Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2017-05-19. Previous Versions

Special Food for Calves

 Every railway company, motor carrier and air carrier shall provide suitable food and water at intervals of not more than 18 hours for calves transported in a railway car, motor vehicle or aircraft if the calves are too young to be fed exclusively on hay and grain.

Reports of Injured Animals

 Every air carrier and sea carrier shall, on the completion of a voyage or flight, make a report to the veterinary inspector at the port of embarkation respecting every animal that has died or was killed or seriously injured during the flight or voyage, stating in each case the cause of the death or injury.

Records

  •  (1) Every railway company and motor carrier engaged in the extra-provincial or international transportation of livestock for hire and every air carrier engaged in the extra-provincial or international transportation of animals for hire shall keep a record of every railway car, motor vehicle or aircraft in which animals are transported extra-provincially or internationally showing, with respect to each shipment of livestock carried by rail or motor vehicle and with respect to each shipment of animals carried by air,

    • (a) the name and address of the shipper;

    • (b) the name and address of the consignee;

    • (c) the number, description and gross weight of the livestock or other animals;

    • (d) the identifying number of the railway car or registration number of the motor vehicle;

    • (d.1) the number of square metres or square feet of floor area in the railway car, motor vehicle or aircraft that is being used to transport the livestock or other animals;

    • (e) the time when, date on which and place where the livestock or other animals came into the carrier’s custody;

    • (f) the time when, date on which and place where the livestock or other animals were fed, watered and rested while in the carrier’s custody;

    • (g) the time when, date on which and place where the livestock or other animals were unloaded at destination;

    • (h) the name and address of the driver of the motor vehicle in which the livestock or other animals were transported; and

    • (i) the date on which and place where the motor vehicle was last cleaned and disinfected.

  • (2) A copy of the record referred to in subsection (1) shall accompany every shipment of livestock or other animals and shall be produced to an inspector on his request by the carrier or person in charge of the shipment.

  • (3) Every person to whom subsection (1) applies shall

    • (a) keep the record referred to in subsection (1) for a period of two years from the date on which the animals, for which the record is being kept, are shipped;

    • (b) provide to an inspector at all reasonable times during the period referred to in paragraph (a) the record referred to in subsection (1) for examination, the taking of extracts therefrom and the making of copies thereof; and

    • (c) upon receipt of a written request by an inspector, provide to the inspector, in a form approved by the Minister, the information contained in the record referred to in subsection (1) relating to the shipment of animals specified in the request.

  • (4) [Repealed, SOR/93-159, s. 16]

  • SOR/78-597, s. 15;
  • SOR/79-839, s. 33;
  • SOR/80-516, s. 13;
  • SOR/82-590, s. 12;
  • SOR/93-159, s. 16.

Attendants and Inspectors

  •  (1) Every sea carrier transporting livestock shall have, as a signed member of the ship’s crew,

    • (a) a person experienced in dealing with livestock as a foreman to supervise the care of the animals on board;

    • (b) if there are more than 300 head of livestock, an assistant foreman;

    • (c) one attendant for every 25 equines or fraction thereof;

    • (d) a qualified veterinarian, where there are more than 25 equines; and

    • (e) one attendant for every 50 head of livestock or fraction thereof, excluding equines.

  • (2) Every sea carrier or air carrier shall, when requested to do so in writing by the Minister, have a veterinary inspector on a vessel or aircraft transporting animals.

  • (3) Every sea carrier shall notify a veterinary inspector of the time of departure of a vessel transporting animals and shall, not less than six hours before such time, supply him with the names of the foreman, assistant foreman and attendants provided to care for animals on board the vessel.

  • (4) The foreman, assistant foreman and attendants caring for animals on board a vessel shall report to a veterinary inspector at least six hours before the time of departure of the vessel.

Protection of Animals on Board a Vessel

  •  (1) No person shall transport or cause to be transported animals aboard a vessel

    • (a) on more than three decks, unless any additional deck is specially fitted for the transportation of animals;

    • (b) on a deck exposed to the weather, except in a container or in an enclosure forming part of the structure of the vessel;

    • (c) on a deck structure not suited for the transportation of animals;

    • (d) in a part of the vessel where their presence would interfere with the management, ventilation, operation or safety of the vessel;

    • (e) on a hatch above a compartment containing other animals; or

    • (f) on a hatch, if there is no other access to the space below.

