16 A company shall develop, implement and maintain detailed designs of its processing plant.
17 A company shall ensure that its processing plant is equipped with a source of emergency power.
18 A company shall ensure that each tank, bullet, sphere or other container that contains any fluid, other than fresh water, is designed, constructed and maintained to restrict and contain fluids and to minimize the risk to the safety of persons and to the environment in the event of an unintentional release.
19 A company shall ensure that equipment that has a source of ignition with which gas at explosive levels may come into contact is not located in the same building as any process vessel or other source of flammable vapour, unless
(a) air intake flues are located outside the building in an area where gas is unlikely to be present;
(b) relief valves, burst plates and other sources of flammable fluids are vented from the building or discharged to a flare header, or other location that is environmentally safe;
(c) a specific risk analysis is conducted to determine what active, reactive or passive safety devices should be installed on that equipment and the company installs those devices; and
(d) the building is cross-ventilated.
20 A company shall ensure that all process vessels and equipment from which any flammable fluid or toxic substance may be released are safely vented to a flare header or to other locations where the protection of the environment and the safety of persons are maintained.
21 A company shall ensure that all flare headers are equipped with a means by which the flame from the flare header is prevented from entering into piping or a vessel from which the flammable vapour is being released.
22 A company shall ensure that hydrocarbon storage vessels or buildings used for the processing of hydrocarbons are equipped with reliable fire suppression systems appropriate to the risk that the vessels or buildings pose to the safety of persons or to the environment if the vessels or buildings catch fire or come into contact with fire.
23 A company shall equip its processing plant with systems that are appropriate to its buildings or structures and that are designed for the detection of
(a) explosive and flammable gases;
(b) toxic or noxious gases; and
(c) fire, the products of combustion or temperature rise.
24 A company shall equip its processing plant with alarm devices that are
(a) located where they can be heard or seen from all locations within the plant; and
(b) designed in a manner that will allow a timely warning of danger to be given to persons in the plant or in the vicinity of the plant in order to permit safe evacuation or actions to control the danger.
25 A company shall ensure that all pressure-relief piping and systems are designed and constructed so that an emergency pressure release does not create a detriment to property or to the environment or a hazard to the safety of persons.
26 A company shall, during the construction of its processing plant, take all reasonable steps to ensure that
(a) the construction activities at its processing plant do not create a detriment to property or to the environment or a hazard to the safety of persons that is greater than the detriment or hazard normally associated with identical activities carried on elsewhere in Canada;
(b) persons at the construction site are informed of the practices and procedures that are to be followed for their safety and for the protection of the environment; and
(c) persons on the work site are made fully aware of any escalation of risk when, during the final phases of construction, equipment testing and acceptance procedures begin at the processing plant.
- SOR/2013-17, s. 7
(2) A company shall keep a copy of the construction safety manual or the relevant parts of it at its processing plant, in a location where it is readily accessible to every person engaged in construction at the plant.
- SOR/2020-50, s. 36
PART 4Testing and Examination
(2) A company shall ensure that the agent or mandatary referred to in subsection (1) is independent of any contractor that conducts the pressure test or any contractor that participated in the fabrication of the work to be tested.
(3) The company, or the agent or mandatary who supervised the test, shall prepare, date and sign a record of the test.
- SOR/2013-17, s. 8
29 (1) A company shall develop and implement a program for the non-destructive examination of welded joints for the purpose of determining their suitability and shall ensure that the program meets the requirements of this section.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the program shall include a requirement for the mandatory non-destructive examination of the entire weld volume of all piping welds.
(3) The program may allow for examination of fewer than all piping welds provided that the program is based on a documented risk analysis.
(4) If a company proposes to implement a program referred to in subsection (3) or a modification to that program, the company shall submit the program or modification and the risk analysis on which the program or modification is based to the Regulator prior to implementation.
(5) Visual examination alone is not an accepted form of non-destructive examination for the purposes of this section.
- SOR/2020-50, s. 36
(a) develop, implement and regularly review and update operations manuals that provide information and procedures to promote safety and environmental protection in the operation of its processing plant,
(b) keep a current copy of the operations manuals or the relevant parts of them at its processing plant, in a location where they are readily accessible to every person engaged in operations at the plant.
(2) A company shall ensure that the operations manuals contain safe-work procedures for all tasks that present risks to the safety of persons or that may be detrimental to the environment.
31 (1) In this section, “safe-work permit” means a written authorization granted by a company that permits an activity to be carried on in or around its processing plant, subject to any conditions on the authorization.
(2) A company shall develop and implement a safe-work permit system to manage and regulate all work at its processing plant.
32 A company shall ensure that its processing plant is staffed at all times with at least the number of employees set out in the report referred to in section 50.
33 A company shall take all reasonable steps to ensure that
(a) maintenance activities at its processing plant do not create a detriment to the environment or a hazard to the safety of persons that is greater than the detriment or hazard normally associated with identical activities carried on elsewhere in Canada; and
(b) persons at a maintenance site are informed of the practices and procedures that are to be followed for their safety and for the protection of the environment.
- SOR/2013-17, s. 9
34 No company shall operate any equipment with a hazard-detection alarm or shutdown device bypassed or rendered inoperable, unless other means are used to achieve an equivalent level of safety.
35 A company shall
(a) develop, implement and regularly review an emergency procedures manual and, when required by a review, update the manual;
(b) submit the emergency procedures manual to the Regulator sufficiently in advance of the initial processing of fluids to allow for a thorough review by the Regulator; and
(c) submit to the Regulator any updates that are made to the manual.
- SOR/2020-50, s. 36
36 A company shall establish and maintain a liaison with the agencies that may be involved in an emergency response activity at its processing plant and shall consult with them in developing and updating the emergency procedures manual.
37 A company shall take all reasonable steps to inform persons who may be associated with an emergency response activity at its processing plant of the practices and procedures to be followed and make available to them the relevant information from the emergency procedures manual.
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