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Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-120)

Regulations are current to 2021-09-11 and last amended on 2021-07-01. Previous Versions

PART 18Tools and Machinery (continued)

Use, Operation, Repair and Maintenance of Machines

  • SOR/2021-122, s. 52(F)
  •  (1) Machines must be operated, repaired and maintained by a qualified person.

  • (2) If a machine guard is installed on a machine, it is prohibited for any person to use or operate the machine unless the machine guard is in its proper position, except to permit the removal of an injured person from the machine.

  • (3) If it is necessary to remove a machine guard from a machine in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, it is prohibited for any person to perform that work unless the machine has been rendered inoperative.

  • (4) If it is not feasible to render the machine inoperative, the repair or maintenance work may be performed if the employer has established procedures and methods in accordance with sections 123 and 124.

Abrasive Wheels

  •  (1) Abrasive wheels must be

    • (a) used only on machines equipped with machine guards;

    • (b) mounted between flanges; and

    • (c) operated in accordance with sections 4 to 6 of CSA Standard B173.5–1979, Safety Requirements for the Use, Care and Protection of Abrasive Wheels.

  • (2) A bench grinder must be equipped with a work rest or other device that

    • (a) prevents the work piece from jamming between the abrasive wheel and the wheel guard; and

    • (b) does not make contact with the abrasive wheel at any time.

PART 19Materials Handling and Storage



 The following definitions apply in this Part.

materials handling equipment

materials handling equipment means equipment used to transport, lift, move or position materials, goods or things and includes mobile equipment, but does not include a persons transfer apparatus within the meaning of section 129. (appareil de manutention des matériaux)

National Fire Code

National Fire Code means the National Fire Code of Canada 2005, issued by the Associate Committee on the National Fire Code, National Research Council of Canada. (Code national de prévention des incendies)


operator means a person who controls the operation of motorized or manual materials handling equipment and who has received or is receiving instructions and training in respect of the procedures referred to in subsections 228(1) or (3), as the case may be. (opérateur)

safe working load

safe working load means, with respect to materials handling equipment, the maximum load that the materials handling equipment is designed and constructed to handle or support safely. (charge de travail admissible)


signaller means a person assigned by an employer to direct, by means of visual or auditory signals, the safe movement and operation of materials handling equipment. (signaleur)


 This Part does not apply to or in respect of the inspection and certification of tackle used in the loading or unloading of vessels.

DIVISION 2Design and Construction


  •  (1) Materials handling equipment must, if feasible, be designed and constructed so that, if there is a failure of any part of the equipment, it will not result in loss of control of the equipment or create a hazardous condition.

  • (2) All glass in doors, windows and other parts of materials handling equipment must be of a type designed not to shatter into sharp or dangerous pieces on impact.

Protection from Falling Objects

  •  (1) If materials handling equipment is used in circumstances where there is a risk that the operator of the equipment could be struck by a falling object or shifting load, the employer must equip it with a protective structure of a design, construction and strength that will, under all foreseeable conditions, prevent the penetration of the object or load into the area occupied by the operator.

  • (2) The protective structure must be

    • (a) constructed from non-combustible or fire-resistant material; and

    • (b) designed to permit quick exit from the materials handling equipment in an emergency.

  • (3) If, during the loading or unloading of materials handling equipment, the load will pass over the operator’s position, the operator must not occupy the equipment unless it is equipped with a protective structure referred to in subsection (1).

Protection from Overturning

  •  (1) If materials handling equipment is used in circumstances in which it may turn over, it must be fitted with a rollover protection device that meets the requirements set out in CSA Standard B352.0-09, Roll-over protective structures (ROPS), falling object protective structures (FOPS), operator protective structures (OPS), and tip-over protective structures (TOPS) for mobile machinery - General Canadian requirements.

  • (2) Guards must be installed on the deck of every vessel and on every other elevated work area on which materials handling equipment is used to prevent the equipment from falling over the sides of the deck or area.

  • (3) A load must not be left suspended from any lifting machinery unless a qualified person is present and in charge of the machinery while the load is left suspended.

Fuel Tanks

 If a fuel tank, compressed gas cylinder or similar container contains a hazardous substance and is mounted on materials handling equipment, it must be

  • (a) located or protected with guards so that under all conditions it is not hazardous to the health or safety of an employee who is required to operate or ride on the materials handling equipment; and

  • (b) connected to fuel overflow and vent pipes that are located so that fuel spills and vapours cannot

    • (i) be ignited by hot exhaust pipes or other hot or sparking parts, or

    • (ii) be hazardous to the health or safety of any employee who is required to operate or ride on the materials handling equipment.

Operator’s Compartment

  •  (1) Motorized materials handling equipment that is regularly used outdoors must be fitted with a roof or other structure that will protect the operator from exposure to any weather condition that is likely to be hazardous to the operator’s health or safety.

  • (2) If heat produced by materials handling equipment may raise the temperature in the operator’s compartment or position to 27°C or more, the compartment or position must be protected from the heat by an insulated barrier.


 The arrangement and design of dial displays and the controls and general layout and design of the operator’s compartment or position on all materials handling equipment must not hinder or prevent the operator from operating the materials handling equipment.

Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Materials handling equipment that is used for transporting or handling combustible or flammable substances must be equipped with a dry chemical fire extinguisher.

  • (2) The fire extinguisher must

    • (a) have not less than an A B C rating as defined in the National Fire Code;

    • (b) meet the standards set out in section 6.2 of that Code; and

    • (c) be located so that it is easy to reach by the operator of the materials handling equipment while they are in the operating position.

Means of Entering and Exiting

 All materials handling equipment must be provided with a step, handhold or other means of entering into and exiting from the compartment or position of the operator and any other place on the equipment that an employee enters in order to service the equipment.


 Materials handling equipment that is used or operated by an operator in a work place at night or at any time when the level of lighting within the work place is less than 10 lx, must be

  • (a) fitted with warning lights on its front and rear that are visible from a distance of not less than 100 m; and

  • (b) provided with lighting that ensures the safe operation of the equipment under all conditions of use.

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