Cost of Borrowing (Banks) Regulations (SOR/2001-101)

Regulations are current to 2014-09-01 and last amended on 2011-06-01. Previous Versions

Cost of Borrowing (Banks) Regulations

SOR/2001-101

BANK ACT

Registration 2001-03-15

Cost of Borrowing (Banks) Regulations

P.C. 2001-367  2001-03-15

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Finance, pursuant to sections 449 to 456Footnote a, 458Footnote b and 668Footnote c of the Bank ActFootnote d, hereby makes the annexed Cost of Borrowing (Banks) Regulations.

INTERPRETATION

 The definitions in this section apply in these Regulations.

“Act”

“Act” means the Bank Act. (Loi)

“APR”

“APR” means the cost of borrowing for a loan under a credit agreement expressed as an annual rate on the principal referred to in subsection 3(1). (TAC)

“borrower”

“borrower” includes a person to whom a loan is proposed to be made and a holder, or an applicant to become a holder, of a credit card. (emprunteur)

“credit agreement”

“credit agreement” includes an agreement for a line of credit, a credit card or any kind of loan. (convention de crédit)

“disbursement charge”

“disbursement charge” means a charge, other than one referred to in subsection 5(1), to recover an expense incurred by a bank to arrange, document, insure or secure a credit agreement. It includes a charge referred to in paragraphs 5(2)(c) and (f) to (h). (frais de débours)

“hypothec”

“hypothec” means a hypothec on immovable property. (hypothèque)

“principal”

“principal” means the amount borrowed under a credit agreement but does not include any cost of borrowing. (capital)

“public index”

“public index” means an interest rate, or a variable base rate for an interest rate, that is published at least weekly in a newspaper or magazine of general circulation, or in some media of general circulation or distribution, in areas where borrowers whose credit agreements are governed by that interest rate reside. (indice publié)

APPLICATION

 These Regulations apply to credit agreements, other than a credit agreement entered into

  • (a) for business purposes of a borrower;

  • (b) with a borrower that is not a natural person;

  • (c) under the terms of the Canada Student Loans Act; or

  • (d) under the terms of any Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province that relates to student loans and that requires the rate of interest or the discount that may apply to the borrower to be disclosed to the borrower.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 1.

COST OF BORROWING

Calculation

  •  (1) For the purpose of section 451 of the Act, the cost of borrowing for a loan under a credit agreement, other than a loan obtained through the use of a credit card or line of credit, is to be expressed as an annual rate on the principal, as follows:

    APR = (C/(T×P)) × 100

    where

    APR  
    is the annual percentage rate cost of borrowing;
    C 
    is an amount that represents the cost of borrowing within the meaning of section 5 over the term of the loan;
    P 
    is the average of the principal of the loan outstanding at the end of each period for the calculation of interest under the credit agreement, before subtracting any payment that is due at that time; and
    T 
    is the term of the loan in years, expressed to at least two decimal points of significance.
  • (2) For the purpose of the APR calculation under subsection (1),

    • (a) the APR may be rounded off to the nearest eighth of a per cent;

    • (b) each instalment payment made on a loan must be applied first to the accumulated cost of borrowing and then to the outstanding principal;

    • (c) a period of

      • (i) one month is 1/12 of a year,

      • (ii) one week is 1/52 of a year, and

      • (iii) one day is 1/365 of a year;

    • (d) if the annual interest rate underlying the calculation is variable over the period of the loan, it must be set as the annual interest rate that applies on the day that the calculation is made;

    • (e) if there are no instalment payments under a credit agreement, then the APR must be calculated on the basis that the outstanding principal is to be repaid in one lump sum at the end of the term of the loan; and

    • (f) a credit agreement for an amount that comprises, in whole or in part, an outstanding balance from a prior credit agreement is a new credit agreement for the purpose of the calculation.

  • (3) For the purpose of section 451 of the Act, the cost of borrowing for a loan obtained under a credit card agreement or line of credit is to be expressed as an annual rate, as follows:

    • (a) if the loan has a fixed annual interest rate, that annual interest rate; or

    • (b) if the loan has a variable interest rate, the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the disclosure.

Annual Interest Rate

 The APR for a credit agreement is the annual interest rate if there is no cost of borrowing other than interest.

Included and Excluded Charges

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the cost of borrowing for a loan under a credit agreement, other than an agreement for a credit card or line of credit, consists of all the costs of borrowing under the loan over its term, in particular the interest or discount that applies to the loan in accordance with section 449 of the Act, and including the following charges:

    • (a) administrative charges, including charges for services, transactions or any other activity in relation to the loan;

    • (b) charges for the services, or disbursements, of a lawyer or notary that a bank required the borrower to retain;

    • (c) insurance charges other than those excluded under paragraphs (2)(a), (f) and (h);

    • (d) charges for a broker, if the broker’s fees are included in the amount borrowed and are paid directly by the bank to the broker; and

    • (e) charges for appraisal, inspection or surveying services, other than those mentioned in paragraph (2)(g), related to property that is security for a loan, if those services are required by the bank.

