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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2016-01-25 and last amended on 2015-08-31. Previous Versions

Flight Crew Members — Level B, C or D Flight Simulator

 Subject to sections 604.172 to 604.174, a private operator may provide the training referred to in subsection 604.170(1) and sections 604.177 and 604.178 to a flight crew member either on board an aircraft or using a level B, C or D flight simulator. However, if the private operator provides the training using a level B flight simulator, the private operator shall provide training in respect of the following activities on board an aircraft:

  • (a) pre-flight checks of the interior and exterior of the aircraft;

  • (b) aircraft manoeuvres on the ground;

  • (c) normal take-offs and landings;

  • (d) crosswind take-offs and landings;

  • (e) a visual circuit, if the flight is conducted in VMC;

  • (f) approaches and landings with an engine simulated inoperative;

  • (g) simulated engine failure procedures during a take-off and a missed approach;

  • (h) approaches and landings without electronic glide slope indication;

  • (i) a circling approach, if applicable; and

  • (j) any other approach for which a level B flight simulator lacks the capability.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Flight Crew Members — Level C or D Flight Simulator

 A private operator may provide the training referred to in subsection 604.170(1) and sections  604.177 and 604.178 to a flight crew member using only a level C or D flight simulator if

  • (a) the flight crew member has acquired flight time on an aircraft certificated in the same category, and with engines using the same principle of propulsion, as the aircraft on which the flight crew member is to be trained; and

  • (b) the private operator provides to the flight crew member, using the same flight simulator, training in respect of the following activities under variable visual meteorological conditions of dusk and night, or day and night:

    • (i) aircraft manoeuvres on the ground,

    • (ii) normal take-offs and landings and crosswind take-offs and landings, up to 100% of the crosswind component specified by the aircraft manufacturer,

    • (iii) encounters with moderate to severe in-flight icing conditions,

    • (iv) simulated line flights that include at least one sector in which the flight crew member acts as pilot flying and at least one sector in which the flight crew member acts as pilot not flying or pilot monitoring,

    • (v) visual circuits and landings with variable wind, runway illusion and runway surface conditions,

    • (vi) approaches and landings with an engine simulated inoperative,

    • (vii) approaches and landings without electronic glide slope indication,

    • (viii) approaches and landings with flight control failures and abnormalities, if applicable, and

    • (ix) engine failure procedures during a take-off and a missed approach.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Flight Crew Members — Level D Flight Simulator

 A private operator may provide the training referred to in subsection 604.170(1) and sections 604.177 and 604.178 to a flight crew member using only a level D flight simulator if

  • (a) the flight crew member has at least 1,000 hours of flight time as a flight crew member;

  • (b) in the case of training provided on an aircraft that requires a minimum flight crew of two pilots, the flight crew member holds an individual type rating for an aircraft that requires a minimum flight crew of two pilots; and

  • (c) the private operator provides the training referred to in paragraph 604.172(b) to the flight crew member using that simulator.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.
 
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