Income Tax Act

Version of section 135 from 2004-08-31 to 2005-05-12:

Marginal note:Deduction in computing income
  •  (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, there may be deducted, in computing the income of a taxpayer for a taxation year, the total of the payments made, pursuant to allocations in proportion to patronage, by the taxpayer

    • (a) within the year or within 12 months thereafter to the taxpayer’s customers of the year; and

    • (b) within the year or within 12 months thereafter to the taxpayer’s customers of a previous year, the deduction of which from income of a previous taxation year was not permitted.

  • Marginal note:Limitation where non-member customer

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection 135(1), if the taxpayer has not made allocations in proportion to patronage in respect of all the taxpayer’s customers of the year at the same rate, with appropriate differences for different types or classes of goods, products or services, or classes, grades or qualities thereof, the amount that may be deducted under subsection 135(1) is an amount equal to the lesser of

    • (a) the total of the payments mentioned in that subsection, and

    • (b) the total of

      • (i) the part of the income of the taxpayer for the year attributable to business done with members, and

      • (ii) the allocations in proportion to patronage made to non-member customers of the year.

  • Marginal note:Deduction carried over

    (2.1) Where, in a taxation year ending after 1985, all or a portion of a payment made by a taxpayer pursuant to an allocation in proportion to patronage to the taxpayer’s customers who are members is not deductible in computing the taxpayer’s income for the year because of the application of subsection 135(2) (in this subsection referred to as the “undeducted amount”), there may be deducted in computing the taxpayer’s income for a subsequent taxation year, an amount equal to the lesser of

    • (a) the undeducted amount, except to the extent that that amount was deducted in computing the taxpayer’s income for any preceding taxation year, and

    • (b) the amount, if any, by which

      • (i) the taxpayer’s income for the subsequent taxation year (computed without reference to this subsection) attributable to business done with the taxpayer’s customers of that year who are members

      exceeds

      • (ii) the amount deducted in computing the taxpayer’s income for the subsequent taxation year by virtue of subsection 135(1) in respect of payments made by the taxpayer pursuant to allocations in proportion to patronage to the taxpayer’s customers of that year who are members.

  • Marginal note:Amount to be deducted or withheld from payment to customer

    (3) Where at any particular time in a calendar year and after 1971 a payment pursuant to an allocation in proportion to patronage is made by a taxpayer to a person who is resident in Canada and is not exempt from tax under section 149, the taxpayer shall, notwithstanding any agreement or any law to the contrary, deduct or withhold therefrom an amount equal to 15% of the lesser of the amount of the payment and the amount, if any, by which

    • (a) the total of the amount of the payment and the amounts of all other payments pursuant to allocations in proportion to patronage made by the taxpayer to that person in the calendar year and before the particular time

    exceeds

    and forthwith remit that amount to the Receiver General on behalf of that person on account of that person’s tax under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (4) For the purposes of this section,

    allocation in proportion to patronage

    répartition proportionnelle à l’apport commercial

    allocation in proportion to patronage for a taxation year means an amount credited by a taxpayer to a customer of that year on terms that the customer is entitled to or will receive payment thereof, computed at a rate in relation to the quantity, quality or value of the goods or products acquired, marketed, handled, dealt in or sold, or services rendered by the taxpayer from, on behalf of or to the customer, whether as principal or as agent of the customer or otherwise, with appropriate differences in the rate for different classes, grades or qualities thereof, if

    • (a) the amount was credited

      • (i) within the year or within 12 months thereafter, and

      • (ii) at the same rate in relation to quantity, quality or value aforesaid as the rate at which amounts were similarly credited to all other customers of that year who were members or to all other customers of that year, as the case may be, with appropriate differences aforesaid for different classes, grades or qualities, and

