2012-136, s. 9.
 
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