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Employment Equity Act (S.C. 1995, c. 44)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-02-15 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

PART IVGeneral

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) defining, for the purposes of the Act, the expressions “employee”, “hired”, “occupational group”, “promoted”, “salary” and “terminated”;

    • (b) prescribing the manner of calculating the number of employees employed by an employer for the purpose of determining when an employer is considered to employ one hundred or more employees;

    • (c) governing the collection of information and the conduct of analyses referred to in paragraph 9(1)(a) and the conduct of reviews referred to in paragraph 9(1)(b);

    • (d) governing the establishment and maintenance of employment equity records referred to in section 17;

    • (e) prescribing anything that is to be prescribed by this Act; and

    • (f) generally, for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) A regulation made pursuant to subsection (1) may be of general application or may apply to a particular employer or group of employers.

  • Marginal note:Where regulations apply to public sector

    (3) No regulation may be made under subsection (1) that applies to the public sector without prior consultation with the Treasury Board.

  • Marginal note:Inconsistent meanings

    (4) No expression defined pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) that applies to the public sector shall be given a meaning that is inconsistent with the meaning that that expression or any similar expression is given under the Public Service Employment Act.

  • Marginal note:Adaptation of Act to certain portions

    (5) The Governor in Council may, taking into account the operational effectiveness of the appropriate portion of the public sector referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), make any regulation that the Governor in Council considers necessary to adapt this Act or the regulations or any provision of this Act or the regulations to accommodate

    • (a) the Canadian Security Intelligence Service; or

    • (b) where an order is made under paragraph 4(1)(d) in relation to the Canadian Forces or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Canadian Forces or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

  • Marginal note:Requirements

    (6) A regulation made under subsection (5) shall be made on the recommendation of the Treasury Board after consultation with

    • (a) in the case of a regulation respecting the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness; and

    • (b) in the case of a regulation respecting the Canadian Forces, the Minister of National Defence.

  • Marginal note:Requirements may differ

    (7) The effect of a regulation made under subsection (5) with respect to any matter may differ from the effect of the Act or the regulations or of any provision of the Act or the regulations with respect to that matter.

  • 1995, c. 44, s. 41
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 34

Marginal note:Powers, duties and functions of Minister

  •  (1) The Minister is responsible for

    • (a) developing and conducting information programs to foster public understanding of this Act and to foster public recognition of the purpose of this Act;

    • (b) undertaking research related to the purpose of this Act;

    • (c) promoting, by any means that the Minister considers appropriate, the purpose of this Act;

    • (d) publishing and disseminating information, issuing guidelines and providing advice to private sector employers and employee representatives regarding the implementation of employment equity; and

    • (e) developing and conducting programs to recognize private sector employers for outstanding achievement in implementing employment equity.

  • Marginal note:Federal Contractors Program

    (2) The Minister is responsible for the administration of the Federal Contractors Program for Employment Equity.

  • Marginal note:Labour market information

    (3) The Minister shall make available to employers any relevant labour market information that the Minister has respecting designated groups in the Canadian workforce in order to assist employers in fulfilling their obligations under this Act.

  • 1995, c. 44, s. 42
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 602

Marginal note:Delegation

 The Minister may authorize those persons employed in the federal public administration whom the Minister considers to be appropriate to exercise any of the powers and perform any of the duties and functions that may be or are required to be exercised or performed by the Minister under this Act or the regulations, and any power exercised or duty or function performed by any person so authorized shall be deemed to have been exercised or performed by the Minister.

  • 1995, c. 44, s. 43
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E)

Marginal note:Review of operation of Act

  •  (1) Five years after the coming into force of this Act, and at the end of every five year period thereafter, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of this Act including the effect of those provisions shall be undertaken by such committee of the House of Commons as may be designated or established by the House for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Tabling of report

    (2) A committee shall, within six months after the completion of a review referred to in subsection (1), submit a report on its review to the House of Commons including a statement of any changes the committee would recommend.

Transitional Provision

Marginal note:Compliance with certain provisions

 The Treasury Board, the Public Service Commission and any person who is an employer to whom the Employment Equity Act, R.S., c. 23 (2nd Supp.), applied shall, within one year after the coming into force of this section, comply with sections 9 and 10 of this Act.

Consequential Amendments




Coming into Force

Marginal note:Coming into force

Footnote * This Act or any provision of this Act comes into force on a day or days to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

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