Health of Animals Act (S.C. 1990, c. 21)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2015-02-27. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Compensation to owners of things

 The Minister may order compensation to be paid from the Consolidated Revenue Fund to the owner of a thing that is destroyed under this Act and the amount of compensation shall be the market value, as determined by the Minister, that the thing would have had at the time of its evaluation if it had not been required to be destroyed, up to a prescribed amount, less any amount received in respect of it.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 52;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 70.
Marginal note:Compensation for costs of treatment

 The Minister may order compensation to be paid from the Consolidated Revenue Fund to a person for costs incurred with respect to treatment required under paragraph 27.6(1)(a) or subsection 48(2), and the amount of compensation shall be the costs reasonably incurred by the person, as determined by the Minister.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 53;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 70;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 510.
Marginal note:Compensation withheld
  •  (1) Compensation may be withheld in whole or in part where, in the opinion of the Minister,

    • (a) the owner of, or the person having the possession, care or control of, the animal or thing in respect of which compensation is claimed has committed a violation, or an offence under this Act, by means of or in relation to that thing;

    • (b) the animal or thing, at the time it was imported into Canada, was affected or contaminated by a disease or toxic substance; or

    • (c) the animal or thing was a vector, the causative agent of a disease or a toxic substance.

  • Marginal note:Compensation forfeited

    (2) A person who contravenes section 16 or a regulation made under section 14 or 16, or who breaks, alters, tampers with or removes a seal or other identifying device in contravention of the regulations, forfeits any claim to compensation in respect of an animal or thing by means of or in relation to which the contravention occurred.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 54;
  • 1995, c. 40, s. 60.
Marginal note:Regulations

 The Minister may make regulations

  • (a) respecting the method of calculating the market value of animals for which the Minister considers there is no readily available market;

  • (b) establishing maximum amounts, or the manner of calculating maximum amounts, for the purpose of subsection 51(3) or section 52; and

  • (c) permitting compensation for any costs related to the disposal of animals and things and for determining the amounts of the compensable costs, including maximum amounts, or a manner of calculating them.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 55;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 71;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 106(E).
Marginal note:Appeal
  •  (1) A person who claims compensation and is dissatisfied with the Minister’s disposition of the claim may bring an appeal to the Assessor, but the only grounds of appeal are that the failure to award compensation was unreasonable or that the amount awarded was unreasonable.

  • Marginal note:Time limit for bringing appeal

    (2) An appeal shall be brought within three months after the claimant receives notification of the Minister’s disposition of the claim, or within such longer period as the Assessor may in any case for special reasons allow.

Marginal note:Powers of Assessor
  •  (1) On hearing an appeal, the Assessor may confirm or vary the Minister’s disposition of the claim or refer the matter back to the Minister for such further action as the Assessor may direct.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (2) Costs may be awarded to or against the Minister in an appeal.

  • Marginal note:Decisions final

    (3) The decision of the Assessor on an appeal is final and conclusive and not subject to appeal to or review by any court.

Marginal note:Sittings and hearings
  •  (1) The Assessor may sit and hear appeals at any place or places and shall arrange for sittings and hearings as may be required.

  • Marginal note:Travel allowances

    (2) The Assessor is entitled to be paid such travel allowances as are payable for the attendances of a judge of the Federal Court under the Judges Act.

Marginal note:Procedure
  •  (1) Subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, the Assessor may make rules respecting the conduct of appeals and the procedure for the bringing of appeals.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (2) Subject to any rules made under subsection (1), all rules respecting the conduct of appeals and the procedure for bringing appeals to the Assessor made under section 18 of the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act that are in force at the time this section comes into force shall, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with sections 56 to 58, apply in respect of appeals brought under section 56.

  • Marginal note:Registrar

    (3) The functions of the registrar of appeals and any other person necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 56 to 58 shall be carried out by the persons who carry out similar functions under Part II of the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 59;
  • 2001, c. 4, s. 173(F).

Fees, Charges and Costs

Marginal note:Fees, charges and costs for inspections, etc.
  •  (1) Her Majesty, and any person who has entered into an agreement with the Minister under section 34, may recover from any person referred to in subsection (2) any prescribed fees or charges and any costs incurred by Her Majesty or the other person, as the case may be, in relation to anything required or authorized under this Act or the regulations, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

    • (a) the inspection, treatment, segregation, quarantine, testing or analysis of a place, animal or thing, as the case may be, or the identification, storage, removal, disposal or return of an animal or thing, required or authorized under this Act or the regulations; and

    • (b) the forfeiture, disposal, seizure or detention of an animal or thing under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Persons liable

    (2) The fees, charges and costs are recoverable jointly and severally from the owner or occupier of the place or the owner of the animal or thing and from the person having the possession, care or control of it immediately before its inspection, treatment, segregation, detention, forfeiture, quarantine, testing, analysis, identification, storage, removal, return or disposal or, in the case of an animal or thing seized under this Act, immediately before its seizure.

