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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-13. Previous Versions

PART 19Enforcement (continued)

Offences (continued)

General Provisions (continued)

Marginal note:Obstruction, etc.

 Every person is guilty of an offence who obstructs or hinders — or knowingly makes, either orally or in writing, a false or misleading statement to — the Commissioner of Canada Elections or any person acting under his or her direction while the Commissioner or the person acting under his or her direction is exercising or performing powers, duties or functions conferred or imposed on the Commissioner under this Act.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 89

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 324]

Offences under Part 3 (Election Officers)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every former election officer who contravenes paragraph 43(c) (failure to return election documents and election materials) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) being a returning officer, wilfully contravenes subsection 24(3) (failure to take promptly any necessary election proceedings);

    • (a.1) being an election officer, knowingly contravenes section 39 (failure to exercise or perform the powers or duties assigned by a returning officer in accordance with the Chief Electoral Officer’s instructions); or

    • (b) contravenes subsection 43.1(1) (refusal to give access to building or gated community).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (3) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) contravenes subsection 22(6) (acting as election officer knowing requirements not met);

    • (b) knowingly contravenes subsection 23(2) (communication of information or use of personal information for unauthorized purpose);

    • (b.1) being a field liaison officer, contravenes subsection 23.2(8) (engaging in politically partisan conduct);

    • (c) being a returning officer, contravenes subsection 24(6) (engaging in politically partisan conduct);

    • (d) being a returning officer or assistant returning officer, wilfully contravenes section 31 (acting in another capacity);

    • (e) contravenes paragraph 43(a) (obstruction of election officer) or knowingly contravenes paragraph 43(b) (impersonation of election officer); or

    • (f) being a former election officer, wilfully contravenes paragraph 43(c) (failure to return election documents and election materials).

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 484
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 36
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 90
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 325

Offences under Part 4 (Register of Electors and Register of Future Electors)

Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person who contravenes paragraph 56(e) or (e.1) (unauthorized use of personal information recorded in Register of Electors or Register of Future Electors) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person who contravenes any of paragraphs 56(a) to (d) (forbidden acts re Register of Electors or Register of Future Electors) is guilty of an offence.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 485
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 326

Offences under Part 6 (Candidates)

  •  (1) [Repealed, 2014, c. 12, s. 91]

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

    (2) Every person who contravenes subsection 81(1) (refusal to give access to building or gated community) or subsection 81.1(1) (refusal to give access to place open to the public) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (3) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) contravenes section 89 (signing of nomination paper when ineligible);

    • (b) [Repealed, 2014, c. 12, s. 91]

    • (c) contravenes subsection 91(1) (making or publishing false statement to affect election results); or

    • (d) knowingly contravenes section 92 (publishing false statement of withdrawal of candidate).

    • (e) to (g) [Repealed, 2014, c. 12, s. 91]

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (4) Every entity is guilty of an offence that

    • (a) contravenes subsection 91(1) (making or publishing false statement to affect election results); or

    • (b) knowingly contravenes section 92 (publishing false statement of candidate’s withdrawal).

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 486
  • 2006, c. 9, s. 56
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 37
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 91
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 327

Offences under Part 7 (Revision of List of Electors)

Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who contravenes

    • (a) paragraph 111(b) or (c) (applying improperly to be included on list of electors); or

    • (b) paragraph 111(f) (unauthorized use of personal information contained in list of electors).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person who contravenes paragraph 111(a), (d), (d.1) or (e) (forbidden acts re list of electors) is guilty of an offence.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 487
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 37.1
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 92

Offences under Part 8 (Preparation for the Vote)

Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person who contravenes paragraph 126(b) (unauthorized printing of ballots) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) being a printer who is authorized to print ballots, wilfully contravenes subsection 116(5) (failure to return ballots or unused ballot paper); or

    • (b) contravenes paragraph 126(a) (forgery of ballot), 126(c) (knowingly printing extra ballot papers), 126(d) (printing of ballot with intent to influence vote) or 126(e) (manufacture, etc., of ballot box with secret compartment).

Offences under Part 9 (Voting)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who contravenes

    • (a) being an employer, subsection 132(1) (failure to allow time to vote) or 133(1) (making deductions from employees’ wages for time given to vote);

    • (b) section 165 (prohibited use of loudspeaker); or

    • (c) paragraph 166(1)(b) (wearing of emblems, etc., in polling station).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (a.1) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (a.2) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (a.3) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (a.4) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (b) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (c) contravenes paragraph 166(1)(a) (display of campaign literature in polling place).

    • (d) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (e) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (3) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) being an employer, contravenes section 134 (preventing employee from using voting time); or

    • (b) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (b.1) contravenes any of paragraphs 161(5.1)(a) to (d) (forbidden acts re polling day registration).

    • (c) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (d) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (e) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (f) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

    • (g) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 328]

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 489
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 38
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 93
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 328
 
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