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Ship Station (Radio) Technical Regulations, 1999 (SOR/2000-265)

Regulations are current to 2020-01-08 and last amended on 2017-07-13. Previous Versions

Application

  •  (1) These Regulations apply in respect of a ship station, including radio equipment, documentation and other equipment for the station, required under the Ship Station (Radio) Regulations, 1999, the Life Saving Equipment Regulations, the Large Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations or the Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations to be on board

    • (a) a Canadian ship; or

    • (b) a non-Canadian ship engaged in the coasting trade.

  • (2) Sections 3, 4, 7, 33 and 35 to 37, paragraph 39(1)(b), subsection 39(2), section 50 and subsection 51(2) also apply in respect of a ship station, including radio equipment, documentation and other equipment for the station, on board a non-Canadian ship not engaged in the coasting trade, when navigating in Canadian waters.

  • SOR/2006-291, s. 2
  • SOR/2016-163, s. 39

Compliance with Regulations

 The owner and the master of a ship equipped with a ship station or radio equipment to which these Regulations apply shall ensure that the requirements of these Regulations are met.

General Requirements for Ship Stations

 A ship station shall be

  • (a) installed on a ship so as to be protected from mechanical, electrical or any other interference that would adversely affect its functioning;

  • (b) installed on a ship so as to be compatible with other radio and electronic equipment installed on the ship and not to cause adverse electromagnetic or electrostatic interaction;

  • (c) installed on a ship so as to be readily accessible for maintenance purposes and inspection; and

  • (d) clearly marked with the ship’s name, call sign, maritime mobile service identity number and any other identifier that may be used in the course of transmitting or receiving communications.

Position Updating

 If radio equipment is capable of automatically providing the ship’s position when transmitting a distress alert, the ship’s position and the time the ship was at that position shall be made available for transmission by the radio equipment

  • (a) from a navigation receiver, if one is installed; or

  • (b) manually, at intervals not exceeding four hours, while the ship is under way.

  • SOR/2006-291, s. 3(F)

Radio Equipment Standards

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the International Maritime Organization standards prescribed in these Regulations do not apply in respect of radio equipment on board a ship before the coming into force of these Regulations, other than a survival craft VHF radiotelephone apparatus, a SART, an EPIRB and a NAVTEX receiver, if the radio equipment

    • (a) [Repealed, SOR/2006-291, s. 4]

    • (b) is compatible with equipment that meets the standards prescribed in these Regulations.

  • (2) Before February 1, 2003, a radio installation that is capable of transmitting and receiving communications using DSC, or an INMARSAT ship earth station, either of which was installed on board a ship before April 1, 2001 but that does not have a dedicated and protected distress button, or does not require at least two independent actions to transmit a distress signal, shall be

    • (a) modified to include a dedicated and protected distress button or to require at least two independent actions to transmit a distress signal; or

    • (b) replaced with equipment that has a dedicated and protected distress button.

  • (3) All radio equipment on board a ship shall

    • (a) meet the applicable performance standards set out in International Maritime Organization Resolution A.694(17), entitled General Requirements for Shipborne Radio Equipment Forming Part of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) and for Electronic Navigational Aids;

    • (b) be certified by a country to which the Safety Convention applies as having passed the tests set out in standard IEC 945 of the International Electrotechnical Commission, entitled Maritime Navigation and Radiocommunication Equipment and Systems — General Requirements: Methods of Testing and Required Test Results; and

    • (c) be the subject of a technical acceptance certificate if one is required under subparagraph 5(1)(a)(iv) of the Radiocommunication Act.

  • SOR/2006-291, s. 4

VHF Radiotelephones

 A VHF radiotelephone on a ship shall be capable of

  • (a) transmitting and receiving communications on

    • (i) the distress and safety frequency of 156.8 MHz (channel 16),

    • (ii) the primary inter-ship safety communication frequency of 156.3 MHz (channel 6),

    • (iii) the bridge-to-bridge communication frequency of 156.65 MHz (channel 13),

    • (iv) the public correspondence frequency specifically assigned for the area in which the ship is navigating, and

    • (v) any other VHF frequencies that are necessary for safety purposes in the area in which the ship is navigating; and

  • (b) receiving communications on

    • (i) a VHF frequency specifically assigned for the transmission of maritime safety information in the area in which the ship is navigating, or

    • (ii) if no frequency is specifically assigned in the area in which the ship is navigating, any other frequency used for transmitting maritime safety information.

 If a ship is equipped with two VHF radiotelephones, each radiotelephone shall be electrically separate and independent and capable of being used simultaneously with the other when not used on the same frequency.

 A VHF radiotelephone transmitter on a ship shall be

  • (a) capable of delivering at least 15 W but not more than 25 W of carrier power at the output of the transmitter; and

  • (b) equipped, at its main operating position in a ship station, with a switch for reducing the carrier power at the output of the transmitter to 1 W or less.

 The antenna of a VHF radiotelephone shall be

  • (a) capable of transmitting and receiving a vertically polarized signal;

  • (b) installed as high as is practicable on a ship and in such a manner as to provide an omnidirectional radiation pattern; and

  • (c) connected to the radiotelephone by the shortest possible transmission line.

 A VHF radiotelephone shall meet the standards set out in

  • (a) International Maritime Organization Resolution A.385(X), entitled Operational Standards for VHF Radiotelephone Installations; and

  • (b) International Maritime Organization Resolution A.524(13), entitled Performance Standards for VHF Multiple Watch Facilities.

 A VHF radiotelephone referred to in sections 7 to 11 may be replaced by a VHF radio installation referred to in sections 15 and 16.

Main Source of Energy for VHF Radiotelephone and VHF Radio Installation

 If batteries are the main source of energy for a VHF radiotelephone or a VHF radio installation on board a ship, the batteries shall

  • (a) be located in the upper part of the ship;

  • (b) have sufficient capacity to operate the VHF radiotelephones required to be on board the ship by the Ship Station (Radio) Regulations, 1999; and

  • (c) be provided with a charging device capable of fully charging the batteries within 10 hours.

  • SOR/2003-386, s. 1
  • SOR/2006-291, s. 5(F)

 If it is impracticable to locate the batteries in the upper part of a ship whose construction was begun before June 1, 1978 or that is less than 20 m in length, they shall be located as high in the hull as is practicable.

  • SOR/2003-386, s. 2

VHF Radio Installations

  •  (1) A VHF radio installation on a ship shall be capable of transmitting and receiving

    • (a) communications using DSC on frequency 156.525 MHz (channel 70), and

    • (b) voice communications on

      • (i) frequency 156.3 MHz (channel 6),

      • (ii) frequency 156.65 MHz (channel 13),

      • (iii) frequency 156.8 MHz (channel 16), and

      • (iv) any other frequencies that are specifically assigned for the transmission of maritime safety information in the area in which the ship is navigating.

  • (2) A VHF radio installation shall be capable of maintaining a DSC continuous watch on frequency 156.525 MHz (channel 70), except while the radio installation’s transmitter is transmitting a communication.

 
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