  • (2) The cost of borrowing for a loan does not include

    • (a) charges for insurance on the loan if

      • (i) the insurance is optional, or

      • (ii) the borrower is its beneficiary and the amount insured reflects the value of an asset that is security for the loan;

    • (b) charges for an overdraft;

    • (c) fees paid to register documents or obtain information from a public registry about security interests related to property given as security;

    • (d) penalty charges for the prepayment of a loan;

    • (e) charges for the services, or disbursements, of a lawyer or notary, other than those mentioned in paragraph (1)(b);

    • (f) charges for insurance against defects in title to real or immovable property, if the insurance is paid for directly by the borrower;

    • (g) charges for appraisal, inspection or surveying services provided directly to the borrower in relation to property that is security for a loan;

    • (h) charges for insurance against default on a high-ratio mortgage or hypothec;

    • (i) fees to maintain a tax account that are

      • (i) required for a mortgage or hypothec referred to in paragraph (h), or

      • (ii) optional;

    • (j) any fee to discharge a security interest; or

    • (k) default charges.

DISCLOSURE — GENERAL

Manner

  •  (1) For the purpose of subsection 450(1) of the Act, a bank that grants credit must, in writing, provide the borrower with a disclosure statement that provides the information required by these Regulations to be disclosed.

  • (2) A disclosure statement may be a separate document or may be part of a credit agreement or an application for a credit agreement.

  • (2.1) For a disclosure statement that is part of a credit agreement in respect of a loan, a line of credit or a credit card or an application for a credit card,

    • (a) the disclosure statement must be presented in a consolidated manner in a single location in that agreement or application; and

    • (b) the applicable information box, as set out in one of Schedules 1 to 5, containing the information referred to in that Schedule, must be presented at the beginning of the agreement or application.

  • (2.2) For a disclosure statement that is separate from the credit agreement or the application,

    • (a) the disclosure statement must be provided before entering into the agreement or together with the agreement or the application; and

    • (b) the applicable information box, as set out in one of Schedules 1 to 5, containing the information referred to in that Schedule, must be presented at the beginning of the disclosure statement.

  • (2.3) Numbers that are set out in the information box, including numbers that refer to an interest rate, a time period, a date or a dollar amount, are not required to be repeated in the disclosure statement but may instead be referenced in it.

  • (2.4) In order to maximize its legibility, the information in the information box must be presented with

    • (a) text in an easily readable font style and font size of at least

      • (i) 12 points, with bold font for titles and numbers, including numbers that refer to an interest rate, a time period, a date or a dollar amount, and

      • (ii) 10 points for any other text;

    • (b) standard spacing between words and characters, such that the text does not appear to be in a font smaller than a 10-point font;

    • (c) sufficient margins above, below and to either side of the text such that sufficient white space is provided around the text; and

    • (d) dark text on a light background in order to maximize the contrast so that the text is clearly visible.

  • (3) Information disclosed in a disclosure statement may be based on an assumption or estimate if the assumption or estimate is reasonable and the information disclosed by it

    • (a) cannot be known by the bank when it makes the statement; and

    • (b) is identified to the borrower as an assumption or estimate.

  • (4) Any disclosure that is required to be made by a bank under these Regulations must be made in language, and presented in a manner, that is clear, simple and not misleading.

  • (5) [Repealed, SOR/2009-258, s. 2]

  • (6) A disclosure statement that is sent to the borrower by mail is considered to be provided to the borrower on the fifth business day after the postmark date.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 2.
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), if a bank enters into a credit agreement with two or more borrowers, it must provide the disclosure statement referred to in subsection 6(1) to all of the borrowers.

  • (2) If all of the borrowers have consented, orally or in writing, in paper or electronic form, to the provision of the disclosure statement to one of the borrowers on their behalf, the bank must provide the statement to that borrower.

  • (3) If two or more but not all of the borrowers have consented, orally or in writing, in paper or electronic form, to the provision of the disclosure statement on their behalf to one of the consenting borrowers, the bank may provide the statement to that borrower on their behalf, if it also provides the statement to every borrower that has not so consented.

  • (4) If the consent referred to in subsection (2) or (3) is given orally by a borrower, the bank must, without delay, provide confirmation of that consent to the borrower in writing, in paper or electronic form.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 3.