  • (2) Every sea carrier shall ensure that

    • (a) no freight or feed for animals is loaded on a hatch above a compartment containing animals;

    • (b) a space of not less than 12.96 square metres (144 square feet) is kept free and clear at all times on a hatch on which animals are transported; and

    • (c) passageways are provided to permit the care and feeding of animals in holds and compartments.

  • SOR/78-69, s. 36;
  • SOR/97-85, s. 83;
  • SOR/98-409, s. 14(F).

Securing Animals

 Every sea carrier shall ensure that, on every vessel in which animals are transported,

  • (a) every bovine not transported in a pen is securely tied by the head or neck to a securing rail with a halter or with a rope not less than 12.5 millimetres (1/2 inch) in diameter in such a manner as to stand athwartships facing a passageway;

  • (b) every equine is secured by ropes in such manner as to prevent the animal from biting other animals or striking its head on the deck above; and

  • (c) sheep, goats and swine are transported in pens or in enclosed containers.

  • SOR/78-69, s. 37.

Reserve Pens

 A veterinary inspector may order a sea carrier to keep empty such pens on a vessel as are designated by a veterinary inspector in order to accommodate animals that are injured or become ill or otherwise unfit for transport during the voyage.

Lighting

 Every sea carrier shall provide adequate lighting on a vessel to permit animals on board to be fed, watered and properly cared for.

Insulation

 No person shall transport or cause to be transported animals near the engine or boiler room casing of a vessel unless such casings are covered by

  • (a) 25 millimetre (one inch) tongued and grooved lumber with a 75 millimetre (three inch) air space between the lumber and the casings; or

  • (b) some other adequate means of insulation.

  • SOR/78-69, s. 38;
  • SOR/97-85, s. 84.

Disposal of Injured Animals

  •  (1) Every sea carrier shall provide on every vessel in which livestock is transported

    • (a) a suitable humane killing device that is in good working order; and

    • (b) an adequate quantity of ammunition for the device.

  • (2) Every sea carrier shall destroy an injured animal on board a vessel by means of the killing device described in subsection (1) unless the master of the vessel is of opinion that the animal can be kept alive without undue suffering.

Veterinary Drugs to be Carried

 Every sea carrier shall provide every vessel in which animals are transported with a sufficient quantity of veterinary drugs suitable for the treatment of the animals on board.

PART XIIIPermits and Licences

Form and Conditions

  •  (1) Any application for a permit or licence required under these Regulations shall be in a form approved by the Minister.

  • (1.1) Subject to paragraph 37(1)(b) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, the Minister shall issue a permit or licence required under these Regulations if the Minister is satisfied that, to the best of the Minister’s knowledge and belief, the activity for which the permit or licence is issued would not, or would not be likely to, result in the introduction into Canada, the introduction into another country from Canada or the spread within Canada, of a vector, disease or toxic substance.

  • (2) Any permit or licence required under these Regulations shall

    • (a) be in a form approved by the Minister; and

    • (b) contain such conditions as are necessary to prevent the introduction of communicable disease into Canada or into any other country from Canada and the spread of communicable disease within Canada.

  • (3) The Minister may cancel or suspend a permit or licence issued under these Regulations if he has reason to believe that,

    • (a) any condition under which the permit or licence was issued or any condition contained in the permit or licence has not been complied with;

    • (b) any provision of the Act or these Regulations has not been complied with; or

    • (c) failure to do so could result in the introduction into Canada, the introduction into another country from Canada or the spread within Canada, of a vector, disease or toxic substance.

  • SOR/79-839, s. 34;
  • SOR/92-23, s. 3;
  • SOR/92-650, s. 4;
  • SOR/93-159, s. 17;
  • SOR/95-475, s. 4(F);
  • SOR/2004-80, s. 17;
  • SOR/2006-147, s. 19;
  • SOR/2012-286, s. 60;
  • SOR/2017-94, s. 14.
 
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