Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2015-08-31. Previous Versions

ELT

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), no person shall operate an aircraft unless it is equipped with one or more ELTs in accordance with subsection (2).

  • (2) An aircraft set out in column I of an item of the table to this subsection shall, for the area of operation set out in column II of the item, be equipped with the quantity and type of ELTs referred to in column III of that item, which ELTs shall be armed, if so specified in the aircraft flight manual, aircraft operating manual, pilot operating handbook or equivalent document provided by the manufacturer.

    TABLE

    ELT REQUIREMENTS

    ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
    AircraftArea of OperationMinimum Equipment
    1All aircraft except those referred to in subsection (3)Over landOne ELT of Type AD, AF, AP, A or F
    2Large multi-engined turbo-jet aeroplanes engaged in an air transport service carrying passengersOver water at a distance from land that requires the carriage of life rafts pursuant to section 602.63Two ELTs of Type W or S or one of each
    3All aircraft that require an ELT other than those set out in item 2Over water at a distance from land that requires the carriage of life rafts pursuant to section 602.63One ELT of Type W or S
  • (3) An aircraft referred to in subsection (1) may be operated without an ELT on board where the aircraft is

    • (a) a glider, balloon, airship, ultra-light aeroplane or gyroplane;

    • (b) [Repealed, SOR/2002-345, s. 2]

    • (c) registered under the laws of a contracting state or a state that is a party to an agreement entered into with Canada relating to interstate flying, and is equipped with a serviceable radio transmitter that

      • (i) is approved by the state of registry for search and rescue purposes, and

      • (ii) has a distinctive audio signal and is capable of communication on the frequency of 121.5 MHz, or simultaneously on the frequencies of 121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz;

    • (d) operated by the holder of a flight training unit operating certificate, engaged in flight training and operated within 25 nautical miles of the aerodrome of departure;

    • (e) engaged in a flight test;

    • (f) a new aircraft engaged in flight operations incidental to manufacture, preparation or delivery of the aircraft;

    • (g) operated for the purpose of permitting a person to conduct a parachute descent within 25 nautical miles of the aerodrome of departure; or

    • (h) operated in accordance with section 605.39.

  • (4) If an aircraft is equipped with one or more ELTs capable of broadcasting on the frequency of 406 MHz, each ELT shall be registered with

    • (a) the Canadian Beacon Registry of the National Search and Rescue Secretariat; or

    • (b) the appropriate authority of the country identified in the coded message transmitted by the ELT.

  • SOR/2002-345, s. 2.

Use of ELTs

  •  (1) An aircraft that is required to be equipped with one or more ELTs under section 605.38 may be operated without a serviceable ELT if the operator

    • (a) repairs the ELT or removes it from the aircraft at the first aerodrome at which repairs or removal can be accomplished;

    • (b) on removal of the ELT, sends the ELT to a maintenance facility; and

    • (c) displays on a readily visible placard within the aircraft cockpit, until the ELT is replaced, a notice stating that the ELT has been removed and setting out the date of its removal.

  • (2) If an aircraft is required to have one ELT under section 605.38, the operator shall re-equip the aircraft with a serviceable ELT within

    • (a) 10 days after the date of removal, if the aircraft is operated under Subpart 4 or 5 of Part VII; or

    • (b) 30 days after the date of removal in the case of any other aircraft.

  • (3) If an aircraft is required to have two ELTs under section 605.38, the operator shall

    • (a) if one of the ELTs is unserviceable, repair or replace it within 10 days after the date of removal; and

    • (b) if both ELTs are unserviceable, repair or replace

      • (i) one ELT at the first aerodrome at which a repair or replacement can be accomplished, and

      • (ii) the second ELT within 10 days after the date of removal.

  • SOR/2002-345, s. 3.

ELT Activation

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall activate an ELT except in an emergency.

  • (2) A person may activate an ELT during the first five minutes of any hour UTC for a duration of not more than five seconds for the purpose of testing it.

  • (3) Where an ELT has been inadvertently activated during flight, the pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall ensure that

    • (a) the nearest air traffic control unit, flight service station or community aerodrome radio station is so informed as soon as possible; and

    • (b) the ELT is switched off.

  • SOR/2002-345, s. 4.

Third Attitude Indicator

  •  (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane that is operated under Part VII without a third attitude indicator that meets the requirements of section 625.41 of the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards unless the aeroplane

    • (a) has a MCTOW of less than 5 700 kg (12,566 pounds); and

    • (b) was operated in Canada in a commercial air service on October 10, 1996.

  • (2) No person shall conduct a take-off in a transport category aircraft without a third attitude indicator that meets the requirements of section 625.41 of the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards unless the aircraft

    • (a) is a transport category helicopter not operated in IFR flight;

    • (b) is a transport category aeroplane powered by reciprocating engines that was manufactured before January 1, 1998; or

    • (c) is not operated pursuant to Part VII.

  • (3) No person shall conduct a take-off in a turbo-propeller powered aeroplane that is operated under Part VII without a third attitude indicator that meets the requirements of section 625.41 of the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards unless the aeroplane

    • (a) has a passenger seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 30 or fewer;

    • (b) has a payload capacity of 3 402 kg (7,500 pounds) or less; and

    • (c) was manufactured prior to March 20, 1997.

  • (4) After December 20, 2010, no person shall conduct a take-off in a turbo-propeller powered aeroplane having a passenger seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 or more, and operated under Part VII, unless the aeroplane is equipped with a third attitude indicator that meets the requirements of section 625.41 of the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 22;
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 29(F).

TAWS

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no operator shall operate a turbine-powered aeroplane that has a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of six or more, unless the aeroplane is equipped with an operative TAWS that

    • (a) meets the requirements for Class A or Class B equipment set out in CAN-TSO-C151b;

    • (b) meets, effective on the day that is five years after the day on which this section comes into force, the altitude accuracy requirements set out in section 551.102 of Chapter 551 of the Airworthiness Manual; and

    • (c) has a terrain and airport database compatible with the area of operation.

  • (2) The operator may operate the aeroplane without its being equipped with an operative TAWS if

    • (a) the aeroplane is operated in day VFR only;

    • (b) in the event that a minimum equipment list has not been approved by the Minister and subject to subsection 605.08(1), the operation takes place within the three days after the day on which the failure of the TAWS occurs; or

    • (c) it is necessary for the pilot-in-command to deactivate, in the interests of aviation safety, the TAWS or any of its modes and the pilot-in-command does so in accordance with the aircraft flight manual, aircraft operating manual, flight manual supplement or minimum equipment list.

  • (3) This section does not apply in respect of aeroplanes manufactured on or before the day on which this section comes into force until the day that is two years after that day.

  • SOR/2012-136, s. 10.
 
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