Timing of Initial Disclosure

  •  (1) A bank that proposes to enter into a credit agreement with a borrower must provide the borrower with the initial disclosure statement required by these Regulations on or before the earlier of the making of a payment, other than a disbursement charge, in relation to the credit agreement by the borrower and

    • (a) two clear business days before the entering into the credit agreement by the borrower and the bank, in the case of a credit agreement for a mortgage or hypothec; or

    • (b) the entering into the credit agreement by the borrower and the bank, in any other case.

  • (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply if

    • (a) the borrower consents to being provided with the initial disclosure statement for the credit agreement in accordance with paragraph (1)(b);

    • (b) the borrower obtains independent legal advice;

    • (c) a rescission period is provided in the credit agreement; or

    • (d) favourable terms, such as imposing no penalty or fee for early payment, are provided in the credit agreement.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 4.

DISCLOSURE — CONTENT

Fixed Interest Loans for a Fixed Amount

  •  (1) A bank that enters into a credit agreement for a loan for a fixed interest rate for a fixed amount, to be repaid on a fixed future date or by instalment payments, must provide the borrower with an initial disclosure statement that includes the following information:

    • (a) the principal amount of the loan;

    • (b) the amount of the advance, or any advances, of the principal and when it is, or they are, to be made;

    • (c) the total amount of all payments;

    • (d) the cost of borrowing over the term of the loan, expressed as an amount;

    • (e) the term of the loan, and the period of amortization if different from the term;

    • (f) the annual interest rate and the circumstances under which it is compounded, if any;

    • (g) the APR, when it differs from the annual interest rate;

    • (h) the date on and after which interest is charged and information concerning any period during which interest does not accrue;

    • (i) the amount of each payment and when it is due;

    • (j) the fact that each payment made on a loan must be applied first to the accumulated cost of borrowing and then to the outstanding principal;

    • (k) information about any optional service in relation to the credit agreement that the borrower accepts, the charges for each optional service and the conditions under which the borrower may cancel the service if that information is not disclosed in a separate statement before the optional service is provided;

    • (l) the disclosure required by paragraph 452(1)(a) of the Act, including a description of any components that comprise a formula to calculate a rebate, charge or penalty in the event that the borrower exercises the right to repay the amount borrowed before the maturity of the loan and, if section 17 applies, the formula set out in subsection 17(4);

    • (m) the disclosure required by paragraph 452(1)(b) of the Act, including default charges that may be imposed under section 18;

    • (n) the property, if any, over which the bank takes a security interest under the credit agreement;

    • (o) any charge for a broker, if the broker’s fees are included in the amount borrowed and are paid directly by the bank to the broker;

    • (p) the existence of a fee to discharge a security interest and the amount of the fee on the day that the statement was provided; and

    • (q) the nature and amount of any other charge, other than interest charges;

  • (2) If the missing of a scheduled instalment payment or the imposition of a default charge for a missed scheduled instalment payment increases the outstanding balance of a loan referred to in subsection (1) with the result that each subsequently scheduled instalment payment does not cover the interest accrued during the period for which it was scheduled, the bank must, at most 30 days after the missed payment or the imposition of the default charge, provide the borrower with a subsequent disclosure statement that describes the situation and its consequences.

Variable Interest Loans for a Fixed Amount

  •  (1) A bank that enters into a credit agreement for a loan with a variable interest rate for a fixed amount, to be repaid on a fixed future date or by instalment payments, must provide an initial disclosure statement that includes the following information in addition to that required by section 8:

    • (a) the annual rate of interest that applies on the date of the disclosure;

    • (b) the method for determining the annual interest rate and when that determination is made;

    • (c) the amount of each payment based on the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the disclosure and the dates when those payments are due;

    • (d) the total amount of all payments and of the cost of borrowing based on that annual interest rate;

    • (e) if the loan is to be paid by instalment payments and the amount to be paid is not adjusted automatically to reflect changes in the annual interest rate that apply to each instalment payment,

      • (i) the triggering annual interest rate above which the amount paid under a scheduled instalment payment on the initial principal does not cover the interest due on the instalment payment, and

      • (ii) the fact that negative amortization is possible; and

    • (f) if the loan does not have regularly scheduled payments,

      • (i) the conditions that must occur for the entire outstanding balance, or part of it, to become due, or

      • (ii) which provisions of the credit agreement set out those conditions.

  • (2) If the variable interest rate for the loan is determined by adding or subtracting a fixed percentage rate of interest to or from a public index that is a variable rate, the bank must, at least once every 12 months, provide the borrower with a subsequent disclosure statement that contains the following information:

    • (a) the annual interest rate at the beginning and end of the period covered by the disclosure;

    • (b) the outstanding balance at the beginning and end of the period covered by the disclosure; and

    • (c) the amount of each instalment payment due under a payment schedule and the time when each payment is due, based on the annual interest rate that applies at the end of the period covered by the disclosure.

