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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2015-10-27. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Director’s consent required

  •  (1) No prosecution for an offence under this Act may be instituted by a person, other than the Commissioner or a person acting under his or her direction, without the prior written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions provided after consultation with the Commissioner.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an offence in relation to which an election officer has taken measures under subsection 479(3).

  • Marginal note:Proof of consent

    (3) Every document purporting to be the Director’s consent under subsection (1) is deemed to be that consent unless it is called into question by the Director or by someone acting for the Director or for Her Majesty.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 512
  • 2006, c. 9, s. 131
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 361

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 362]

Marginal note:Limitation period

  •  (1) Proceedings in respect of an offence under a provision set out in subsection 500(1) may be commenced at any time within, but not later than, six years after the day on which the subject-matter of the proceedings arose.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), if a prosecution cannot be instituted because the offender has left the jurisdiction of the court, the prosecution may be instituted within one year after the offender’s return.

  • Marginal note:No limitation period

    (3) Proceedings in respect of an offence under a provision set out in any of subsections 500(2) to (5) may be commenced at any time.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 514
  • 2003, c. 19, s. 63
  • 2006, c. 9, s. 59
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 109

Marginal note:Allowance of costs

  •  (1) Any court of criminal jurisdiction before which a private prosecution is instituted for an offence against this Act may order payment by the defendant to the prosecutor of such costs and expenses as appear to the court to have been reasonably incurred in and about the conduct of the prosecution.

  • Marginal note:Prior recognizance required

    (2) A court shall not make an order under subsection (1) unless the prosecutor, before or on the laying of the information, enters into a recognizance with two sufficient sureties, in the amount of $500, and to the satisfaction of the court, to conduct the prosecution with effect and to pay the defendant’s costs in case of acquittal.

  • Marginal note:Costs of defendant

    (3) In case of an information by a private prosecutor for an offence against this Act, if judgment is given for the defendant, the defendant is entitled to recover from the prosecutor the costs incurred by the defendant by reason of the proceedings, which costs shall be taxed by the proper officer of the court in which the judgment is given.

Injunctions

Marginal note:Application for injunction

  •  (1) If the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has committed, is about to commit or is likely to commit an act or omission that is contrary to this Act, the Commissioner may, during an election period, after taking into account the nature and seriousness of the act or omission, the need to ensure fairness of the electoral process and the public interest, apply to a competent court described in subsection 525(1) for an injunction described in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Injunction

    (2) If the court, on application by the Commissioner under subsection (1), is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that a person has committed, is about to commit or is likely to commit an act or omission that is contrary to this Act, and that the nature and seriousness of the act or omission, the need to ensure fairness of the electoral process and the public interest justify the issuing of an injunction, the court may issue an injunction ordering any person named in the application to do one or both of the following:

    • (a) refrain from committing any act that it appears to the court is contrary to this Act; and

    • (b) do any act that it appears to the court is required by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) No injunction may be issued under subsection (2) unless at least 48 hours notice is given to each person named in the application or the urgency of the situation is such that service of notice would not be in the public interest.

Compliance Agreements

Marginal note:Power to enter into compliance agreement

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (7), if the Commissioner believes on reasonable grounds that a person or entity has committed, is about to commit or is likely to commit an act or omission that could constitute an offence under this Act, the Commissioner may enter into a compliance agreement, aimed at ensuring compliance with this Act, with the person or entity (in this section and sections 518 to 521 called the “contracting party”).

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions

    (2) A compliance agreement may contain any terms and conditions that the Commissioner considers necessary, including a requirement that the contracting party pay a specified amount.

  • Marginal note:Obligations of Commissioner

    (3) Before entering into a compliance agreement, the Commissioner shall

    • (a) advise the prospective contracting party of the right to be represented by counsel and give it an opportunity to obtain counsel; and

    • (b) obtain the consent of the prospective contracting party to the publication of the agreement under section 521.

  • Marginal note:Admission of responsibility

    (4) A compliance agreement may include a statement by the contracting party in which it admits responsibility for the act or omission that constitutes the offence.

  • Marginal note:Inadmissible in evidence

    (5) The fact that a compliance agreement was entered into, and any statement referred to in subsection (4), is not admissible in evidence against the contracting party in any civil or criminal proceedings.

  • (6) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 363]

  • Marginal note:Remittal of matter despite institution of prosecution

    (7) If a prosecution has been instituted, the Director of Public Prosecutions may — if, after consultation with the Commissioner, the Director considers that a compliance agreement would better serve the public interest — suspend the prosecution and remit the matter back to the Commissioner so that it may be dealt with in that way.

  • Marginal note:Effect of compliance agreement

    (8) When a compliance agreement is entered into,

    • (a) no prosecution may be instituted against the contracting party for an act or omission that led to the agreement unless there is non-compliance with it; and

    • (b) any prosecution of the contracting party instituted before the agreement was entered into for an act or omission that led to the agreement is suspended unless there is non-compliance with the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Renegotiation

    (9) The Commissioner and the contracting party may renegotiate the terms of the compliance agreement at the request of the Commissioner or contracting party at any time before it is fully executed.

  • Marginal note:Copy

    (10) The Commissioner shall provide the contracting party with a copy of the compliance agreement, without delay after it is entered into or renegotiated under subsection (9). The Commissioner shall also provide a copy of the compliance agreement to the Director of Public Prosecutions if a prosecution of the contracting party had been instituted before the agreement was entered into.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 517
  • 2001, c. 21, s. 25(E)
  • 2006, c. 9, s. 133
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 363
 
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