Version of document from 2007-07-01 to 2017-02-02:

Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1422

CANADA SHIPPING ACT, 2001

Regulations Respecting Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment Regulations.

Interpretation

  •  (1) In these Regulations,

    Act

    Act means the Canada Shipping Act; (Loi)

    approved

    approved means approved by the Board; (approuvé)

    Board

    Board means the Board of Steamship Inspection created pursuant to Part VIII of the Act; (Bureau)

    certificate

    certificate means a certificate of inspection issued by an inspector under the Act; (certificat ou brevet)

    Chairman

    Chairman means the Chairman of the Board; (président)

    combination carrier

    combination carrier means a tanker designed to carry, in bulk, oil or solid cargoes; (transporteur combiné)

    deadweight

    deadweight means the difference in tonnes between the weight of water of a specific gravity of 1.025 displaced by a ship loaded to the load water line corresponding to the assigned summer freeboard and the weight of such water displaced by the ship without cargo, fuel, lubricating oil, ballast water, fresh water or feedwater in tanks, consumable stores, passengers, crew and their effects; (port en lourd)

    Divisional Supervisor

    Divisional Supervisor means the officer of the Department of Transport in charge of a Steamship Inspection Division and includes the Regional Superintendent of a Steamship Inspection Division; (surveillant divisionnaire)

    existing ship

    existing ship means a ship that is not a new ship; (navire existant)

    inspector

    inspector means a steamship inspector appointed under the Act; (inspecteur)

    launch

    launch means a steamship in which the passengers are carried in an open cockpit or in a cockpit covered by a light trunk cabin, but does not include a cabin cruiser; (chaloupe)

    length

    length means

    • (a) in the case of a ship that is registered under the Act or required by the Act to be registered,

      • (i) the distance from the forepart of the uppermost end of the stem to the aft side of the head of the stern post, except that if a stern post is not fitted to the ship the measurement shall be taken to the foreside of the head of the rudder stock,

      • (ii) if the ship has no rudder stock or has a rudder stock situated outside of the hull at the stern, the distance from the foreside of the foremost permanent structure to the aft side of the aftermost permanent structure of the ship, not including guards or rubbing strakes, or

      • (iii) if the ship is double-ended, the distance from the aft side of the forward rudder stock to the foreside of the after rudder stock,

    • (b) in the case of a ship that is not required by the Act to be registered, the horizontal distance measured between perpendiculars erected at the extreme ends of the outside of the hull, and

    • (c) in the case of a Safety Convention passenger ship, for the purpose of paragraph 1(1)(e) of Schedule II, the horizontal distance measured between perpendiculars erected at the extreme ends of the deepest subdivision load line; (longueur)

    machinery space

    machinery space means any space within the main hull of a ship that contains the propelling or auxiliary machinery, including pumping units, boilers when installed, and all permanent coal bunkers; (tranche des machines)

    new ship

    new ship means

    • (a) a ship of over five tons, gross tonnage, that is

      • (i) a Safety Convention ship the keel of which was laid on or after November 19, 1952,

      • (ii) a ship, not being a Safety Convention ship, the keel of which was laid on or after March 15, 1956, or

      • (iii) a foreign ship, not being a Safety Convention ship, that is brought under Canadian registry on or after March 15, 1956,

    • (b) a ship not over five tons, gross tonnage, that is certified to carry more than 12 passengers, the construction of which was commenced on or after March 19, 1964; (navire neuf)

    passenger

    passenger means any person carried on a ship, but does not include

    • (a) a person carried on a Safety Convention ship who is

      • (i) the master or a member of the crew or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the ship on the business of that ship, or

      • (ii) a child under one year of age,

    • (b) a person carried on a ship that is not a Safety Convention ship who is

      • (i) the master or a member of the crew, or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the ship on the business of that ship,

      • (ii) the owner or charterer of the ship, a member of his family or a servant connected with his household,

      • (iii) a guest of the owner or charterer of the ship if it is used exclusively for pleasure and the guest is carried on the ship without remuneration or any object of profit, or

      • (iv) a child under one year of age, or

    • (c) a person carried on any ship in pursuance of the obligation laid upon the master to carry shipwrecked, distressed or other persons or by reason of any circumstances that neither the master nor the owner nor the charterer, if any, could have prevented or forestalled; (passager)

    passenger steamship

    passenger steamship means a steamship carrying passengers and in the case of a Safety Convention ship, a steamship carrying more than 12 passengers; (navire à vapeur à passagers)

    pleasure yacht

    pleasure yacht means a ship however propelled that is used exclusively for pleasure and does not carry passengers; (yacht de plaisance)

    Safety Convention ship

    Safety Convention ship means a ship to which the Safety Convention applies; (navire ressortissant à la Convention de sécurité)

    steamship

    steamship means any ship propelled by machinery and not coming within the definition of sailing ship as defined in the Act; (navire à vapeur)

    tanker

    tanker means a steamship constructed or adapted for the carriage in bulk of liquid cargoes of a flammable nature. (navire-citerne)

  • (2) Other words and expressions in these Regulations have the same meaning as in the Act.

  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F).

Application

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), these Regulations apply to

    • (a) ships not over five tons, gross tonnage, that carry more than 12 passengers;

    • (b) passenger ships over five tons, gross tonnage;

    • (c) non-passenger ships over 15 tons, gross tonnage, including lighters, dredges, barges, hoppers and like vessels that are self-propelled; and

    • (d) non-self-propelled dredges, rock drills, floating elevators, floating pile drivers and like vessels that are subject to inspection.

  • (2) These Regulations apply to new ships and in so far as is reasonable and practicable to existing ships.

  • (3) These Regulations do not apply to fishing vessels.

  • (4) Sections 31, 46, 51, 68, 82 and 94 do not apply to ships registered or licensed in Canada after June 1, 1978.

  • (5) Sections 31.1, 46.1, 50.1, 51.1, 68.1, 82.1 and 94.1 apply only to ships registered or licensed in Canada after June 1, 1978.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 1.

Vapourizing Liquid

 Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, the use of a vapourizing liquid fire extinguisher, as set out in these Regulations, is prohibited, except that in radio rooms and at switchboards such an extinguisher may be used if it contains not more than 1.136 L of vapourizing liquid and is used in addition to the other requirements of these Regulations.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 1.

Exemptions

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Board may, if satisfied that it can with propriety do so, exempt any ship from full compliance with any of the requirements of these Regulations.

  • (2) No safety Convention ship that is a new ship and proceeds more than 20 nautical miles from land is exempt from these Regulations.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 2.

Equivalents

 The Board may, in lieu of any arrangement, fitting or appliance prescribed by these Regulations, accept any other arrangement, fitting or appliance that is, on the basis of suitable tests or trials, shown to be at least as effective as that prescribed.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 2.

Special Requirements

  •  (1) Wooden steamships, steel steamships having a considerable amount of woodwork in their superstructure, and steamships that carry cargo of such a nature as to involve extra fire risk shall, in addition to any fire extinguishing equipment required by these Regulations, carry such equipment as the Board may prescribe.

  • (2) In addition to the requirements of these Regulations, vessels making international voyages shall comply with the appropriate requirements of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960.

Submission of Plans and Particulars

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), plans of the fire extinguishing equipment for new passenger ships over five tons, gross tonnage, and new non-passenger ships over 24.4 m in length shall be submitted to the Chairman in triplicate and shall include

    • (a) the general layout of the fire service main with its relief arrangements, position of hydrants and position, capacity and types of all fire pumps;

    • (b) in the case of ships fitted with oil-fired boilers, full particulars of the proposed fire smothering installations, foam, steam or gas, as the case may be, for the boiler rooms, showing the distribution system, screens and coamings, the position of the controls for the installations and the arrangements for closing openings to prevent the admission of air;

    • (c) in the case of ships required to be fitted so that steam or CO2 may be admitted to cargo spaces, full particulars of the proposed installation showing the dimensions and cubic capacity of each compartment to be protected;

    • (d) particulars of the fire extinguishers, manual fire alarms and miscellaneous fire-fighting appliances; and

    • (e) in the case of ships required to be fitted with sprinkler systems under the Hull Construction Regulations, full particulars of the proposed installation showing pump capacities and types, means for bringing pumps automatically into action, connections to pressure tank and dry valve, sea cocks, control valves, pressure gauges, alarm switches, connections to ship’s fire pump, piping systems and location of sprinkler heads.

  • (2) In the case of new passenger ships over five tons, gross tonnage, but not over 18.3 m in length, only those plans that the Divisional Supervisor considers necessary shall be submitted to the Chairman.

  • (3) A Divisional Supervisor may exempt any person from submitting any plans for a ship not over five tons, gross tonnage.

  • (4) Where a ship is to be constructed beyond the limits of the area inspected by a Divisional Supervisor, the plans described in subsection (1) shall be submitted in quadruplicate.

  • (5) Particulars of the fire-extinguishing equipment for new non-passenger ships over 1five tons, gross tonnage, but not over 80 feet in length shall be submitted to the Divisional Supervisor for the area where the ship is undergoing its first inspection and, on completion of the first inspection, the particulars that have been accepted by the Divisional Supervisor shall be forwarded to the Chairman for record purposes.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 3.

Sprinkler Systems

  •  (1) A sprinkler system required by these Regulations shall

    • (a) be of a design approved by the Board; and

    • (b) be constructed and installed in accordance with the requirements of Schedule VI to these Regulations and of the Hull Construction Regulations.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), an inspector may issue a certificate if an existing sprinkler system installed before March 19, 1964, is in good condition and complies in general with the requirements of these Regulations.

  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F).

First Inspection

  •  (1) Before issuing a certificate, an inspector shall inspect and test the fire-extinguishing equipment and the sprinkler, detection and alarm systems of all ships to which these Regulations apply, except those described in subsection (2), in order to ensure that the equipment has been installed in accordance with approved plans and complies with the requirements of the Act and these Regulations.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), an inspector may omit to test for the purposes of that subsection the fire-extinguishing equipment of ships not over five tons, gross tonnage, that carry more than 12 passengers if, on inspection, he considers that testing is not necessary.

  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F).

Periodic Inspections

  •  (1) Ships that are

    • (a) passenger steamships over five tons, gross tonnage,

    • (b) non-passenger steamships over five tons, gross tonnage, if fitted with a boiler that is subject to annual inspection, or

    • (c) non-passenger steamships over 150 tons, gross tonnage,

    shall undergo annual inspection of fire extinguishing equipment as set forth in section 11.

  • (2) Non-passenger steamships over 15 tons, gross tonnage, but not over 150 tons, gross tonnage, that are not fitted with a boiler, shall undergo inspection of fire extinguishing equipment as set forth in section 11, at least once in every four years.

  • (3) Ships not over five tons, gross tonnage, that carry more than 12 passengers shall undergo annual inspection of fire-extinguishing equipment as set forth in section 11 to the extent considered appropriate by the Divisional Supervisor.

 Whenever a ship is inspected, the following procedures apply:

  • (a) fire hoses shall be rigged and fire pumps operated to produce the required jets of water, and where an emergency pump is provided and the generator that supplies the power is situated above the bulkhead deck, the generator shall be started up and the pump shall be operated to produce the jets of water without anyone having to enter the machinery space;

  • (b) in the case of ships fitted with fixed foam installations in machinery spaces, the foam-forming qualities of the solutions shall be checked, and the control gear and the distribution system shall be examined;

  • (c) in the case of ships fitted, in machinery or cargo spaces, with fixed gas fire smothering installations,

    • (i) the operating gear, gas distribution system and every audible alarm fitted to warn of the imminent release of gas shall be examined and tested,

    • (ii) the quantity of gas in every gas cylinder in such installation shall be determined

      • (A) by weighing, or

      • (B) where the temperature of the gas cylinder and its contents does not exceed 28°C, by weighing or by a liquid level detector,

    • (iii) every gas cylinder in such installations that contains less than 90 per cent of its rated full capacity of gas shall be recharged to its rated full capacity, and

    • (iv) where a gas cylinder in such installations is to be recharged and, according to the markings on the cylinder, five or more years have elapsed since the date of the last hydraulic test, the cylinder shall be emptied and hydraulically tested and the date of the test shall be stamped on the cylinder;

  • (d) the means of excluding air from machinery spaces shall be inspected by closing openings and shutting off fans from a position outside the spaces concerned;

  • (e) in the case of ships fitted with fixed smothering steam installations for cargo spaces, the installations shall be tested if the holds are clear of cargo by removing blank flanges, where fitted, and injecting a short blow of steam into each of the spaces in turn;

  • (f) fire detecting systems for cargo spaces shall be inspected by seeing whether smoke from the various compartments can be detected visually, by sounding the audible alarm and by switching over the exhausts into the control station to determine if the smell of smoke can be detected;

  • (g) all manual alarms shall be tested and, in all ships fitted with sprinkler installations, the manual alarm shall be readily distinguishable from the signal given when a sprinkler head comes into operation;

  • (h) in the case of portable and non-portable fluid fire extinguishers, that is to say, those discharging water or foam, the operating mechanism and hose shall be examined and the extinguishers shall be emptied and recharged; and where the inspector has reason to doubt the condition of an extinguisher it shall be tested by hydraulic pressure to 2 068 kPa, and the date this test was carried out shall be marked on the extinguisher;

  • (i) every gas extinguisher shall

    • (i) be weighed to determine the quantity of gas in the extinguisher,

    • (ii) where it contains less than 90 per cent of its rated full capacity of gas, be recharged to its rated full capacity, and

    • (iii) where it is to be recharged and, according to the markings on the extinguisher, five or more years have elapsed since the date of the last hydraulic test, be emptied and hydraulically tested and the date of the test shall be stamped on the extinguisher;

  • (j) dry chemical extinguishers shall be examined to ensure that they contain the specified weight of dry chemical and that they are in good operating condition; the cartridge shall be removed and weighed, and shall be renewed if it weighs 14 g less than the amount stamped on the cartridge;

  • (k) carbon tetrachloride extinguishers shall be examined for satisfactory working condition and to see that they contain the specified amount of carbon tetrachloride;

  • (l) in lieu of examining or witnessing tests of fire extinguishing equipment an inspector may, at his discretion, accept as proof of such an examination or test,

    • (i) in the case of a fixed fire-smothering installation or a fire extinguisher in which the extinguishing medium is stored under pressure, a certificate that attests to the examination or test issued by a company engaged in the manufacture or testing of fire-extinguishing equipment, and

    • (ii) in the case of a fire extinguisher of a type other than those described in subparagraph (i), a written statement that attests to the examination or test signed by the person who was in charge of the examination or test;

  • (m) spare charges that are provided for portable extinguishers in accordance with the requirements of section 13 of Schedule IV shall be examined;

  • (n) the inspector shall see that extinguishers have been tagged to show the date they were last charged;

  • (o) the inspector shall see that portable fire extinguishers are stowed in positions whereby they will be readily accessible in the case of fire in the compartment in which they are intended to serve;

  • (p) if extinguishers have been repainted the inspector shall see that the maker’s original marks were retained;

  • (q) the inspector shall satisfy himself that breathing apparatus, smoke helmets and smoke masks are in good condition and that the air hose is of sufficient length for the particular ship; where the air hose is in two or more lengths for coupling together, the inspector shall satisfy himself that the proper male and female couplings are fitted to provide for one continuous length of hose; life lines and air hoses shall be stretched, harnesses shall be examined and the outfit and safety lamps shall be tested;

  • (r) in ships fitted with sprinkler installations a general inspection of the installation shall be made and the following tests shall be carried out:

    • (i) the automatic cutting in of the sprinkler pump shall be tested,

    • (ii) in dry pipe systems, the tripping arrangement of all dry valves shall be tested and valves shall be properly reset after operation,

    • (iii) the pressure drop at which the pump cuts in shall be noted and care shall be taken to ensure that the level of the fresh water in the pressure tank is brought up to the correct level after the test,

    • (iv) the automatic alarms and indicators shall be tested by opening in rotation the test valve at each section and by operating the local switches at each section, and

    • (v) all sprinkler heads shall be examined;

  • (s) where a public address system is required to be fitted in a ship by these Regulations, the inspector shall test the system and satisfy himself that it is effective and in good working order;

  • (t) the inspector shall satisfy himself that all equipment, apparatus or appliances provided in accordance with these Regulations are in good working order and available for immediate use;

  • (u) in ships fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion engines, the inspector shall examine the bilges and tank tops in machinery spaces to see that there is no accumulation of oil which might create a fire hazard;

  • (v) where the Regulations require an adequate quantity of sand to be provided, it shall be on the basis of not less than 30 L of sand for each 15 m of length of the ship.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 4;
  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F).

