Canada Oil and Gas Installations Regulations (SOR/96-118)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2009-12-31. Previous Versions

PART IIAnalysis and Design (continued)

Watertight Integrity of Floating Platforms

  •  (1) The boundaries of watertight compartments in a floating platform shall contain no more openings than necessary for the operation of the platform and, where penetration of those boundaries is necessary for access, ventilation, piping and cables or any other similar purpose, arrangements shall be made to maintain the strength and watertight integrity of the boundaries.

  • (2) Every watertight boundary and associated closing appliance on a floating platform shall be of sufficient strength and tightness of closure to withstand without failure the pressure and other loads likely to occur in service.

  • (3) All watertight doors and hatches on a floating platform shall be operable locally from both sides of the associated bulkhead or deck.

  • (4) Side scuttles and windows on a floating platform shall be of the non-opening type, fitted with internal hinged deadlight covers.

  • (5) All pipes and ducts on a floating platform shall, where possible, be routed clear of those compartments that are vulnerable to penetration damage or, where such routing is not possible, positive means of closure of those pipes and ducts shall be provided for each watertight boundary.

  • (6) Every valve required at a watertight boundary on a floating platform shall be remotely operable from the ballast control station or by a mechanical means from another readily accessible position that is above the waterline in the final condition of equilibrium that could result when the platform is in a damaged condition.

  • (7) Every inlet or discharge port on a floating platform that is submerged at maximum operating draught shall be fitted with a valve that is remotely controlled from the ballast control station, and each such valve shall close automatically when the source of power fails, unless safety considerations require that it remain open.

  • (8) Every discharge port on a floating platform that penetrates a boundary to a compartment intended to be watertight shall be fitted with an automatic non-return valve and with a second such valve or with a device whereby the port may be closed from a position outside and above the compartment.

  • (9) Every door or hatch on a floating platform used to ensure the watertight integrity of internal access openings during the operation of the platform shall, while the platform is afloat, be equipped with an indicator at the ballast control station to indicate whether the door or hatch is open or closed.

  • (10) Every door or hatch on a floating platform that is normally closed while the platform is afloat shall be equipped

    • (a) with an alarm system that is triggered in a manned control station when the door or hatch is open; and

    • (b) with a notice affixed to that door or hatch cover to the effect that the door or hatch cover is not to be left open while the platform is afloat.

  • (11) All external openings on a floating platform, except manholes that are fitted with close-bolted watertight covers and that are kept permanently closed while the platform is afloat, shall, in the intact condition or in a damaged condition, be completely above any waterline associated with the platform being heeled because of wind forces.

  • (12) Every external opening on a floating platform that becomes wholly or partially submerged when the platform is at the maximum angle of heel that could occur while the platform meets the area ratio requirement for intact and damage stability set out in the Code referred to in subsection 57(9) or that may become intermittently submerged because of wave action when the platform is in a damaged condition shall

    • (a) be designed and constructed to withstand any sea condition without penetration;

    • (b) in the case of an opening that may become intermittently submerged when the platform is in a damaged condition,

      • (i) close automatically when submerged,

      • (ii) be readily and quickly closable at any time, or

      • (iii) be assumed to be open in the damage stability calculations made pursuant to section 57;

    • (c) in the case of an external opening that cannot be quickly closed,

      • (i) be assumed to be open in damage stability calculations made pursuant to section 57, or

      • (ii) be permanently closed when the platform is afloat;

    • (d) in the case of a door or hatch that may be used during operation of the platform, be equipped with closing appliances that are operable locally from both sides of the bulkhead or deck;

    • (e) in the case of a door or hatch that may become intermittently submerged when the platform is in a damaged condition,

      • (i) be equipped with an indication system to show in the ballast control station the status of the closing appliances,

      • (ii) be self-closing on being submerged, or readily and quickly closable, and

      • (iii) bear a notice to the effect that the door or hatch is not to be left open during operation of the platform;

    • (f) in the case of a ventilator or ventilation intake or outlet that may be used during operation of the platform,

      • (i) be equipped with a self-activating anti-flooding device, or

      • (ii) if it is an intake or outlet not subject to intermittent submergence when the platform is in a damaged condition, be fitted with a manually operated means of closure that is readily accessible;

    • (g) in the case of a closing appliance that is not to be opened during operation of the platform, bear a notice to that effect;

    • (h) in the case of air pipes to a ballast tank, be equipped with an anti-flooding device; and

    • (i) in the case of a chain locker opening on a column-stabilized platform, except where the chain locker is kept full of water or is designed to be free-flooding, be fitted with a device that will prevent significant ingress of water in the event of submergence and with a suitable means for pumping out, both of which are remotely operable from a ballast control station.

