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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-02-15 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

Part IX — Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (continued)

Subpart 1 — Small Remotely Piloted Aircraft (continued)

Division III — General Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Serviceability of the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System

 No pilot shall conduct the take-off or launch of a remotely piloted aircraft, or permit the take-off or launch of a remotely piloted aircraft to be conducted, unless the pilot ensures that

  • (a) the aircraft is serviceable;

  • (b) the remotely piloted aircraft system has been maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions;

  • (c) all mandatory actions have been completed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

  • (d) all equipment required by these Regulations or the manufacturer’s instructions are installed and serviceable.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Availability of Remotely Piloted Aircraft System Operating Manual

 No pilot shall conduct the take-off or launch of a remotely piloted aircraft for which the manufacturer has provided a remotely piloted aircraft system operating manual unless the manual is immediately available to crew members at their duty stations.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Manufacturer’s Instructions

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system unless it is operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Control of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

 No pilot shall operate an autonomous remotely piloted aircraft system or any other remotely piloted aircraft system for which they are unable to take immediate control of the aircraft.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Take-offs, Launches, Approaches, Landings and Recovery

 A pilot of a remotely piloted aircraft shall, before take-off, launch, approach, landing or recovery,

  • (a) ensure that there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft, person or obstacle; and

  • (b) ensure that the site set aside for take-off, launch, landing or recovery, as the case may be, is suitable for the intended operation.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Minimum Weather Conditions

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system unless the weather conditions at the time of flight permit

  • (a) the operation to be conducted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

  • (b) the pilot of the system and any visual observer to conduct the entire flight within visual line-of-sight.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Icing
  •  (1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system when icing conditions are observed, are reported to exist or are likely to be encountered along the route of flight unless the aircraft is equipped with de-icing or anti-icing equipment and equipment designed to detect icing.

  • (2) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system with frost, ice or snow adhering to any part of the remotely piloted aircraft.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Formation Flight

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft in formation with other aircraft except by pre-arrangement between the pilots of the aircraft in respect of the intended flight.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Prohibition — Operation of Moving Vehicles, Vessels and Manned Aircraft

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft while operating a moving vehicle, vessel or manned aircraft.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Use of First-person View Devices

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system using a first-person view device unless, at all times during flight, a visual observer performs the detect and avoid functions with respect to conflicting aircraft or other hazards beyond the field of view displayed on the device.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Night Flight Requirements
  •  (1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system during the night unless the remotely piloted aircraft is equipped with position lights sufficient to allow the aircraft to be visible to the pilot and any visual observer, whether with or without night-vision goggles, and those lights are turned on.

  • (2) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system using night-vision goggles unless the goggles are capable of, or the person has another means of, detecting all light within the visual spectrum.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Multiple Remotely Piloted Aircraft
  •  (1) No pilot shall operate more than one remotely piloted aircraft at a time unless the remotely piloted aircraft system is designed to permit the operation of multiple aircraft from a single control station and unless the aircraft are operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), no pilot shall operate more than five remotely piloted aircraft at a time except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate — RPAS issued under section 903.03.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Special Aviation Events and Advertised Events
  •  (1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system at any special aviation event or at any advertised event except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate — RPAS issued under section 903.03.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), advertised event means an outdoor event that is advertised to the general public, including a concert, festival, market or sporting event.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Handovers

 No pilot shall hand over their responsibilities to another pilot during flight unless, before the take-off or launch of a remotely piloted aircraft,

  • (a) a pre-arrangement in respect of the handover has been made between the pilots; and

  • (b) a procedure has been developed to mitigate the risk of loss of control of the aircraft.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Payloads
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system if the aircraft is transporting a payload that

    • (a) includes explosive, corrosive, flammable, or bio-hazardous material;

    • (b) includes weapons, ammunition or other equipment designed for use in war;

    • (c) could create a hazard to aviation safety or cause injury to persons; or

    • (d) is attached to the aircraft by means of a line unless such an operation is conducted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (2) A pilot may operate a remotely piloted aircraft system when the aircraft is transporting a payload referred to in subsection (1) if the operation is conducted in accordance with a special flight operations certificate — RPAS issued under section 903.03.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Flight Termination System

 No pilot of a remotely piloted aircraft equipped with a flight termination system shall activate the system if it will endanger or will likely endanger aviation safety or the safety of any person.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
ELT

 No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft equipped with an ELT.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Transponder and Automatic Pressure-altitude Reporting Equipment
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system if the aircraft is in the transponder airspace referred to in section 601.03 unless the aircraft is equipped with a transponder and automatic pressure-altitude reporting equipment.

  • (2) An air traffic control unit may authorize a pilot to operate a remotely piloted aircraft that is not equipped in accordance with subsection (1) within the airspace referred to in section 601.03 if

    • (a) the air traffic control unit provides an air traffic control service in respect of that airspace;

    • (b) the pilot made a request to the air traffic control unit to operate the aircraft within that airspace before the aircraft entered the airspace; and

    • (c) aviation safety is not likely to be affected.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
Operations at or in the Vicinity of an Aerodrome, Airport or Heliport
  •  (1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft at or near an aerodrome that is listed in the Canada Flight Supplement or the Water Aerodrome Supplement in a manner that could interfere with an aircraft operating in the established traffic pattern.

  • (2) Subject to section 901.73, no pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft at a distance of less than

    • (a) three nautical miles from the centre of an airport; and

    • (b) one nautical mile from the centre of a heliport.

  • (3) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft at a distance of less than three nautical miles from the centre of an aerodrome operated under the authority of the Minister of National Defence unless the operation is conducted in accordance with a special flight operations certificate — RPAS issued under section 903.03.

  • SOR/2019-11, s. 23
 
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