Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

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Act current to 2019-03-27 and last amended on 2019-03-17. Previous Versions

PART IIIStandard Hours, Wages, Vacations and Holidays (continued)

DIVISION XVIAdministration and General (continued)

Offences and Punishment (continued)

Marginal note:Procedure

  •  (1) A complaint or information under this Part may relate to one or more offences by one employer in respect of one or more of his employees.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (2) Proceedings in respect of an offence under this Part may be instituted at any time within but not later than three years after the time when the subject-matter of the proceedings arose.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s consent required

    (3) No proceeding against a director of a corporation in respect of an offence under this Part shall be instituted except with the consent of the Minister.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 257;
  • 1993, c. 42, s. 41.

Marginal note:Order to pay arrears of wages

  •  (1) Where an employer has been convicted of an offence under this Part in respect of any employee, the convicting court shall, in addition to any other punishment, order the employer to pay to the employee any overtime pay, vacation pay, holiday pay or other wages or amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part the non-payment or insufficient payment of which constituted the offence for which the employer was convicted.

  • Marginal note:Reinstatement of pay and position

    (2) Where an employer has been convicted of an offence under this Part in respect of the discharge of an employee, the convicting court may, in addition to any other punishment, order the employer

    • (a) to pay compensation for loss of employment to the employee not exceeding such sum as in the opinion of the court is equivalent to the wages that would have accrued to the employee up to the date of conviction but for such discharge; and

    • (b) to reinstate the employee in his employ at such date as in the opinion of the court is just and proper in the circumstances and in the position that the employee would have held but for such discharge.

  • Marginal note:When inaccurate records kept

    (3) In determining the amount of wages or overtime for the purposes of subsection (1), if the convicting court finds that the employer has not kept accurate records as required by this Part or the regulations, the employee affected shall be conclusively presumed to have been employed for the maximum number of hours a week allowed under this Part and to be entitled to the full weekly wage therefor.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 71;
  • 1977-78, c. 27, s. 27.

Marginal note:Failure to comply with order

 An employer that fails to comply with an order of a convicting court made under section 258 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $1,000 for each day during which the failure continues.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 259;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 20;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 437.

Marginal note:Imprisonment precluded in certain cases

  •  (1) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Part punishable on summary conviction, no imprisonment may be imposed as punishment for the offence or in default of payment of any fine imposed as punishment.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of penalties

    (2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Part and the fine that is imposed is not paid when required, the prosecutor may, by filing the conviction, enter as a judgment the amount of the fine and costs, if any, in a superior court of the province in which the trial was held, and the judgment is enforceable against the person in the same manner as if it were a judgment rendered against the person in that court in civil proceedings.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 20.

Marginal note:Identity of complainants

 Where a person who makes a complaint to the Minister requests that his name and identity be withheld, his name and identity shall not be disclosed by the Minister or his officials except where disclosure is necessary for the purposes of a prosecution or is considered by the Minister to be in the public interest.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 72.

Marginal note:Civil remedy

 No civil remedy of an employee against his employer for arrears of wages is suspended or affected by this Part.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 73.

Ministerial Orders

Marginal note:Orders

 Where by this Part or the regulations the Minister is authorized to make any order in respect of any matter, the order may be made to apply generally or in particular cases or to apply to classes of employees or industrial establishments.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 74.

Pilot Projects

Marginal note:Regulations

 Despite anything in this Part, the Governor in Council may make any regulations that the Governor in Council considers necessary respecting the establishment and operation of one or more pilot projects for testing which possible amendments to this Part or the regulations made under this Part would improve and better protect employees’ rights under this Part, including regulations respecting the manner in which and the extent to which any provision of this Part or the regulations made under this Part applies to a pilot project and adapting any such provision for the purposes of that application.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 263;
  • 1996, c. 11, s. 68;
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 504.

Marginal note:Repeal

 Unless they are repealed earlier, regulations made under section 263 are repealed on the fifth anniversary of the day on which they come into force.

  • 2018, c. 27, s. 504.


Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes of this Part and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations

  • (a) requiring employers to keep records of wages, vacations, holidays and overtime of employees and of other particulars relevant to the purposes of this Part or any Division thereof;

  • (b) designating any branch, section or other division of any federal work, undertaking or business as an industrial establishment for the purposes of this Part or any Division thereof;

  • (b.1) extending the application of this Part, in the manner and to the extent provided for in the regulations, to any class of persons;

  • (c) governing the production and inspection of records required to be kept by employers;

  • (d) for calculating and determining wages received by an employee in respect of his employment, including the monetary value of remuneration other than money and, for the purposes of any provision or provisions of this Part specified in the regulations, the regular rate of wages of employees;

  • (e) for calculating and determining the regular rate of wages, on an hourly basis, of employees who are paid on any basis of time other than hourly or who are not paid solely on a basis of time;

  • (e.1) respecting the calculation and payment of the wages and other amounts to which an employee whose wages are paid on a commission basis, on a salary plus commission basis or on any other basis other than time is entitled to pursuant to Divisions V, VIII, X and XI;

  • (f) prescribing the maximum number of hours that may elapse between the commencement and termination of the working day of any employee;

  • (g) fixing the minimum period that an employer may allow his employee for meals, and the maximum period for which an employer may require or permit an employee to work or be at his disposal without a meal period intervening;

  • (h) requiring an employer in any industrial establishment to notify employees, by the publication of such notices, in such manner as may be prescribed, of

    • (i) the provisions of this Part or any regulation or order made under this Part,

    • (ii) the particulars of hours of work, including the hours at which shifts change,

    • (iii) the particulars of rest periods and meal periods, and

    • (iv) other matters related to hours and conditions of work of employees;

  • (i) providing for the payment of any wages of an employee to the Minister or to another person in the event that the employee cannot be found or in any other case;

  • (j) providing for the establishment of consultative or advisory committees to advise the Minister on any matters arising in relation to the administration of this Part;

  • (j.1) prescribing the circumstances and conditions for the purposes of subsection 251.01(3); and

  • (k) for any other matter or purpose that under this Part is required or permitted to be prescribed by regulation.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 264;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 21;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 229;
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 505.

Application of Provincial Laws

Marginal note:Provincial Crown corporations

 The Governor in Council may by regulation direct that this Part applies in respect of any employment, or any class or classes of employment, on or in connection with a work or undertaking set out in the regulation that is, or is part of, a corporation that is an agent of Her Majesty in right of a province and whose activities are regulated, in whole or in part, pursuant to the Nuclear Safety and Control Act.

  • 1996, c. 12, s. 4;
  • 1997, c. 9, s. 125.
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