Competition Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-34)

Act current to 2016-06-21 and last amended on 2015-03-09. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Inquiry by Commissioner
  •  (1) The Commissioner shall

    • (a) on application made under section 9,

    • (b) whenever the Commissioner has reason to believe that

      • (i) a person has contravened an order made pursuant to section 32, 33 or 34, or Part VII.1 or Part VIII,

      • (ii) grounds exist for the making of an order under Part VII.1 or Part VIII, or

      • (iii) an offence under Part VI or VII has been or is about to be committed, or

    • (c) whenever directed by the Minister to inquire whether any of the circumstances described in subparagraphs (b)(i) to (iii) exists,

    cause an inquiry to be made into all such matters as the Commissioner considers necessary to inquire into with the view of determining the facts.

  • Marginal note:Information on inquiry

    (2) The Commissioner shall, on the written request of any person whose conduct is being inquired into under this Act or any person who applies for an inquiry under section 9, inform that person or cause that person to be informed as to the progress of the inquiry.

  • Marginal note:Inquiries to be in private

    (3) All inquiries under this section shall be conducted in private.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 10;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 23;
  • 1999, c. 2, ss. 7, 37, c. 31, s. 45.
Marginal note:Order for oral examination, production or written return
  •  (1) If, on the ex parte application of the Commissioner or his or her authorized representative, a judge of a superior or county court is satisfied by information on oath or solemn affirmation that an inquiry is being made under section 10 and that a person has or is likely to have information that is relevant to the inquiry, the judge may order the person to

    • (a) attend as specified in the order and be examined on oath or solemn affirmation by the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner on any matter that is relevant to the inquiry before a person, in this section and sections 12 to 14 referred to as a "presiding officer", designated in the order;

    • (b) produce to the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner within a time and at a place specified in the order, a record, a copy of a record certified by affidavit to be a true copy, or any other thing, specified in the order; or

    • (c) make and deliver to the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner, within a time specified in the order, a written return under oath or solemn affirmation showing in detail such information as is by the order required.

  • Marginal note:Records in possession of affiliate

    (2) Where the person against whom an order is sought under paragraph (1)(b) in relation to an inquiry is a corporation and the judge to whom the application is made under subsection (1) is satisfied by information on oath or solemn affirmation that an affiliate of the corporation, whether the affiliate is located in Canada or outside Canada, has records that are relevant to the inquiry, the judge may order the corporation to produce the records.

  • Marginal note:No person excused from complying with order

    (3) No person shall be excused from complying with an order under subsection (1) or (2) on the ground that the testimony, record or other thing or return required of the person may tend to criminate the person or subject him to any proceeding or penalty, but no testimony given by an individual pursuant to an order made under paragraph (1)(a), or return made by an individual pursuant to an order made under paragraph (1)(c), shall be used or received against that individual in any criminal proceedings thereafter instituted against him, other than a prosecution under section 132 or 136 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Effect of order

    (4) An order made under this section has effect anywhere in Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 11;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24;
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 126, c. 16, s. 1.
Marginal note:Witness competent and compellable
  •  (1) Any person summoned to attend pursuant to paragraph 11(1)(a) is competent and may be compelled to give evidence.

  • Marginal note:Fees

    (2) Every person summoned to attend pursuant to paragraph 11(1)(a) is entitled to the like fees and allowances for so doing as if summoned to attend before a superior court of the province in which the person is summoned to attend.

  • Marginal note:Representation by counsel

    (3) A presiding officer shall permit a person who is being examined pursuant to an order under paragraph 11(1)(a) and any person whose conduct is being inquired into to be represented by counsel.

  • Marginal note:Attendance of person whose conduct is being inquired into

    (4) Any person whose conduct is being inquired into at an examination pursuant to an order under paragraph 11(1)(a) and that person’s counsel are entitled to attend the examination unless the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner, or the person being examined or his employer, establishes to the satisfaction of the presiding officer that the presence of the person whose conduct is being inquired into would

    • (a) be prejudicial to the effective conduct of the examination or the inquiry; or

    • (b) result in the disclosure of confidential commercial information that relates to the business of the person being examined or his employer.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 12;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24;
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37.
Marginal note:Presiding officer
  •  (1) Any person may be designated as a presiding officer who is a barrister or advocate of at least ten years standing at the bar of a province or who has been a barrister or advocate at the bar of a province for at least ten years.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration and expenses

