Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2014-10-27 and last amended on 2014-05-29. Previous Versions

No Alternate Aerodrome — IFR Flight

  •  (1) For the purposes of section 602.122, a pilot-in-command may conduct an IFR flight in an aircraft operated by a private operator when an alternate aerodrome has not been designated in the IFR flight plan or in the IFR flight itinerary if

    • (a) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization;

    • (b) the estimated flight time is not more than six hours and the departure aerodrome is located in North America, Bermuda or the Caribbean islands;

    • (c) the forecast or reported weather at the destination aerodrome, from one hour before until one hour after the estimated time of arrival, does not include

      • (i) conditions, including fog or precipitation, that restrict flight visibility to less than three miles,

      • (ii) a thunderstorm,

      • (iii) a ceiling of less than 1,000 feet above the FAF altitude and a ground visibility of less than three miles,

      • (iv) a ceiling of less than 1,500 feet above the minimum descent altitude and a ground visibility of less than six miles, or

      • (v) freezing rain, freezing drizzle or sleet;

    • (d) the destination aerodrome

      • (i) has at least two runways that are

        • (A) operational,

        • (B) separate and not reciprocal directions of the same runway, and

        • (C) suitable for the aircraft on the basis of the aircraft operating procedures, the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual, and the factors that affect the performance of the aircraft, such as atmospheric and surface conditions, and

      • (ii) is equipped with an emergency electrical power supply to operate the equipment and facilities that are essential for a safe landing of the aircraft in the event of a failure of the main electrical power supply; and

    • (e) every flight crew member has received training, for which the validity period has not expired, in the conduct of an IFR flight when an alternate aerodrome has not been designated in the IFR flight plan or in the IFR flight itinerary.

  • (2) If the requirements of paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) are met, and regardless of the departure aerodrome, the pilot-in-command of an aircraft that is operated by a private operator, and that is on a flight to a destination aerodrome in Canada, may file a new IFR flight plan or a new IFR flight itinerary that does not include an alternate aerodrome when the aircraft is within six hours’ flight time of the destination aerodrome.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Take-off Minima

 For the purposes of paragraph 602.126(1)(b),

  • (a) a pilot-in-command may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator when the reported RVR is at least 1,200 feet or the reported ground visibility is at least one quarter of a statute mile if

    • (i) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization,

    • (ii) the aircraft is operated by at least two flight crew members,

    • (iii) the flight plan filed for the flight specifies a take-off alternate aerodrome that

      • (A) in the case of a twin-engined aircraft, is within the distance that can be flown in 60 minutes at normal cruising speed, or

      • (B) in the case of an aircraft with three or more engines, is within the distance that can be flown in 120 minutes at normal cruising speed,

    • (iv) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have received the following training for which the validity period has not expired:

      • (A) take-off alternate aerodrome requirements,

      • (B) pilot-in-command experience requirements,

      • (C) pilot-in-command responsibility for visibility and obstacle clearance requirements, and

      • (D) minimum aircraft and runway equipment requirements,

    • (v) the pilot-in-command

      • (A) identifies any obstructions that may be in the take-off path,

      • (B) determines — using the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual — that the aircraft is, with the critical engine inoperative, able to

        • (I) safely clear those obstructions, and

        • (II) maintain at least the minimum enroute altitude to the take-off alternate aerodrome, and

      • (C) verifies that the RVR is at least 1,200 feet or the ground visibility is at least one quarter of a statute mile,

    • (vi) the runway is equipped with high-intensity runway lights, or runway centre line lights, that are serviceable and functioning and that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, or with runway centre line markings that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run,

    • (vii) the pilot-in-command and second-in-command attitude indicators provide a clear depiction of total aircraft attitude that includes the incorporation of pitch attitude index lines in appropriate increments up to 15° above and 15° below the reference line,

    • (viii) failure warning systems to immediately detect failures and malfunctions in attitude indicators, directional gyros and horizontal situation indicators are operative, and

    • (ix) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have demonstrated to the private operator the ability to operate the aircraft in accordance with this paragraph; and

  • (b) a pilot-in-command may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator when the reported RVR is at least 600 feet if

    • (i) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization,

    • (ii) the aircraft is operated by at least two flight crew members,

    • (iii) the flight plan filed for the flight specifies a take-off alternate aerodrome that

      • (A) in the case of a twin-engined aircraft, is within the distance that can be flown in 60 minutes at normal cruising speed, or

      • (B) in the case of an aircraft with three or more engines, is within the distance that can be flown in 120 minutes at normal cruising speed,

    • (iv) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have received the following training for which the validity period has not expired:

      • (A) ground training in

        • (I) take-off alternate aerodrome requirements,

        • (II) pilot-in-command experience requirements,

        • (III) pilot-in-command responsibility for visibility and obstacle clearance requirements, and

        • (IV) minimum aircraft and runway equipment requirements, and

      • (B) level C or D flight simulator training that includes

        • (I) one completed take-off at an RVR of 600 feet, and

        • (II) one rejected take-off, at an RVR of 600 feet, that includes an engine failure,

    • (v) the pilot-in-command

      • (A) identifies any obstructions that may be in the take-off path,

      • (B) determines — using the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual — that the aircraft is, with the critical engine inoperative, able to

        • (I) safely clear those obstructions, and

        • (II) maintain at least the minimum enroute altitude to the take-off alternate aerodrome, and

      • (C) verifies that the RVR is at least 600 feet,

    • (vi) the runway is equipped

      • (A) with high-intensity runway lights, and runway centre line lights, that are serviceable and functioning and that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, and with runway centre line markings that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, and

      • (B) with two RVR sensors that each show an RVR of at least 600 feet, one sensor being situated at the approach end of the runway and the other at

        • (I) the mid-point of the runway, or

        • (II) the departure end of the runway, if the runway is equipped with three RVR sensors and the sensor situated at the mid-point is not serviceable,

    • (vii) the pilot-in-command and second-in-command attitude indicators provide a clear depiction of total aircraft attitude that includes the incorporation of pitch attitude index lines in appropriate increments up to 15° above and 15° below the reference line,

    • (viii) failure warning systems to immediately detect failures and malfunctions in attitude indicators, directional gyros and horizontal situation indicators are operative, and

    • (ix) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have demonstrated to the private operator the ability to operate the aircraft in accordance with this paragraph.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.