 Every CO2 fire extinguisher in a ship and every gas cylinder in a fixed CO2 fire smothering installation fitted in machinery or cargo spaces of a ship shall be hydraulically tested at least every 12 years.

 The requirements for fire patrols, fire alarms, fire detection and public address systems are set forth in Schedule I.

 The requirements for fire pumps, water service pipes, hydrants and hoses are set forth in Schedule II.

 The requirements for fixed installations for smothering by foam, gas or steam and for stopping of fans and closing of openings are set forth in Schedule III.

 The requirements for fire extinguishers, portable and non-portable, are set forth in Schedule IV.

 The requirements for breathing apparatus, smoke helmets, smoke masks, safety lamps and fireman’s axes are set forth in Schedule V.

 The requirements for automatic sprinkler systems are set forth in Schedule VI.

 Ships of Classes B, C, and J shall comply with the requirements for precautions to be taken against fire in small motor ships, set forth in Schedule VII.

Classification of Steamships

  •  (1) For the purpose of these Regulations, steamships are classified as follows:

    • (a) Class A ships, consisting of

      • (i) steamships fit to carry more than 12 passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) foreign,

        • (B) home-trade, Class I,

        • (C) home-trade, Class II,

        • (D) inland waters, Class I,

        • (E) home-trade, Class III, on international voyages,

      • (ii) steamships over 45.7 m in length fit to carry more than 12 passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) home-trade, Class III, other than on international voyages,

        • (B) home-trade, Class IV,

        • (C) inland waters, Class II,

        • (D) minor waters, Class I,

        • (E) minor waters, Class II;

    • (b) Class B ships, consisting of

      • (i) steamships not over 1,000 tons, gross tonnage, and not over 45.7 m in length fit to carry not more than 12 passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) foreign,

        • (B) home-trade, Class I,

        • (C) home-trade, Class II,

      • (ii) steamships not over 45.7 m in length fit to carry not more than 12 passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) home-trade, Class III, on international voyages,

        • (B) inland waters, Class I,

      • (iii) steamships, other than launches, over five tons, gross tonnage, and not over 45.7 m in length fit to carry passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) home-trade, Class III, other than on international voyages,

        • (B) home-trade, Class IV,

        • (C) inland waters, Class II,

        • (D) minor waters, Class I,

        • (E) minor waters, Class II;

    • (c) Class C ships, consisting of

      • (i) ships and launches, not over five tons, gross tonnage, fit to carry more than 12 passengers, and

      • (ii) launches over five tons, gross tonnage, fit to carry passengers and to make voyages as follows:

        • (A) home-trade, Class III,

        • (B) home-trade, Class IV,

        • (C) inland waters, Class II,

        • (D) minor waters, Class I,

        • (E) minor waters, Class II;

    • (d) Class E ships, consisting of barges, scows and like vessels that are fit to carry passengers and are towed by a steamship or operated on a cable;

    • (e) Class G ships, consisting of steamships over 1,000 tons, gross tonnage, not fit to carry passengers or fit to carry not more than 12 passengers, making voyages as follows:

      • (i) foreign,

      • (ii) home-trade, Class I,

      • (iii) home-trade, Class II;

    • (f) Class H ships, consisting of

      • (i) steamships over 45.7 m in length not carrying passengers or carrying not more than 12 passengers, other than ships of Class G, and

      • (ii) steamships not over 45.7 m in length, not carrying passengers;

    • (g) Class J ships, consisting of steamships not over 15 tons, gross tonnage, not carrying passengers;

    • (h) Class K ships, consisting of barges that are towed and do not carry passengers but carry a crew, excluding barges that carry waste material or material that has been excavated or dredged;

    • (i) Class L ships, consisting of dredges, rock drills, floating elevators, pile drivers or like ships or vessels that are not self-propelled.

  • (2) A reference to a home-trade, inland waters or minor waters voyage by class means that class as defined in the Home-trade, Inland and Minor Waters Voyages Regulations.

  • (3) Waste material in paragraph (1)(h) includes excreta, ashes and garbage.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 5;
  • SOR/84-569, s. 1.

Class A Ships

Fire Patrol, Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), every class a ship shall be provided with

    • (a) an efficient and continuous patrol system maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected;

    • (b) manual fire alarms throughout the passenger spaces and crew spaces so as to enable the fire patrol to give an alarm immediately to the bridge or the fire control station; and

    • (c) suitable means for connection to a fire alarm system on shore where the ship with passengers is to be tied up at a dock for a period exceeding one hour, or to the local telephone system where there is no fire alarm system, and such means shall be connected immediately on the arrival of the ship.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (4), every Class A ship shall be provided with a fire alarm or fire detection system that will be capable of indicating at one or more points in the ship the presence and the position of fire in any part of the ship that is inaccessible to the fire patrol so as to come rapidly to the notice of the master and the crew, except that in the case of any ship engaged on voyages not exceeding 48 hours duration, if the cargo holds are opened within that time, the holds may be deemed accessible to and included in the fire patrol and an automatic fire detecting system need not be fitted.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), every Class A ship certified to carry more than 100 passengers shall be provided with an effective public address system for use in directing the passengers and crew in case of an emergency, and such system shall have at least two announcing stations located in widely separated parts of the ship and effective loud speakers fitted throughout the ship to the satisfaction of the Board.

  • (4) This section does not apply to a ship unless it is

    • (a) a Safety Convention ship; or

    • (b) a passenger steamship making a home-trade voyage, an inland voyage or a minor waters voyage,

      • (i) that is certified to carry more than 25 berthed passengers or more than 50 berthed and unberthed passengers, or

      • (ii) that does not carry berthed passengers but is certified to carry more than 100 unberthed passengers and the length of the voyage from the point of commencement to the farthest outward point exceeds 15 nautical miles, or the distance from shore at any time exceeds five nautical miles.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 6.

Passenger and Crew Spaces

  •  (1) Every Class A ship shall be provided

    • (a) with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed upon any of the passenger and crew spaces when all watertight doors and all doors in bulkheads constructed in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations are closed;

    • (b) on each deck in each passenger and crew space with at least two 9 L fluid fire extinguishers; and

    • (c) if passengers are carried in enclosed spaces above the bulkhead deck with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher on each side of the ship in such spaces.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), there shall be at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher for each 230 m2 of enclosed deck area or fraction thereof.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 7.

Vehicle Decks

  •  (1) Every Class A ship engaged in the carriage of vehicles shall be provided

    • (a) with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed upon any part of the vehicle decks when all watertight doors and all doors in bulkheads constructed in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations are closed; and

    • (b) on each deck in each vehicle space, with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, and one additional such extinguisher for each 138 m2 of deck area or fraction thereof.

  • (2) Every hydrant on a vehicle deck shall be provided with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 8.

Galleys

 Every Class A ship shall be provided in each galley with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 230 m2 of deck area or fraction thereof of such spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 9.

Motion Pictures

 Every Class A ship using flammable film for motion pictures shall have fire protection arrangements as prescribed in the Hull Construction Regulations, and when a motion picture is being shown there shall be provided at the cabinet, or at each projector that is not enclosed in a cabinet, a 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, and an approved smothering blanket.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 9.

Cargo Spaces and Store Rooms

  •  (1) Every Class A ship shall be provided with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any cargo space or storeroom.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every Class A ship of 1,000 tons, gross tonnage, or over, shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into any compartment for the carriage of cargo and the volume of free gas shall be at least equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship that is capable of being effectively closed, except that steam may be substituted for smothering gas in any ship in which there are available boilers capable of generating 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to any ship engaged on voyages of not over 48 hours duration, if the cargo holds are opened within that time to discharge or receive cargo.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 10.

Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Compartments

 Every Class A ship shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas or steam can be rapidly conveyed into all lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar compartments by a permanent piping system that shall be constructed in accordance with Schedule III to these Regulations but, where C02 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 11.

Spaces Fitted with Oil-fired Domestic Boilers or Oil-fired Domestic Heating Units

 Every Class A ship having spaces fitted with automatically controlled oil-fired domestic boilers or automatically controlled oil-fired domestic heating units shall be provided in such spaces

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the number of burners does not exceed two; and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner where more than two burners are fitted; but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 12.

Machinery Spaces — General

  •  (1) Every Class A ship shall be provided with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any part of the coal bunker spaces, and the machinery spaces.

  • (2) Every Class A ship in which the main boilers are coal-fired shall be provided with at least two 9 L fluid fire extinguishers in each of the boiler rooms and engine rooms.

  • (3) Every Class A ship propelled by steam and having auxiliary motor machinery shall carry in the space containing such machinery one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire-extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (4) Every Class A ship propelled by internal combustion engines and having auxiliary motor machinery in a space separate from the main machinery shall carry in such space one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (5) Every Class A ship having oil-fired domestic boilers or oil-fired domestic heating units in the machinery space, shall be provided in such space with fire-extinguishing equipment as prescribed in section 28.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 13.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Main or Auxiliary Oil-fired Boilers

  •  (1) Every Class A ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the machinery spaces

    • (a) with at least two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) in each firing space with a receptacle containing at least 300 L of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material;

    • (c) in each firing space and in each compartment that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation, with at least two 9 L foam fire extinguishers, or two equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV;

    • (d) with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 135 L capacity where there is only one boiler room, and two such extinguishers where there is more than one boiler room, or with equivalent extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV, and the extinguishers shall be fitted with a hose capable of reaching every part of the boiler room and of any space that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation; and

    • (e) with a foam installation

      • (i) whereby foam can be rapidly discharged and distributed over each boiler room and over any space that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation,

      • (ii) in which the foam available for discharge is sufficient in quantity to cover to a depth of 150 mm the largest single area over which fuel oil may be spread in the event of leakage,

      • (iii) that is capable of being controlled from a readily accessible position not likely to be cut off in the event of fire, and

      • (iv) that, in the case of fixed installation, meets the requirements of Schedule III.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a foam installation described in paragraph (e) thereof is not required on a ship where the boiler room and the space containing the fuel oil installation are adequately protected by a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas or water at high pressure.

  • (3) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), where the engine room and boiler room of a ship are not separated from each other by a bulkhead and fuel oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, such rooms shall be regarded as a single area.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 14.

Engine Rooms in Motor Ships

  •  (1) Every Class A ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall be provided, in the compartment containing the machinery,

    • (a) with two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or fraction thereof, but in no case need there be more than six such extinguishers and in no case shall there be less than two such extinguishers in any one compartment; and

    • (c) with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 135 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, but in any ship in which fire extinguishers are provided in a boiler room in accordance with paragraph 30(d), the extinguisher required by this paragraph need not exceed 45 L capacity in the case of a foam extinguisher or its equivalent as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (2) Every Class A ship using fuel having a flash point (Pensky Marten, closed-cup) of less than 52°C, for main or auxiliary purposes shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided in the machinery spaces where such units are used with a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas; the volume of free gas to be provided shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the total volume of the space (see Schedule III).

  • (3) Every Class A ship propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), comply with the requirements of section 30, but if the net area beneath the boiler enclosed by coamings is 9.3 m2 or less, the fire extinguishers required by paragraphs 30(c) and (d) need not be additional to similar extinguishers already provided in the space.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 15.
  •  (1) Every Class A ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with

    • (a) two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with a dual-purpose nozzle capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off;

    • (b) at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV;

    • (c) at least one portable foam applicator unit consisting of an inductor type of air-foam nozzle capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose, together with a portable tank containing at least 20 L of foam-making liquid and one spare tank; and

    • (d) one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or part thereof, but the total number of fire extinguishers provided pursuant to this paragraph shall be not less than two and need not exceed six.

  • (2) Every Class A ship in which internal combustion machinery

    • (a) is used for main propulsion, or

    • (b) is used for any other purpose and has in the aggregate a total power of not less than 373 kW,

    shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with one of the following fixed fire-extinguishing systems that complies with the requirements set out in Schedule III;

    • (c) a foam system;

    • (d) a high expansion foam system;

    • (e) a gas system; or

    • (f) a pressure water-spraying system.

  • (3) Every Class A ship propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler situated in the compartment containing that machinery shall, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), be provided with at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV, suitably stowed in the vicinity of the boiler.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 2;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 16.

Fire Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class A ship under 4,000 tons, gross tonnage, shall be provided with at least two fire pumps operated by power, and every Class A ship of 4,000 tons, gross tonnage, or over, shall be provided with at least three fire pumps operated by power.

  • (2) In every Class A ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers, or internal combustion propelling machinery, the arrangements of sea connections, pumps, and the sources of power for operating them, shall be such as will ensure that a fire in any one compartment will not put all the fire pumps out of action; fire pumps shall not all be located in the same compartment but shall be arranged so that at least one pump and its source of power will remain available if a fire in any one compartment would make it impossible to use the other pump or pumps or their source of power; in some cases this requirement can be met by utilizing the submersible bilge pump and providing it with power from an emergency generator situated above the bulkhead deck; in such cases the emergency generator, the submersible pump, the controls and electric leads between the pump motor and the generator shall be clear of the engine and boiler room.

  • (3) Where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Board that it is unreasonable or impracticable for any Class A ship of less than 91.4 m in length to comply with subsection (2), the Board may allow such a ship to be fitted with additional smothering gas as an alternative means of extinguishing a fire in any one compartment that would put out of action the pumps provided for fire extinguishing purposes; the smothering gas to be provided as alternative means shall be in accordance with section 7 of Schedule III.

  • (4) In every Class A ship over 22.9 m in length, at least one of the power fire pumps shall be fitted with an automatic control whereby full pressure will be maintained on the fire mains at all times while passengers are on board, but during conditions that may lead to freezing of sections of the pipelines, pressure need not be maintained on these sections; a pressure gauge shall be fitted on the fire main.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 17.

Water Pipes, Hydrants and Fire Hoses

  •  (1) Every Class A ship shall be provided with water pipes and hydrants; the diameter of the water pipes shall be sufficient to enable an adequate supply of water to be provided for the simultaneous operation of at least two fire hoses and for the projection thereby of two powerful jets of water; the number and position of the hydrants shall be such that at least two such jets may be directed into any part of the ship by means of two fire hoses each not over 18 m in length, each jet being supplied from a separate hydrant; at least one fire hose shall be provided for each hydrant.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every Class A ship tied up to or alongside a dock shall be provided with

    • (a) auxiliary means of connecting the water pipes of the ship to fire equipment on the shore,

    • (b) suitable adapters for connecting to shore hydrants, and

    • (c) sufficient certified and uncertified personnel to man the fire stations,

    and where the ship has passengers on board, constant pressure shall be maintained on the ship’s fire main either by the ship’s pumping system or by shore supply.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a ship unless it is

    • (a) a Safety Convention ship; or

    • (b) a passenger steamship, making a home-trade voyage, an inland voyage or a minor waters voyage,

      • (i) that is certified to carry more than 25 berthed passengers or more than 50 berthed and unberthed passengers, or

      • (ii) that does not carry berthed passengers but is certified to carry more than 100 unberthed passengers and the length of the voyage from the point of commencement to the farthest outward point exceeds 15 nautical miles, or the distance from shore at any point exceeds five nautical miles.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 18.

Fireman’s Outfits

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every Class A ship shall be provided with at least two fireman’s outfits that

    • (a) comply with Schedule V; and

    • (b) are located in widely separated places.

  • (2) Every Class A ship not over 76.2 m in length that is a home-trade steamship Class III, a home-trade steamship Class IV, an inland steamship Class II or a minor waters steamship shall be provided with at least one fireman’s outfit that complies with Schedule V.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 19.

Portable Drilling Machine

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every Class A ship shall be provided with a portable electric drilling machine to provide emergency means of access to fires through decks, casings or bulkheads and a supply of drills of various sizes up to at least 13 mm.

  • (2) Every Class A ship that is a home-trade steamship, Class IV, or a minor waters steamship Class II is exempt from the requirements of subsection (1).

  • SOR/81-738, s. 20.

Fire Buckets and Fire Axes

  •  (1) Every Class A ship not over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with at least six fire buckets.

  • (2) Every Class A ship shall be provided with at least one fire axe for each 15 m of length of the ship but in no case with less than three fire axes.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 21.

