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Youth Criminal Justice Act (S.C. 2002, c. 1)

Act current to 2020-03-05 and last amended on 2019-12-18. Previous Versions

PART 7General Provisions (continued)

Transfer of Charges

Marginal note:Transfer of charges

 Despite subsections 478(1) and (3) of the Criminal Code, a young person charged with an offence that is alleged to have been committed in one province may, if the Attorney General of the province consents, appear before a youth justice court of any other province and

  • (a) if the young person pleads guilty to that offence and the youth justice court is satisfied that the facts support the charge, the court shall find the young person guilty of the offence alleged in the information or indictment; and

  • (b) if the young person pleads not guilty to that offence, or pleads guilty but the court is not satisfied that the facts support the charge, the young person shall, if he or she was detained in custody prior to the appearance, be returned to custody and dealt with according to law.

Forfeiture of Recognizances

Marginal note:Applications for forfeiture

 Applications for the forfeiture of amounts set out in undertakings, release orders or recognizances binding young persons shall be made to the youth justice court.

  • 2002, c. 1, s. 134
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 380

Marginal note:Proceedings in case of default

  •  (1) If an undertaking, release order or recognizance binding a young person has been endorsed with a certificate under subsection 770(1) of the Criminal Code, a youth justice court judge shall

    • (a) on the request of the Attorney General, fix a time and place for the hearing of an application for the forfeiture of the amount set out in the undertaking, release order or recognizance; and

    • (b) after fixing a time and place for the hearing, cause to be sent by confirmed delivery service, not less than 10 days before the time so fixed, to each principal and surety named in the undertaking, release order or recognizance, directed to their latest known address, a notice requiring them to appear at the time and place fixed by the judge to show cause why the amount set out in the undertaking, release order or recognizance should not be forfeited.

  • Marginal note:Order for forfeiture

    (2) When subsection (1) is complied with, the youth justice court judge may, after giving the parties an opportunity to be heard, in the judge’s discretion grant or refuse the application and make any order with respect to the forfeiture of the amount that the judge considers proper.

  • Marginal note:Judgment debtors of the Crown

    (3) If, under subsection (2), a youth justice court judge orders the forfeiture of the amount, the principal and their sureties become judgment debtors of the Crown, each in the amount that the judge orders them to pay.

  • Marginal note:Order may be filed

    (4) An order made under subsection (2) may be filed with the clerk of the superior court or, in the province of Quebec, the prothonotary and, if an order is filed, the clerk or the prothonotary shall issue a writ of fieri facias in Form 34 set out in the Criminal Code and deliver it to the sheriff of each of the territorial divisions in which any of the principal and his or her sureties resides, carries on business or has property.

  • Marginal note:If a deposit has been made

    (5) If a deposit has been made by a person against whom an order for forfeiture has been made, no writ of fieri facias shall issue, but the amount of the deposit shall be transferred by the person who has custody of it to the person who is entitled by law to receive it.

  • Marginal note:Subsections 770(2) and (4) of Criminal Code do not apply

    (6) Subsections 770(2) (transmission to clerk of the court) and (4) (transmission of deposit) of the Criminal Code do not apply in respect of proceedings under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Sections 772 and 773 of Criminal Code apply

    (7) Sections 772 (levy under writ) and 773 (committal when writ not satisfied) of the Criminal Code apply in respect of writs of fieri facias issued under this section as if they were issued under section 771 (proceedings in case of default) of that Act.

  • 2002, c. 1, s. 135
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 381

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Inducing a young person, etc.

  •  (1) Every person who

    • (a) induces or assists a young person to leave unlawfully a place of custody or other place in which the young person has been placed in accordance with a youth sentence or a disposition imposed under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985,

    • (b) unlawfully removes a young person from a place referred to in paragraph (a),

    • (c) knowingly harbours or conceals a young person who has unlawfully left a place referred to in paragraph (a),

    • (d) wilfully induces or assists a young person to breach or disobey a term or condition of a youth sentence or other order of the youth justice court, or a term or condition of a disposition or other order under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, or

    • (e) wilfully prevents or interferes with the performance by a young person of a term or condition of a youth sentence or other order of the youth justice court, or a term or condition of a disposition or other order under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Absolute jurisdiction of provincial court judge

    (2) The jurisdiction of a provincial court judge to try an adult charged with an indictable offence under this section is absolute and does not depend on the consent of the accused.

Marginal note:Failure to comply with sentence or disposition

 Every person who is subject to a youth sentence imposed under any of paragraphs 42(2)(c) to (m) or (s) of this Act, to a victim fine surcharge ordered under subsection 53(2) of this Act or to a disposition made under any of paragraphs 20(1)(a.1) to (g), (j) or (l) of the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, and who wilfully fails or refuses to comply with that sentence, surcharge or disposition is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Marginal note:Offences

  •  (1) Every person who contravenes subsection 110(1) (identity of offender not to be published), 111(1) (identity of victim or witness not to be published), 118(1) (no access to records unless authorized) or 128(3) (disposal of R.C.M.P. records) or section 129 (no subsequent disclosure) of this Act, or subsection 38(1) (identity not to be published), (1.12) (no subsequent disclosure), (1.14) (no subsequent disclosure by school) or (1.15) (information to be kept separate), 45(2) (destruction of records) or 46(1) (prohibition against disclosure) of the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985,

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Provincial court judge has absolute jurisdiction on indictment

    (2) The jurisdiction of a provincial court judge to try an adult charged with an offence under paragraph (1)(a) is absolute and does not depend on the consent of the accused.

Marginal note:Offence and punishment

  •  (1) Every person who wilfully fails to comply with section 30 (designated place of temporary detention), or with an undertaking entered into under subsection 31(3) (condition of placement),

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (2) Every person who wilfully fails to comply with section 7 (designated place of temporary detention) of the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, or with an undertaking entered into under subsection 7.1(2) (condition of placement) of that Act is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (3) Any person who uses or authorizes the use of an application form in contravention of subsection 82(3) (application for employment) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Application of Criminal Code

Marginal note:Application of Criminal Code

 Except to the extent that it is inconsistent with or excluded by this Act, the provisions of the Criminal Code apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of offences alleged to have been committed by young persons.

 
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