  • (13) All of the closing appliances required by subsection (12) shall be able to withstand without failure any wave impact load to which they may be subjected.

  • (14) Every compartment on a floating platform required to remain watertight to comply with the intact and damage stability criteria described in section 57 shall incorporate a device suitably positioned to detect flooding and, where flooding occurs, trigger an alarm in a ballast control station.

Mooring

  •  (1) The mooring system for a floating platform shall

    • (a) provide an anchor pattern that keeps all anchor lines, anchor chains and anchors a safe distance from existing pipelines, flow lines and other platforms;

    • (b) provide an anchor pattern that gives clear access to any support vessel intended to be used in operations and that clears lifeboat launching areas;

    • (c) be sufficiently stiff so that the excursions of the platform are within the limits established for the risers in accordance with section 62 under all operating conditions; and

    • (d) be sufficiently strong so that the failure of any anchor line during operations will not lead to major damage.

  • (2) The load factor for tension in the mooring lines of every floating platform, based on a quasi-static analysis, shall be

    • (a) in the operating condition with all lines intact, 3.0;

    • (b) in the operating condition with one line failed, 2.0;

    • (c) in the survival condition with all lines intact, 2.0;

    • (d) in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform will not threaten another platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources, l.4; and

    • (e) in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform may threaten another platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources, 2.0.

  • (3) The fatigue life of the mooring system of every floating platform shall be equal to at least 15 years.

  • (4) The mooring system of every floating platform that is to remain at the production site or drill site for longer than five years shall be designed so that its components can be inspected and replaced.

  • (5) The design of the mooring system of every floating platform that is intended to remain moored in the survival condition shall be based on an appropriate model test or numerical analysis.

  • (6) Where there is an annual probability of 10-2 of ice or icebergs being present at the site of a floating platform, the mooring system of the platform shall

    • (a) incorporate a primary quick release system with a remote triggering device and at least one back-up system; and

    • (b) have been demonstrated to be capable of permitting the quick release of the platform from its moorings and risers.

  • (7) Except where the floating platform may threaten another platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources, the following factors may be taken into account in determining whether a thruster-assisted mooring system using a remote control thruster system complies with subsection (2):

    • (a) if the remote control is manual,

      • (i) zero thrust, for the operating condition,

      • (ii) 70 per cent of the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for the survival condition,

      • (iii) zero thrust, for one mooring line failed in the operating condition, and

      • (iv) 70 per cent of the net thrust effect from all thrusters, for one mooring line failed in the survival condition; and

    • (b) if the remote control is automatic,

      • (i) the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for the operating condition,

      • (ii) the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for the survival condition,

      • (iii) the net thrust from all thrusters, for one mooring line failed in the operating condition, and

      • (iv) the net thrust from all thrusters, for one mooring line failed in the survival condition.

  • (8) Mooring system components on a floating platform that interface with the mooring chain or rope, except the attachment in the chain locker for anchor chain and the steel rope attachment on the drum, shall be designed to withstand the forces due to tension required to break the chain or rope.

  • (9) The mooring system for a floating platform shall be designed to keep the platform on location, under any ice loads to which it may be subjected as determined pursuant to section 45, and the chain or rope shall be able to withstand, without significant damage, the abrasion forces imposed by such loads.

  • (10) The load factors between the estimated anchor holding power in the mooring system of a floating platform and maximum mooring line tension at the anchor shall be at least

    • (a) in the operating condition with all lines intact, 2.1;

    • (b) in the operating condition with one line failed, 1.4;

    • (c) in the survival condition with all lines intact, 1.4;

    • (d) in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform will not threaten another platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources, 1.0; and

    • (e) in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform may threaten another platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources, 1.4.

  • (11) For the purposes of paragraphs (2)(d) and (e), subsection (7) and paragraphs (10)(d) and (e), one platform shall be considered to threaten another platform if the platform may drift or be pushed, by environmental conditions, into the other platform when all lines fail, taking into account any action likely to be taken to bring the platform under control.

  • (12) All anchor winches and their stoppers, brakes, fairleads and sheaves, their attachments to the hull, and associated load- bearing structural elements for a floating platform shall be designed to withstand, without risk of permanent deformation or failure or of loss of ability to operate, the application of the breaking load of the associated anchor line with the anchor line in the most unfavourable direction.

  • (13) The catenary mooring system on every floating platform shall be inspected in accordance with the requirements of American Petroleum Institute RP 21, Recommended Practice for In-Service Inspection of Mooring Hardware for Floating Drilling Units.

 
Date modified: