Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2015-08-31. Previous Versions

Synthetic Flight Training Equipment

  •  (1) No person shall use synthetic flight training equipment to provide training or to conduct a skills assessment required under Part IV, this Part or Part VII unless there is in force in respect of that equipment a flight simulator certificate or flight training device certificate issued under subsection (2) or an equivalent approval or certificate issued under the laws of a foreign state with which Canada has an agreement respecting such equipment.

  • (2) The Minister shall, where it is determined that the synthetic flight training equipment meets the standards set out for that equipment in the Aeroplane and Rotorcraft Simulator Manual, issue to the operator of that equipment a flight simulator certificate or flight training device certificate.

  • (3) A certificate issued pursuant to subsection (2) shall set out the following information:

    • (a) the name of the operator of the synthetic flight training equipment;

    • (b) the type, model or series number of aircraft represented;

    • (c) the qualification level of the synthetic flight training equipment; and

    • (d) the date of issuance of the certificate.

  • (4) No certificate issued pursuant to subsection (2) remains in force unless the synthetic flight training equipment in respect of which the certificate has been issued

    • (a) maintains the performance, function and other characteristics that are required for the issuance of the certificate, except in the cases set out in the Simulator Component Inoperative Guide (SCIG);

    • (b) is maintained in accordance with the procedures set out in the Aeroplane and Rotorcraft Simulator Manual; and

    • (c) is changed as required, where the aircraft type, model or series number represented by the synthetic flight training equipment undergoes a change as a result of the issuance of an airworthiness directive or an amendment to this Part or Part VII that affects the training being conducted.

  • (5) A certificate issued pursuant to subsection (2) remains in force where the synthetic flight training equipment in respect of which the certificate has been issued is re-evaluated

    • (a) in the case of a flight simulator, at least every six months; or

    • (b) in the case of a flight training device, at least every 12 months.

  • (6) Subject to subsection (7), the certificate referred to in subsection (5) remains in force

    • (a) in the case of a flight simulator, until the first day of the seventh month following the month in which the flight simulator was evaluated; or

    • (b) in the case of a flight training device, until the first day of the thirteenth month following the month in which the flight training device was evaluated.

  • (7) The Minister may extend the period in respect of which a flight simulator certificate or a flight training device certificate is in force by up to 60 days where the Minister is of the opinion that aviation safety is not likely to be affected.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 23.

Part VII — Commercial Air Services

Division I — General

Interpretation

 In this Part,

all-cargo aeroplane

all-cargo aeroplane means an aeroplane that is equipped and used mainly for the carriage of goods; (avion tout-cargo)

areas of operation

areas of operation means areas in which operations are conducted between points in Canada, between points in Canada and points abroad, and between points abroad; (régions d’exploitation)

employed on a full-time basis

employed on a full-time basis means working for an air operator on a continuous basis for at least the number of hours required to carry out the duties of the position for the safe operation of the commercial air service; (employé à temps plein)

extended charter

extended charter means the charter of a Canadian commercial aircraft to a Canadian or foreign air operator for a period of 21 days or more in order to supplement the fleet of the charterer; (affrètement de durée prolongée)

farmer

farmer means a person whose primary source of income is derived from the tillage of the soil, the raising of livestock or poultry, dairy farming, the growing of grain, fruit, vegetables or tobacco, or any other operation of a similar nature; (agriculteur)

flight crew member on reserve

flight crew member on reserve means a flight crew member who has been designated by an air operator to be available to report for flight duty on notice of more than one hour; (membre d’équipage de conduite en réserve)

main base

main base means a location at which an air operator has personnel, aircraft and facilities for the conducting of aerial work or the operation of an air transport service and that is established as the principal place of business of the air operator; (base principale)

net take-off flight path

net take-off flight path means the one-engine-inoperative flight path that starts at a height of 35 feet at the end of the take-off distance required and extends to a height of at least 1,500 feet AGL, reduced at each point by a gradient of climb equal to 0.8 per cent for two-engined aeroplanes, 0.9 per cent for three-engined aeroplanes and 1.0 per cent for four-engined aeroplanes; (trajectoire nette de décollage)

operations between points abroad

operations between points abroad means air service operations that are conducted wholly outside Canada for any length of time; (exploitation entre points à l’étranger)

sub-base

sub-base means a location at which an air operator positions aircraft and personnel and from which operational control is exercised in accordance with the air operator’s operational control system; (base secondaire)

types of operation

types of operation means VFR, VFR at night and IFR operations; (types de vols)

types of service

types of service means a domestic service, a scheduled international service, a non-scheduled international service and a sightseeing operation. (types de service)

  • SOR/2003-121, s. 1;
  • SOR/2009-152, s. 2.

Requirements for Air Operator Certificate

  •  (1) No person shall operate an air transport service unless the person holds and complies with the provisions of an air operator certificate that authorizes the person to operate that service.

  • (2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), no person shall, unless the person holds and complies with the provisions of an air operator certificate that authorizes the person to do so, operate an aeroplane or helicopter to conduct aerial work involving

    • (a) the carriage on board of persons other than flight crew members;

    • (b) the carriage of helicopter Class B, C or D external loads;

    • (c) the towing of objects; or

    • (d) the dispersal of products.

  • (3) A person who does not hold an air operator certificate may conduct aerial work involving the dispersal of products if

    • (a) the person is a farmer;

    • (b) the person owns the aircraft that is used to disperse the products;

    • (c) the products are dispersed for agricultural purposes; and

    • (d) the dispersal of the products takes place within 25 miles of the centre of the person’s farm.

  • (4) A person who does not hold an air operator certificate may conduct aerial work involving the carriage of persons other than flight crew members on board a single-engined aircraft if

    • (a) the person holds a flight training unit operator certificate;

    • (b) the pilot-in-command is the holder of a valid flight instructor rating in the appropriate category of aircraft;

    • (c) the aircraft is operated in day VFR flight;

    • (d) there are no more than nine passengers on board; and

    • (e) the flight is conducted for the purpose of sightseeing operations.

  • (5) Despite subsections (1) and (2), a person who does not hold an air operator certificate may operate an air transport service, or operate an aeroplane or helicopter to conduct aerial work involving the transport of passengers or goods, if

    • (a) the person holds a private operator registration document;

    • (b) the person operates the air transport service or conducts the aerial work under a management agreement with another person who has transferred to that person legal custody and control of the aircraft used to operate the service or to conduct the work;

    • (c) the management agreement provides that the air transport service is operated or the aerial work is conducted exclusively in support of the activities of the person who has transferred legal custody and control of the aircraft; and

    • (d) no payment is made in relation to the air transport service or the aerial work to a party to the management agreement by or on behalf of a passenger or the owner of a transported good unless the passenger or the owner is the person who has transferred legal custody and control of the aircraft.

  • SOR/99-158, s. 1;
  • SOR/2004-29, s. 7(E);
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 24.
 
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