Canadian Aviation Regulations
602.13 (1) Except if otherwise permitted under this section, section 603.66 or Part VII, no person shall conduct a take-off, approach or landing in an aircraft within a built-up area of a city or town, unless that take-off, approach or landing is conducted at an airport, heliport or a military aerodrome.
(2) A person may conduct a take-off or landing in an aircraft within a built-up area of a city or town at a place that is not located at an airport, heliport or a military aerodrome where
(a) the place is not set apart for the operation of aircraft;
(b) the flight is conducted without creating a hazard to persons or property on the surface; and
(c) the aircraft is operated
(i) for the purpose of a police operation that is conducted in the service of a police authority, or
(ii) for the purpose of saving human life.
(3) A person may conduct a take-off in a balloon within a built-up area of a city or town from a place that is not located at an airport, heliport or a military aerodrome, where
(a) permission to use the place as a launch site has been obtained from the land owner;
(b) a special aviation event is not being held at that place at the time of take-off;
(c) no written objection in respect of the use of the place as a launch site has been received by the Minister from a competent land use authority;
(d) the diameter of the launch site is no less than the greater of
(i) 100 feet, and
(ii) the greatest dimension of the balloon, be it the length, width or height, plus 25 per cent; and
(e) the take-off point within the launch site is upwind of the highest obstacle in the take-off path by a horizontal distance equal to the height of that obstacle, and the take-off is conducted
(i) using a positive rate of climb to a minimum altitude of 500 feet above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of 500 feet from the balloon, or
(ii) where the flight path of the balloon is directly over residential or commercial buildings or over an open-air assembly of persons, using the maximum rate of climb possible, considering operational and passenger safety.
(4) A person may conduct a landing in a balloon within a built-up area at a place that is not located at an airport, heliport or military aerodrome, where
(a) the landing is necessary to avoid endangering the safety of the persons on board; and
(b) the pilot-in-command contacts the appropriate air traffic control unit or flight service station, either prior to landing or as soon as possible after landing, and provides
(i) the balloon’s nationality mark and registration mark,
(ii) the estimated or actual, as applicable, time and location of the landing, and
(iii) the reasons why it is believed that the safety of the persons on board is or was endangered.
- SOR/2007-87, s. 10;
- SOR/2007-280, s. 1(F).
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