Marginal note:Fees, charges and costs related to measures
  •  (1) Her Majesty may recover from any person mentioned in subsection (2) any prescribed fees or charges and any costs incurred by Her Majesty in relation to taking any measures under section 27.4.

  • Marginal note:Persons liable

    (2) The fees, charges and costs are recoverable from any persons who through their fault or negligence, or that of others for whom in law they are responsible, caused or contributed to the causation of the existence or spread of the disease or toxic substance in respect of which a primary control zone was declared.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 61;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 511;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 107(F).
Marginal note:Fees, charges, and costs for requested services

 Her Majesty may recover from any person who requests a service or the issue, renewal or amendment of a licence, permit, approval, certificate or other document under this Act or the regulations any prescribed fee or charge and any costs incurred by Her Majesty in relation to rendering the service or issuing, renewing or amending the document.

Marginal note:Unpaid fees, charges or costs

 Any fees, charges or costs that are recoverable by Her Majesty under this Act or the regulations may be recovered as a debt due to Her Majesty.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 63;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 75.

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations — generally
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations for the purpose of protecting human and animal health through the control or elimination of diseases and toxic substances and generally for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act, including regulations

    • (a) prohibiting or regulating the importation, exportation and possession of animals and things in order to prevent the introduction of any vector, disease or toxic substance into Canada or into another country from Canada;

    • (b) for subjecting animals and things that may transmit a disease or toxic substance to quarantine or requiring their destruction on importation into Canada and for requiring the disposal on importation into Canada of things that may transmit a disease or toxic substance;

    • (c) requiring proof of the fact that animals imported into or passing through Canada have not been brought from any place where there was, at the time of their embarkation, a disease or toxic substance;

    • (d) prohibiting or regulating the importation of garbage into Canada and regulating the handling and disposal of garbage imported into Canada;

    • (e) governing the use of food lockers on ships in Canadian waters in order to prevent the introduction of any disease or toxic substance into Canada;

    • (f) for controlling or eradicating, or preventing the spread of, vectors, diseases and toxic substances and for quarantining, segregating, treating or disposing of, or for dealing generally with, animals or things that

      • (i) are, or are suspected of being, affected or contaminated by a disease or toxic substance,

      • (ii) have been in contact with or in close proximity to animals or things that were, or are suspected of having been, affected or contaminated by a disease or toxic substance at the time of contact or close proximity, or

      • (iii) are, or are suspected of being, vectors, the causative agents of disease or toxic substances;

    • (g) for segregating and confining animals within certain limits, establishing areas of inspection or quarantine and establishing eradication areas where animals may be inspected, segregated and tested for any disease or toxic substance;

    • (h) prohibiting or regulating the movement in Canada of

      • (i) animals, animal products, animal by-products, vectors, the causative agents of disease, animal food, hay, straw and fodder, and

      • (ii) things that are used in respect of animals and that may be affected or contaminated by a disease or toxic substance;

    • (i) for the humane treatment of animals and generally

      • (i) governing the care, handling and disposition of animals,

      • (ii) governing the manner in which animals are transported within, into or out of Canada, and

      • (iii) providing for the treatment or disposal of animals that are not cared for, handled or transported in a humane manner;

    • (j) for declaring as infected, and constituting as an infected place, any airport, market, pen, railway yard, stockyard, conveyance or wharf on or in which any animal, animal product, animal by-product, animal food, hay, straw or fodder, or any other thing used in respect of animals, is exposed for sale or is placed for the purpose of transit;

    • (k) prohibiting or regulating the movement of persons and conveyances within, into or out of infected places;

    • (l) for purifying any place or thing that is likely to contain a vector or be contaminated by any disease or toxic substance;

    • (m) for causing or requiring notice to be given of the appearance of any disease or toxic substance among animals;

    • (n) prohibiting or regulating the holding of markets, fairs, exhibitions or sales of animals;

    • (o) for exempting any disease or toxic substance from the operation of any of the provisions of this Act or any regulation, for the imposition of terms and conditions governing the exemption and for otherwise dealing with the disease or toxic substance;

    • (o.1) exempting, with or without conditions, any animal or thing, or a person or activity in respect of an animal or thing, from the application of this Act or the regulations or a provision of this Act or the regulations;

    • (p) regulating the conduct and operation of zoos and game farms;

    • (q) prescribing sanitary and health measures for establishments in which animal semen and animal embryos are collected, stored, frozen or processed and generally regulating the manner in which they are collected, stored and distributed;

    • (r) prohibiting or regulating testing for diseases;

