Canada Marine Act (S.C. 1998, c. 10)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-05-23. Previous Versions

PART 4Regulations and Enforcement (continued)

Enforcement (continued)

Detention of Ships (continued)

Marginal note:Payment of proceeds

  •  (1) If a ship is sold under an order, the proceeds of the sale shall be applied first to satisfy claims for wages of crew members under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 and then to satisfy the following claims in order of priority:

    • (a) the following amount:

      • (i) the maximum fine that could have been imposed for the offence in a case where subsection 117(1) applies,

      • (ii) the fees and interest due and payable in a case where subsection 117(2) applies,

      • (iii) the amount of the damages in a case where subsection 117(3) applies, or

      • (iv) the fine actually imposed or the amount for which the ship is found liable in a case where subsection 117(4) applies;

    • (b) the costs of the detention and sale; and

    • (c) the interests of persons who have obtained an order referred to in subsection 119(2), according to the ranking directed by the court under paragraph 119(5)(b).

  • Marginal note:Surplus

    (2) Any surplus of the proceeds of sale remaining after all claims have been satisfied shall be paid to the person registered as the owner of the ship or, in the absence of any registration, to the person who owns the ship.

  • Marginal note:Proceedings against owner

    (3) Where the proceeds of sale of a ship are insufficient to satisfy the claims described in paragraph (1)(a) or (b), the port authority, the Minister or the person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5), as the case may be, may proceed against the owner of the ship for the balance owing.

  • Marginal note:Clear title

    (4) On selling a ship pursuant to an order, the port authority, the Minister or the person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5), as the case may be, may, by bill of sale, give the purchaser a valid title to the ship free from any mortgage or other claim that is in existence at the time of the sale.

  • Marginal note:Registrability not implied

    (5) Nothing in subsection (4) is to be interpreted as meaning that the ship may be registered in the name of the purchaser.

  • Marginal note:Not duty paid

    (6) No ship sold pursuant to this section is deemed to have been duty paid under the Customs Tariff by reason only of that sale.

  • Marginal note:At risk, cost and charges of owner

    (7) Every seizure and detention made under this Act shall be at the risk, cost and charges of the owner of the ship or goods until all amounts due or fines imposed, together with all costs and charges incurred in the seizure and detention and the costs of any conviction obtained, have been paid in full.

  • 1998, c. 10, s. 120
  • 2001, c. 26, s. 278

Other Powers

Marginal note:Sale of perishable goods

 Where, in the opinion of an enforcement officer, any goods that have been seized and detained under this Act, or that have been abandoned, are likely to rot, spoil or otherwise perish, the officer may sell or otherwise dispose of the goods in the manner and for the price that is reasonable in the circumstances, and the proceeds of the disposition are to be credited toward payment of the amount due or payable in respect of the ship or goods and the expenses incurred in connection with the detention and sale.

  • 1998, c. 10, s. 121
  • 2008, c. 21, s. 52(F)

Marginal note:Lien on ships

  •  (1) A port authority, the Minister or a person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5), as the case may be, has at all times a lien on a ship and on the proceeds of its disposition for an amount owing to the port authority, the Minister or the person, and the lien has priority over all other rights, interests, claims and demands, other than claims for wages of crew members under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, if the amount is owing in respect of

    • (a) fees and interest in respect of the ship or goods carried on the ship; or

    • (b) damage to property caused by the ship or through the fault or negligence of a member of the crew of the ship acting in the course of employment or under the orders of a superior officer.

  • Marginal note:Lien on goods

    (2) A port authority, the Minister or a person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5), as the case may be, has at all times a lien on goods on the property under their jurisdiction for fees and interest owing to them in respect of the goods, the lien having priority over all other rights, interests, claims and demands and they may seize the goods.

  • 1998, c. 10, s. 122
  • 2001, c. 26, s. 279
  • 2008, c. 21, s. 53(F)

Marginal note:Obstruction of ports

  •  (1) Where an enforcement officer is of the opinion that a ship or goods left or abandoned within the enforcement officer’s area of designation as provided in subsection 108(2), impede, interfere with or render difficult or unsafe the use of that area, the officer may direct the person who appears to be in charge of the ship or goods to remove the ship or goods to a place that the officer considers suitable within or outside the area.

  • Marginal note:Detention and removal

    (2) If a person fails to remove a ship or goods as directed by an enforcement officer under subsection (1) or if no person appears to be in charge of the ship or goods, the officer may detain the ship or goods and remove them to a place that the officer considers suitable, and the costs of the detention and removal are recoverable in the same manner as fees payable under this Act.

Marginal note:Rights exercisable

 The right of a port authority, the Minister or a person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5) to detain a ship or seize goods under this Act is exercisable whether or not title to or possession of the ship or goods is, at the time of the exercise of the right, in the same person as the person who held the title or possession at the time when, in the opinion of the port authority, the Minister or the person, the amount owing first became due and payable.

Marginal note:Other remedies

 Whether or not a port authority, the Minister or a person who has entered into an agreement under subsection 80(5) exercises the right to detain ships and seize goods under this Act, they may proceed against the owner of a ship or goods in any court of competent jurisdiction for the amount owing to them, or for the balance of that amount in the event of the sale of the ship or goods, and may also exercise against the owner of the ship or goods any other right or remedy available at law.

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Offence

 A person is guilty of an offence if the person

  • (a) fails to comply with any reasonable requirement of an enforcement officer in the course of carrying out duties and functions under this Act;

  • (b) knowingly makes a false or misleading statement, either orally or in writing, to an enforcement officer; or

  • (c) otherwise obstructs or hinders an enforcement officer.

Marginal note:Offence and fine

  •  (1) A person or ship that contravenes a provision of this Act, except section 107, or of the regulations made under paragraph 27(1)(a), or of the regulations made under this Act for which no penalty is otherwise provided is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 in the case of an individual, and of not more than $50,000 in the case of a corporation or ship.

  • Marginal note:Proof of offence by ship

    (1.1) If a ship is prosecuted for an offence under a provision of this Act, except section 107, or of the regulations, it is sufficient proof that the ship has committed the offence to establish that the act or omission that constitutes the offence was committed by the master of the ship or any person on board the ship, whether or not the person on board has been identified.

  • Marginal note:By-laws

    (1.2) No person is guilty of an offence under this Act for a contravention of a by-law made under section 30.

  • Marginal note:Defence

    (2) No person or ship shall be found guilty of an offence under this Act if the person or ship establishes that the person or ship exercised due diligence to prevent its commission.

  • Marginal note:Code of conduct

    (3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a director or officer of a port authority is not guilty of an offence under this Act for non-compliance with the code of conduct set out in the letters patent of the port authority.

  • 1998, c. 10, s. 127
  • 2008, c. 21, s. 54

Marginal note:Separate offence

  •  (1) When an offence under this Act is committed by a person or ship on more than one day or is continued by a person or ship for more than one day, it is deemed to be a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (2) Proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act may be commenced at any time within, but not later than, one year after the time when the subject-matter of the proceedings arose.

  • 1998, c. 10, s. 128
  • 2008, c. 21, s. 55(E)
 
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