Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act (S.C. 2018, c. 12, s. 186)

Act current to 2019-03-27 and last amended on 2018-10-19. Previous Versions

PART 2Industrial Greenhouse Gas Emissions (continued)

DIVISION 4Offences and Punishment (continued)

Sentencing (continued)

Marginal note:Orders of court

  •  (1) If an offender has been convicted of an offence under this Part, in addition to any other punishment that may be imposed under this Part, the court may, having regard to the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, make an order having any or all of the following effects:

    • (a) prohibiting the offender from doing any act or engaging in any activity that may result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;

    • (b) directing the offender to implement a greenhouse gas emissions control or reduction system that meets a recognized Canadian or international standard;

    • (c) directing the offender to have an audit conducted by a person of a class and at the times specified by the court and directing the offender to remedy any deficiencies revealed during the audit;

    • (d) directing the offender to pay to Her Majesty in right of Canada an amount of money that the court considers appropriate for the purpose of promoting the control or reduction of greenhouse gas emissions or mitigating the effects of climate change caused by those emissions;

    • (e) directing the offender to publish, in the manner specified by the court, the facts relating to the commission of the offence and the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;

    • (f) directing the offender to notify, at the offender’s own cost and in the manner specified by the court, any person aggrieved or affected by the offender’s conduct of the facts relating to the commission of the offence and of the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;

    • (g) directing the offender to post any bond or pay any amount of money into court that will ensure compliance with any order made under this section;

    • (h) directing the offender to submit to the Minister, on application by the Minister made within three years after the date of conviction, any information with respect to the offender’s activities that the court considers appropriate and just in the circumstances;

    • (i) directing the offender to compensate any person, monetarily or otherwise, in whole or in part, for the cost of any remedial or preventive action taken, caused to be taken or to be taken as a result of the act or omission that constituted the offence, including costs of assessing appropriate remedial or preventive action;

    • (j) directing the offender to perform community service, subject to any reasonable conditions that may be imposed in the order;

    • (k) directing the offender to pay, in the manner prescribed by the court, an amount for the purpose of conducting research into climate change;

    • (l) directing the offender to pay, in the manner prescribed by the court, an amount to groups concerned with climate change — including groups concerned with the effects of climate change on the Indigenous peoples of Canada and on northern, coastal or remote communities — to assist in their work;

    • (m) directing the offender to pay, in the manner prescribed by the court, an amount to an educational institution including for scholarships for students enrolled in studies related to climate change;

    • (n) requiring the offender to comply with any other conditions that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances for securing the offender’s good conduct and for deterring the offender and any other person from committing offences under this Part;

    • (o) requiring the offender to remit compliance units to the Minister or any other person; and

    • (p) prohibiting the offender from entering into transactions involving compliance units during any period that the court considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (2) If an offender fails to comply with an order made under paragraph (1)(e), the Minister may, in the manner that the court directed the offender to do so, publish the facts relating to the commission of the offence and the details of the punishment imposed and recover the costs of publication from the offender.

  • Marginal note:Debt due to Her Majesty

    (3) If the court makes an order under paragraph (1)(d) or (i) directing an offender to pay an amount to Her Majesty in right of Canada, or if the Minister incurs publication costs under subsection (2), the amount or the costs, as the case may be, constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement

    (4) If the court makes an order under subsection (1) directing an offender to pay an amount to a person other than to Her Majesty in right of Canada and the amount is not paid without delay, the person may, by filing the order, enter as a judgment, in the superior court of the province in which the trial was held, the amount ordered to be paid, and that judgment is enforceable against the offender in the same manner as if it were a judgment rendered against the offender in that court in civil proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Retirement of compliance units

    (5) If the court makes an order under paragraph (1)(o), any compliance unit that is remitted to the Minister in accordance with the order is retired from circulation.

  • Marginal note:Coming into force and duration

    (6) An order made under subsection (1) comes into force on the day on which it is made or on any other day that the court may determine and must not continue in force for more than three years after that day unless the court provides otherwise in the order.

Marginal note:Suspended sentence

  •  (1) If a person is convicted of an offence and the court suspends the passing of sentence under paragraph 731(1)(a) of the Criminal Code, the court may, in addition to any probation order made under that Act, make an order containing one or more of the prohibitions, directions or requirements referred to in subsection 249(1).

  • Marginal note:Imposition of sentence

    (2) If the person does not comply with the order or is convicted of another offence within three years after the order is made, the court may, on the application of the prosecution, impose any sentence that could have been imposed if the passing of sentence had not been suspended.

Marginal note:Application of fines

  •  (1) Subject to regulations made under section 241, all fines received by the Receiver General in respect of the commission of an offence under this Part or any amount received in accordance with an order under paragraph 249(1)(d) are to be credited to the Environmental Damages Fund, an account in the accounts of Canada, and used for purposes related to protecting, conserving or restoring the environment or for administering that Fund.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (2) For greater certainty, purposes related to protecting, conserving or restoring the environment include promoting the control or reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Marginal note:Recommendations of court

    (3) A court imposing a fine may recommend to the Minister that all or a portion of the fine credited to the Environmental Damages Fund be paid to a person or an organization, including any entity that represents the interests of one or more of the Indigenous peoples of Canada, specified by the court for a purpose referred to in subsection (1).

Registry

Marginal note:Publication of information about contraventions

  •  (1) For the purpose of encouraging compliance with this Part, the Minister must keep, in a registry accessible to the public, information about all convictions of organizations for offences under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Retention

    (2) Information in the registry is to be kept for a minimum of five years.

DIVISION 5Miscellaneous

Agreements Respecting Administration and Enforcement

Marginal note:Negotiation of agreement

  •  (1) The Minister may negotiate an agreement respecting the administration and enforcement of this Part with any person, any government in Canada, the government of a foreign state or a political subdivision of a foreign state, any international organization or any institution of a government or an international organization.

  • Marginal note:Publication of final agreement

    (2) The Minister must publish an agreement made under subsection (1), or give notice of its availability, in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Action not limited by agreement

    (3) An agreement made under this section must not limit or restrict the carrying out of any action the Minister deems necessary for the administration and enforcement of this Part, including the conduct of inspections or investigations.

Confidentiality

Marginal note:Request for confidentiality

 A person that provides information to the Minister under this Part may submit with the information a written request, with supporting justifications, that the information be treated as confidential for one or more of the following reasons:

  • (a) the information constitutes a trade secret;

  • (b) the disclosure of the information would likely cause material financial loss to, or prejudice to the competitive position of, the person; or

  • (c) the disclosure of the information would likely interfere with contractual or other negotiations being conducted by the person.

 
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