    • (s) prohibiting or regulating the importation, exportation, preparation, manufacturing, preserving, packaging, labelling, storing, testing, transportation, sale, conditions of sale, advertising for sale, use and disposal of veterinary biologics and regulating their purity, potency, efficacy and safety;

    • (s.1) respecting quality management programs, quality control programs, safety programs, preventive control plans or any other similar programs or plans to be implemented by persons who conduct any activity regulated under this Act;

    • (t) prohibiting or regulating the feeding to animals of any thing that could introduce or spread any disease or toxic substance to animals;

    • (u) regulating the construction, operation and maintenance of animal deadyards, rendering plants and animal food factories;

    • (v) regulating the importation, exportation, preparation, manufacturing, preserving, packaging, labelling, storing, distribution, sale, conditions of sale and advertising for sale of products of animal deadyards, rendering plants and animal food factories;

    • (w) governing the issue, renewal, amendment, suspension and revocation of licences, permits, approvals, certificates or other documents on such terms and conditions as may be required for the purposes of this Act;

    • (w.1) requiring persons to take or keep samples from any animal or thing and to provide the Minister or an inspector or officer with, or with access to, those samples, and respecting the manner in which those samples are to be taken or kept and the manner in which they are to be provided or access to them is to be provided;

    • (x) requiring animals and things to be marked or to have affixed to them tags, seals or other devices for the purposes of this Act, authorizing inspectors or officers to mark animals and things or to affix to them tags, seals or other devices for the purposes of this Act, and prohibiting the removal, breaking, tampering with or altering of those marks, tags, seals or other devices;

    • (y) establishing and governing a national identification system for animals that provides for standards and means of identification;

    • (z) requiring animals to be identified under the system established under paragraph (y) when the ownership or possession of them changes or when they are transported or otherwise dealt with;

    • (z.1) governing the manufacture, sale, distribution or use of any means of identification used in the system established under paragraph (y);

    • (z.2) governing the collection of information and statistics, the publication of studies and the conduct of surveys on any matter related to this Act or the regulations;

    • (z.3) requiring persons to prepare, keep or maintain documents and to provide the Minister or an inspector or officer with, or with access to, those documents, and respecting

      • (i) the information in those documents,

      • (ii) the manner in which they are to be prepared, kept or maintained,

      • (iii) the place where they are to be kept or maintained, and

      • (iv) the manner in which they are to be provided or access to them is to be provided;

    • (z.31) requiring persons to provide to the Minister or any other person authorized by the Minister, in the form and manner that the Minister or other person, as the case may be, directs, information in relation to animals or things to which this Act or the regulations apply, including information in respect of their movements, events in relation to them and places where they are or were located;

    • (z.32) governing the identification of places in respect of which information is to be provided under regulations made under paragraph (z.31);

    • (z.33) prohibiting or governing the use or disclosure of information provided under regulations made under any of paragraphs (y) to (z.1) and (z.31);

    • (z.4) prescribing any fees or charges, or the manner of calculating any fees or charges, required for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act or the regulations; and

    • (z.5) prescribing anything required by this Act to be prescribed, other than anything to be prescribed by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(a) — designation of disease

    (1.1) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(a) may, among other things, authorize the Minister to designate, by notice, diseases for the purposes of those regulations.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of Statutory Instruments Act

    (1.2) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply in respect of a notice given by the Minister under a regulation made under paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(a) — importation of animals or things

    (1.3) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(a) that regulate the importation of animals or things may regulate those animals or things after their importation.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(z.3)

    (1.4) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(z.3) may, among other things, require persons who conduct any activity regulated under this Act and who become aware that an animal by-product, an animal food, an animal product, a product of a rendering plant or a veterinary biologic presents a risk of harm to human or animal health or the environment or does not meet the requirements of the regulations to provide written notice to that effect to the Minister or an inspector or officer.

  • Marginal note:Regulations respecting birds

    (2) The Governor in Council may make regulations for the purposes of maintaining or improving the quality of bird stock and of controlling or eliminating diseases and toxic substances among birds, including regulations

    • (a) regulating the production, marketing and distribution of birds and hatching eggs;

    • (b) prohibiting or regulating the movement of birds and hatching eggs;

    • (c) requiring hatchery operators to register with the Minister annually the names and addresses of persons who act as agents in the marketing of birds produced at the operators’ hatcheries;

    • (d) prescribing the types, sizes, specifications and labelling of packages used by hatchery operators for the marketing of chicks; and

    • (e) governing sanitation in or about hatcheries.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (3) Subsection (2) shall not be construed so as to limit the application of subsection (1) in respect of birds.

  • Definitions of bird and chick

    (4) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), bird means a bird that is or has been in captivity and chick means a bird that is less than seventy-two hours old.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 64;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 76;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 512(F), c. 24, s. 94;
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 95.
 
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