Class B Ships

Fire Patrol, Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), every Class B ship shall be provided with

    • (a) an efficient and continuous patrol system maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected;

    • (b) manual fire alarms throughout the passenger spaces and crew spaces so as to enable the fire patrol to give an alarm immediately to the bridge or the fire control station; and

    • (c) suitable means for connection to a fire alarm system on shore where the ship with passengers is to be tied up at a dock for a period exceeding one hour, or to the local telephone system where there is no fire alarm system, and such means shall be connected immediately on the arrival of the ship.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (4), every Class B ship shall be provided with a fire alarm or fire detection system that will be capable of indicating at one or more points in the ship the presence and the position of fire in any part of the ship that is inaccessible to the fire patrol so as to come rapidly to the notice of the master and the crew, except that in the case of any ship engaged on voyages of not over 48 hours duration, if the cargo holds are opened within that time, the holds may be deemed accessible to and included in the fire patrol and an automatic fire-detecting system need not be fitted.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), every Class B ship certified to carry more than 100 passengers shall be provided with an effective public address system for use in directing the passengers and crew in case of an emergency, and such system shall have at least two announcing stations located in widely separated parts of the ship and effective loud speakers fitted throughout the ship to the satisfaction of the Board.

  • (4) This section does not apply to a ship unless it is a passenger steamship making a home-trade voyage, an inland voyage or a minor waters voyage

    • (a) that is certified to carry more than 25 berthed passengers or more than 50 berthed and unberthed passengers; or

    • (b) that does not carry berthed passengers but is certified to carry more than 100 unberthed passengers and the length of the voyage from the point of commencement to the farthest outward point exceeds 15 nautical miles, or the distance from shore at any time exceeds five nautical miles.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 22.

Passenger and Crew Spaces

  •  (1) Every Class B ship shall be provided with appliances whereby a powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed upon any part of the passenger and crew spaces.

  • (2) Every Class B ship shall be provided

    • (a) with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in each of the passenger and crew spaces on or above the main deck so that there will be at least one such extinguisher for each 15 m in length or fraction thereof of such spaces; and

    • (b) with at least two 9 L fluid fire extinguishers in each of the passenger and crew spaces below the main deck so that there will be at least two such extinguishers for each 15 m in length or fraction thereof of such spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 23.

Vehicle Decks

  •  (1) Every Class B ship engaged in the carriage of vehicles shall be provided

    • (a) with appliances whereby a powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed upon any part of the vehicle deck; and

    • (b) on the vehicle deck with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, and one additional such fire extinguisher for each 138 m2 of deck area or fraction thereof.

  • (2) Every Class B ship over 22.9 m in length that is engaged in the carriage of vehicles shall be provided on the vehicle deck with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 24.

Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Compartments

 Every Class B ship shall be provided with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, at all lamp rooms, paint lockers or similar compartments.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 25.

Cargo Spaces and Store Rooms

 Every Class B ship shall be provided with apparatus whereby a powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any store room or cargo space.

Galleys

 Every Class B ship shall be provided in each galley with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 26.

Spaces Fitted with Oil-fired Domestic Boilers or Oil-fired Domestic Heating Units

 Every Class B ship having spaces fitted with automatically controlled oil-fired domestic boilers or automatically controlled oil-fired domestic heating units shall be provided in such spaces

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, when the number of burners does not exceed two; and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner when more than two burners are fitted; but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 27.

Machinery Space — General

  •  (1) Every Class B ship propelled by steam and having auxiliary motor machinery shall carry in the space containing such machinery one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (2) Every Class B ship propelled by internal combustion engines and having auxiliary motor machinery in a space separate from the main machinery, shall carry in such space one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (3) Every Class B ship having oil-fired domestic boilers or oil-fired domestic heating units in the machinery space shall be provided in such space with fire-extinguishing equipment as prescribed in section 45.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 28.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Main or Auxiliary Oil-fired Boilers

 Every Class B ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers, shall be provided in the machinery spaces

  • (a) in the case of ships over 22.9 m in length, with at least one fire hydrant and fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

  • (b) in the case of ships over 15.2 m but not over 22.9 m in length, with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil by means of the fire hose referred to in subsection 48(1);

  • (c) in each firing space with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material;

  • (d) in each boiler room and in each machinery space that contains the whole or part of the oil fuel installation, with two 9 L foam fire extinguishers or two equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV;

  • (e) in the case of ships over 22.9 m in length, with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 135 L capacity with hose suitable for reaching every part of the boiler room and of any space that contains the oil fuel installation, or an equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV; and

  • (f) in the case of ships not over 22.9 m in length, with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 45 L capacity with hose suitable for reaching every part of the boiler room and of any space that contains the oil fuel installation, or an equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 29.

Engine Rooms in Motor Ships

  •  (1) Every Class B ship propelled by internal combustion engines shall be provided in the compartment containing the machinery

    • (a) in the case of ships over 22.9 m in length, with at least one fire hydrant and fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) in the case of ships over 15.2 m but not over 22.9 m in length, with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil by means of the fire hose referred to in subsection 48(1);

    • (c) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or fraction thereof, but in no case need there be more than six such extinguishers and in no case shall there be less than two extinguishers in any ship;

    • (d) in the case of ships over 30.5 m in length, with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 45 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher, as set forth in Schedule IV; and

    • (e) in the case of ships over 22.9 m in length, but not over 30.5 m in length, with one foam fire extinguisher of at least 22.5 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (2) Every Class B ship over 15.2 m in length, which uses fuel having a flashpoint (Pensky Marten, closed-cup) of less than 52°C for main or auxiliary purposes, shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided in the machinery spaces where such units are used with a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas; the volume of free gas to be provided shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the total volume of the space (see Schedule III).

  • (3) Every Class B ship propelled by internal combustion engines and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), comply with the requirements of section 45, but if the net area beneath the boiler enclosed by coamings is 9.3 m2 or less, the fire extinguishing equipment required by paragraphs 45(d), (e) and (f) need not be additional to similar extinguishers already provided in the space.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 30.
  •  (1) Every Class B ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with

    • (a) in the case of a ship over 24.4 m in length, at least one fire hydrant and a fire hose with a dual-purpose nozzle capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off;

    • (b) in the case of a ship over 15.2 m but not over 24.4 m in length, a dual-purpose nozzle capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off, when used with the fire hose referred to in subsection 48(1);

    • (c) in the case of a ship over 24.4 m in length, at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV; and

    • (d) one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or part thereof, but the total number of fire extinguishers provided pursuant to this paragraph shall be not less than two and need not exceed six.

  • (2) Every Class B ship over 15.2 m in length in which internal combustion machinery

    • (a) is used for main propulsion, or

    • (b) is used for any other purpose and has in the aggregate a total power of not less than 373 kW,

    shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with one of the following fixed for extinguishing systems that complies with the requirements set out in Schedule III:

    • (c) a foam system;

    • (d) a high expansion foam system;

    • (e) a gas system; or

    • (f) a pressure water-spraying system.

  • (3) Every Class B ship propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler situated in the compartment containing the machinery shall, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), be provided with at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV suitably stowed in the vicinity of the boiler.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 3;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 31.

Fire Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class B ship not over 15.2 m in length shall be provided with one manual fire pump that

    • (a) is situated outside the machinery space; and

    • (b) has its own sea suction valve capable of being controlled from outside the machinery space.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every Class B ship over 15.2 m in length shall be provided with at least one fire pump operated by power.

  • (3) Every Class B ship over 15.2 m in length fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers on internal combustion propelling machinery shall be provided with an additional fire pump that

    • (a) is operated either manually or by power;

    • (b) is, along with its source of power, located in a separate compartment to the pump prescribed by subsection (2); and

    • (c) has its own sea suction valve capable of being controlled from outside the machinery space.

  • (4) In every Class B ship over 22.9 m in length carrying more than 12 passengers, at least one of the power fire pumps shall be fitted with an automatic control whereby full pressure will be maintained on the fire mains at all times while passengers are on board excepting that where piping is liable to frost damage such piping may be maintained in a drained condition provided the shut-off valve and drainage cocks are located in a readily accessible location with a pressure gauge being installed on the drainable section of the piping immediately adjacent to the shut-off valve.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 32.

Water Pipes, Hydrants and Fire Hoses

  •  (1) Every Class B ship shall be provided with water pipes and hydrants; the water pipes to be of ample diameter and the number and position of the hydrants to be such that at least one powerful jet of water may be directed into any part of the ship by means of a fire hose not over 18 m in length and at least one fire hose shall be provided for each hydrant.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every Class B ship tied up to or alongside a dock shall be provided with

    • (a) auxiliary means of connecting the water pipes of the ship to fire equipment on the shore,

    • (b) suitable adapters for connecting to shore hydrants, and

    • (c) sufficient certified and uncertified personnel to man the fire stations,

    and where the ship has passengers on board, constant pressure shall be maintained on the ship’s fire main either by the ship’s pumping system or by shore supply.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a ship unless it is a passenger steamship making a home-trade voyage, an inland voyage, or a minor waters voyage,

    • (a) that is certified to carry more than 25 berthed passengers or more than 50 berthed and unberthed passengers; or

    • (b) that does not carry berthed passengers but is certified to carry more than 100 unberthed passengers and where the length of the voyage from the point of commencement to the farthest outward point exceeds 15 nautical miles, or the distance from shore at any point exceeds five nautical miles.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 33.

Fire Buckets and Fire Axes

  •  (1) Every Class B ship shall be provided in accordance with its length with fire buckets and fire axes as follows:

    Length of shipNumber of fire bucketsNumber of fire axes
    22.9 m and over42
    Under 22.9 m31
  • (2) Fire buckets shall be fitted with lanyards of sufficient length to enable the buckets to be filled from the sea.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 34.

Class C Ships

 Every Class C ship over 22.9 m in length shall be provided with at least one manual or power fire pump, and appliances whereby a powerful jet of water can be directed into any part of the ship.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 35.

 Notwithstanding section 50, in the case of a Class C ship that is over 15.2 m in length and propelled by internal combustion machinery, the fire pump required by that section shall be operated by power.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 4;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 35;
  • SOR/83-175, s. 1(F).
  •  (1) Every Class C ship shall be provided

    • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

    • (b) with foam fire extinguishers and carbon tetrachloride fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

      Foam extinguishersCarbon tetrachloride extinguishers
      Length of shipNumberCapacityNumberCapacity
      Not over 6.1 m 14.5 L
      Over 6.1 m but not over 10.7 m19 L11.136 L
      Over 10.7 m but not over 15.2 m19 L21.136 L
      Over 15.2 m but not over 22.9 m29 L21.136 L
      Over 22.9 m 39 L21.136 L
  • (2) Every Class C ship over 15.2 m in length that uses fuel having a flashpoint (Pensky Marten, closed cup) of less than 52°C for main or auxiliary purposes shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided, in the machinery spaces where such units are used, with a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas; the volume of free gas to be provided shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the total volume of the space (see Schedule III).

  • SOR/81-738, s. 36.
  •  (1) Every Class C ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall be provided with foam fire extinguishers of not less than 9 L capacity in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set out in Schedule IV:

    TABLE

    Length of ShipNumber of Foam Fire Extinguishers
    Not over 15.2 m2
    Over 15.2 m but not over 30.5 m3
    Over 30.5 m4
  • (2) Every Class C ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with a fixed gas smothering system that complies with the requirements set out in Schedule III, except that where the machinery space is so open to the atmosphere as to make the use of a fixed system ineffective, no such system need be fitted.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 5;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 37.
  •  (1) Every Class C ship shall be provided with fire buckets in accordance with the following table:

    Length of shipNumber of fire buckets
    Not over 10.7 m1
    Over 10.7 m but not over 22.9 m2
    Over 22.9 m4
  • (2) Fire buckets shall be fitted with lanyards of sufficient length to enable the buckets to be filled from the sea.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 38.

Class D Ships

 [Repealed, SOR/84-508, s. 1]

Class E Ships

 Every Class E ship that is towed by a steamship, or is operated on a cable by hand power, shall, if it carries vehicles propelled by internal combustion engines be provided

  • (a) with two receptacles placed at widely separated parts of the ship, each containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires, and scoops for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 15 m in length of the ship or fraction thereof.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 40.

 Every Class E ship that is operated on a cable by mechanical power and is not towed shall be provided

  • (a) with two receptacles placed at widely separated parts of the ship, each containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires, and scoops for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with foam fire extinguishers and carbon tetrachloride fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Foam extinguishersCarbon tetrachloride extinguishers
    Length of shipNumberCapacityNumberCapacity
    Not over 15.2 m19 L11.136 L
    Over 15.2 mOne 9 L foam extinguisher for every 15 m in length of the ship or fraction thereof21.136 L
  • SOR/81-738, s. 41.

Class F Ships

 [Repealed, SOR/84-508, s. 2]

Class G Ships

Cargo Spaces

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), every Class G ship shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into any compartment appropriated for the carriage of cargo; the volume of free gas available shall be at least equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship that is capable of being effectively closed.

  • (2) A steam installation complying with Schedule III may be substituted for fire-smothering gas in any ship in which there are available boilers capable of generating 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship, or, in the case of a tanker, a foam installation, complying with Schedule III, may be substituted for fire-smothering gas except that foam shall not be used for dry cargo spaces.

  • (3) The Board may exempt any ship, other than a tanker, from the requirements of this section

    • (a) if the holds are provided with steel hatch covers and effective means of closing all ventilators and other openings leading to the holds; or

    • (b) if the ship is constructed for, and employed solely in the carriage of, ore or coal; or

    • (c) if it is satisfied that to require compliance with this section would be unreasonable on account of the short duration of the voyages the ship makes.

  • (4) Every ship that complies with section 58 is exempt from the requirements of this section.

  • (5) Every Class G ship under 2,000 tons, gross tonnage, that is not a tanker, is exempt from the requirements of this section.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 43.
  •  (1) Every Class G ship that is

    • (a) a tanker of 100 000 tonnes deadweight or over, or

    • (b) a combination carrier of 50 000 tonnes deadweight or over

    shall, for the protection of the cargo tank deck area and the cargo tank, be provided with

    • (c) a fixed deck foam system that meets the requirements of section 9 of Schedule III; and

    • (d) a fixed inert gas system that meets the requirements of section 10 of Schedule III.

  • (2) Every Class G ship described in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) that is equipped with a system described in paragraph (d) shall carry an instruction manual covering operational safety and occupational health requirements.

Pumps Rooms

 Every Class G ship that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas, steam or foam can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into the pump rooms; if fire-smothering gas is used, the volume of free gas to be provided shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the total volume of space (see Schedule III).

Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Compartments

 Every Class G ship shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas or steam can be rapidly conveyed into all lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar compartments by a permanent piping system that shall be constructed in accordance with Schedule III of these Regulations but, where CO2 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 44.

Fire Hoses and Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class G ship shall be provided with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any part of the ship, at least one of which shall be from a single length of hose; such appliances shall include at least two pumps operated by power, and at least three fire hoses; in any case, at least one fire hose shall be provided for every 30 m in length of the ship or fraction thereof.

  • (2) If, in any Class G ship that is a tanker, the engine room and the boiler room are not separated from each other by a bulkhead, and fuel oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, one of the pumps described in subsection (1) shall be located in an accessible space separate from the machinery space.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), in every Class G ship that is a tanker a minimum of three combination solid stream and water fog nozzles shall be carried on deck exclusive of those required for the machinery spaces and the nozzles shall be capable of producing a solid stream or a high velocity fog and of being shut off, and, in addition, three applicators equipped with a low velocity water fog tip capable of being attached directly to the nozzle or the hose shall be provided and the fog nozzles and applicators referred to herein shall be located in such parts of the tanker as are most convenient and of most use in the case of an emergency.

  • (4) Where a self-cleaning strainer is not contained within the nozzle or the applicator that is attached directly to the hose referred to in subsection (3), a self-cleaning strainer shall be attached to the fire hydrant.

  • (5) Notwithstanding subsection (3) every Class G ship that is a tanker and that is registered in Canada after January 1, 1977 shall be provided with

    • (a) for each length of hose required by these Regulations, one hose nozzle of a dual-purpose type capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off; and

    • (b) three applicators, each equipped with a low velocity water fog tip capable of being attached directly to the hose nozzle.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 45.

Alternative Means of Extinguishing Fire

  •  (1) If, in any Class G ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers or with internal combustion engine propelling machinery, a fire in any one compartment might put out of action every fire pump provided in the ship, alternative means of extinguishing the fire shall be provided in accordance with subsection (2).

  • (2) The alternative means of extinguishing the fire can be met by providing an independent, self-contained, compression-ignition, engine-driven, pumping unit in accordance with the requirements of section 2 of Schedule II; but, where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Board that such an arrangement is unreasonable or impracticable, the fitting of smothering gas as alternative means of extinguishing the fire may be allowed; the smothering gas to be provided as an alternative means shall be in accordance with section 7 of Schedule III.

Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every Class G ship shall be provided with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in every compartment of the crew and passenger spaces; the number of such extinguishers shall be not less than five.