  • (3) If the variable interest rate for the loan is determined by a method other than that referred to in subsection (2), the bank must, at most 30 days after increasing the annual interest rate by more than 1% above the most recently disclosed rate, provide the borrower with a subsequent disclosure statement that contains the following information:

    • (a) the new annual interest rate and the date on which it takes effect; and

    • (b) the amount of each instalment payment and the time when each payment is due, for payments that are affected by the new annual interest rate.

Lines of Credit

  •  (1) A bank that enters into a credit agreement for a line of credit must provide the borrower with an initial disclosure statement that includes the following information:

    • (a) the initial credit limit, if it is known at the time the disclosure is made;

    • (b) the annual interest rate, or the method for determining it if it is variable;

    • (c) the nature and amounts of any non-interest charges;

    • (d) the minimum payment during each payment period or the method for determining it;

    • (e) each period for which a statement of account is to be provided;

    • (f) the date on and after which interest accrues and information concerning any grace period that applies;

    • (g) the particulars of the charges or penalties referred to in paragraph 452(1)(b) of the Act, including default charges that may be imposed under section 18 of these Regulations;

    • (h) the property, if any, over which the bank takes a security interest under the credit agreement;

    • (i) information about any optional service in relation to the credit agreement that the borrower accepts, the charges for each optional service and the conditions under which the borrower may cancel the service if that information is not disclosed in a separate statement before the optional service is provided;

    • (j) a local or toll-free telephone number, or a telephone number with a prominent indication that collect calls are accepted, that the borrower may use to get information about the account during the bank’s regular business hours; and

    • (k) any charge for a broker, if the broker’s fees are included in the amount borrowed and are paid directly by the bank to the broker.

  • (2) If the initial credit limit is not known when the initial disclosure statement is made, the bank must disclose it in

    • (a) the first statement of account provided to the borrower; or

    • (b) a separate statement that the borrower receives on or before the date on which the borrower receives that first statement of account.

  • (3) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), the bank must, at least once a month, provide the borrower with a subsequent disclosure statement that contains the following information:

    • (a) the period covered and the opening and closing balances in the period;

    • (b) an itemized statement of account that discloses each amount credited or charged, including interest, and the dates when those amounts were posted to the account;

    • (c) the sum for payments and the sum for credit advances and non-interest and interest charges;

    • (d) the annual interest rate that applied on each day in the period and the total of interest charged under those rates in the period;

    • (e) the credit limit and the amount of credit available at the end of the period;

    • (f) the minimum payment and its due date;

    • (g) the borrower’s rights and obligations regarding any billing error that may appear in the statement of account; and

    • (h) a local or toll-free telephone number, or a telephone number with a prominent indication that collect calls are accepted, that the borrower may use to get information about the account during the bank’s regular business hours.

  • (4) The subsequent periodic disclosure statement is not required to be provided for a period during which there have been no advances or payments and

    • (a) there is no outstanding balance at the end of the period; or

    • (b) the borrower has notice that their credit agreement has been suspended or cancelled due to default and the bank has demanded payment of the outstanding balance.

  • (5) The subsequent periodic disclosure statement may be provided once in a three-month period, either in respect of that period or in respect of the last month of that period, if, during that period,

    • (a) there have been no advances or payments;

    • (b) there is an outstanding balance of less than $10; and

    • (c) no interest or fee is being charged or accrued.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 5.

Credit Card Applications

  •  (1) A bank that issues credit cards and that distributes an application form for credit cards must specify the following information in the form or in a document accompanying it, including the date on which each of the matters mentioned takes effect:

    • (a) in the case of a credit card with a

      • (i) fixed rate of interest, the annual interest rate, or

      • (ii) variable interest rate that is determined by adding or subtracting a fixed percentage rate of interest to or from a public index, the public index and the fixed percentage rate to be added or subtracted from it;

    • (b) the day on and after which interest accrues and information concerning any grace period that applies; and

    • (c) the amount of any non-interest charges.

  • (2) If the information box set out in Schedule 4, containing the information required by paragraph 6(2.1)(b) or (2.2)(b), as applicable, is included in an application form for a credit card or accompanies that application form, the bank is considered to have met the requirements of subsection (1).

  • (3) If an applicant for a credit card applies by telephone or any electronic means, the bank must disclose to them the information required by paragraphs (1)(a) to (c) at the time of the application.

  • (4) If a bank that issues credit cards solicits applications for them in person, by mail, by telephone or by any electronic means, the information required by paragraphs (1)(a) and (c) must be disclosed at the time of the solicitation.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 6.

