Navigation Safety Regulations
(2) Every ship, other than a fishing vessel, of 300 tons or more that is engaged on an international voyage shall be fitted with an AIS.
(3) Every ship, other than a fishing vessel, of 500 tons or more that is not engaged on an international voyage shall be fitted with an AIS, but if it was constructed before July 1, 2002 it need not be so fitted until July 1, 2008.
(4) The AIS shall
(a) automatically provide information, including the ship’s identity, type, position, course, speed, navigational status and other safety-related information, to appropriately equipped shore stations, other ships and aircraft;
(b) automatically receive such information from similarly fitted ships;
(c) monitor and track ships; and
(d) exchange data with shore-based facilities.
(5) The AIS shall be operated taking into account the annex to IMO Resolution A.917(22), Guidelines for the Onboard Operational Use of Shipborne Automatic Identification Systems (AIS).
(6) Every ship fitted with an AIS shall maintain it in operation at all times.
(7) Subsections (4) and (6) do not apply
(a) where international agreements, rules or standards provide for the protection of navigational information; or
(b) in respect of ships, other than ships operated for a commercial purpose, owned or operated by Her Majesty in right of Canada or by a foreign government that is a party to the Safety Convention.
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