  • (2) Every Class G ship that is a tanker shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided with at least three 9 L foam fire extinguishers, or equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (3) The extinguishers prescribed in subsection (2) shall be located in such parts of the tanker as in the opinion of an inspector will be most convenient and serviceable in case of an emergency.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 46.

Galleys

 Every Class G ship shall be provided in each galley with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 230 m2 of deck area or fraction thereof of such spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 47.

Spaces Fitted with Oil-fired Domestic Boilers or Oil-fired Domestic Heating Units

 Every Class G ship having spaces fitted with automatically controlled oil-fired domestic boilers or automatically controlled oil-fired domestic heating units shall be provided in such spaces

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, when the number of burners does not exceed two; and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner when more than two burners are fitted; but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 48.

Machinery Spaces — General

  •  (1) Every Class G ship propelled by steam and having auxiliary motor machinery shall carry in the space containing such machinery one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (2) Every Class G ship propelled by internal combustion engines and having auxiliary motor machinery in a space separate from the main machinery, shall carry in such space one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (3) Every Class G ship having oil-fired domestic boilers or oil-fired domestic heating units in the machinery space shall be provided in such space with fire extinguishing equipment as prescribed in section 65.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 49.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Main or Auxiliary Oil-fired Boilers

  •  (1) Every Class G ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the machinery spaces:

    • (a) with at least two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) in each firing space, with a receptacle containing at least 300 L of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material;

    • (c) in each firing space and in each compartment that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation, with at least 9 L foam fire extinguishers, or two equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV;

    • (d) with one foam fire extinguisher of

      • (i) at least 45 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, in each boiler room if the number of burners therein is five or more, or

      • (ii) 9 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each burner if the number of burners in a boiler room is less than five; and

    • (e) with a foam installation

      • (i) whereby foam can be rapidly discharged and distributed over each boiler room and over any space that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation,

      • (ii) in which the foam installation for discharge is sufficient in quantity to cover to a depth of 150 mm the largest single area over which fuel oil may be spread in the event of leakage,

      • (iii) that is capable of being controlled from a readily accessible position not likely to be cut off in the event of fire, and

      • (iv) that, in the case of a fixed installation, meets the requirements of Schedule III.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) but subject to subsection (3), a foam installation described in paragraph (e) thereof is not required on a ship where the boiler room and the space containing the fuel oil installation are adequately protected by a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas, steam or water at high pressure.

  • (3) Where a ship referred to in subsection (2) is fitted only with water-tube boilers and the piping system referred to therein discharges steam, a foam extinguisher of at least 135 L capacity or an equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV shall be provided.

  • (4) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), where the engine room and boiler room of a ship are not separated from each other by a bulkhead and fuel oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, such rooms shall be regarded as a single area.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 50.

Engine Rooms in Motor Ships

  •  (1) Every Class G ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall be provided in the compartment containing the machinery

    • (a) with two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each hydrant a fire hose with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) with portable foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

      Total power of main enginesExtinguishers required
      Not over 746 kWtwo9 L
      Over 746 kW but not over 1,492 kWthree9 L
      Over 1,492 kW but not over 2,238 kWfour9 L
      Over 2,238 kW but not over 2,984 kWfive9 L
      Over 2,984 kWsix9 L
    • (c) with two foam extinguishers each of at least 45 L capacity, or two equivalent extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV, but only one such extinguisher need be fitted in a ship that is required under paragraph 67(1)(d) or (e) to carry a foam extinguisher of 45 L capacity.

  • (2) Every Class G ship propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), comply with the requirements of section 67, but if the net area beneath the boilers enclosed by coamings is 9.3 m2 or less the fire extinguishers required by paragraph 67(1)(c) or (d) need not be additional to similar extinguishers already provided in the space.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 51.
  •  (1) Every Class G ship propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with

    • (a) two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with a dual-purpose nozzle capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off;

    • (b) at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV;

    • (c) at least one portable foam applicator unit consisting of an inductor type of air-foam nozzle capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose, together with a portable tank containing at least 20 L of foam-making liquid and one spare tank; and

    • (d) one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or part thereof, but the total number of fire extinguishers provided pursuant to this paragraph shall be not less than two and need not exceed six.

  • (2) Every Class G ship in which internal combustion machinery

    • (a) is used for main propulsion, or

    • (b) is used for any other purpose and has in the aggregate a total power of not less than 373 kW,

    shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with one of the following fixed fire-extinguishing systems that compiles with the requirements set out in Schedule III:

    • (c) a foam system;

    • (d) a high-expansion foam system;

    • (e) a gas system; or

    • (f) a pressure water-spraying system.

  • (3) Every Class G ship propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler situated in the compartment containing that machinery shall, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), be provided with at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set out in Schedule IV, suitably stowed in the vicinity of the boiler.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 6;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 52.

Fireman’s Outfits

  •  (1) Every Class G ship of 2,000 tons, gross tonnage, or over shall be provided with at least two fireman’s outfits that

    • (a) comply with Schedule V; and

    • (b) are located in widely separated places.

  • (2) Every Class G ship over 1,000 tons, gross tonnage, and under 2,000 tons, gross tonnage, shall be provided with at least one fireman’s outfit that complies with Schedule V.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 53.

Portable Drilling Machine

 Every Class G ship, other than a tanker, on which a supply of electrical energy is available, shall be provided with a portable electric drilling machine to provide emergency means of access through decks, casings or bulkheads, and a supply of drills of various sizes up to at least 13 mm.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 54.

Fire Axes

 Every Class G ship shall be provided with at least three fire axes suitably distributed in the accommodation.

Class H Ships

Class H Ships over 45.7 m in Length

Cargo Spaces

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into any compartment appropriated for the carriage of cargo and the volume of free gas available shall be at least equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship that is capable of being effectively closed.

  • (2) A steam installation complying with Schedule III may be substituted for fire-smothering gas in any tanker in which there are available boilers capable of generating 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship, or a foam installation complying with Schedule III may be substituted for fire-smothering gas except that foam shall not be used for dry cargo spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 55.

Pump Rooms

 Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas, steam or foam can be rapidly conveyed into the pump rooms by a permanent piping system that shall be constructed in accordance with Schedule III of these Regulations but, where CO2 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 55.

Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Compartments

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is not a tanker shall be provided with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, as set forth in Schedule IV, at all lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar compartments.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas or steam can be rapidly conveyed into all lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar compartments by a permanent piping system that shall be constructed in accordance with Schedule III of these Regulations but, where CO2 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 55.

Fire Hoses and Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is not a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby at least one powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any part of the ship from a single length of fire hose and such appliances shall be connected to at least two power operated pumps and be provided with one fire hose for every 30 m of ship’s length or fraction thereof but in any case not less than three fire hoses.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby at least two powerful jets of water can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any part of the ship, at least one of which shall be from a single length of fire hose and such appliances shall be connected to at least two power operated pumps and be provided with one fire hose for every 30 m of ship’s length or fraction thereof but in any case not less than three fire hoses.

  • (3) If, in any Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker, the engine room and the boiler room are not separated from each other by a bulkhead, and fuel oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, one of the pumps prescribed by subsection (2) shall be located in an accessible space separate from the machinery space.

  • (4) Subject to subsection (5), in every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker a minimum of two combination solid stream and water fog nozzles shall be carried on deck exclusive of those required for the machinery spaces and the nozzles shall be capable of producing a solid stream or a high velocity fog and of being shut off, and, in addition, two applicators equipped with a low velocity water fog tip capable of being attached directly to the nozzle or the nose shall be provided and the fog nozzles and applicators referred to herein shall be located in such parts of the tanker as are most convenient and of most use in the case of an emergency.

  • (5) Where a self-cleaning strainer is not contained within the nozzle or the applicator that is attached directly to the hose referred to in subsection (4), a self-cleaning strainer shall be attached to the fire hydrant.

  • (6) Notwithstanding subsection (4), every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker and that is registered in Canada after January 1, 1977 shall be provided with,

    • (a) for each length of hose required by these Regulations, one hose nozzle of a dual purpose type capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off; and

    • (b) three applicators, each equipped with a low velocity water fog tip capable of being attached directly to the hose or nozzle.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 56.

Alternative Means of Extinguishing Fire

  •  (1) In any Class H ship over 45.7 m in length of 1,000 tons, gross tonnage or over that is fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers or with internal combustion propelling machinery, and is a ship making an inland voyage Class I, or a tanker making any voyage, if a fire in any one compartment might put out of action every fire pump in the ship, there shall be provided alternative means of extinguishing fire in accordance with subsection (2).

  • (2) The alternative means of extinguishing fire may be met by providing an independent, self-contained, compression-ignition, engine-driven pumping unit in accordance with the requirements of section 2 of Schedule II; but, where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Board that such an arrangement is unreasonable or impracticable, the fitting of smothering gas as alternative means of extinguishing the fire may be allowed; the smothering gas to be provided as an alternative means shall be in accordance with section 7 of Schedule III.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 57.

Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in every compartment of the crew and passenger spaces; the number of such extinguishers shall be not less than five in a ship of 1,000 tons, gross tonnage, or over, and not less than three in a ship under 1,000 tons, gross tonnage.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided with portable foam extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Size of tanker in tons, gross tonnageExtinguishers required
    Under 1,000 two9 L
    1,000 and upwards three9 L
  • (3) The extinguishers prescribed in subsection (2) shall be located in such parts of the tanker as in the opinion of an inspector will be most convenient and serviceable in case of an emergency.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 58.

Galleys

 Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length shall be provided in each galley with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 230 m2 of deck area or fraction thereof of such spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 59.

Spaces Fitted with Oil-fired Domestic Boilers or Oil-fired Domestic Heating Units

 Every Class H ship over 150 feet in length having spaces fitted with automatically controlled oil-fired domestic boilers or automatically controlled oil-fired domestic heating units shall be provided in such spaces

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the number of burners does not exceed two, and one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner where more than two burners are fitted, but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 60.

Machinery Spaces — General

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by steam and having auxiliary motor machinery shall carry in the space containing such machinery one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines and having auxiliary motor machinery in a space separate from the main machinery, shall carry in such space one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for every 746 kW of the auxiliary motor machinery or fraction thereof.

  • (3) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length having oil-fired domestic boilers or oil-fired domestic heating units in the machinery space shall be provided in such space with fire extinguishing equipment as prescribed by section 79.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 61.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Main or Auxiliary Oil-fired Boilers

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the machinery spaces

    • (a) with a hydrant, fire hose and an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil;

    • (b) in each boiler room with a receptacle which shall contain an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material;

    • (c) in each firing space and in each compartment containing the whole or part of the fuel oil installation, with at least two 9 L foam fire extinguishers, or two equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV;

    • (d) with one foam fire extinguisher of

      • (i) at least 45 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, in each boiler room if the number of burners therein is five or more, or

      • (ii) 9 L capacity, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each burner if the number of burners in a boiler room is less than five;

    • (e) with a foam installation

      • (i) whereby foam can be rapidly discharged and distributed over each boiler room and over any space that contains the whole or part of the fuel oil installation,

      • (ii) in which the foam available for discharge is sufficient in quantity to cover to a depth of 150 mm the largest single area over which fuel oil may be spread in the event of a leakage,

      • (iii) that is capable of being controlled from a readily accessible position not likely to be cut off in the event of a fire, and

      • (iv) that, in the case of a fixed installation, meets the requirements of Schedule III.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), but subject to subsection (3), a foam installation described in paragraph (1) (e) is not required on a ship where the boiler room and the space containing the fuel oil installation are adequately protected by a permanent piping system for the discharge of smothering gas, steam, or water at high pressure.

  • (3) Where a ship referred to in subsection (2) is fitted only with water-tube boilers and the piping system referred to therein discharges steam, a foam extinguisher of at least 135 L capacity or an equivalent fire extinguisher set forth in Schedule IV shall be provided.

  • (4) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(e), where the engine room and boiler room of a ship are not separated from each other by a bulkhead and fuel oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, such rooms shall be regarded as a single area.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 62.

Engine Rooms in Motor Ships

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines shall be provided in the compartment containing the machinery

    • (a) with a hydrant, a fire hose and an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil; and

    • (b) with portable foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

      Total power of main enginesExtinguishers required
      Not over 373 kWtwo9 L
      Over 373 kW but not over 746 kWfour9 L
      Over 746 kWsix9 L
  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), comply with the requirements of section 81, but, if the net area beneath the boiler enclosed by coamings is 9.3 m2 or less, the fire extinguishers required by paragraphs 81(1)(c) and (d) need not be additional to similar extinguishers already provided in the space.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 63.
  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with

    • (a) two fire hydrants, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, and for each such hydrant a fire hose with a dual purpose nozzle capable of delivering a solid stream or a spray and incorporating a shut-off;

    • (b) at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV; and

    • (c) one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV for each 746 kW of the machinery or part thereof, but the total number of fire-extinguishers provided pursuant to this paragraph shall be not less than two and need not exceed six.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length in which internal combustion machinery

    • (a) is used for main propulsion, or

    • (b) is used for any other purpose and has in the aggregate a total power of not less than 373 kW,

    shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with one of the following fixed fire-extinguishing systems that complies with the requirements set out in Schedule III:

    • (c) a foam system;

    • (d) a high-expansion foam system;

    • (e) a gas system; or

    • (f) a pressure water-spraying system.

  • (3) Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler situated in the compartment containing that machinery shall, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), be provided with at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, suitably stowed in the vicinity of the boiler.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 7;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 64.

Fireman’s Outfit

 Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length and of over 500 tons, gross tonnage, shall be provided with at least one fireman’s outfit that meets the requirements of Schedule V.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 65.

Fire Axes

 Every Class H ship over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with at least three fire axes suitably distributed in the accommodation.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 65.

Class H Ships not over 45.7 m in Length

Cargo Spaces

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into any compartment appropriated for the carriage of cargo and the volume of free gas available in the appliances shall be at least equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship that is capable of being effectively closed.

  • (2) A steam installation meeting the requirements of Schedule III may be substituted for fire-smothering gas in any tanker in which there are available boilers capable of generating 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest hold in the ship, or a foam installation meeting the requirements of Schedule III may be substituted for fire-smothering gas except that foam shall not be used for dry cargo spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 66.

Pump Rooms

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas, steam or foam can be rapidly conveyed into the pump rooms by a permanent piping system constructed in accordance with Schedule III of these Regulations but, where CO2 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 66.

Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Compartments

  •  (1) Every Class H ship over 22.9 m but not over 45.7 m in length that is not a tanker shall be provided with at least one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, at all lamp rooms, paint lockers or similar compartments.

  • (2) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall be provided with appliances whereby fire-smothering gas or steam can be rapidly conveyed into all lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar compartments by a permanent piping system constructed in accordance with Schedule III of these Regulations but, where CO2 gas is the smothering medium, the quantity shall be at least equal to 40 per cent of the volume of the space protected.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 66.

Fire Hoses and Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with at least one fire pump operated by power and apparatus whereby at least one powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any part of the ship, except that

    • (a) a decked ship not over 10.7 m in length need not be provided with a fire pump;

    • (b) a decked ship over 10.7 m in length but not over 15.2 m in length may be provided with a manual fire pump;

    • (c) an open ship not over 15.2 m in length need not be provided with a fire pump; and

    • (d) an open ship over 15.2 m in length may be provided with a manual fire pump.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall have a minimum of one combination solid stream and water fog nozzle on deck exclusive of those required for the machinery spaces and the nozzle shall be capable of producing a solid stream or a high velocity fog and of being shut off, and, in addition, one applicator equipped with a low velocity water fog tip capable of being attached directly to the nozzle or the hose shall be provided and the fog nozzles and applicators referred to herein shall be located in such parts of the tanker as is most convenient and of most use in the case of an emergency.

  • (3) Where a self-cleaning strainer is not contained within the nozzle or the applicator that is attached directly to the hose referred to in subsection (2), a self-cleaning strainer shall be attached to the fire hydrant.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 66.

Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in each space occupied by the crew and passengers, so that there shall be at least one such extinguisher for each 15 m of length or fraction thereof of such spaces.

  • (2) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length that is a tanker shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided with two 9 L foam fire extinguishers or two equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (3) The extinguishers prescribed in subsection (2) shall be located in such parts of the tanker as in the opinion of an inspector will be most convenient and serviceable in case of an emergency.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 67.

Galleys

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length shall be provided in galleys with portable foam extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

Length of shipExtinguishers required
Not over 22.9 mone4.5 L
Over 22.9 mone9 L
  • SOR/81-738, s. 68.

