Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command

 An air operator shall designate for each flight a pilot-in-command and, where the crew includes two pilots, a pilot-in-command and a second-in-command.

Flight Crew Member Qualifications

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (6), no air operator shall permit a person to act and no person shall act as a flight crew member in an aircraft unless the person

    • (a) holds the licence and ratings required by Part IV;

    • (b) within the previous 90 days, has completed at least three take-offs and three landings

      • (i) where a type rating for that aircraft is required, in an aircraft of that type, or in a flight simulator representing that type of aircraft that has been approved by the Minister under Subpart 6 of Part VI for take-off and landing qualifications, or

      • (ii) where a type rating for that aircraft is not required, in an aircraft of that category and class, or in a flight simulator representing that category and class of aircraft that has been approved by the Minister under Subpart 6 of Part VI for take-off and landing qualifications;

    • (c) has successfully completed a pilot proficiency check, the validity period of which has not expired, for that type of aircraft, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

    • (d) has fulfilled the requirements of the air operator’s ground training program and, except where undergoing line indoctrination training, the air operator’s flight training program.

  • (2) An air operator may group similar aircraft as a single type for the purposes of the pilot proficiency check referred to in paragraph (1)(c) if the air operator

    • (a) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (3) No person shall act as the pilot-in-command of an aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight unless the person has acquired at least 1,200 hours of flight time as a pilot.

  • (4) No person shall act as the pilot-in-command of an aircraft in VFR flight unless the person has acquired at least 500 hours of flight time as a pilot.

  • (5) No person shall act as the pilot-in-command of an aircraft with a person other than a flight crew member on board in night VFR flight unless the person acting as the pilot-in-command holds an instrument rating for that class of aircraft.

  • (6) An air operator may permit a person to act and a person may act as a flight crew member in an aircraft where the person does not meet the requirements of paragraphs (1)(b) to (d), if

    • (a) the aircraft is operated on a training, ferry or positioning flight; or

    • (b) the air operator

      • (i) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate, and

      • (ii) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Qualifications of Operational Control Personnel

  •  (1) No air operator shall permit a person to act and no person shall act in an operational control position unless that person has fulfilled the training requirements set out in this Subpart and has demonstrated to the air operator the knowledge and abilities required by the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) A person who has not acted in an operational control position within the previous three months shall, prior to acting in an operational control position, demonstrate to the air operator that the person still has the knowledge and abilities referred to in subsection (1).

Check Authority

  •  (1) A pilot proficiency check shall be conducted by the Minister.

  • (2) Any other check required under this Subpart may be conducted by the Minister.

Validity Period

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the validity period of a pilot proficiency check and of the annual training referred to in section 704.115 expires on the first day of the thirteenth month following the month in which the proficiency check or training was completed.

  • (2) Where a pilot proficiency check or annual training is renewed within the last 90 days of its validity period, its validity period is extended by 12 months.

  • (3) The Minister may extend the validity period of a pilot proficiency check or annual training by up to 60 days where the Minister is of the opinion that aviation safety is not likely to be affected.

  • (4) Where the validity period of a pilot proficiency check or annual training has been expired for 24 months or more, the person shall requalify by meeting the training requirements specified in the Commercial Air Service Standards.

[704.112 to 704.114 reserved]

Division VIII — Training

Training Program

  •  (1) Every air operator shall establish and maintain a ground and flight training program that is

    • (a) designed to ensure that each person who receives training acquires the competence to perform the person’s assigned duties; and

    • (b) approved by the Minister in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) An air operator’s ground and flight training program shall include

    • (a) for flight crew members:

      • (i) company indoctrination training,

      • (ii) line indoctrination training,

      • (iii) high-altitude training, where applicable,

      • (iv) upgrading training, where applicable, and

      • (v) initial and annual training, including

        • (A) aircraft type training,

        • (B) aircraft servicing and ground handling training,

        • (C) emergency procedures training, and

        • (D) aircraft surface contamination training;

    • (b) initial and annual training for operational control personnel;

    • (c) initial and annual aircraft surface contamination training for those operations personnel designated in the Commercial Air Service Standards;

    • (d) initial and annual training for personnel who are assigned to perform duties on board an aircraft; and

    • (e) any other training required to ensure a safe operation under this Subpart.

  • (3) An air operator shall

    • (a) include a detailed syllabus of its ground and flight training program in its company operations manual;

    • (b) ensure that adequate facilities and qualified personnel are provided for its ground and flight training program, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

    • (c) establish and maintain a safety awareness program concerning the adverse effects of aircraft surface contamination and provide the program to all flight operations personnel who are not required to receive the training described in paragraph (2)(c).

Conditional Approval of Training Program

  •  (1) The Minister may give conditional approval to a training program where an air operator submits to the Minister a copy of a syllabus of its training program that provides enough information for a preliminary evaluation of the training program in light of the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) An air operator may conduct training under a training program that has received conditional approval until the Minister has evaluated the effectiveness of the training program and has informed the air operator of any deficiencies that must be corrected.

  • (3) The Minister shall give final approval to a conditionally approved training program when the air operator demonstrates that the training conducted under that program is adequate to permit the persons who receive it to safely perform their assigned duties.

Training and Qualification Records

  •  (1) Every air operator shall, for each person who is required to receive training under this Subpart, establish and maintain a record of

    • (a) the person’s name and, where applicable, personnel licence number, type and ratings;

    • (b) if applicable, the person’s medical category and the expiry date of that category;

    • (c) the dates on which the person, while in the air operator’s employ, successfully completed any training, pilot proficiency check or examination required under this Subpart or obtained any qualification required under this Subpart;

    • (d) information relating to any failure of the person, while in the air operator’s employ, to successfully complete any training, pilot proficiency check or examination required under this Subpart or to obtain any qualification required under this Subpart; and

    • (e) the type of aircraft or flight training equipment used for any training, pilot proficiency check or qualification required under this Subpart.

  • (2) An air operator shall retain the records referred to in paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) and a record of each pilot proficiency check for at least three years.

  • (3) An air operator shall retain a copy of the most recent written examination completed by each pilot for each type of aircraft for which the pilot has a qualification.

 
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