Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2014-03-16 and last amended on 2012-07-04. Previous Versions

Power-driven Aircraft — VFR OTT

  •  (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in a power-driven aircraft for the purpose of VFR OTT flight unless it is equipped with

    • (a) the equipment referred to in paragraphs 605.14(c) to (j);

    • (b) a sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure;

    • (c) a means of preventing malfunction caused by icing for each airspeed indicating system;

    • (d) a gyroscopic direction indicator or a stabilized magnetic direction indicator;

    • (e) an attitude indicator;

    • (f) subject to subsection (2), a turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator;

    • (g) where the aircraft is to be operated within the Northern Domestic Airspace, a means of establishing direction that is not dependent on a magnetic source;

    • (h) radiocommunication equipment adequate to permit two-way communication on the appropriate frequency; and

    • (i) radio navigation equipment adequate to permit the aircraft to be navigated safely.

  • (2) Where the aircraft is equipped with a third attitude indicator that is usable through flight attitudes of 360° of pitch and roll for an aeroplane, or ± 80° of pitch and ± 120° of roll for a helicopter, the aircraft may be equipped with a slip-skid indicator in lieu of a turn and slip indicator or a turn coordinator.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 18.

Power-driven Aircraft — Night VFR

  •  (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in a power-driven aircraft for the purpose of night VFR flight, unless it is equipped with

    • (a) the equipment referred to in paragraphs 605.14(c) to (n);

    • (b) a sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure;

    • (c) subject to subsection (2), a turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator;

    • (d) an adequate source of electrical energy for all of the electrical and radio equipment;

    • (e) in respect of every set of fuses of a particular rating that is installed on the aircraft and accessible to the pilot-in-command during flight, a number of spare fuses that is equal to at least 50 per cent of the total number of installed fuses of that rating;

    • (f) where the aircraft is operated so that an aerodrome is not visible from the aircraft, a stabilized magnetic direction indicator or a gyroscopic direction indicator;

    • (g) where the aircraft is to be operated within the Northern Domestic Airspace, a means of establishing direction that is not dependent on a magnetic source;

    • (h) where the aircraft is an airship operated within controlled airspace, radar reflectors attached in such a manner as to be capable of a 360-degree reflection;

    • (i) a means of illumination for all of the instruments used to operate the aircraft;

    • (j) when carrying passengers, a landing light; and

    • (k) position and anti-collision lights that conform to the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards.

  • (2) Where the aircraft is equipped with a third attitude indicator that is usable through flight attitudes of 360° of pitch and roll for an aeroplane, or ± 80° of pitch and ± 120° of roll for a helicopter, the aircraft may be equipped with a slip-skid indicator in lieu of a turn and slip indicator or a turn coordinator.

  • (3) No person shall operate an aircraft that is equipped with any light that may be mistaken for, or downgrade the conspicuity of, a light in the navigation light system, unless the aircraft is being operated for the purpose of aerial advertising.

  • (4) In addition to the equipment requirements specified in subsection (1), no person shall operate an aircraft in night VFR flight under Subpart 4 of this Part or Subparts 2 to 5 of Part VII, unless the aircraft is equipped with

    • (a) an attitude indicator;

    • (b) a vertical speed indicator;

    • (c) a means of preventing malfunction caused by icing for each airspeed indicating system; and

    • (d) an outside air temperature gauge.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 19.