Spaces Fitted with Oil-fired Domestic Boilers or Oil-fired Domestic Heating Units

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length having spaces fitted with automatically controlled oil-fired domestic boilers or automatically controlled oil-fired domestic heating units shall be provided in such spaces

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 69.

Machinery Space — General

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length having oil-fired domestic boilers or oil-fired domestic heating units in the machinery space shall be provided in such space with fire extinguishing equipment as prescribed by section 91.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 70.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Main or Auxiliary Oil-fired Boilers

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length fitted with main or auxiliary oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the machinery spaces

  • (a) in the boiler room with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) in the boiler room with portable foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Length of shipExtinguishers required
    Not over 15.2 mone9 L
    Over 15.2 m but not over 22.9 mtwo9 L
    Over 22.9 mfour9 L
  • SOR/81-738, s. 71.

Engine Rooms in Motor Ships

  •  (1) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines shall be provided in the machinery spaces with portable foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Length of shipExtinguishers required
    Not exceeding 22.9 mone9 L
    Exceeding 22.9 mtwo9 L
  • (2) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines that use fuel oil having a flashpoint (Pensky Marten, closed-cup) of less than 52°C shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided in the machinery spaces,

    • (a) if the ship is over 15.2 m in length, with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV; or

    • (b) if the ship is not over 15.2 m in length, with one 1.136 L carbon tetrachloride fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (3) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion engines and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler shall, in addition to the requirements of this section, comply with the requirements of section 93, but the fire extinguishers required by paragraph 93(b) need not be additional to similar extinguishers already provided in the space.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 72.
  •  (1) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion machinery shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with

    • (a) one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, for each 746 kW of the machinery or part thereof, but the total number of fire extinguishers provided pursuant to this paragraph shall be not less than two and need not exceed six; and

    • (b) in the case of a ship over 24.4 m but not over 45.7 m in length, at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (2) Every Class H ship over 24.4 m but not over 45.7 m in length in which internal combustion machinery

    • (a) is used for main propulsion, or

    • (b) is used for any other purpose and has in the aggregate a total power of not less than 373 kW,

    shall, in the compartment containing that machinery, be provided with one of the following fixed fire-extinguishing systems that complies with the requirements set out in Schedule III:

    • (c) a foam system;

    • (d) a high-expansion foam system;

    • (e) a gas system; or

    • (f) a pressure water-spraying system.

  • (3) Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length propelled by internal combustion machinery and having an auxiliary oil-fired boiler situated in the compartment containing that machinery shall, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), be provided with at least one foam fire extinguisher of not less than 9 L capacity or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, suitably stowed in the vicinity of the boiler.

  • SOR/78-3, s. 8;
  • SOR/81-738, s. 73.

Fire Buckets and Fire Axes

 Every Class H ship not over 45.7 m in length shall be provided with fire buckets and fire axes in accordance with the following table:

Length of shipNumber of fire bucketsNumber of fire axes
Not over 15.2 m2
Over 15.2 m but not over 22.9 m31
Over 22.9 m42
  • SOR/81-738, s. 74.

Class J Ships

  •  (1) Every Class J ship that is a decked ship over 12.2 m in length shall be provided with a manual or power fire pump, and appliances whereby a suitable jet of water can be directed into any part of the ship.

  • (2) Every Class J ship shall be provided with fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Length of shipExtinguishers required
    Not over 12.2 mone 4.5 L foam
    Over 12.2 mone 9.0 L foam
  • (3) Every Class J ship fitted with cooking or heating appliances that burn liquid or gaseous fuel shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (2), be provided with one 4.5 L foam fire extinguisher, or with one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • (4) Every Class J ship shall be provided with fire buckets in accordance with the following table:

    Length of shipNumber of fire buckets
    Not over 12.2 m1
    Over 12.2 m2
  • (5) Every Class J ship not over five tons, gross tonnage, need not comply with the requirements of subsections (1), (3) or (4).

  • SOR/81-738, s. 75.

Class K Ships

Cargo Spaces and Pump Rooms

  •  (1) Every Class K ship that carries oil cargo in bulk shall be provided with appliances whereby smothering gas, steam or foam can be rapidly conveyed by a permanent piping system into the cargo pump room and into all cargo spaces, or, in lieu thereof, shall be provided with foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Length of shipMinimum aggregate capacity of fire extinguishers
    Over 15.2 m but not over 30.5 m90 L of foam
    Over 30.5 m135 L of foam
  • (2) The fire extinguishers prescribed in subsection (1) may be either portable or equipped with sufficient length of hose or piping to deliver the extinguishing agent to any point on deck.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 76.

Fire Hoses and Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class K ship over 15.2 m in length shall be provided with a fire pump and appliances whereby at least one powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any part of the ship, in accordance with the following:

    • (a) if the ship is not fitted with machinery, the fire pump may be one that is operated manually;

    • (b) if the ship is not over 22.9 m in length, the fire pump may be one that is operated manually;

    • (c) if the ship is over 22.9 m in length and is fitted with machinery, the fire pump shall be one that is operated by power.

  • (2) Every Class K ship over 22.9 m in length that carries oil cargo in bulk shall be provided with an approved fog nozzle or applicator suitable for spraying water on oil by means of the fire hose prescribed in subsection (1).

  • SOR/81-738, s. 77.

Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every Class K ship shall be provided with at least one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in each space occupied by the crew so that there shall be at least one such fire extinguisher for each 15.2 m of length, or fraction thereof, of such spaces.

  • (2) Every Class K ship that carries oil cargo in bulk shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), be provided with portable foam fire extinguishers in accordance with the following table, or with equivalent fire extinguishers as set forth in Schedule IV:

    Type of shipExtinguishers required
    If fitted with a cargo pumptwo9 L
    If not fitted with a cargo pumpone9 L
  • (3) The extinguishers prescribed in subsection (2) shall be located in such parts of the ship as will be most convenient and serviceable in the case of an emergency.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 78.

Galleys

 Every Class K ship shall be provided in each galley with one 4.5 L foam fire extinguisher, or with one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 79.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Oil-fired Boilers

 Every Class K ship fitted with oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the boiler room

  • (a) with a receptable containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the number of burners does not exceed two, and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner when more than two burners are fitted, but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 80.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Internal Combustion Engines

 Every Class K ship fitted with internal combustion engines shall be provided in the compartment containing the machinery with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the brake power of the engines does not exceed 373 kW, and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional 746 kW or fraction thereof, but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 81.

Fire Buckets and Fire Axes

 Every Class K ship shall be provided with fire buckets and fire axes in accordance with the following table:

Length of shipNumber of fire bucketsNumber of fire axes
Not over 15.2 m1
Over 15.2 m but not over 45.7 m21
Over 45.7 m2
  • SOR/81-738, s. 82.

Class L Ships

Fire Hoses and Pumps

  •  (1) Every Class L ship over 15.2 m in length shall be provided with a fire pump and with appliances whereby at least one powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any part of the ship.

  • (2) The fire pump in a ship referred to in subsection (1) shall be operated

    • (a) by power, where the ship is over 22.9 m in length; and

    • (b) manually, where the ship is not over 22.9 m in length.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 83.

Portable Fire extinguishers

 Every Class L ship shall be provided with one 9 L fluid fire extinguisher in each space occupied by the crew so that there shall be at least one such fire extinguisher for each 15 m of length, or fraction thereof, of such spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 83.

Galleys

 Every Class L ship shall be provided in each galley with at least one 4.5 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 83.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Oil-fired Boilers

 Every Class L ship fitted with oil-fired boilers shall be provided in the boiler room

  • (a) with a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing the material; and

  • (b) with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the number of burners does not exceed two and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional burner where more than two burners are fitted, but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 84.

Machinery Spaces — Ships Fitted with Internal Combustion Engines

 Every Class L ship fitted with internal combustion engines shall be provided in the compartment containing the machinery with one 9 L foam fire extinguisher, or one equivalent fire extinguisher as set forth in Schedule IV, where the brake power of the engines does not exceed 373 kW and with one additional fire extinguisher for each additional 746 kW or fraction thereof, but in no case need there be more than four such extinguishers.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 85.

Fire Buckets and Fire Axes

 Every Class L ship shall be provided with fire buckets and fire axes in accordance with the following table:

Length of shipNumber of fire bucketsNumber of fire axes
Not over 15.2 m1
Over 15.2 m but not over 45.7 m21
Over 45.7 m2
  • SOR/81-738, s. 86.

SCHEDULE I(s. 13 and Sch. III)Fire Patrols, Fire Alarms, Fire Detection and Public Address Systems

Fire Patrols

  • 1 Fire patrols shall comply with the following:

    • (a) the ship’s organization shall be such that the patrolling is efficient, having regard to the size and type of ship; the maintenance of the patrol at all times while passengers are on board shall be the responsibility of the master and the owners;

    • (b) arrangements shall be made whereby the patrol shall report periodically to the officer in charge;

    • (c) the patrol system shall be maintained when ships are in port with passengers on board; and

    • (d) every part of the ship accessible to the fire patrol shall be visited regularly; for this purpose patrols shall be such as to ensure that the ship shall be completely patrolled at least once an hour.

Manual Fire Alarms

    • 2 (1) Manual fire alarms shall indicate at the bridge or fire control station the position in the ship from which an alarm has been operated.

    • (2) The manual fire alarm may be an electric bell operated by a push button or a switch or may be of the break glass type, or a special telephone system may be used; operating stations shall be available near all main stairways, and any one switch or telephone station shall not serve more than two decks.

    • (3) The alarm signal given at the bridge or fire control station by the manual fire alarm shall be distinct from any other signal.

    • (4) The fire control station shall be kept continuously manned when passengers are on board.

Fire Detection Systems

    • 3 (1) Fire-detecting systems shall be of a type that affords means of indicating by sight and by smell the presence of fire; they shall operate continuously and reliably, without any part within the space served having to be reset, and must give indication of fire at an early stage.

    • (2) Where a fire-detecting system is combined with a smothering gas installation, the arrangement shall be such that smothering gas cannot be admitted to the detecting cabinet; instructions for operating the fire detecting system shall be posted near the detecting cabinet.

    • (3) The arrangement of smoke accumulator points shall be as follows:

      • (a) no part of the overhead deck shall be more than 12 m from a smoke accumulator;

      • (b) not more than three smoke accumulators shall be connected to one pipeline leading to the smoke-detecting cabinet; and

      • (c) where more than one accumulator is served by one main lead, branch leads shall be of approximately the same length.

Public Address System

    • 4 (1) The public address system shall be maintained in good order and shall be tested before a ship leaves port, and daily throughout the voyage.

    • (2) The officers in charge of the various departments in a ship shall be trained in the use of the public address system.

  • SOR/81-738, s. 87.

SCHEDULE II(ss. 2, 14, 62 and 76)Fire Pumps, Water Service Pipes, Hydrants and Hoses

Pumps

    • 1 (1) Fire pumps shall be in accordance with the Regulations under the various classes of ships and with the following:

      • (a) every fire pump required to be operated by power shall be operated by a means other than the ship’s main engines, except that in the case of ships not over 18.3 m in length fitted with main engines that can be operated independently of the propeller shafting, one of the power fire pumps may be operated from the main engines;

      • (b) bilge, ballast and general service pumps of suitable capacity and pressure may be accepted as fire pumps, but pumps connected so that they may be used for pumping oil shall not be accepted as fire pumps;

      • (c) every power fire pump shall be capable of supplying the requisite powerful jets of water from the standard conductors provided in the ship;

      • (d) the internal diameter of conductor nozzles shall be not less than 13 mm and every power fire pump shall be capable of producing a throw of at least 12 m at every nozzle, other than a spray nozzle, but the size and type of ship shall be taken into account;

      • (e) in every ship required to be provided with power fire pumps, the total capacity of these pumps shall be not less than two-thirds of the total pumping capacity of the bilge pumps required for the ship in the Marine Machinery Regulations;

      • (f) escape valves shall be provided in connection with every fire pump and shall be so placed and adjusted as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the water pipes served by the pump; such escape valves need not be fitted where the pumps are of the centrifugal type and the inspector is satisfied that the water service pipes are adequate for the maximum pressure that the pumps can develop;

      • (g) manual fire pumps shall be capable of supplying the requisite powerful jets of water from the standard conductors provided in the ship, and of operating without the need of manual priming; and

      • (h) in ships fitted with two or more fire pumps a non-return valve shall be fitted to the discharge line of any centrifugal fire pump to prevent water backing through the unit when not operating.

    • (2) Fire pumps of the centrifugal or rotary type that are installed above the light load water line of the ship shall be either of the self-priming type or else fitted with a priming device that is, in the opinion of an inspector, satisfactory for the purpose.

Pumping Unit Installation as Alternative Means

  • 2 Section 62 respecting Class G ships, and section 76 respecting certain Class H ships, require that alternative means of extinguishing fire be provided in such ships, if a fire in any one compartment could put out of action all of the fire pumps ordinarily provided for fire extinguishing; this requirement can be met by providing an independent, self-contained, compression-ignition, engine-driven pumping unit situated outside the compartment containing the fire pumps and in a position not likely  to be cut off in case of fire in that compartment; the pumping unit shall be fitted with a suitable sea suction and a discharge connection to the fire main; the arrangements shall permit of the fire main being isolated from the compartments containing the other pumps; the capacity of the independent pump shall be sufficient to supply the requisite number of jets of water in and about the machinery casings from the standard conductors with which the ship is fitted and with the ship in the light sea-going condition; where the independent pump is located in the shaft tunnel, the  controls for closing any watertight door between the engine room and the tunnel shall be such that they will not readily be cut off by a fire in the engine room; the fuel arrangements shall ensure as far as possible that the fuel supply cannot be affected by a fire that would put the other fire pumps out of action and there shall be sufficient fuel to operate the unit for at least 12 hours.

Water Service Pipes and Hydrants

    • 3 (1) Water service pipes and hydrants shall be in accordance with the Regulations under the various classes of ships and with the following:

      • (a) the number and position of the hydrants in a ship shall be such that the requisite jets of water can be provided by hoses not over 18 m in length;

      • (b) water service pipes shall be fitted with means for draining; when pipes are on an exposed deck, hydrants shall, in the case of large ships, be fitted on both port and starboard sides of the deck;

      • (c) all water pipes and fire hydrants shall be so placed that fire hoses may easily be coupled to them; in ships which may carry deck cargo, the hydrants shall be so placed that the deck cargo will not hinder access to them, and the water pipes shall be protected from damage by the cargo;

      • (d) hydrants shall be fitted outside the boiler space in ships fitted with oil-fired boilers when only the minimum number of hydrants required by these Regulations are provided for fighting fires in the engine room and boiler spaces;

      • (e) cocks or valves shall be fitted to the water pipes and shall be so arranged that any fire hoses coupled thereto may be removed while fire pumps are in operation;

      • (f) valves fitted to water pipes shall be designed to open with an anti-clockwise rotation of the hand-wheel;

      • (g) fire hydrants shall be limited to any position from the horizontal to the vertical pointing downward so that the hose will lead downward or horizontally in order to minimize the possibility of kinking; in no case shall a hydrant arranged in a vertical position with the outlet pointing upward be accepted; and

      • (h) all fire hydrants shall be equipped with hose spanners, secured by a light chain.

    • (2) Branch water service pipes and hydrants shall be of one standard size in any ship and shall comply with the following:

      • (a) in ships over 45.7 m in length, water branch service pipes and hydrants shall be at least 50 mm nominal diameter;

      • (b) in ships over 22.9 m in length but not over 45.7 m in length, branch water service pipes and hydrants shall be at least 38 mm nominal diameter; and

      • (c) in ships not over 22.9 m in length, branch water service pipes shall be a least 25 mm nominal diameter.

Fire Hoses and Nozzles

  • 4 Fire hoses shall be in accordance with the Regulations under the various classes of ships and with the following:

    • (a) fire hoses shall,

      • (i) be of standard cotton rubber lined or other suitable material, except in passenger and crew quarters which may be equipped with unlined hoses,

      • (ii) not exceed 18 m in length, and

      • (iii) be provided with couplings, conductors, nozzles and other necessary fittings;

    • (b) every fire hose, together with the tools and fittings necessary for its use, shall be kept in a conspicuous position near the water hydrants or connections with which it is intended to be used;

    • (c) fire hose connections in tankers shall be brass, bronze or other equivalent material;

    • (d) fire hoses shall be of one standard size in any ship to fit the hydrants, but machinery space hoses may be smaller in diameter for convenient handling;

    • (e) in passenger launches and other small craft, hoses shall not be less than 19 mm in diameter; and

    • (f) in ships fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion machinery, the hoses shall be of sufficient length to enable an effective spray of water to reach any part of the machinery spaces.