Credit Cards

  •  (1) A bank that enters into a credit agreement for a credit card must provide the borrower with an initial disclosure statement that includes the following information in addition to that required by paragraphs 10(1)(a) and (c) to (k):

    • (a) the manner in which interest is calculated and the information required by paragraph 11(1)(a);

    • (b) if the borrower is required by the credit agreement to pay the outstanding balance in full on receiving a statement of account,

      • (i) mention of that requirement,

      • (ii) the grace period by the end of which the borrower must have paid that balance, and

      • (iii) the annual interest rate charged on any outstanding balance not paid when due;

    • (c) if a lost or stolen credit card is used in an unauthorized manner, the maximum liability of the borrower is the lesser of $50 and the maximum set by the credit agreement;

    • (d) if a transaction is entered into at an automated teller machine by using the borrower’s personal identification number, the liability incurred by the transaction is, despite paragraph (c), the maximum liability; and

    • (e) if the bank has received a report from the borrower, whether written or verbal, of a lost or stolen credit card, the borrower has no liability to pay for any transaction entered into through the use of the card after the receipt of the report.

  • (2) If the initial credit limit is not known when the initial disclosure statement is made, the bank must disclose it in

    • (a) the first statement of account provided to the borrower; or

    • (b) a separate statement that the borrower receives on or before the date on which the borrower receives that first statement of account.

  • (3) Despite section 13, if a credit agreement for a credit card is amended, the bank must, in writing and 30 days or more before the amendment takes effect, disclose to the borrower the changes to the information required to be disclosed in the initial statement other than any of those changes that involve

    • (a) a change in the credit limit;

    • (b) an extension to the grace period;

    • (c) a decrease in non-interest charges or default charges referred to in paragraphs 10(1)(c) and (g);

    • (d) a change concerning information about any optional service in relation to the credit agreement that is referred to in paragraph 10(1)(i);

    • (e) a change in a variable interest rate referred to in subparagraph 11(1)(a)(ii) as a result of a change in the public index referred to in that subparagraph; and

    • (f) a decrease in the fixed rate of interest or a decrease in the fixed percentage rate of interest referred to in subparagraph 11(1)(a)(ii).

  • (4) An amendment referred to in any of paragraphs (3)(a) to (d) or (f) must be disclosed not later than in the first subsequent periodic disclosure statement that is provided after the date of the amendment.

  • (5) Subject to subsections (8) and (9), a bank that issues credit cards must provide borrowers with supplementary disclosure statements on a regular periodic basis, at least once a month, that disclose the information referred to in paragraphs 10(3)(a) and (d) to (h) and that, in addition, contain the following information:

    • (a) an itemized statement of account that describes each transaction and discloses each amount credited or charged, including interest, and the dates when those amounts were posted to the account;

    • (b) the amount that the borrower must pay, on or before a specified due date, in order to have the benefit of a grace period;

    • (c) the sum for payments and the sum for purchases, credit advances and interest and non-interest charges;

    • (d) subject to subsection (7), an estimate of the length of time in months and years that would be required to pay in full the outstanding balance set out in the supplementary disclosure statement, based on the assumption that

      • (i) the minimum payment set out in that statement and in each subsequent supplementary disclosure statement will be made on its corresponding due date,

      • (ii) the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the supplementary disclosure statement in respect of purchases of goods or services, or that, based on the information available on that date, is expected to apply in respect of such purchases after a period during which a promotional or special introductory interest rate applies, will be applied to the outstanding balance until it is paid,

      • (iii) the outstanding balance is rounded up to the nearest hundred dollars for the purpose of arriving at that estimate, and,

      • (iv) a year is considered to consist of not less than 360 days and not more than 366 days; and

    • (e) if the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the supplementary disclosure statement, other than a variable interest rate referred to in subparagraph 11(1)(a)(ii) or an interest rate that has been disclosed to a borrower under subsection (3), could increase in the next period, the circumstances that would give rise to that increase and any new rate of interest that would apply in the next period as a result of the increase.

  • (6) For the purpose of paragraph (5)(a), an itemized statement of account is adequate if it permits the borrower to verify each transaction described by linking it with a transaction record provided to the borrower.

  • (7) The estimate referred to in paragraph (5)(d) is not required to be provided if the borrower is required to pay the outstanding balance in full on receiving a statement of account.

  • (8) The supplementary disclosure statement is not required to be provided for a period during which there have been no advances or payments and

    • (a) there is no outstanding balance at the end of the period; or

    • (b) the borrower has notice that their credit agreement has been suspended or cancelled due to default and the bank has demanded payment of the outstanding balance.

  • (9) The supplementary disclosure statement may be provided once in a three-month period, either in respect of that period or in respect of the last month of that period, if, during that period,

    • (a) there have been no advances or payments;

    • (b) there is an outstanding balance of less than $10; and

    • (c) no interest or fee is being charged or accrued.

  • SOR/2009-258, ss. 7, 12(F).