    (2) A presiding officer shall be paid such remuneration, and is entitled to be paid such travel and living expenses, and such other expenses, incurred in the performance of his duties under this Act, as may be fixed by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 13;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24.
Marginal note:Administration of oaths
  •  (1) The presiding officer may administer oaths and take and receive solemn affirmations for the purposes of examinations pursuant to paragraph 11(1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Orders of presiding officer

    (2) A presiding officer may make such orders as he considers to be proper for the conduct of an examination pursuant to paragraph 11(1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Application to court

    (3) A judge of a superior or county court may, on application by a presiding officer, order any person to comply with an order made by the presiding officer under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) No order may be made under subsection (3) unless the presiding officer has given to the person in respect of whom the order is sought and the Commissioner twenty-four hours notice of the hearing of the application for the order or such shorter notice as the judge to whom the application is made considers reasonable.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 14;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24;
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 127.
Marginal note:Application of Criminal Code — preservation demand and orders for preservation or production of data
  •  (1) Sections 487.012, 487.013, 487.015, 487.016 and 487.018 of the Criminal Code, which apply to the investigation of offences under any Act of Parliament, also apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require,

    • (a) to an investigation in relation to a contravention of an order made under section 32, 33 or 34 or Part VII.1 or VIII; or

    • (b) to an investigation in relation to whether grounds exist for the making of an order under Part VII.1 or VIII.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) The provisions of the Criminal Code referred to in subsection (1) apply whether or not an inquiry has been commenced under section 10.

  • 2014, c. 31, s. 29.
Marginal note:Warrant for entry of premises
  •  (1) If, on the ex parte application of the Commissioner or his or her authorized representative, a judge of a superior or county court is satisfied by information on oath or solemn affirmation

    • (a) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

      • (i) a person has contravened an order made pursuant to section 32, 33 or 34, or Part VII.1 or VIII,

      • (ii) grounds exist for the making of an order under Part VII.1 or VIII, or

      • (iii) an offence under Part VI or VII has been or is about to be committed, and

    • (b) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that there is, on any premises, any record or other thing that will afford evidence with respect to the circumstances referred to in subparagraph (a)(i), (ii) or (iii), as the case may be,

    the judge may issue a warrant under his hand authorizing the Commissioner or any other person named in the warrant to

    • (c) enter the premises, subject to such conditions as may be specified in the warrant, and

    • (d) search the premises for any such record or other thing and copy it or seize it for examination or copying.

  • Marginal note:Contents of warrant

    (2) A warrant issued under this section shall identify the matter in respect of which it is issued, the premises to be searched and the record or other thing, or the class of records or other things, to be searched for.

  • Marginal note:Execution of search warrant

    (3) A warrant issued under this section shall be executed between six o’clock in the forenoon and nine o’clock in the afternoon, unless the judge issuing it, by the warrant, authorizes execution of it at another time.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) A warrant issued under this section may be executed anywhere in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Duty of persons in control of premises

    (5) Every person who is in possession or control of any premises or record or other thing in respect of which a warrant is issued under subsection (1) shall, on presentation of the warrant, permit the Commissioner or other person named in the warrant to enter the premises, search the premises and examine the record or other thing and to copy it or seize it.

  • Marginal note:Where admission or access refused

    (6) Where the Commissioner or any other person, in executing a warrant issued under subsection (1), is refused access to any premises, record or other thing or where the Commissioner believes on reasonable grounds that access will be refused, the judge who issued the warrant or a judge of the same court, on the ex parte application of the Commissioner, may by order direct a peace officer to take such steps as the judge considers necessary to give the Commissioner or other person access.

  • Marginal note:Where warrant not necessary

    (7) The Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner may exercise any of the powers set out in paragraph (1)(c) or (d) without a warrant if the conditions set out in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) exist but by reason of exigent circumstances it would not be practical to obtain the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Exigent circumstances

    (8) For the purposes of subsection (7), exigent circumstances include circumstances in which the delay necessary to obtain a warrant under subsection (1) would result in the loss or destruction of evidence.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 15;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24;
  • 1999, c. 2, ss. 8, 37;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 128.
 
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