  • SOR/81-738, ss. 88 to 90;
  • SOR/95-372, s. 7.

SCHEDULE III(ss. 15, 27, 30, 31, 31.1, 32, 46, 46.1, 51, 51.1, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 67, 68.1, 72, 73, 74, 76, 81, 82.1, 85, 86, 87 and 94.1)Fixed Installations for Smothering by Foam, Gas, Steam or Water

General

    • 1 (1) Plans of fixed installations for smothering by foam, gas, steam or water shall be submitted in accordance with paragraph 7(1)(b) of these Regulations.

    • (2) Fire extinguishing systems shall be installed in accordance with approved plans.

Foam Installations

    • 2 (1) Every foam fire-extinguishing installation of the gravity type shall be provided

      • (a) with containers for the foam-forming solutions, so placed that a fire in the space intended to be protected will not interfere with the effective working of the installation;

      • (b) with outlet valves for the containers, so arranged that the solutions will be released from the containers simultaneously and in proper proportions by the operation of a control-wheel or control-handle, in either case so placed as not to be rendered inaccessible by a fire in the space intended to be protected; and

      • (c) with means for agitating and sampling the foam-forming solutions and for testing the expansion rates thereof.

    • (2) In every foam fire-extinguishing installation of the continuous-generator type, the foam-forming apparatus, pumps and source of power for the pumps, together with all controlling devices and other accessories necessary for efficient operation, shall be so arranged that a fire in the space intended to be protected will not prevent the efficient working of the installation.

    • (3) Every foam installation of the gravity or continuous-generator type shall be provided with a system of distribution pipes so arranged as to enable the foam to be effectively distributed; provision shall be made to prevent the obstruction of the pipes or their outlets by water or otherwise, and to enable the efficiency of the pipes to be readily tested; pipes shall not be led through refrigerated spaces unless they are insulated and provision is made for draining them.

    • (4) Instructions in clear and permanent lettering shall be affixed to the equipment or in a position adjacent thereto.

    • (5) The arrangements for distributing foam in connection with oil-fired boilers and oil fuel units, shall be such that it can be directed at will either onto the tank top beneath the boiler by means of the fixed distribution pipes, or by hose and nozzle to such places above the floor plates as boiler fronts and oil fuel units; the distribution pipes shall be of steel, galvanized inside and outside.

    • (6) In ships fitted with oil-fired boilers, where the net area of the space to be protected by foam is more than 4.65 m2, but less than 9.3 m2, foam to a depth of 150 mm may be supplied from an extinguisher of not less than 135 L capacity.

    • (7) Subject to subsection (9), in ships fitted with oil-fired boilers, where the net area of space to be protected by foam is not more than 4.65 m2, foam may be supplied from an extinguisher adequate in quantity to supply foam to a depth of 150 mm.

    • (8) Subject to subsection (9), where, in the event of leakage from parts of a fuel oil installation such as a unit pump or fitting, the area is small and suitably restricted by coamings, foam may be provided by portable extinguishers adequate in quantity and number to supply foam to a depth of 150 mm.

    • (9) For the purpose of calculations in subsections (7) and (8), one standard 9 L foam extinguisher shall be considered sufficient for every 0.465 m2 of space to be covered.

    • (10) In tankers, the fixed deck foam system shall be capable of delivering foam to the entire cargo tank deck area as well as into any cargo tank the deck of which has been ruptured.

    • (11) This section does not apply to a high-expansion foam fire-extinguishing system.

High-Expansion Foam Fire-Extinguishing Systems in Machinery Spaces

    • 2.1 (1) In this section, system means a high-expansion foam fire extinguishing system used to protect a machinery space.

    • (2) Every system in a machinery space shall be capable of rapidly discharging, through fixed discharge outlets, a quantity of foam sufficient to fill the largest machinery space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 m in depth per minute.

    • (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), if a machinery space to be protected is not entirely separate from adjacent spaces or if fuel oil can drain from a machinery space into adjacent spaces, those adjacent spaces shall be regarded as forming part of the machinery space to be protected.

    • (4) The quantity of foam-making liquid available shall be sufficient to produce a volume of foam equal fo five times the volume of the largest machinery space to be protected and the expansion ratio of the foam shall not exceed 1000 to 1.

    • (5) Supply ducts for delivering foam, air intakes to the foam generator and the number of foam-producing units shall be sufficient to ensure effective foam production and distribution.

    • (6) The foam generator, its sources of power supply, water and foam-making liquid and the means for controlling a system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by fire in a machinery space.

    • (7) The arrangement of the foam generator delivery ducting shall include means, such as an automatic flap, whereby a fire in a machinery space will not affect the foam generating equipment.

    • (8) Foam generators shall be situated above the uppermost continuous deck and be located so as to ensure delivery of foam to the level of the uppermost fire hazard.

    • (9) Foam-making liquid used with a system shall not be harmful to persons and shall be readily soluble in fresh and sea water.

    • (10) A means of sampling the liquid referred to in subsection (9) to ensure that the liquid meets the requirements referred to in that subsection shall be provided.

Smothering Gas

    • 3 (1) Gas used as a fire-smothering agent in cargo spaces and in machinery spaces shall,

      • (a) not be of the poisonous, anaesthetic or corrosive type;

      • (b) in the case of cargo spaces, be carbon dioxide;

      • (c) in the case of machinery spaces, be

        • (i) carbon dioxide, or

        • (ii) bromotrifluoromethane (Halon 1301); and

      • (d) where carried in liquid form, be in gaseous form when discharged.

    • (2) Means shall be provided for

      • (a) giving audible warning when smothering gas is about to be released into any machinery space in which personnel normally work or have access;

      • (b) automatically stopping all ventilation fans supplying the space protected; and

      • (c) closing off all openings in the space protected.

    • (3) Subject to subsection (4), every piping system conveying smothering gas shall be fitted with control valves or cocks that shall be

      • (a) clearly and permanently marked to indicate the compartment that they protect;

      • (b) of the quick opening type to avoid wire drawing and consequent freezing; and

      • (c) readily accessible from the deck.

    • (4) In addition to the requirements of subsection (3), any piping system that protects a compartment to which passengers may have access shall be fitted with an additional valve or cock.

    • (5) Provisions shall be made to avoid the possibility of inadvertent or malicious use of the operating handles, valves or cocks and the release arrangement shall indicate if a cylinder has been discharged.

    • (6) All piping, valves and fittings constructed of ferrous materials shall be protected internally and externally against corrosion and shall have a minimum bursting pressure of 41 500 kPa.

    • (7) Where discharge pipes from the distribution manifold are fitted with shut-off valves, a pressure relieving device set to operate at between 16 550 and 19 300 kPa shall be installed in the manifold or such other location as will protect the piping in the event that all discharge pipe shut-off valves are closed.

    • (8) In machinery spaces the arrangements of the smothering system shall

      • (a) permit the whole charge of smothering gas to be discharged simultaneously into the protected space and where

        • (i) the gas is CO2 release shall only be possible by the opening of a stop valve and a control valve, or

        • (ii) the gas is Halon 1301 release need be activated by the opening of a control valve only;

      • (b) provide diffuser nozzles throughout the space protected, including places around the engines and boilers where there may be a high risk of fire; and

      • (c) be such that the discharge nozzles are positioned so that the discharge does not endanger personnel in normal maintenance locations, operational locations or normal exit or escape routes.

    • (9) Provision shall be made to keep the pipes and outlets clear of water and where piping is led through refrigerating spaces special provision shall be made for draining.

    • (10) Where dirt filters or drain traps in connection with smoke detecting and fire-smothering gas installations are embedded in the insulation of insulated spaces, removable panels shall be provided for access to the fittings and the position of the fittings shall be indicated by suitable notice plates.

    • (11) Instructions on operating the smothering installation shall be displayed near the distribution control valves and also near the gas cylinders.

    • (12) The position of the control gear and, where practicable, the position of the gas cylinders shall be such that they are not likely to be rendered inaccessible by a fire in the machinery space.

    • (13) On completion of the piping installation and before the gas cylinders are connected, pressure tests using CO2 or another such inert gas shall be carried out as follows:

      • (a) the piping from the cylinders to the stop valves in the distribution manifold shall be subjected to a pressure test of 6 895 kPa which shall demonstrate that, with no additional gas being introduced, the leakage of the system is such as not to permit a pressure drop of more than 1 000 kPa per minute for a two-minute period;

      • (b) the discharge pipes from the distribution manifold to the spaces to be served shall be subjected to a pressure test of 4 137 kPa which shall demonstrate that, with no additional gas being introduced, the leakage of the system is such as not to permit a pressure drop of more than 1 000 kPa per minute for a two-minute period and for the purpose of this test, the discharge piping shall be blanked off within the space protected at the first joint ahead of the nozzles; and

      • (c) in the case of small independent systems serving such spaces as lamp rooms, paint lockers and similar spaces, the installations may be tested by blowing out the piping with compressed air at a pressure of at least 689 kPa.

    • (14) On completion of the pressure test referred to in subsection (13) the inspector shall satisfy himself that all plugs and blank flanges used during the tests have been removed from the distribution system and that all pipes are clear and correctly connected according to the markings on the distribution valve chest.

    • (15) The arrangement of the gas smothering system shall

      • (a) permit the free escape of gas from a cylinder when the safety relieving device operates; and

      • (b) include a non-return valve between each cylinder and the discharge manifold so as to allow any cylinder that has been discharged or found to contain less than 90 per cent of its full rated capacity to be disconnected without affecting the efficiency of the system when operated to smother a fire.

    • (16) In machinery spaces protected by CO2 the pipe and nozzle arrangements shall allow the whole charge of gas to enter the protected space in not more than two minutes and where machinery spaces are protected by Halon 1301 the pipe and nozzle arrangement shall allow the whole charge of gas to enter the protected space in not more than 10 seconds.

    • (17) Where smothering gas is provided as an extinguishing medium in a machinery space consisting of an engine room and boiler room that is not separated by a bulkhead and in which oil may drain from the boiler room into the engine room bilges, the combined engine room and boiler room shall be regarded as a single area.

    • (18) Subject to subsection (19), in cargo spaces the arrangements of the CO2 smothering system shall be such that

      • (a) cylinders may be discharged singly or in groups; and

      • (b) smothering gas will be distributed in an efficient manner at a minimum of two discharge outlets, one in the forward part of the space and the other in the after part.

    • (19) Notwithstanding subsection (18), in oil tankers the smothering system arrangements shall be such that cylinders serving a group of cargo tanks shall be discharged simultaneously.

    • (20) Gas cylinders shall be constructed, tested and marked in accordance with the requirements of any one of the Canadian Transport Commission, the United States Coast Guard or the British Standards Specification.

    • (21) Each gas cylinder shall

      • (a) be fitted with a safety relieving device; and

      • (b) be stamped to show the weight when empty and the total weight of gas contained therein when full.

    • (22) The gas cylinders shall be:

      • (a) suitably positioned and equipped to enable the amount of gas contents to be verified;

      • (b) secured in an accessible, dry, well-lighted and well-ventilated position where there is no risk to anyone from leakage; and

      • (c) protected against any corrosive elements or temperatures in excess of 54°C and where the cylinders contain Halon 1301 protection shall be provided for temperatures below minus 29°C.

    • (23) Cylinders may be stored in the normal upright position or in the inverted position but, where stored in the upright position, the cylinder shall be fitted with a suitable internal solid drawn pipe to ensure that the discharge is maintained from the liquid contents.

    • (24) Where CO2 is the smothering gas provided for use in both cargo holds and machinery spaces, the quantity of gas need not exceed that required for the largest compartment.

    • (25) Where a CO2 smothering system for cargo spaces is combined with a fire detection system, the precautionary arrangements prescribed by subsection 3(2) of Schedule I shall be provided.

    • (26) Subject to subsections (27) and (29), where CO2 is used as a smothering gas for machinery spaces, the quantity of gas available shall be sufficient to give a minimum quantity of free gas equal to the larger of the following quantities:

      • (a) 40 per cent of the gross volume of the largest space, the volume to include the casing up to the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40 per cent or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing; or

      • (b) 35 per cent of the entire volume of the largest space including the casing.

    • (27) For the purpose of determining the quantity of liquid carbon dioxide required to produce the volume of smothering gas required, 1 kg of liquid carbon dioxide shall be deemed to produce 0.56 m3 of gas.

    • (28) Subject to subsection (29) where Halon 1301 is used as the smothering gas for machinery spaces, the design concentration of vapour in air shall be not less than 4.5 per cent and not more than 6.0 per cent at 20°C of the gross volume of the space to be protected including the skylight casing if fitted.

    • (29) Notwithstanding subsections (26) and (28), the volume of free air contained in air receivers located in any machinery space protected by smothering gas shall be added to the volume used for calculating the quantity of gas required.

Smothering Steam

    • 4 (1) Steam used for fire-extinguishing purposes shall not be obtained from a supply of superheated steam.

    • (2) Every piping system for conveying smothering steam shall be capable of being controlled by valves or cocks which shall be readily accessible from the deck; such cocks or valves shall be clearly and permanently marked to indicate the compartments they serve and an appropriate notice shall be displayed near them; every piping system, which serves a compartment to which passengers may have access, shall be fitted with an additional cock or valve.

    • (3) Provisions shall be made to prevent the inadvertent or malicious use of the control valves or cocks.

    • (4) Steam in sufficient quantity shall be available at short notice under service conditions.

    • (5) The piping shall be so arranged as to distribute the smothering steam in an efficient manner and, where necessary for that purpose, at least two pipes shall be provided in cargo spaces more than 18 m in length, one at the forward end of the space and the other in the after end except in tankers and ships used for the conveyance of coal where the outlets on pipes for conveying steam shall be fitted as low as practicable in the space they serve.

    • (6) Where blank flanges are fitted in the supply pipes to prevent inadvertent damage to cargo, they shall be in easily accessible positions and of the spectacle type so that the presence of the blank flange will be obvious; the nuts of the securing bolts shall be of non-corrodible metal; blank flanges shall not be fitted in the supply lines to cargo tanks of tankers.

    • (7) The pipes from the distribution valve chests to the points of discharge shall be of steel, galvanized inside and outside, or of copper, and suitable for the maximum pressure of the smothering steam; the pipes and outlets shall be kept clear of water and obstructions.

    • (8) Where the maximum pressure of the steam is not less than 689 kPa and the space is served by a single pipe, the internal diameter of the pipe shall be not less than the following:

      Volume of space in cubic metresDiameter in millimetres
      Up to 56625
      Over 566 and up to 1,69932
      Over 1,699 and up to 2,26538
      Over 2,265 and up to 2,83245
    • (9) The perforated pipe arrangements in machinery spaces shall be such that

      • (a) a good flow of steam is available under the boiler fronts and oil fuel units, at oil gutterways and oily bilges;

      • (b) the pipes shall be led not less than 150 mm above the tank top or bilges to avoid immersion in an accumulation of bilge water; and

      • (c) the holes in the pipes shall be at an angle of about 60 degrees from the bottom on either side of the vertical centre line.

    • (10) Where a smothering gas installation is fitted in addition to a smothering steam installation, steam shall not be used during or immediately after the discharge of gas, as this would nullify the value of the gas as a fire extinguishing agent; a notice to that effect shall be displayed at the control stations.

Special Requirements for Cargo Spaces, Pump Rooms, Store Rooms, Lamp Rooms, Paint Lockers and Similar Spaces

    • 5 (1) The amount of smothering gas or steam required for fire extinguishing in cargo spaces depends on the cubic capacity of the largest hold; the largest hold may be taken as the largest cargo space that is capable of being effectively closed; decks with hatchways that are provided with hatch covers and tarpaulins in accordance with the Load Line Rules, and bulkheads with openings provided with closing arrangements that are reasonably gas tight, may be accepted as boundaries of the space referred to in the Regulations as the largest hold.

    • (2) If any pipe conveying gas or steam discharges into a space to which passengers have access, it shall be furnished with an additional valve or cock and provisions shall be made to prevent the inadvertent or malicious use of such valve or cock.

    • (3) In ships where the spaces protected may be used alternatively for cargo or passengers, special precautions shall be taken to prevent the admission of gas or steam when passengers are carried in these spaces; the precautions shall be of a positive nature such as the removal of a pipe outside the space and preferably adjacent to the control valve; conspicuous notices shall be posted in such passenger spaces and at the control station indicating the precautionary measures to be adopted.

    • (4) The pipes, which supply smothering gas or steam to the cargo pump room in tankers shall be fitted with the outlets as low as practicable in the space they serve.