CHANGES IN CIRCUMSTANCES

Amendments to Credit Agreements

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if a credit agreement is amended, the bank must, not later than 30 days after the day on which the amendment is made, disclose in writing to the borrower any resulting changes to the information that was required to be disclosed in the initial disclosure statement.

  • (2) If a credit agreement for a fixed amount has a schedule for instalment payments and the schedule is amended, the bank must, not later than 30 days after the day on which the amendment is made, disclose in writing to the borrower the amended payment schedule and any increase in the total amount to be paid or in the cost of borrowing as a result of that amendment.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 8.

Renewals of Mortgages or Hypothecs

  •  (1) If a credit agreement for a loan secured by a mortgage or hypothec is to be renewed on a specified date, the bank must, at least 21 days before the date, provide the borrower with a subsequent disclosure statement that contains the information required to be disclosed by

    • (a) section 8, if the credit agreement is for a fixed interest rate; or

    • (b) section 9, if the credit agreement is for a variable interest rate.

  • (2) The subsequent disclosure statement referred to in subsection (1) must specify that

    • (a) no change that increases the cost of borrowing will be made to the credit agreement between the transmission of the subsequent disclosure statement and the renewal of the credit agreement; and

    • (b) the borrower’s rights under the credit agreement continue, and the renewal does not take effect, until the day that is the later of the date specified for its renewal and 21 days after the borrower receives the statement.

  • (3) A bank that does not intend to renew a credit agreement for a loan secured by a mortgage or hypothec after its term ends shall, at least 21 days before the end of the term, notify the borrower of that intention.

Waiver of Payments

  •  (1) If a bank, under a credit agreement for a loan for a fixed amount, waives a payment without waiving the accrual of interest during the period covered by the payment, the bank must, in an offer to make such a waiver, disclose in a prominent manner that interest will continue to accrue during that period if the offer is accepted.

  • (2) If a bank offers to waive a payment under a credit agreement for a line of credit or a credit card, the bank must, with the offer, disclose in a prominent manner whether interest will continue to accrue during any period covered by the offer if the offer is accepted.

Cancellation of Optional Services

  •  (1) A disclosure statement made in relation to a credit agreement under which optional services, including insurance services, are provided on an on-going basis must specify that

    • (a) the borrower may cancel the optional service by notifying the bank that the service is to be cancelled effective as of the day that is the earlier of one month after the day that the disclosure statement was provided to the borrower, determined in accordance with subsection 6(6), and the last day of a notice period provided for in the credit agreement; and

    • (b) the bank shall, without delay, refund or credit the borrower with the proportional amount, calculated in accordance with the formula set out in subsection (2), of any charges for the service paid for by the borrower or added to the balance of the loan, but unused as of the cancellation day referred to in the notice.

  • (2) The proportion of charges to be refunded or credited to a borrower shall be determined in accordance with the formula

    R = A × ((n-m)/n)

    where

    R 
    is the amount to be refunded or credited;
    A 
    is the amount of the charges;
    n 
    is the period between the imposition of the charge and the time when the services were, before the cancellation, scheduled to end; and
    m 
    is the period between the imposition of the charge and the cancellation.
  • (3) Subsection (1) is subject to any provincial laws that apply to the cancellation of services that are referred to in that subsection.

Prepayment of Loans

  •  (1) This section applies to loans for fixed amounts of credit, except mortgage or hypothec loans.

  • (2) A borrower under a credit agreement may prepay

    • (a) the outstanding balance of a credit agreement, at any time, without incurring any charge or penalty for making the prepayment; or

    • (b) a part of the outstanding balance

      • (i) on the date of any scheduled payment, if payments are scheduled once a month or more often, or

      • (ii) at any time but only once a month, in any other case.

  • (3) A borrower under a credit agreement who prepays

    • (a) the outstanding balance must be refunded or credited with the proportional amount of any non-interest charges, except for disbursement charges, paid by the borrower or added to that balance, calculated in accordance with the formula set out in subsection (4); and

    • (b) a part of the outstanding balance is not entitled to a refund or credit related to non-interest charges mentioned in paragraph (a).

  • (4) The proportion of non-interest charges to be refunded or credited to a borrower shall be determined in accordance with the formula

    R = A × ((n-m)/n)

    where

    R 
    is the amount to be refunded or credited;
    A 
    is the amount of the non-interest charges;
    n 
    is the period between the imposition of the non-interest charge and the scheduled end of the term of the loan; and
    m 
    is the period between the imposition of the non-interest charge and the prepayment.
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 9(F).

Default Charges

 If a borrower under a credit agreement fails to make a payment when it becomes due or fails to comply with an obligation in the agreement, in addition to interest, the bank may impose charges for the sole purpose of recovering the costs reasonably incurred

  • (a) for legal services retained to collect or attempt to collect the payment;

  • (b) in realizing on any security interest taken under the credit agreement or in protecting such a security interest, including the cost of legal services retained for that purpose; or

  • (c) in processing a cheque or other payment instrument that the borrower used to make a payment under the loan but that was dishonoured.

