Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations (SOR/2000-207)

Regulations are current to 2016-06-21 and last amended on 2015-03-13. Previous Versions

Smoke Detectors

 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a smoke detector that contains a nuclear substance, if

  • (a) the smoke detector does not contain more than 185 kBq of americium 241 or, where it is in a commercial or industrial facility, more than 740 kBq of americium 241;

  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the smoke detector;

  • (c) the design and construction of the smoke detector prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains under normal conditions of use;

  • (d) all markings and labels on the smoke detector are legible;

  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance contained in the smoke detector is a sealed source that, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and

  • (f) the smoke detector meets the tests specified in the annex entitled Prototype Tests of the Recommendations for ionization chamber smoke detectors in implementation of radiation protection standards (1977) of the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 23.

Tritium Safety Signs

 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a tritium-activated self-luminous safety sign if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the safety sign is tritium;

  • (b) the safety sign contains no more than 925 GBq of tritium in gaseous form;

  • (c) the light-emitting component containing the tritium consists of glass tubes that are enclosed in a sturdy metal or plastic frame mounted in a manner that prevents the dismantlement and removal of the glass tubes;

  • (d) the amount of tritium present in the form of oxide does not exceed 1 per cent per volume for each glass tube;

  • (e) the safety sign conforms to ANSI/HPS N43.4-2000, Classification of Radioactive Self-Luminous Light Sources, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society, or to Standard MIL-STD-810F, 2000, Department of Defense Test Method Standard for Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests, of the United States Department of Defense; and

  • (f) the safety sign, if it is manufactured after the coming into force of this paragraph, is marked with the name and quantity in becquerels of the nuclear substance, the manufacturer’s recommended expiry date for the sign and the date of manufacture of the sign.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 24.

Devices Containing Radium Luminous Compounds

 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer or use a device that contains a nuclear substance, if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the device is a radium luminous compound;

  • (b) the person does not possess more than 10 such devices; and

  • (c) the device is not disassembled or tampered with.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 25(F);
  • SOR/2015-67, s. 4(F).

Check Sources

 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, store, use or abandon a check source that contains a radioactive nuclear substance and that is designed to verify the response of an instrument when exposed to the radiation output of the check source, if

  • (a) the check source contains

    • (i) not more than 370 kBq of a nuclear substance and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, does not emit alpha radiation, or

    • (ii) not more than 3.7 kBq of a nuclear substance if the atomic number of the substance is greater than 81 and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, emits alpha radiation;

  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the check source;

  • (c) the design and construction of the check source, under normal conditions of use, prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains;

  • (d) all markings and labels on the check source or exterior packaging are legible;

  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance in the check source, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and

  • (f) the check source, if it is a sealed source, meets the tests specified in ANSI/HPS N43.6-1997, Sealed Radioactive Sources — Classification, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 26;
  • SOR/2010-108, s. 3(F).

Manufacturers and Distributors Not Exempted

 Sections 6 to 8.1 do not apply to manufacturers or initial distributors in Canada of the devices or check sources referred to in those sections.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 27.

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-119, s. 27]

Certification of Radiation Devices

Certification Requirement

  •  (1) No person shall use a radiation device unless

    • (a) it is a certified model; or

    • (b) it is used in accordance with a licence that authorizes its use for development purposes.

  • (2) No person shall transfer a radiation device for use within Canada unless it is a certified model.

Application for Certification

  •  (1) The Commission or a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) of the Act may certify a model of a radiation device after receiving an application that includes the following information:

    • (a) the applicant’s name and business address;

    • (b) the name and business address of the manufacturer of the device;

    • (c) the brand name and model number of the device;

    • (d) the design of the device and its components, including any standards used in the design;

    • (e) the intended use of the device;

    • (f) the name, quantity in becquerels and form of the nuclear substance to be incorporated into the device;

    • (g) the method of incorporating the nuclear substance into the device;

    • (h) the expected radiation dose rates around the device in all modes of operation, including the method, calculations and measurements used to establish them;

    • (i) instructions for the use, transportation and storage of the device;

    • (j) instructions for conducting leak tests on the device;

    • (k) instructions for dealing with accidents, including fires and spills, in which the device may be involved;

    • (l) a description of the labelling of the device;

    • (m) the quality assurance program that was followed during the design of the device and that will be followed during production of the device; and

    • (n) the recommended inspection and servicing program for the device.

    • (o) [Repealed, SOR/2008-119, s. 28]

  • (2) The Commission or the designated officer may request any other information that is necessary to enable the Commission or the designated officer to determine whether the model of the device poses an unreasonable risk to the environment, the health and safety of persons or national security and whether certification of the model of the device would be in conformity with measures of control and international obligations to which Canada has agreed.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 28.

Refusal to Certify

  •  (1) The Commission or a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) of the Act shall notify a person who has applied for the certification of a model of a radiation device of a proposed decision not to certify the model, as well as the basis for the proposed decision, at least 30 days before refusing to certify it.

  • (2) The notice shall include a description of the person’s right to be provided with an opportunity to be heard in accordance with the procedure referred to in section 15.

 
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