    • (5) The pipes, which supply smothering gas, steam or foam to the cargo tanks in tankers, shall be so arranged that the smothering gas, steam or foam will be distributed over the surface of the cargo.

    • (6) Piping conveying smothering gas or steam to dry cargo spaces, pump rooms and paint lockers in tankers shall be run independent of the extinguishing system for the bulk cargo tanks.

    • (7) Where smothering steam is used in tankers, the master control valve shall be located above the uppermost complete deck having permanent means of closing all openings in the weather deck; the main lines shall have sufficient area to supply all individual lines to the main tank and adjacent tanks and, in the case of dry cargo compartments, the entire compartment; the valves to the tanks shall be left open at all times so that, in case of fire, it will be necessary only to open the master valve to ensure a flow of steam into each tank, after which the valves to the tanks not on fire may be closed except that, where the opening of such branch lines may cause contamination of cargo or cause the flow of gases or vapors between tanks or compartments, they may be kept closed.

Special Requirements for Boiler and Machinery Spaces

    • 6 (1) Coamings shall be fitted in the machinery spaces, where boilers are oil fired, in order to prevent the spread of oil in case of a leak.

    • (2) Subject to subsection (3), where foam, gas or steam is used as the extinguishing medium, the coamings shall be not less than 150 mm in height where the breadth of the area over which the oil fuel may spread is 1.8 m and not less than 300 mm in height where the breadth is 3 m or over.

    • (3) Where foam is used as the extinguishing medium and the area is more than 3 m in breadth, the height of the coaming shall be increased (in order to retain the froth when the vessel lists) to not less than the height obtained from the following formula:

      H = √ (30 480 × breadth in metres)

      where

      H
      is the height in millimetres, but H need not exceed 760.
    • (4) Where steam is used as the extinguishing medium, the space to be protected should preferably be enclosed by full height bulkheads.

    • (4.1) Where the bulkheads specified in subsection (4) are not provided, the boundary of the space shall be fitted with screens so as to retard the disposal of the steam, which screens shall be not less than 760 mm in height and may, where suitable, be an extension upwards of the coamings provided to prevent the spread of the oil.

    • (5) Where drains are fitted to boiler flats they shall be led to a safe place, such as an oily bilge.

Smothering Gas Installations as Alternative Means

    • 7 (1) Where, pursuant to subsection 32(3) and sections 62 and 76 of these Regulations, smothering gas is provided as an alternative means of extinguishing fire on a ship, the installation shall comply with section 3 of this Schedule.

    • (2) The smothering gas provided as alternative means shall be additional to the foam or smothering gas provided in accordance with paragraph 30(e) for Class A ships, and additional to the foam, smothering gas or smothering steam provided in accordance with paragraph 67(e) for Class G ships and paragraph 81(e) for Class H ships.

    • (3) [Repealed, SOR/81-738, s. 97]

Stopping of Fans and Closing of Openings

    • 8 (1) Means shall be provided in all ships for rapidly stopping all fans and closing all openings which might admit air to spaces provided with a piping system for the discharge of smothering gas, steam or foam; the means for stopping the fans shall be situated outside such spaces.

    • (2) The inlets and outlets of every mechanical ventilation system shall have readily accessible means by which they can be closed in the event of fire.

    • (3) Means shall be provided in all ships to close openings which would admit air to the machinery spaces, or any space in which there is a risk of an oil fire.

    • (4) When smothering gas or steam is provided for oil-fired boiler spaces, means shall be provided for closing the annular spaces around the funnels; the means for closing these openings shall be arranged so that they will not be readily cut off from use by an outbreak of fire; where, however, CO2 is provided as the smothering medium and it is not practicable to close the annular spaces around the funnels, this requirement may be dispensed with if sufficient gas is available to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 40 per cent of the total volume of the space.

Foam Systems in Large Tankers and Combination Carriers

    • 9 (1) In this section, system means a fixed deck foam system on a tanker of 100 000 tonnes deadweight or over or on a combination carrier of 50 000 tonnes deadweight or over.

    • (2) Every system shall be capable of delivering foam to the entire cargo tank area as well as into any cargo tank the deck of which has been ruptured.

    • (3) Every system shall be capable of simple and rapid operation and the main control station for a system shall be suitably located outside the cargo tank area, adjacent to the accommodation spaces and readily accessible and operable in the event of fire in the areas protected.

    • (4) The rate of supply of foam solution by a system shall be not less than the greater of

      • (a) 0.6 litre per minute per square metre of the cargo deck area, which area is the product of the maximum breadth of the ship and the total longitudinal extent of the cargo tank spaces; and

      • (b) six litres per minute per square metre of the horizontal sectional area of the single tank having the largest such area.

    • (5) Sufficient foam concentrate shall be supplied by a system to ensure at least 20 minutes of foam generation when using supply rates specified in paragraph (4)(a) or (b), whichever is the greater, and the ratio of the volume of foam produced to the volume of the mixture of water and foam making concentrate supplied shall not exceed 12 to 1.

    • (6) Foam from a system shall be supplied by means of monitors and foam applicators and at least 50 per cent of the required foam rate shall be delivered from each monitor.

    • (7) The capacity of any monitor, in litres per minute, of foam solution shall be at least three times the deck area, in square metres, protected by that monitor, such area being entirely forward of the monitor.

    • (8) The distance from each monitor to the furthest extremity of the area forward of that monitor that is protected by it shall be not more than 75 per cent of the monitor throw in still air conditions.

    • (9) A monitor and hose connection for a foam applicator shall be situated both port and starboard at the poop front or accommodation spaces facing the cargo deck and applicators shall be provided for flexibility of action during fire-fighting operations and to cover areas screened from the monitors.

    • (10) Valves shall be provided in both the foam main and the fire main immediately forward of every monitor position to isolate damaged sections of those mains.

    • (11) Every system shall be so designed and constructed that, when operated at its required output, the minimum required number of jets of water may be used simultaneously at the required pressure from the fire main.

    • (12) Notwithstanding subsection (5), a system with an expansion ratio greater than 12 to 1 but not greater than 150 to 1 may be used if the plans and specifications for the system are approved by the Board.

Inert Gas Systems in Large Tankers and Combination Carriers

    • 10 (1) In this section,

      inert

      inert, in relation to atmosphere or gas, means that the atmosphere or gas is so deficient in oxygen as to be incapable of propagating flame; (inerte)

      system

      system means an inert gas system on a tanker of 100 000 tonnes deadweight or over or on a combination carrier of 50 000 tonnes deadweight or over. (système)

    • (2) Every system shall be capable of delivering to the cargo tanks, when necessary, an inert gas or a mixture of gases that is inert and that will render inert the atmosphere within the tanks.

    • (3) Every system shall be so designed as to eliminate the need for fresh air to enter a cargo tank during normal operations, except when preparing the cargo tank for entry by personnel.

    • (4) Empty cargo tanks shall be capable of being purged with inert gas to reduce the hydrocarbon content of such cargo tanks after discharge of cargo.

    • (5) The washing of tanks shall be capable of being carried out in an inert atmosphere.

    • (6) Every system shall be so designed as to ensure that

      • (a) at all times during cargo discharge a volume of gas at least equal to the capacity of the system, as required by subsection (8), is available; and

      • (b) at all other times sufficient gas to meet the requirements of subsection (9) is continuously available.

    • (7) Suitable means of purging the cargo tanks with fresh air as well as with inert gas shall be provided.

    • (8) Every system shall have a capacity of at least 125 per cent of the maximum rated capacity of the cargo pumps.

    • (9) Under normal running conditions, while tanks are being filled with inert gas and after each such filling, a small positive pressure shall be maintained in the tanks.

    • (10) Exhaust gas outlets for purging shall be suitably located in the open air and shall satisfy the same general requirements as those prescribed for ventilating outlets of cargo tanks in tankers.

    • (11) A scrubber shall be provided that will effectively cool the gas and remove solids and sulphur combustion products.

    • (12) At least two fans (blowers) shall be provided that together are capable of delivering at least the volume of gas that is required by subsection (6) to be available during cargo discharge.

    • (13) The oxygen content in the inert gas supply shall not exceed five per cent by volume.

    • (14) The distribution arrangements of a system shall be so designed that

      • (a) hydrocarbon gases are prevented from returning to the machinery spaces and uptakes;

      • (b) excessive pressure or vacuum in the system is prevented;

      • (c) an effective water seal is provided at the scrubber or on deck;

      • (d) branch piping is fitted with an effective valve to control the flow of gas to each tank; and

      • (e) the risk of ignition by the generation of static electricity is minimized.

    • (15) Every system shall be fitted with

      • (a) instruments that indicate and permanently record the pressure and oxygen content of the gas in the inert gas supply main on the discharge side of the fan;

      • (b) an instrument to indicate the temperature of the gas in the inert gas main;

      • (c) portable instruments suitable for measuring the oxygen content and hydrocarbon content of gases or vapours in the cargo tanks; and

      • (d) such fittings on each cargo tank as are necessary for the use of the instruments required by paragraph (c).

    • (16) The instruments required by paragraphs (15)(a) and (b) shall be placed in the cargo control room or, where no cargo control room is provided, in a place easily accessible to the officer in charge of cargo operations.

    • (17) Alarms shall be provided to indicate

      • (a) high oxygen content of gas in the inert gas main;

      • (b) low gas pressure in the inert gas main;

      • (c) low pressure in the supply to the deck water seal;

      • (d) high temperature of gas in the inert gas main; and

      • (e) low water pressure to the scrubber.

    • (18) Every system shall be so designed that it will shut down automatically when any condition described in paragraph (17)(c), (d) or (e) occurs.

Pressure Water-Spraying Fire Extinguishing Systems in Machinery Spaces

    • 11 (1) In this section, system means a fixed pressure water-spraying fire extinguishing system used to protect a machinery space.

    • (2) Every system in a machinery space shall be provided with spraying nozzles of an approved type.

    • (3) The number and arrangement of the spraying nozzles shall be sufficient to ensure effective distribution of water spray.

    • (4) Every system shall provide an application of water spray in an area set out in Column I of an item of the following table at a rate that is at least equivalent to the rate set out in Column II of that item.

      TABLE

      Column IColumn II
      ItemArea to be sprayedApplication rate in litres per metre2 per minute
      1Boiler fronts or roof firing areas; oil fuel units; centrifugal separators, purifiers and clarifiers20
      2Hot oil fuel pipes near exhaust pipes or similar heated surfaces on main or auxiliary diesel engines10
      3Tank top area; oil tanks not forming part of the ship’s structure5
    • (5) Spraying nozzles shall be fitted above bilges, tank tops and other areas over which fuel oil is liable to spread or where any other fire hazard exists.

    • (6) A system may be divided into sections, the distribution valves of which shall be operated from readily accessible positions that are located outside the machinery spaces to be protected and that are not likely to be cut off by fire in a machinery space.

    • (7) Every system shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and shall be designed and constructed so that the water pump for the system shall be put automatically into action by a pressure drop in the system.

    • (8) Every water pump shall be capable of simultaneously supplying, at the necessary pressure, all sections of a system in any one machinery space to be protected.

    • (9) A water pump and its controls shall be installed outside each machinery space to be protected and shall be designed and constructed so that a fire in the machinery space will not put the system out of action.

    • (10) Where a water pump is dependent on power from an emergency generator, that generator shall be arranged to start automatically in case of main power failure so that power required for the pump is immediately available.

    • (11) Where a water pump is driven by internal combustion machinery, the pump shall be situated so that a fire in a machinery space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

    • (12) Precautions shall be taken to prevent spraying nozzles from becoming clogged by impurities in the water or by corrosion of piping, nozzles, valves or water pump.

  • SOR/78-3, ss. 9 to 11;
  • SOR/81-738, ss. 91 to 97.

SCHEDULE IV(ss. 11, 16, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 31.1, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 46.1, 51, 51.1, 54, 55, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 68.1, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 82.1, 87, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 94.1, 96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 102, 106, 107 and 108)Fire Extinguishers

Approval

    • 1 (1) Subject to subsection (2), fire extinguishers shall be approved by the Board.

    • (2) An inspector may accept,

      • (a) in the case of fire extinguishers manufactured in Canada, any extinguisher, of a type specified in this Schedule, that bears the approval label of the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;

      • (b) in the case of fire extinguishers manufactured in the United Kingdom, any extinguisher that has been approved by the British Department of Trade and Industry for marine use; and

      • (c) in the case of fire extinguishers manufactured in the United States, any extinguisher that has been approved by the United States Coast Guard for marine use.

Marking of Extinguishers

  • 2 The outside of CO2 extinguishers shall be clearly and permanently marked with

    • (a) the name of the maker or vendor of the extinguisher;

    • (b) instructions for operating the extinguisher;

    • (c) markings that will indicate the respective weights of the extinguisher when empty and when filled; and

    • (d) the inspection label of Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or such marking as is necessary to show compliance with section 1.

  • 3 The outside of carbon tetrachloride extinguishers shall be clearly and permanently marked with

    • (a) the name of the maker or vendor of the extinguisher;

    • (b) the capacity of the extinguisher;

    • (c) instructions for operating the extinguisher;

    • (d) a notice indicating that if the extinguisher is used for extinguishing fire in a confined space dangerous fumes will be given off and must not be inhaled; and

    • (e) the inspection label of the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or such marking as is necessary to show compliance with section 1.

  • 4 The outside of non-portable foam extinguishers shall be clearly and permanently marked with

    • (a) the name of the maker or vendor of the extinguisher;

    • (b) the capacity of the extinguisher;

    • (c) the pressure under which the extinguisher was tested;

    • (d) instructions for operating the extinguisher; and

    • (e) the inspection label of Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or such marking as is necessary to show compliance with section 1.

  • 5 The outside of portable foam type and soda acid type extinguishers shall be clearly and permanently marked with

    • (a) the name of the maker or vendor of the extinguisher;

    • (b) the capacity of the extinguisher;

    • (c) a certificate by the maker that the extinguisher has been tested by hydraulic pressure to 2 413 kPa;

    • (d) instructions for operating the extinguisher; and

    • (e) the inspection label of Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or such marking as is necessary to show compliance with section 1.

    • 6 (1) The outside of dry chemical extinguishers shall be clearly and permanently marked with

      • (a) the name of the maker or vendor of the extinguisher;

      • (b) the weight of dry chemical capacity;

      • (c) the pressure under which the extinguisher was tested;

      • (d) instructions for operating the extinguisher; and

      • (e) the inspection label of Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or such marking as is necessary to show compliance with section 1.

    • (2) The cartridge for use with the extinguisher shall be marked to show the weight when fully charged.

Equivalents

  • 7 Subject to sections 8 to 13 of this Schedule, the acceptable equivalent capacities of fire extinguishers are as set forth in the following table:

    TABLE OF EQUIVALENTS

    Where usedFluidFoamCO2Vaporizing liquidDry chemical
    LLkgLkg
    Passenger and crew spaces 4.54.5
    Passenger and crew spaces 9.09.0
    Oil fires 4.51.80.9460.9
    Oil fires 9.04.5Footnote for TABLE OF EQUIVALENTS *2.25
    Oil fires 22.59.04.5
    Oil fires 45.015.759.0
    Oil fires 135.045.022.5
    Electrical fires 1.80.9460.9

    TABLE OF EQUIVALENTS FOR SMALL SHIPS OF OPEN CONSTRUCTION

    FoamCO2Vaporizing liquidDry chemical
    LkgLkg
    4.51.80.9460.9
    9.04.52.25

General

    • 8 (1) Fire extinguishers in passenger and crew spaces shall be of the fluid type, that is to say those discharging water or foam; extinguishers in which the substance is stored under pressure shall not be provided for use in such spaces, but extinguishers containing only a small capsule of CO2 may be provided.

    • (2) Subject to subsection (3), carbon tetrachloride, CO2 or dry chemical extinguishers shall not be provided for use in passenger and crew spaces but these extinguishers may be used in other special places such as radiotelegraphic rooms and galleys.

    • (3) Carbon tetrachloride, CO2 or dry chemical fire extinguishers may be provided as equivalents where fire extinguishers are prescribed for small ships of open construction of Classes C, D, F and J, but carbon tetrachloride extinguishers shall only be used in well ventilated spaces.

    • 9 (1) Portable extinguishers in machinery spaces shall be of a type discharging foam, CO2 or dry chemical; carbon tetrachloride extinguishers may be accepted up to 20 per cent of the total number of extinguishers required in machinery spaces.

    • (2) Soda acid and water type extinguishers shall not be provided for use in machinery spaces in ships fitted with oil-fired boilers or in engine rooms of motor ships.

    • (3) CO2, carbon tetrachloride or dry chemical extinguishers shall be provided in machinery spaces where the machinery is predominantly electrical.