ADVERTISING

Loans for a Fixed Amount

  •  (1) A bank that advertises a loan involving a fixed amount of credit in an advertisement that makes a representation of the interest rate, or the amount of any payment or of any non-interest charge, in relation to the loan must disclose the APR and the term of the loan. The APR must be provided at least as prominently as the representation and in the same manner, whether visually or aurally, or both.

  • (2) If the APR or the term of the loan is not the same for all loans to which the advertisement relates, the disclosure must be based on an example of a loan that fairly depicts all those loans and is identified as a representative example of them.

Lines of Credit

 A bank that advertises a loan involving a line of credit in an advertisement that makes a representation of the annual interest rate, or the amount of any payment or of any non-interest charge, in relation to the loan must disclose the annual rate of interest on the date of the advertisement and any initial or periodic non-interest charges at least as prominently as the representation and in the same manner, whether visually or aurally, or both.

  • SOR/2009-258, s. 10(F).

Credit Cards

 A bank that advertises a credit card in an advertisement that makes a representation of the annual interest rate, or the amount of any payment or of any non-interest charge, in relation to the loan must disclose the annual rate of interest on the date of the advertisement and any initial or periodic non-interest charges at least as prominently as the representation and in the same manner, whether visually or aurally, or both.

Interest-free Periods

  •  (1) A bank that finances a transaction depicted in an advertisement that involves a representation, express or implied, that a period of a loan is free of any interest charges must ensure that the advertisement discloses in a manner equally as prominent as the representation, if it is expressed, or in a prominent manner otherwise, whether or not interest, due after the period, accrues during the period.

  • (2) If interest does not accrue during the period, the advertisement must also disclose any conditions that apply to the forgiving of the accrued interest and the APR, or the annual interest rate in the case of credit cards or lines of credit, for a period when those conditions are not met.

TRANSITIONAL

 These Regulations apply to the renewal or on-going administration of a credit agreement that was entered into before these Regulations came into force.

REPEAL

 The Cost of Borrowing (Banks) RegulationsFootnote 1 are repealed.

COMING INTO FORCE

 These Regulations come into force on September 1, 2001.

SCHEDULE 1(Subsections 6(2.1) and (2.2))INFORMATION BOX — CREDIT AGREEMENT FOR A FIXED INTEREST LOAN FOR A FIXED AMOUNT REFERRED TO IN SUBSECTION 8(1)

Principal Amount(Indicate the principal amount of the loan.)
Annual Interest Rate(Indicate the applicable annual interest rate and provide a brief description of how the interest is compounded, if applicable, and charged.)
Annual Percentage Rate(Indicate the APR, if it differs from the annual interest rate, and provide a brief description of how it is determined.)
Term(Indicate the number of months or years of the term of the loan and whether the term is open or closed, and provide a brief explanation of what “open” or “closed”, as applicable, means.)
Date of Advance(Indicate the date on which the principal amount of the loan is to be advanced and the date on which interest is to begin to be charged.)
Payments(Indicate the amount of each payment and the date on which each payment is due and provide a brief description of the components of a payment and the frequency of the payments.)
Amortization Period(Indicate the number of months or years of the amortization period, if that period is different from the term of the loan.)
Prepayment Privilege(Provide a brief description of the conditions under which a borrower may repay a greater portion of the loan than required in any given period without incurring penalty charges for the prepayment of the loan, if applicable.)
Prepayment Charges(Indicate the amount of the penalty charges, if any, for prepayment of the loan or provide a brief explanation of the manner in which the penalty charges are calculated.)
Default Insurance(Indicate the amount of charges for insurance against default on a high-ratio mortgage or hypothec, if any.)
Other Fees(Provide a list of the types and amounts of any other charges, other than interest charges.)
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 11.

SCHEDULE 2((Subsections 6(2.1) and (2.2))INFORMATION BOX — CREDIT AGREEMENT FOR A VARIABLE INTEREST LOAN FOR A FIXED AMOUNT REFERRED TO IN SUBSECTION 9(1)

