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Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-36)

Act current to 2020-05-04 and last amended on 2019-11-01. Previous Versions

PART IVCross-border Insolvencies (continued)

Recognition of Foreign Proceeding (continued)

Marginal note:Terms and conditions of orders

 An order under this Part may be made on any terms and conditions that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Commencement or continuation of proceedings

 If an order is made recognizing a foreign proceeding, the foreign representative may commence and continue proceedings under this Act in respect of a debtor company as if the foreign representative were a creditor of the debtor company, or the debtor company, as the case may be.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Obligations

Marginal note:Cooperation — court

  •  (1) If an order recognizing a foreign proceeding is made, the court shall cooperate, to the maximum extent possible, with the foreign representative and the foreign court involved in the foreign proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Cooperation — other authorities in Canada

    (2) If any proceedings under this Act have been commenced in respect of a debtor company and an order recognizing a foreign proceeding is made in respect of the debtor company, every person who exercises powers or performs duties and functions under the proceedings under this Act shall cooperate, to the maximum extent possible, with the foreign representative and the foreign court involved in the foreign proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Forms of cooperation

    (3) For the purpose of this section, cooperation may be provided by any appropriate means, including

    • (a) the appointment of a person to act at the direction of the court;

    • (b) the communication of information by any means considered appropriate by the court;

    • (c) the coordination of the administration and supervision of the debtor company’s assets and affairs;

    • (d) the approval or implementation by courts of agreements concerning the coordination of proceedings; and

    • (e) the coordination of concurrent proceedings regarding the same debtor company.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 80

Marginal note:Obligations of foreign representative

 If an order recognizing a foreign proceeding is made, the foreign representative who applied for the order shall

  • (a) without delay, inform the court of

    • (i) any substantial change in the status of the recognized foreign proceeding,

    • (ii) any substantial change in the status of the foreign representative’s authority to act in that capacity, and

    • (iii) any other foreign proceeding in respect of the same debtor company that becomes known to the foreign representa­tive; and

  • (b) publish, without delay after the order is made, once a week for two consecutive weeks, or as otherwise directed by the court, in one or more newspapers in Canada specified by the court, a notice containing the prescribed information.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Multiple Proceedings

Marginal note:Concurrent proceedings

 If any proceedings under this Act in respect of a debtor company are commenced at any time after an order recognizing the foreign proceeding is made, the court shall review any order made under section 49 and, if it determines that the order is inconsistent with any orders made in the proceedings under this Act, the court shall amend or revoke the order.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Multiple foreign proceedings

  •  (1) If, at any time after an order is made in respect of a foreign non-main proceeding in respect of a debtor company, an order recognizing a foreign main proceeding is made in respect of the debtor company, the court shall review any order made under section 49 in respect of the foreign non-main proceeding and, if it determines that the order is inconsistent with any orders made under that section in respect of the foreign main proceedings, the court shall amend or revoke the order.

  • Marginal note:Multiple foreign proceedings

    (2) If, at any time after an order is made in respect of a foreign non-main proceeding in respect of the debtor company, an order recognizing another foreign non-main proceeding is made in respect of the debtor company, the court shall, for the purpose of facilitating the coordination of the foreign non-main proceedings, review any order made under section 49 in respect of the first recognized proceeding and amend or revoke the order if it considers it appropriate.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Miscellaneous Provisions

Marginal note:Authorization to act as representative of proceeding under this Act

 The court may authorize any person or body to act as a representative in respect of any proceeding under this Act for the purpose of having them recognized in a jurisdiction outside Canada.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Foreign representative status

 An application by a foreign representa­tive for any order under this Part does not submit the foreign representative to the jurisdiction of the court for any other purpose except with regard to the costs of the proceedings, but the court may make any order under this Part conditional on the compliance by the foreign representative with any other order of the court.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Foreign proceeding appeal

 A foreign representative is not prevented from making an application to the court under this Part by reason only that proceedings by way of appeal or review have been taken in a foreign proceeding, and the court may, on an application if such proceedings have been taken, grant relief as if the proceedings had not been taken.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Presumption of insolvency

 For the purposes of this Part, if an insolvency or a reorganization or a similar order has been made in respect of a debtor company in a foreign proceeding, a certified copy of the order is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof that the debtor company is insolvent and proof of the appointment of the foreign representative made by the order.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Credit for recovery in other jurisdictions

  •  (1) In making a compromise or an arrangement of a debtor company, the following shall be taken into account in the distribution of dividends to the company’s creditors in Canada as if they were a part of that distribution:

    • (a) the amount that a creditor receives or is entitled to receive outside Canada by way of a dividend in a foreign proceeding in respect of the company; and

    • (b) the value of any property of the company that the creditor acquires outside Canada on account of a provable claim of the creditor or that the creditor acquires outside Canada by way of a transfer that, if it were subject to this Act, would be a preference over other creditors or a transfer at undervalue.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) Despite subsection (1), the creditor is not entitled to receive a dividend from the distribution in Canada until every other creditor who has a claim of equal rank in the order of priority established under this Act has received a dividend whose amount is the same percentage of that other creditor’s claim as the aggregate of the amount referred to in paragraph (1)(a) and the value referred to in paragraph (1)(b) is of that creditor’s claim.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Court not prevented from applying certain rules

  •  (1) Nothing in this Part prevents the court, on the application of a foreign represent­ative or any other interested person, from applying any legal or equitable rules governing the recognition of foreign insolvency orders and assistance to foreign representatives that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Public policy exception

    (2) Nothing in this Part prevents the court from refusing to do something that would be contrary to public policy.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 81

PART VAdministration

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act, including regulations

  • (a) specifying documents for the purpose of paragraph 23(1)(f); and

  • (b) prescribing anything that by this Act is to be prescribed.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 82

Marginal note:Review of Act

  •  (1) Within five years after the coming into force of this section, the Minister shall cause to be laid before both Houses of Parliament a report on the provisions and operation of this Act, including any recommendations for amendments to those provisions.

  • Marginal note:Reference to parliamentary committee

    (2) The report stands referred to the committee of the Senate, the House of Commons or both Houses of Parliament that is designated or established for that purpose, which shall

    • (a) as soon as possible after the laying of the report, review the report; and

    • (b) report to the Senate, the House of Commons or both Houses of Parliament, as the case may be, within one year after the laying of the report of the Minister, or any further time authorized by the Senate, the House of Commons or both Houses of Parliament.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
 
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