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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-04-20 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

Part VII — Commercial Air Services (continued)

Subpart 3 — Air Taxi Operations (continued)

Division III — Flight Operations (continued)

Maintenance of Aircraft

 No air operator shall permit a person to conduct a take-off in an aircraft that has not been maintained in accordance with the air operator’s maintenance control system.

Fuel Requirements

 No air operator shall authorize a flight and no person shall commence a flight unless the aircraft carries sufficient fuel to meet the fuel requirements of Part VI and to allow the aircraft

  • (a) in the case of an aeroplane operated in IFR flight,

    • (i) to descend at any point along the route to the lower of

      • (A) the single-engined service ceiling, or

      • (B) 10,000 feet,

    • (ii) to cruise at the altitude referred to in subparagraph (i) to a suitable aerodrome,

    • (iii) to conduct an approach and a missed approach, and

    • (iv) to hold for 30 minutes at an altitude of 1,500 feet above the elevation of the aerodrome selected in accordance with subparagraph (ii); and

  • (b) in the case of a helicopter operated in night VFR flight, to fly to the destination aerodrome and then to fly for 30 minutes at normal cruising speed.

Admission to Pilot’s Compartment
  •  (1) Where a Department of Transport air carrier inspector presents an official identity card to the pilot-in-command of an aircraft, the pilot-in-command shall give the inspector free and uninterrupted access to the pilot’s compartment of the aircraft.

  • (2) An air operator and the pilot-in-command shall make available for the use of the air carrier inspector the seat most suitable to perform the inspector’s duties, as determined by the inspector.

Transport of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no air operator shall operate a single-engined aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight or in night VFR flight.

  • (2) An air operator may operate a single-engined aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight or in night VFR flight if the air operator

    • (a) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Aircraft Operating over Water

 No air operator shall, except when conducting a take-off or landing, operate a land aircraft over water, beyond a point where the land aircraft could reach shore in the event of an engine failure, unless the air operator

  • (a) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

  • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Number of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft

 No air operator shall operate a single-engined aircraft with more than nine passengers on board unless

  • (a) the aircraft is a transport category helicopter;

  • (b) the air operator is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

  • (c) the air operator complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Carriage of External Loads

 Except where carriage of an external load has been authorized in a type certificate or supplemental type certificate, no air operator shall operate an aircraft to carry an external load with passengers on board.

Simulation of Emergency Situations

 No person shall, if passengers or cargo are on board an aircraft, simulate emergency situations that could affect the flight characteristics of the aircraft.

  • SOR/2020-151, s. 16
VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements

 Except when conducting a take-off or landing, no person shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight

  • (a) at night, at less than 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of three miles from the route to be flown; or

  • (b) where the aircraft is an aeroplane, during the day, at less than 300 feet AGL or at a horizontal distance of less than 300 feet from any obstacle.

VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility — Uncontrolled Airspace
  •  (1) Where an aeroplane is operated in day VFR flight within uncontrolled airspace at less than 1,000 feet AGL, a person may, for the purposes of subparagraph 602.115(c)(i), operate the aeroplane when flight visibility is less than two miles if the person

    • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) Where a helicopter is operated in day VFR flight within uncontrolled airspace at less than 1,000 feet AGL, a person may, for the purposes of subparagraph 602.115(d)(i), operate the helicopter when flight visibility is less than one mile if the person

    • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

VFR Flight Weather Conditions

 No person shall commence a VFR flight unless current weather reports and forecasts, if obtainable, indicate that the weather conditions along the route to be flown and at the destination aerodrome will be such that the flight can be conducted in compliance with VFR.

Take-off Minima
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft in IMC where weather conditions are at or above the take-off minima, but below the landing minima, for the runway to be used unless

    • (a) the take-off is authorized in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) the person complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) A person may conduct a take-off in an aircraft in IMC where weather conditions are at or above the take-off minima, but below the landing minima, for the runway to be used, if the weather conditions are at or above the landing minima for another suitable runway at that aerodrome.

  • (3) For the purposes of section 602.126, a person may conduct a take-off in an aircraft in IMC where weather conditions are below the take-off minima specified in the instrument approach procedure, if the person

    • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (4) For the purposes of this section, the landing minima are the decision height or the minimum descent altitude and the visibility published for an approach.

No Alternate Aerodrome — IFR Flight

 For the purposes of section 602.122, a person may conduct an IFR flight where an alternate aerodrome has not been designated in the IFR flight plan or in the IFR flight itinerary, if the person

  • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

  • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Enroute Limitations

 No person shall operate a multi-engined aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight or in night VFR flight if the weight of the aircraft is greater than the weight that will allow the aircraft to maintain, with any engine inoperative, the MOCA of the route to be flown.

VFR OTT Flight

 No person shall operate an aircraft in VFR OTT flight unless the person

  • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

  • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Routes in Uncontrolled Airspace

 No person shall, in uncontrolled airspace, conduct an IFR flight or a night VFR flight on a route other than an air route unless the air operator establishes the route in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

 [Reserved]

Minimum Altitudes and Distances

 For the purposes of sections 602.13 and 602.15, a person may conduct a take-off, approach or landing in a helicopter within a built-up area of a city or town, or operate a helicopter at altitudes and distances less than those specified in subsection 602.14(2), if the person

  • (a) has an authorization from the Minister or is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

  • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Weight and Balance Control
  •  (1) No person shall operate an aircraft unless, during every phase of the flight, the load restrictions, weight and centre of gravity of the aircraft conform to the limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual.

  • (2) An air operator shall have a weight and balance system that meets the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (3) An air operator shall specify in its company operations manual its weight and balance system and instructions to employees regarding the preparation and accuracy of weight and balance forms.

 
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