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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-09-11 and last amended on 2021-07-07. Previous Versions

Part IX — Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (continued)

Subpart 3 — Special Flight Operations — Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (continued)

Issuance of Special Flight Operations Certificate — RPAS

 The Minister shall, on receipt of an application submitted in accordance with section 903.02, issue a special flight operations certificate — RPAS if the applicant demonstrates to the Minister the ability to perform the operation without adversely affecting aviation safety or the safety of any person.

Part X — Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Aviation — CORSIA

Division I — General

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

CO2

CO2 means carbon dioxide. (CO2)

compliance period

compliance period means one of the three-year periods set out in subsection 1020.01(2) of the CORSIA Standard. (période de conformité)

CORSIA

CORSIA means the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation set out in Volume IV of Annex 16 to the Convention. (CORSIA)

CORSIA eligible emissions unit

CORSIA eligible emissions unit has the same meaning as in subsection 1020.01(1) of the CORSIA Standard. (unité d’émissions admissible du CORSIA)

CORSIA eligible fuel

CORSIA eligible fuel has the same meaning as in subsection 1020.01(1) of the CORSIA Standard. (carburant admissible CORSIA)

CORSIA Standard

CORSIA Standard means Standard 1020 — CORSIA, published by the Department of Transport. (Norme du CORSIA)

new entrant

new entrant has the same meaning as in CORSIA and, for the purposes of interpreting this definition, “aeroplane operator” is to be read as “private operator” or “air operator”. (nouveau venu)

Application

  •  (1) This Part applies to Canadian private operators and Canadian air operators that produce — from the use of one or more large aeroplanes — more than 10 000 t of CO2 emissions from flights between contracting states during a calendar year.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the emissions are calculated in accordance with section 1000.03.

  • (3) For the purposes of this Part, flights are attributed to a private operator or air operator in accordance with section 1020.02 of the CORSIA Standard and the flight departure time (UTC) determines the calendar year to which a flight belongs.

  • (4) The following flights are exempt from the application of subsection (1):

    • (a) humanitarian flights;

    • (b) medical evacuation flights;

    • (c) fire-fighting flights; and

    • (d) positioning flights required in relation to the flights referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c).

Calculation Method

  •  (1) CO2 emissions are to be determined using the following formula and expressed in tonnes:

    ΣfMf xFCFf

    where

    Mf
    is the mass of fuel f used, expressed in tonnes and calculated according to
    • (a) a method described in subsection 1020.03(1) of the CORSIA Standard, subject to subsection (2); or

    • (b) a method described in subsection 1020.03(2) of the CORSIA Standard; and

    FCFf
    is the fuel conversion factor of given fuel f, expressed in kg CO2/kg fuel, and is equal to
    • (a) 3.16 for Jet-A and Jet-A1 fuels; or

    • (b) 3.10 for aviation gasoline (AvGas) and Jet-B fuel.

  • (2) For the purposes of the methods described in paragraphs 1020.03(1)(a) and (b) of the CORSIA Standard, if a flight is operated on behalf of a private operator or air operator, that operator must ensure that the fuel measurement values calculated according to the method described in paragraph 1020.03(1)(c) of the CORSIA Standard are provided to it and taken into account in its calculations.

[1000.04 to 1000.09 reserved]

Division II — Monitoring

Emissions Monitoring Plan

  •  (1) Within 90 days after the day on which a private operator or air operator becomes subject to this Part, the operator must submit to the Minister for approval an emissions monitoring plan for its flights between contracting states — other than flights referred to in subsection 1000.02(4) — that are conducted using one or more large aeroplanes.

  • (2) The plan must contain the information referred to in subsections 1020.10(1) to (3) of the CORSIA Standard.

  • (3) The private operator or air operator must choose one of the following monitoring methods:

    • (a) in the case of flights between states referred to in subsection 1020.10(4) of the CORSIA Standard,

      • (i) a method described in subsection 1020.03(1) or (2) of the CORSIA Standard, if the annual CO2 emissions from those flights are less than 50 000 t, or

      • (ii) a method described in subsection 1020.03(1) of the CORSIA Standard, if the annual CO2 emissions from those flights are equal to or greater than 50 000 t; or

    • (b) in any other case, a method described in subsection 1020.03(1) or (2) of the CORSIA Standard.

  • (4) A private operator or air operator whose emissions monitoring plan was approved by the Minister before January 1, 2021 must submit to the Minister, no later than February 28, 2021,

    • (a) if the monitoring method identified in that plan meets the requirements of subsection (3), the information referred to in paragraphs 1020.10(2)(g), (i), (j) and (k) of the CORSIA Standard; or

    • (b) if the monitoring method identified in that plan does not meet the requirements of subsection (3), an amended plan for approval that identifies a method chosen in accordance with subsection (3) and contains the information referred to in subsection (2).

Approval

 The Minister must approve the emissions monitoring plan if

  • (a) the information referred to in subsection 1000.10(2) is provided;

  • (b) a monitoring method is chosen in accordance with subsection 1000.10(3); and

  • (c) the information referred to in subsections 1020.10(2) and (3) of the CORSIA Standard and submitted in accordance with section 1000.10 is consistent with the chosen monitoring method and the activities of the private operator or air operator, as applicable.

Amendment

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if any of the information referred to in subsection 1020.10(2) of the CORSIA Standard is amended, the private operator or air operator must submit an amended emissions monitoring plan to the Minister for approval before it is implemented.

  • (2) If the information referred to in paragraph 1020.10(2)(i), (j) or (k) of the CORSIA Standard is amended, the private operator or air operator must submit an amended emissions monitoring plan to the Minister for approval no later than September 30 of the year preceding the beginning of the next compliance period.

  • (3) If there is a change to the information referred to in subsection 1020.10(1) of the CORSIA Standard, the private operator or air operator must submit the updated information to the Minister without delay.

  • (4) If the annual CO2 emissions from a private operator’s or air operator’s flights between states referred to in subsection 1020.10(4) of the CORSIA Standard increase to an amount equal to or greater than 50 000 t for two consecutive years, the operator must choose a monitoring method in accordance with subparagraph 1000.10(3)(a)(ii) and submit an amended emissions monitoring plan to the Minister for approval before it is implemented and no later than September 30 of the year following the two consecutive years of increased emissions.

  • (5) If the annual CO2 emissions from a private operator’s or air operator’s flights between states referred to in subsection 1020.10(4) of the CORSIA Standard decrease to an amount less than 50 000 t for two consecutive years, the operator may choose a different monitoring method in accordance with subparagraph 1000.10(3)(a)(i) and, if a different monitoring method is chosen, must submit an amended emissions monitoring plan to the Minister for approval before it is implemented and no later than September 30 of the year following the two consecutive years of decreased emissions.

 
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