    • (b) the prospect that amounts would be so credited was held out by the taxpayer to the taxpayer’s customers of that year who were members or non-member customers of that year, as the case may be; (répartition proportionnelle à l’apport commercial)

    consumer goods or services

    marchandises de consommation ou services

    consumer goods or services means goods or services the cost of which was not deductible by the taxpayer in computing the income from a business or property; (marchandises de consommation ou services)

    customer

    client

    customer means a customer of a taxpayer and includes a person who sells or delivers goods or products to the taxpayer, or for whom the taxpayer renders services; (client)

    income of the taxpayer attributable to business done with members

    revenu du contribuable attribuable aux affaires faites avec ses membres

    income of the taxpayer attributable to business done with members of any taxation year means that proportion of the income of the taxpayer for the year (before making any deduction under this section) that the value of the goods or products acquired, marketed, handled, dealt in or sold or services rendered by the taxpayer from, on behalf of, or for members, is of the total value of goods or products acquired, marketed, handled, dealt in or sold or services rendered by the taxpayer from, on behalf of, or for all customers during the year; (revenu du contribuable attribuable aux affaires faites avec ses membres)

    member

    membre

    member means a person who is entitled as a member or shareholder to full voting rights in the conduct of the affairs of the taxpayer (being a corporation) or of a corporation of which the taxpayer is a subsidiary wholly-owned corporation; (membre)

    non-member customer

    client non membre

    non-member customer means a customer who is not a member; (client non membre)

    payment

    paiement

    payment includes

    • (a) the issue of a certificate of indebtedness or shares of the taxpayer or of a corporation of which the taxpayer is a subsidiary wholly-owned corporation if the taxpayer or that corporation has in the year or within 12 months thereafter disbursed an amount of money equal to the total face value of all certificates or shares so issued in the course of redeeming or purchasing certificates of indebtedness or shares of the taxpayer or that corporation previously issued,

    • (b) the application by the taxpayer of an amount to a member’s liability to the taxpayer (including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, an amount applied in fulfilment of an obligation of the member to make a loan to the taxpayer and an amount applied on account of payment for shares issued to a member) pursuant to a by-law of the taxpayer, pursuant to statutory authority or at the request of the member, or

    • (c) the amount of a payment or transfer by the taxpayer that, under subsection 56(2), is required to be included in computing the income of a member. (paiement)

  • Marginal note:Holding out prospect of allocations

    (5) For the purpose of this section a taxpayer shall be deemed to have held out the prospect that amounts would be credited to a customer of a taxation year by way of allocation in proportion to patronage, if

    • (a) throughout the year the statute under which the taxpayer was incorporated or registered, its charter, articles of association or by-laws or its contract with the customer held out the prospect that amounts would be so credited to customers who are members or non-member customers, as the case may be; or

    • (b) prior to the commencement of the year or prior to such other day as may be prescribed for the class of business in which the taxpayer is engaged, the taxpayer has published an advertisement in prescribed form in a newspaper or newspapers of general circulation throughout the greater part of the area in which the taxpayer carried on business holding out that prospect to customers who are members or non-member customers, as the case may be, and has filed copies of the newspapers with the Minister before the end of the 30th day of the taxation year or within 30 days from the prescribed day, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Amount of payment to customer

    (6) For greater certainty, the amount of any payment pursuant to an allocation in proportion to patronage is the amount thereof determined before deducting any amount required by subsection 135(3) to be deducted or withheld from that payment.

  • Marginal note:Payment to customer to be included in income

    (7) Where a payment pursuant to an allocation in proportion to patronage (other than an allocation in respect of consumer goods or services) has been received by a taxpayer, the amount of the payment shall be included in computing the recipient’s income for the taxation year in which the payment was received and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, where a certificate of indebtedness or a share was issued to a person pursuant to an allocation in proportion to patronage, the amount of the payment by virtue of the issue thereof shall be included in computing the recipient’s income for the taxation year in which the certificate or share was received and not in computing the recipient’s income for the year in which the indebtedness was subsequently discharged or the share was redeemed.

  • Marginal note:Patronage dividends

    (8) For the purposes of this section, where

    • (a) a person has sold or delivered a quantity of goods or products to a marketing board established by or pursuant to a law of Canada or a province,

    • (b) the marketing board has sold or delivered the same quantity of goods or products of the same class, grade or quality to a taxpayer of which the person is a member, and

    • (c) the taxpayer has credited that person with an amount based on the quantity of goods or products of that class, grade or quality sold or delivered to it by the marketing board,

    the quantity of goods or products referred to in paragraph 135(8)(c) shall be deemed to have been sold or delivered by that person to the taxpayer and to have been acquired by the taxpayer from that person.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. 1970-71-72, c. 63, s. 1“135”;
  • 1973-74, c. 14, s. 44;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 26, s. 91;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 48, s. 115;
  • 1987, c. 46, s. 47.
Date modified: