PART 14Materials Handling (continued)
DIVISION IDesign and Construction
209 (1) The design and construction of drilling and production hoisting equipment must meet the standards set out in API Standard API SPEC 8A, Drilling and Production Hoisting Equipment, Thirteenth edition, published in 2001.
(2) The design and construction of offshore cranes must meet the standards set out in API Standard Spec 2C, Offshore Pedestal-mounted Cranes.
- SOR/2017-118, s. 38
210 (1) Materials handling equipment must, to the extent that is reasonably practicable, be so designed and constructed that if there is a failure of any part of the materials handling equipment, it will not result in loss of control of the materials handling equipment or create a hazardous condition.
(2) All glass in doors, windows and other parts of materials handling equipment must be of a type that will not shatter into sharp or dangerous pieces on impact.
Protection from Falling Objects
211 (1) If materials handling equipment is used under such circumstances that the operator may be struck by a falling object or shifting load, the employer must equip the materials handling equipment with a protective structure of a design, construction and strength that it will, under all foreseeable conditions, prevent the penetration of the object or load into the area occupied by the operator.
(2) A protective structure referred to in subsection (1) must be constructed from non-combustible or fire-resistant material and designed to permit quick exit from the materials handling equipment in an emergency.
212 If, during the loading or unloading of materials handling equipment, the load will pass over the operator’s position, the operator must not occupy the materials handling equipment unless it is equipped with a protective structure referred to in section 211.
Protection from Overturning
213 Guards must be installed on the deck of every drilling unit, production facility and elevated working area on which mobile equipment is used to prevent the equipment from falling over the sides of the deck or area.
214 If a fuel tank, compressed gas cylinder or similar container contains a hazardous substance and is mounted on materials handling equipment, it must be
(a) so located or protected that under all conditions it is not hazardous to the health or safety of an employee who is required to operate or ride on the materials handling equipment; and
(b) connected to fuel overflow and vent pipes that are so located that fuel spills and vapours cannot
Protection from Environmental Conditions
215 (1) Materials handling equipment that is regularly used outdoors must be fitted with a roof or other structure that will protect the operator from exposure to any environmental condition that is likely to be hazardous to the operator’s health or safety.
(2) When heat produced by materials handling equipment is capable of raising the temperature in any area occupied by an employee on the equipment to 27°C or more, the area must be protected from the heat by an insulated barrier.
216 All materials handling equipment must be so designed and constructed that the operator will not be injured or the operator’s control of the materials handling equipment impaired by any vibration, jolting or other uneven movement of the materials handling equipment.
217 The arrangement and design of dial displays and the controls and general layout and design of the operator’s compartment or position on all materials handling equipment must not hinder or prevent the operator from operating the materials handling equipment.
218 Mobile equipment that is used or operated for transporting or handling combustible or flammable substances must be equipped with a portable dry chemical fire extinguisher that has not less than a 5B rating, as defined in ULC Standard CAN/ULC S508, Standard for the Rating and Testing of Fire Extinguishers, and must be so located that it is readily accessible to the operator while the operator is in the operating position of the equipment.
- SOR/2017-118, s. 39
Means of Entering and Exiting
219 All materials handling equipment must be provided with a step, handhold or other means of entering into and exiting from the compartment or position of the operator and any other place on the equipment that an employee enters in order to service the equipment.
220 When mobile equipment is used or operated by an employee in a workplace at night or at any time when the level of lighting within the workplace is less than 1 dalx, the mobile equipment must be
(a) fitted on the front and rear of it with warning lights that are visible from a distance of not less than 100 m; and
(b) provided with lighting that ensures the safe operation of the equipment under all conditions of use.
221 All mobile equipment must be fitted with braking, steering and other control systems that
(a) are capable of safely controlling and stopping the movement of the mobile equipment and any hoist, bucket or other part of the mobile equipment; and
(b) respond reliably and quickly to moderate effort on the part of the operator.
222 Any mobile equipment that is normally used for transporting employees from place to place in a workplace must be equipped with a mechanical parking brake and a hydraulic or pneumatic braking system.
223 Mobile equipment must be fitted with a horn or similar audible warning device having a distinctive sound that can be clearly heard above the noise of the equipment and any surrounding noise.
224 If mobile equipment is used under conditions when a seat belt or shoulder-strap-type restraining device is likely to contribute to the safety of the operator or passengers, the mobile equipment must be fitted with such a belt or device.
225 If mobile equipment cannot be operated safely in reverse unless it is equipped with a rear-view mirror, the mobile equipment must be so equipped.
Electric Materials Handling Equipment
226 Any materials handling equipment that is electrically powered must be so designed and constructed that the operator and all other employees are protected from electrical shock or injury by means of protective guards, screens or panels secured by bolts, screws or other equally reliable fasteners.
Automatic Materials Handling Equipment
227 If materials handling equipment that is controlled or operated by a remote or automatic system may make physical contact with an employee, it must be prevented from doing so by the provision of an emergency stop system or barricades.
228 The design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance of each conveyor, cableway or other similar materials handling equipment must meet the standards set out in ASME Standard B20.1, Safety Standards for Conveyors and Related Equipment.
- SOR/2017-118, s. 40
DIVISION IIMaintenance, Operation and Use
Inspection, Testing and Maintenance
229 (1) Before materials handling equipment is operated for the first time in a workplace, the employer must set out in writing instructions for the inspection, testing and maintenance of that materials handling equipment.
(2) The instructions referred to in subsection (1) must, subject to section 231, specify the nature and frequency of inspections, tests and maintenance.
(2) The qualified person referred to in subsection (1) must
(3) The report referred to in paragraph (2)(b) must
(a) include the date of the inspection, test or maintenance performed by the qualified person;
(b) identify the materials handling equipment that was inspected, tested or maintained; and
(c) set out the safety observations of the qualified person inspecting, testing or maintaining the materials handling equipment.
(4) The employer must keep at the workplace at which the materials handling equipment is located a copy of
(2) The operation, maintenance and inspection of offshore cranes must meet the standards set out in API Standard RP 2D, Operation and Maintenance of Offshore Cranes.
- SOR/2017-118, s. 41
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