Canada Business Corporations Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-44)

Act current to 2014-11-11 and last amended on 2011-11-29. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Cumulative voting

 Where the articles provide for cumulative voting,

  • (a) the articles shall require a fixed number and not a minimum and maximum number of directors;

  • (b) each shareholder entitled to vote at an election of directors has the right to cast a number of votes equal to the number of votes attached to the shares held by the shareholder multiplied by the number of directors to be elected, and may cast all of those votes in favour of one candidate or distribute them among the candidates in any manner;

  • (c) a separate vote of shareholders shall be taken with respect to each candidate nominated for director unless a resolution is passed unanimously permitting two or more persons to be elected by a single resolution;

  • (d) if a shareholder has voted for more than one candidate without specifying the distribution of votes, the shareholder is deemed to have distributed the votes equally among those candidates;

  • (e) if the number of candidates nominated for director exceeds the number of positions to be filled, the candidates who receive the least number of votes shall be eliminated until the number of candidates remaining equals the number of positions to be filled;

  • (f) each director ceases to hold office at the close of the first annual meeting of shareholders following the director’s election;

  • (g) a director may be removed from office only if the number of votes cast in favour of the director’s removal is greater than the product of the number of directors required by the articles and the number of votes cast against the motion; and

  • (h) the number of directors required by the articles may be decreased only if the votes cast in favour of the motion to decrease the number of directors is greater than the product of the number of directors required by the articles and the number of votes cast against the motion.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 107;
  • 2001, c. 14, ss. 39(E), 135(E).