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Coastal Fisheries Protection Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-33)

Act current to 2021-05-19 and last amended on 2019-06-16. Previous Versions

Offences and Punishment (continued)

Marginal note:Additional fine

 If a person is convicted of an offence under this Act and the court is satisfied that, as a result of committing the offence, financial benefits accrued to the person, the court may, despite the maximum amount of any fine that may otherwise be imposed under this Act, order the person to pay an additional fine in an amount equal to the court’s estimation of those benefits.

Application of Criminal Law

Marginal note:Application of criminal law

 An act or omission that would be an offence under an Act of Parliament if it occurred in Canada is deemed to have been committed in Canada if it occurs, in the course of enforcing this Act,

  • (a) in the NAFO Regulatory Area on board or by means of a foreign fishing vessel on board or by means of which a contravention of section 5.2 has been committed;

  • (a.1) in an area of the sea designated under subparagraph 6(e)(ii) on board or by means of a fishing vessel of a state party to the Fish Stocks Agreement or of a fishing vessel without nationality;

  • (a.2) in an area of the sea designated under subparagraph 6(f)(ii) on board or by means of a fishing vessel of a state that is party to a treaty or arrangement referred to in that subparagraph or of a fishing vessel without nationality; or

  • (b) in the course of continuing pursuit that commenced while a foreign fishing vessel was in Canadian fisheries waters or the NAFO Regulatory Area.

Marginal note:Exercising powers of arrest, entry, etc.

  •  (1) Every power of arrest, entry, search or seizure or other power that could be exercised in Canada in respect of an act or omission referred to in section 18.1 in the circumstances referred to in that section may be exercised

    • (a) on board the foreign fishing vessel; or

    • (b) where pursuit has been commenced, at any place on the seas, other than a place that is in the territorial sea or internal waters of a state other than Canada.

  • Marginal note:Arrest, search, seizure, etc.

    (2) A justice of the peace or judge in any territorial division in Canada has jurisdiction to authorize an arrest, entry, search or seizure or an investigation or other ancillary matter related to an offence referred to in section 18.1 in the same manner as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.

  • Marginal note:Attorney General of Canada

    (3) If an act or omission that is an offence by virtue only of paragraph 18.1(a) or (b) is alleged to have been committed on board or by means of a vessel that is registered or licensed under the laws of a state other than Canada, the powers referred to in subsection (1) may not be exercised outside Canada with respect to that act or omission without the consent of the Attorney General of Canada.

Marginal note:Territorial division

 A proceeding in respect of

  • (a) an offence under this Act consisting of a contravention of section 5.2, or

  • (b) an offence referred to in section 18.1

that is committed outside Canada may, whether or not the accused is in Canada, be commenced in any territorial division in Canada and the accused may be tried and punished for that offence in the same manner as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.

  • 1994, c. 14, s. 7

Marginal note:Attorney General of Canada

 No proceeding in respect of

  • (a) an offence under this Act consisting of a contravention of any of sections 5.2 to 5.5,

  • (b) an offence referred to in section 18.1, or

  • (c) an offence under paragraph 17(1)(d) consisting of resistance to or obstruction of a protection officer in the execution of the officer’s duty in relation to any of sections 5.2 to 5.5

may be commenced without the personal consent in writing of the Attorney General of Canada or the Deputy Attorney General, and such a proceeding may be conducted only by the Attorney General of Canada or counsel acting on his or her behalf.

  • 1994, c. 14, s. 7
  • 1999, c. 19, s. 14

Marginal note:Proceedings against fishing vessels

 All the provisions of this Act and the Criminal Code or the Fisheries Act and the Criminal Code relating to indictable offences that are applicable to or in respect of persons apply, in their application to indictable offences created by this Act or the Fisheries Act, to or in respect of fishing vessels, with such modifications as the circumstances require, and all the provisions of this Act and the Criminal Code or the Fisheries Act and the Criminal Code relating to summary conviction offences that are applicable to or in respect of persons apply, in their application to all other offences created by this Act or the Fisheries Act, to or in respect of fishing vessels, with such modifications as the circumstances require.

  • 1994, c. 14, s. 7

Jurisdiction of Courts

Marginal note:Jurisdiction of courts

 All courts, justices of the peace and provincial court judges in Canada have the same jurisdiction with respect to offences under this Act as they have under sections 257 and 258 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 with respect to offences under that Act, and those sections apply to offences under this Act in the same manner and to the same extent as they apply to offences under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 19
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203
  • 1990, c. 44, s. 18
  • 2001, c. 26, s. 288
 
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