Principal Amount(Indicate the principal amount of the loan.)
Annual Interest Rate(Indicate the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the disclosure statement and provide a brief description of how the interest is compounded, if applicable, and charged.)
Determination of Interest(Provide a brief description of the method for determining the annual interest rate and the date that the determination is made.)
Annual Percentage Rate(Indicate the APR, if it differs from the annual interest rate, and provide a brief description of how it is determined.)
Term(Indicate the number of months or years of the term of the loan, and whether it is open or closed, and provide a brief explanation of what “open” or “closed”, as applicable, means.)
Date of Advance(Indicate the date on which the principal amount of the loan is to be advanced and the date on which interest is to begin to be charged.)
Payments(Indicate the amount of each payment, based on the annual interest rate that applies on the date of the disclosure statement, and the date on which each payment is due and provide a brief description of the components of a payment and the frequency of the payments.)
Amortization Period(Indicate the number of months or years of the amortization period, if that period is different from the term of the loan.)
Prepayment Privilege(Provide a brief description of the conditions under which a borrower may repay a greater portion of the loan than required in any given period without incurring penalty charges for the prepayment of the loan, if applicable.)
Prepayment Charges(Indicate the amount of the penalty charges, if any, for prepayment of the loan or provide a brief explanation of the manner in which the penalty charges are calculated.)
Default Insurance(Indicate the amount of charges for insurance against default on a high-ratio mortgage or hypothec, if any.)
Other Fees(Provide a list of the types and amounts of any other charges, other than interest charges.)
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 11.

SCHEDULE 3(Subsections 6(2.1) and (2.2))INFORMATION BOX — CREDIT AGREEMENT FOR A LINE OF CREDIT REFERRED TO IN SUBSECTION 10(1)

Initial Credit Limit(Indicate the initial credit limit, if it is known on the date of the disclosure statement.)
Annual Interest Rate(Indicate the applicable annual interest rate and, if it is a variable rate, provide a brief description of the method for determining it.)
Date from which Interest Is Charged(Indicate the date on and after which interest accrues and provide information respecting the grace period or, if no grace period applies, an indication to that effect.)
Minimum Payment(Indicate the amount of the minimum payment required in each payment period and provide a brief description of the method for determining the amount of the minimum payment.)
Foreign Currency Conversion(Indicate the conversion rate for foreign currency, provide a brief description of how it is determined and indicate the date on which it is applied.)
Annual Fees(Indicate the amount of any non-interest charges that are levied on an annual basis and the date on which they are levied or, if no annual charges are levied, an indication to that effect.)
Other Fees(Provide a list of the types and amounts of any other non-interest charges and indicate the date on which they are applied.)
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 11.

SCHEDULE 4(Subsections 6(2.1) and (2.2) and 11(2))INFORMATION BOX — APPLICATION FORM FOR A CREDIT CARD REFERRED TO IN SUBSECTION 11(1)

Annual Interest Rate(Indicate the applicable annual interest rate or, if it is a variable rate that is determined by adding or subtracting a fixed percentage rate of interest to or from a public index, the name of the public index and the fixed percentage rate to be added to or subtracted from that index and the date on which that rate takes effect.)
Interest-free Grace Period(Indicate the length of the interest-free grace period in days, if any, and the circumstances in which it applies or, if no interest-free grace period applies, an indication to that effect.)
Minimum Payment(Indicate the amount of the minimum payment required in each payment period and provide a brief description of the method for determining the amount of the minimum payment.)
Foreign Currency Conversion(Indicate the conversion rate for foreign currency, provide a brief description of how it is determined and indicate the date on which it is applied.)
Annual Fees(Indicate the amount of any non-interest charges that are levied on an annual basis and the date on which they are levied or, if no annual charges are levied, an indication to that effect.)
Other Fees(Provide a list of the types and amounts of any other non-interest charges and indicate the date on which they are applied.)
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 11.

SCHEDULE 5(Subsections 6(2.1) and (2.2))INFORMATION BOX — CREDIT AGREEMENT FOR A CREDIT CARD REFERRED TO IN SUBSECTION 12(1)

Initial Credit Limit(Indicate the initial credit limit, if it is known on the date of the disclosure statement.)
Annual Interest Rate(Indicate the applicable annual interest rate or, if it is a variable rate that is determined by adding or subtracting a fixed percentage rate of interest to or from a public index, the name of the public index and the fixed percentage rate to be added to or subtracted from that index and the date on which that rate takes effect.)
Interest-free Grace Period(Indicate the length of the interest-free grace period in days, if any, and the circumstances in which it applies or, if no interest-free grace period applies, an indication to that effect.)
Determination of Interest(Provide a brief description of the manner in which interest is calculated and the date on which that calculation is made.)
Minimum Payment(Indicate the amount of the minimum payment required in each payment period and provide a brief description of the method for determining the amount of the minimum payment.)
Foreign Currency Conversion(Indicate the conversion rate for foreign currency, provide a brief description of how it is determined and indicate the date on which it is applied.)
Annual Fees(Indicate the amount of any non-interest charges that are levied on an annual basis and the date on which they are levied or, if no annual charges are levied, an indication to that effect.)
Other Fees(Provide a list of the types and amounts of any other non-interest charges and indicate the date on which they are applied.)
  • SOR/2009-258, s. 11.