Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 (SOR/2015-145)

Regulations are current to 2019-03-27

Radiation Protection (continued)

Radiation Protection Program (continued)

Marginal note:When dose limit exceeded

 Every consignor, carrier or consignee who becomes aware that a dose of radiation received by a person may have exceeded an applicable dose limit prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations must

  • (a) immediately notify the person and the Commission of the dose;

  • (b) conduct an investigation to determine the magnitude of the dose and to establish the causes of the exposure;

  • (c) take any action required to prevent the occurrence of a similar incident; and

  • (d) within 21 days after becoming aware that the dose limit may have been exceeded, report to the Commission the results of the investigation or the progress that has been made in conducting it.

Marginal note:Provision of information

  •  (1) Every consignor, carrier or consignee must inform every nuclear energy worker that they employ, in writing,

    • (a) of the fact that the worker is a nuclear energy worker;

    • (b) of the risks associated with the radiation to which the worker may be exposed in the course of their work, including the risks associated with the exposure of embryos and foetuses to radiation;

    • (c) of the applicable effective dose limits and equivalent dose limits prescribed by sections 13 and 14, respectively, of the Radiation Protection Regulations; and

    • (d) of the worker’s radiation dose levels.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to inform

    (2) In the case of a female nuclear energy worker, the consignor, carrier or consignee must

    • (a) inform her, in writing, that she is required, as soon as she is aware that she is pregnant, to inform her employer of that fact in writing;

    • (b) inform her, in writing, of the applicable effective dose limits prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations; and

    • (c) on being informed of the pregnancy, make any accommodation that will not result in costs or business inconvenience constituting undue hardship to it to comply with the effective dose limits prescribed by section 13 of the Radiation Protection Regulations.

  • Marginal note:Acknowledgement of information

    (3) Every consignor, carrier or consignee must obtain from each nuclear energy worker that they employ who is informed of the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) and subsection (2) a written acknowledgement that the worker has received the information.

Personal Information

Marginal note:Collection of personal information

  •  (1) If a consignor, carrier or consignee collects personal information, as defined in section 3 of the Privacy Act, that may be required to be disclosed to the Commission, another government institution, as defined in that section, or a dosimetry service, the consignor, carrier or consignee must inform the person to whom the information relates of the purpose for which it is being collected.

  • Marginal note:Required information

    (2) Every nuclear energy worker whose work requires that they engage in activities that are subject to these Regulations must provide the following information to their employer:

    • (a) their given names, surname and any previous surname;

    • (b) their Social Insurance Number;

    • (c) their gender;

    • (d) their date, province and country of birth; and

    • (e) their dose record, as applicable, for the current one-year dosimetry period and five-year dosimetry period as those terms are defined in subsection 1(1) of the Radiation Protection Regulations.

Dangerous Occurrences

Marginal note:Interpretation

 For the purpose of sections 36 to 38, a dangerous occurrence is any of the following situations:

  • (a) a conveyance carrying radioactive material is involved in an accident;

  • (b) a package shows evidence of damage, tampering or leakage of its contents, or its integrity is degraded in a manner that may reasonably be expected to impair its ability to comply with these Regulations or its certificate;

  • (c) radioactive material is lost, stolen or no longer in the control of a person who is required to have control of it under the Act;

  • (d) radioactive material has escaped from a containment system, a package or a conveyance during transport;

  • (e) fissile material is outside the confinement system during transport;

  • (f) the level of non-fixed contamination, as defined in the IAEA Regulations, during transport exceeds the following limits as applicable when averaged over any area of 300 cm2 of any part of the surface of the package or the conveyance:

    • (i) 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or

    • (ii) 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters;

  • (g) there is a failure to comply with the provisions of the Act, the provisions of these Regulations or any licence or certificate that is applicable to a package that may reasonably be expected to lead to a situation in which the environment, the health and safety of persons or national security is adversely affected.

Marginal note:Obligations in event of dangerous occurrence

  •  (1) The consignor, carrier or consignee of a package or radioactive material involved in a dangerous occurrence or any other person who controls any area affected by a dangerous occurrence must immediately

    • (a) limit, to the extent possible, the dispersal of any radioactive material;

    • (b) place barriers, signs or personnel at every point of entry into the affected area to control the entry of persons into that area; and

    • (c) record the name, postal address and telephone number of any person who may have been exposed to or contaminated by radioactive material and request that the person remain available for assessment by an expert in radiation protection.

  • Marginal note:Expert assessment

    (2) As soon as feasible after a dangerous occurrence has occurred the consignor, carrier or consignee of the package or radioactive material involved in the occurrence must have an expert in radiation protection assess the situation. The expert must report the results of the assessment to the Commission as soon as feasible.

Marginal note:Preliminary report

  •  (1) Immediately after becoming aware of a failure to comply with the requirements of section 26 or after the obligations set out in subsection 36(1) have been discharged, every consignor, carrier, consignee and holder of a licence to transport a package while in transit must make a preliminary report of the situation to the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) No preliminary report is required for the dangerous occurrence referred to in paragraph 35(f) in respect of the internal surfaces of a tank or intermediate bulk container, as those terms are defined in the IAEA Regulations — or of a freight container or conveyance — that is dedicated to the transport of unpackaged radioactive material under exclusive use for as long as it remains under that specific exclusive use.

  • Marginal note:Informing consignor

    (3) Every carrier, consignee and holder of a licence referred to in subsection (1) must immediately notify the consignor if that person is not already aware of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence.

  • Marginal note:Contents of preliminary report

    (4) All preliminary reports must include information on the location and circumstances of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence and on any action that the consignor carrier, consignee or holder of a licence referred to in subsection (1) has taken or proposes to take with respect to it.

Marginal note:Full report

 Within 21 days after the failure to comply with the requirements of section 26 or after the dangerous occurrence, the consignor, carrier and consignee and any holder of a licence to transport a package while in transit must file a full report with the Commission that includes the following information:

  • (a) the date, time and location of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence;

  • (b) the names of the persons involved;

  • (c) the details of the packaging and packages;

  • (d) the probable cause;

  • (e) the effects on the environment, the health and safety of persons, and national or international security that have resulted or may result;

  • (f) the doses of radiation that any person has received or is likely to have received; and

  • (g) the actions taken to remedy the failure to comply or the dangerous occurrence and to prevent its recurrence.

 
Date modified: