Canada Business Corporations Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-44)

Act current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Appointing proxyholder
  •  (1) A shareholder entitled to vote at a meeting of shareholders may by means of a proxy appoint a proxyholder or one or more alternate proxyholders who are not required to be shareholders, to attend and act at the meeting in the manner and to the extent authorized by the proxy and with the authority conferred by the proxy.

  • Marginal note:Execution or signing of proxy

    (2) A proxy shall be executed or, in Quebec, signed by the shareholder or by the shareholder’s personal representative authorized in writing.

  • Marginal note:Validity of proxy

    (3) A proxy is valid only at the meeting in respect of which it is given or any adjournment thereof.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of proxy

    (4) A shareholder may revoke a proxy

    • (a) by depositing an instrument or act in writing executed or, in Quebec, signed by the shareholder or by the shareholder’s personal representative authorized in writing

      • (i) at the registered office of the corporation at any time up to and including the last business day preceding the day of the meeting, or an adjournment thereof, at which the proxy is to be used, or

      • (ii) with the chairman of the meeting on the day of the meeting or an adjournment thereof; or

    • (b) in any other manner permitted by law.

  • Marginal note:Deposit of proxies

    (5) The directors may specify in a notice calling a meeting of shareholders a time not more than 48 hours, excluding Saturdays and holidays, before the meeting or adjournment before which time proxies to be used at the meeting must be deposited with the corporation or its agent or mandatary.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 148;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 135(E);
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 55.
Marginal note:Mandatory solicitation
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the management of a corporation shall, concurrently with giving notice of a meeting of shareholders, send a form of proxy in prescribed form to each shareholder who is entitled to receive notice of the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The management of the corporation is not required to send a form of proxy under subsection (1) if it

    • (a) is not a distributing corporation; and

    • (b) has fifty or fewer shareholders entitled to vote at a meeting, two or more joint holders being counted as one shareholder.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (3) If the management of a corporation fails to comply, without reasonable cause, with subsection (1), the corporation is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars.

  • Marginal note:Officers, etc., of corporations

    (4) Where a corporation commits an offence under subsection (3), any director or officer of the corporation who knowingly authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 149;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 68.
Marginal note:Soliciting proxies
  •  (1) A person shall not solicit proxies unless

    • (a) in the case of solicitation by or on behalf of the management of a corporation, a management proxy circular in prescribed form, either as an appendix to or as a separate document accompanying the notice of the meeting, or

    • (b) in the case of any other solicitation, a dissident’s proxy circular in prescribed form stating the purposes of the solicitation

    is sent to the auditor of the corporation, to each shareholder whose proxy is solicited, to each director and, if paragraph (b) applies, to the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Exception — solicitation to fifteen or fewer shareholders

    (1.1) Despite subsection (1), a person may solicit proxies, other than by or on behalf of the management of the corporation, without sending a dissident’s proxy circular, if the total number of shareholders whose proxies are solicited is fifteen or fewer, two or more joint holders being counted as one shareholder.

  • Marginal note:Exception — solicitation by public broadcast

    (1.2) Despite subsection (1), a person may solicit proxies, other than by or on behalf of the management of the corporation, without sending a dissident’s proxy circular if the solicitation is, in the prescribed circumstances, conveyed by public broadcast, speech or publication.

  • Marginal note:Copy to Director

    (2) A person required to send a management proxy circular or dissident’s proxy circular shall send concurrently a copy of it to the Director together with a statement in prescribed form, the form of proxy, any other documents for use in connection with the meeting and, in the case of a management proxy circular, a copy of the notice of meeting.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (3) A person who fails to comply with subsections (1) and (2) is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both, whether or not the body corporate has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • Marginal note:Officers, etc., of bodies corporate

    (4) Where a body corporate commits an offence under subsection (3), any director or officer of the body corporate who knowingly authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both, whether or not the body corporate has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 150;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 54;
  • 1994, c. 24, s. 16;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 69.
Marginal note:Exemption
  •  (1) On the application of an interested person, the Director may exempt the person, on any terms that the Director thinks fit, from any of the requirements of section 149 or subsection 150(1), which exemption may have retrospective effect.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (2) The Director shall set out in a publication generally available to the public the particulars of exemptions granted under this section together with the reasons for the exemptions.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 151;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 70.
Marginal note:Attendance at meeting
  •  (1) A person who solicits a proxy and is appointed proxyholder shall attend in person or cause an alternate proxyholder to attend the meeting in respect of which the proxy is given and comply with the directions of the shareholder who appointed him.

  • Marginal note:Right of a proxyholder

    (2) A proxyholder or an alternate proxyholder has the same rights as the shareholder by whom they were appointed to speak at a meeting of shareholders in respect of any matter, to vote by way of ballot at the meeting and, except where a proxyholder or an alternate proxyholder has conflicting instructions from more than one shareholder, to vote at such a meeting in respect of any matter by way of any show of hands.

  • Marginal note:Show of hands

    (3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), if the chairperson of a meeting of shareholders declares to the meeting that, if a ballot is conducted, the total number of votes attached to shares represented at the meeting by proxy required to be voted against what to the knowledge of the chairperson will be the decision of the meeting in relation to any matter or group of matters is less than five per cent of all the votes that might be cast by shareholders personally or through proxy at the meeting on the ballot, unless a shareholder or proxyholder demands a ballot,

    • (a) the chairperson may conduct the vote in respect of that matter or group of matters by a show of hands; and

    • (b) a proxyholder or alternate proxyholder may vote in respect of that matter or group of matters by a show of hands.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (4) A proxyholder or alternate proxyholder who without reasonable cause fails to comply with the directions of a shareholder under this section is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 152;
  • 2001, c. 14, ss. 71, 135(E).
Marginal note:Duty of intermediary
  •  (1) Shares of a corporation that are registered in the name of an intermediary or their nominee and not beneficially owned by the intermediary must not be voted unless the intermediary, without delay after receipt of the notice of the meeting, financial statements, management proxy circular, dissident’s proxy circular and any other documents other than the form of proxy sent to shareholders by or on behalf of any person for use in connection with the meeting, sends a copy of the document to the beneficial owner and, except when the intermediary has received written voting instructions from the beneficial owner, a written request for such instructions.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on voting

    (2) An intermediary, or a proxyholder appointed by an intermediary, may not vote shares that the intermediary does not beneficially own and that are registered in the name of the intermediary or in the name of a nominee of the intermediary unless the intermediary or proxyholder, as the case may be, receives written voting instructions from the beneficial owner.

  • Marginal note:Copies

    (3) A person by or on behalf of whom a solicitation is made shall provide, at the request of an intermediary, without delay, to the intermediary at the person’s expense the necessary number of copies of the documents referred to in subsection (1), other than copies of the document requesting voting instructions.

  • Marginal note:Instructions to intermediary

    (4) An intermediary shall vote or appoint a proxyholder to vote any shares referred to in subsection (1) in accordance with any written voting instructions received from the beneficial owner.

  • Marginal note:Beneficial owner as proxyholder

    (5) If a beneficial owner so requests and provides an intermediary with appropriate documentation, the intermediary must appoint the beneficial owner or a nominee of the beneficial owner as proxyholder.

  • Marginal note:Validity

    (6) The failure of an intermediary to comply with this section does not render void any meeting of shareholders or any action taken at the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (7) Nothing in this section gives an intermediary the right to vote shares that the intermediary is otherwise prohibited from voting.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (8) An intermediary who knowingly fails to comply with this section is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.

  • Marginal note:Officers, etc., of bodies corporate

    (9) If an intermediary that is a body corporate commits an offence under subsection (8), any director or officer of the body corporate who knowingly authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both, whether or not the body corporate has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 153;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 72.
 
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