  • 10 Fire extinguishers containing chlorobromomethane may be accepted as the equivalent of carbon tetrachloride fire extinguishers if they comply with the requirements of these Regulations for carbon tetrachloride extinguishers.

    • 11 (1) Cylinders for CO2 extinguishers shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of the Canadian Transport Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission or the British Standards Specifications.

    • (2) The discharge hose of portable CO2 extinguishers shall be fitted with a horn which shall be insulated.

    • 12 (1) CO2 extinguishers shall not be situated where they are exposed to corrosion or to a temperature exceeding 54°C.

    • (2) Foam extinguishers should be so situated that they are not subjected to temperatures of 38°C and upwards or to a temperature below 4.4°C.

    • 13 (1) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), a spare charge shall be carried for every portable fire extinguisher provided in accordance with these Regulations in ships that are foreign-going steamships, home-trade steamships, Class I, home-trade steamships, Class II, or inland steamships, Class I.

    • (2) Spare charges for portable and non-portable extinguishers shall be examined annually for condition.

    • (3) Spare charges shall have the maker’s instructions for charging the extinguishers clearly shown and, where the chemicals are liable to deteriorate, the containers should be marked with the date of packing and the date before which renewal is necessary.

    • (4) In ships in which the number of fire extinguishers is more than the number required by these Regulations, the inspector may exercise discretion as to the number of spare charges to be carried.

    • (5) In ships in which the fire extinguishers are of a type that have the shell continuously pressurized with gas and have a trigger and valve device designed to retain the remainder of the charge once part of the contents have been discharged, the requirements for spare charges shall be deemed to be met if the number of extinguishers carried is increased in the ratio of 1.4 to 1 over the basic number required to be carried.

  • SOR/81-738, ss. 98 to 100;
  • SOR/84-508, s. 3;
  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F).

SCHEDULE V(ss. 17, 34, 69 and 83)Fireman’s Outfit

General

  • 1 Every fireman’s outfit shall

    • (a) consist of a breathing apparatus, a fireproof life and signalling line, protective clothing, a safety lamp and a fireman’s axe as described in this Schedule; and

    • (b) be kept in a readily accessible position that is unlikely to be cut off by fire.

Breathing Apparatus

    • 2 (1) Every breathing apparatus shall consist of

      • (a) a smoke helmet or smoke mask having a suitable air pump or bellows with a length of air hose long enough to reach any part of the accommodation, cargo or machinery spaces from the open deck well clear of any hatch or doorway; or

      • (b) a self-contained unit of the open circuit compressed air type or the closed-circuit oxygen-generating type.

    • (2) Every breathing apparatus shall be

      • (a) of a type and make approved by

        • (i) the Board,

        • (ii) the British Department of Trade and Industry, or

        • (iii) the United States Coast Guard; and

      • (b) provided with, in clear and permanent lettering,

        • (i) the name of the maker,

        • (ii) the year of manufacture, and

        • (iii) operating instructions in English and French.

    • (3) If, in order to meet the requirements of paragraph (1)(a), the air hose with the breathing apparatus described in that paragraph exceeds 36.6 m in length, every fireman’s outfit shall include, in substitution for or in addition to that breathing apparatus, a self-contained breathing apparatus as described in paragraph (1)(b).

    • (4) Every self-contained breathing apparatus shall be provided with

      • (a) two compressed air cylinders or two oxygen generating canisters, as the case may be, one of which is attached to the breathing apparatus and one of which is a spare; and

      • (b) a device that gives the wearer an audible warning at least five minutes before the supply of air or oxygen, as the case may be, is exhausted.

    • (5) Every compressed air cylinder and oxygen generating canister shall be capable of

      • (a) providing sufficient air or oxygen, as the case may be, to the user for at least 1/2 hour; and

      • (b) operating as soon as it is attached to the breathing apparatus.

    • (6) Every compressed air cylinder shall be constructed, tested and marked in accordance with the requirements of

      • (a) the Canadian Transport Commission,

      • (b) the British Standards Specifications, or

      • (c) the United States Department of Transportation,

      and, if it is to be used on board a tanker, shall be sheathed or covered with neoprene or other material that prevents sparking.

    • (7) Every self-contained breathing apparatus of the open circuit compressed air type shall be equipped with

      • (a) a pressure gauge, fitted with an anti-bursting orifice, that will enable the wearer to easily read the air pressure in the supply cylinder;

      • (b) a device that will automatically regulate the air supply to the wearer in accordance with his breathing requirements; and

      • (c) means whereby the wearer can bypass the device described in paragraph (b).

Fireproof Life and Signalling Line

  • 3 Every fireproof life and signalling line for use with breathing apparatus shall be at least 3 m longer than is necessary to reach any part of the accommodation, cargo or machinery spaces from the open deck well clear of any hatch or doorway and shall consist of

    • (a) a bronze or galvanized steel wire rope that has a breaking strength of not less than 6.67 kN and that is covered with hemp, or other material that is not slippery when wet, so that the circumference of the line is not less than 32 mm;

    • (b) an adjustable safety belt or harness of suitable material that may be secured to the line by a snap hook of suitable material; and

    • (c) one safety belt plate and one plate attached to the free end of the line each of a suitable material marked with a clearly legible code of signals for use by the wearer and the person at the free end of the line.

Protective Clothing

  • 4 The protective clothing in every fireman’s outfit shall consist of

    • (a) a helmet of rigid construction, padded inside to protect the head of the wearer against impact;

    • (b) a protective water resistant suit of a material that prevents damage to the skin of the wearer from excessive heat and scalding steam;

    • (c) gloves made of rubber or other material that does not conduct electricity; and

    • (d) boots, made of rubber or other material that does not conduct electricity, that are fitted with toe caps.

Safety Lamps

    • 5 (1) Every safety lamp shall be of a type and make approved by one of the authorities named in paragraph 2(2)(a) and shall be classified as Class I, suitable for use on any ship, or Class II, suitable for use on any ship other than a tanker.

    • (2) Every safety lamp on a tanker shall be a Class I safety lamp.

    • (3) Every safety lamp shall be

      • (a) operated by an electric battery capable of burning continuously for a minimum period of three hours;

      • (b) either of the head lamp or hand lamp design; and

      • (c) fitted with an attachment that can be easily fixed to the person using it at or above the level of his waist.

Fireman’s Axe

  • 6 Every fireman’s axe for use on any ship shall have

    • (a) a short handle;

    • (b) a head with a spike and a cutting edge; and

    • (c) a carrying belt.

  • SOR/81-738, ss. 101, 102.

SCHEDULE VI(ss. 8 and 18)Sprinkler Systems

General

    • 1 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each manual sprinkler system for vehicular spaces prescribed in this Schedule shall be of the water deluge type and have open sprinkler heads.

    • (2) With the approval of the Board, a foam type system having open foam sprinkler heads and incorporating the use of foam proportioned equipment may be installed in lieu of a water deluge type system.

    • (3) An automatic sprinkler system for the protection of accommodation and service space

      • (a) shall have closed sprinkler heads unless otherwise described by the Board;

      • (b) may be either a wet system or a dry pipe system; and

      • (c) shall be kept fully charged and ready for immediate use during all periods when passengers are on board.

    • (4) Provision shall be made for vertical zone subdivision within vehicular spaces by fitting Class A bulkheads or an approved system of water curtains in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations.

Manual Sprinkler Systems for Vehicular Spaces

Water Deluge Type Sprinkler Systems

Sectioning

    • 2 (1) Subject to subsection (2), a common deck area, having a size set out in the table to this subsection, shall have no more sections than the number of sections set out for common deck areas of that size in that table.

      TABLE

      Square metres of Common Deck AreaMaximum Number of Sections
      OverNot Over
      741
      741672
      1672793
      2794654
      4658365
      83614866
      148627877
      27878
    • (2) All sections within one common area shall be of approximately the same size, and adjoining sections within a zone shall overlap so that the end sprinkler heads of both adjoining sections cover the identical area.

Quantity and Discharge

    • 3 (1) Each sprinkler system shall be so designed and arranged that the overhead is effectively protected and all portions of the deck are covered.

    • (2) The capacity of a sprinkler system shall be such that at least 60 L of water per minute are applied to each 10 m2 of deck area.

Sprinkler Heads

  • 4 Sprinkler heads of the 10 mm open type shall be used and shall be so arranged that no portion of the overhead is more than 2 m from a sprinkler head.

Pipe Sizes

    • 5 (1) Pipe sizes shall be in proportion to the number of sprinkler heads served.

    • (2) No pipe serving a number of 10 mm heads set out in the table to this subsection shall be smaller than the size set out in that table in respect of that number of heads.

      TABLE

      Number of 10 mm Heads or Nozzles ServedMinimum Nominal Pipe Sizes, in millimetres
      OverNot Over
      119
      1225
      2432
      4638
      61250
      121864
      183075
      304689
      4666100
      66120125

System Pumps

    • 6 (1) Each sprinkler system shall be supplied by

      • (a) a separate pump reserved solely for the purpose;

      • (b) an automatic sprinkler system pump; or

      • (c) the ship’s fire pumps.

    • (2) Where a sprinkler system is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(a), the pump shall

      • (a) have sufficient capacity to supply

        • (i) the largest section of open sprinkler heads of a ship less than 1,000 gross tons, and

        • (ii) the largest two sections of open sprinkler heads of a ship 1,000 gross tons or over,

        with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads while operating with a test valve of 13 mm diameter open full bore at the delivery side of the pump;

      • (b) be situated in a space separate from the protected area; and

      • (c) have its own independent sea suction.

    • (3) Where sea suction valves and pump discharge valves are fitted to a pump described in subsection (2), they shall be secured in the open position while the ship is in operation.

    • (4) Where a sprinkler system is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(b), the pump shall have sufficient size and capacity

      • (a) to supply

        • (i) the largest section of open sprinkler heads of a ship of less than 1,000 gross tons, and

        • (ii) the two largest sections of open sprinkler heads of a ship of 1,000 gross tons or over

        with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads; or

      • (b) to meet the requirements of paragraph 21(2)(f) of this Schedule,

      whichever is the more stringent requirement.

    • (5) Where a sprinkler system is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(c), the ship’s power fire pumps shall have sufficient total capacity

      • (a) to supply

        • (i) the largest section of open sprinkler heads of a ship of less than 1,000 gross tons, and

        • (ii) the two largest sections of open sprinkler heads of a ship of 1,000 gross tons or over

        with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads; and

      • (b) to deliver at the same time a stream of water with a Pitot tube pressure of 310 kPa from

        • (i) the two highest fire hose outlets in the case of a ship required to have more than one power-driven fire pump, or

        • (ii) the highest fire hose outlet in the case of a ship required to have only one power-driven fire pump.

Controls

    • 7 (1) The controls for a water deluge type sprinkler system shall be outside the space protected and shall be so placed that they are easily accessible and not readily cut off from use by an outbreak of fire within the protected space.

    • (2) The controls and control stations of a sprinkler system shall be plainly marked.

    • (3) Distribution piping to a sprinkler system covering more than one area within a zone shall be capable of being controlled from one station and shall be so arranged that each section has its own control valve incorporating an “open” and “shut” indicator.

    • (4) Where the pump supplying the sprinkler system is in accordance with paragraph 6(1)(a) of this Schedule, it shall, in the case of a ship 30.5 m in length or over, be capable of being started from any of the control stations.

Piping

    • 8 (1) All piping, valves and fittings shall meet the applicable requirements of the Marine Machinery Regulations.

    • (2) All piping, valves and fittings of ferrous materials shall be protected inside and outside against corrosion.

    • (3) Drains shall be fitted where necessary to prevent the accumulation of moisture in open-end pipes.

General

    • 9 (1) Vehicular decks fitted with deluge type sprinklers shall have adequate provision for disposing of the accumulation of water that might ensue in case of fire.

    • (2) Where a manual sprinkler system is supplied from an automatic sprinkler system pump, the discharge pipe to the open head sprinklers from the main supply line shall be installed closer to the pump than the dry valves or zone valves governing the automatic system.

    • (3) In the case of ships 30.5 m in length or over, where manual sprinkler systems are supplied from the ship’s fire pumps, the supply for the system shall be taken from the fire main.

Water Curtains

System

  • 10 Water curtains shall not be installed for vehicular spaces in lieu of zone bulkheads except where

    • (a) the system is approved by the Board;

    • (b) the supply for the water curtains is independent of any system supplying sprinkler protection to the space in which the water curtains are fitted; and

    • (c) the water supply originates from outside the space protected.

System Pumps

    • 11 (1) Subject to section 10 of this Schedule, a water curtain system may be supplied by

      • (a) a separate pump reserved solely for the purpose;

      • (b) an automatic sprinkler system pump; or

      • (c) the ship’s fire pumps.

    • (2) Where a water curtain system is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(a), the pump shall have sufficient capacity to operate all connected water curtains with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads with 13 mm diameter test valve situated at the discharge side of the pump open full bore.

    • (3) Where sea suction valves and pump discharge valves are fitted to a pump described in subsection (2), they shall be secured in the open position when the ship is in operation.

    • (4) Where a water curtain system is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(b), the pump shall have sufficient size and capacity

      • (a) to operate all connected water curtains with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads with a 13 mm diameter test valve situated at the discharge side of the pump open full bore, or

      • (b) meet the requirements of paragraph 21(2)(f) of this Schedule,

      whichever is the more stringent requirement.

    • (5) Where a water curtain is supplied in accordance with paragraph (1)(c), the fire pumps shall have sufficient total capacity to operate all connected water curtains with a Pitot tube pressure of at least 103 kPa at all heads and simultaneously to deliver water from the two highest fire hose outlets at a Pitot tube pressure of 310 kPa.

Sprinkler Heads

  • 12 Each water curtain system shall be fitted with 10 mm orifice spade type open spray nozzles or equivalent so arranged that

    • (a) the system delivers not less than 45 L of water per minute for each metre of breadth of deck protected; and

    • (b) no portion of the overhead breadth in way of the open deck is more than 1 m from a curtain sprinkler head.

Controls

    • 13 (1) Controls for a water curtain system shall be so placed that they are easily accessible.

    • (2) Where the controls for a water curtain system are placed within the sprinkler protected vehicular space, provision shall be made for dual control so that a fire in any common deck area within one zone will not cut off both control stations.

    • (3) The control stations and valves connected to the water curtain system shall be distinctly marked indicating the area that they protect.

    • (4) Where the pump supplying the system is a pump described in paragraph 11(1)(a) of this Schedule, the pump shall be capable of being started from any of the control stations.

Piping

    • 14 (1) Pipe sizes shall be in proportion to the number of spray nozzles served.

    • (2) No pipe serving a number of 10 mm nozzles set out in the table to subsection 5(2) of this Schedule shall be smaller than the size set out in that table in respect of that number of nozzles.

    • (3) All piping, valves and fittings shall meet the applicable requirements of the Marine Machinery Regulations.

    • (4) All piping, valves and fittings of ferrous materials shall be protected inside and outside against corrosion.

    • (5) Drains shall be fitted where necessary to prevent accumulation of moisture in open-end pipes.

General

    • 15 (1) Where a water curtain system is supplied from an automatic sprinkler system pump, the discharge pipe to the open head curtain sprinklers from the main supply line shall be installed closer to the pump than the dry valves or zone valves governing the automatic system.

    • (2) Where a water curtain system is supplied from the ship’s fire pumps, the supply for the system shall be taken from the fire main.

Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Spaces other than Vehicular Spaces

Wet Systems

  • 16 A wet automatic sprinkler system for spaces other than vehicular spaces shall be kept fully charged with fresh water and any pipes in the system that may be affected by frost shall be insulated or filled and maintained with a non-inflammable anti-freeze solution of sufficient density to prevent freezing.

Dry Systems

  • 17 In a dry pipe automatic sprinkler system for spaces other than vehicular spaces

    • (a) the dry valves shall be located in the machinery space as near as practicable to the pressure units;

    • (b) the discharge side of the dry valves shall be connected to an air compressor capable of maintaining the required air pressure in the system, and, if the system is one in which the air pressure is automatically maintained, a suitable reducing orifice shall be fitted in the air supply line to each dry valve;

    • (c) the connection from the air compressor shall enter the system above the priming water level of the dry valves;

    • (d) each connecting pipe shall be fitted with a check valve and, on the air supply side of that check valve, a shut-off valve;

    • (e) a relief valve shall be fitted between the compressor and the shut-off valves and shall be set to relieve at a pressure 34.5 kPa in excess of the maximum air pressure carried in the system;

    • (f) the air capacity of the system or any part of the system controlled by a single dry valve shall not exceed 2 273 L, except that where an approved quick-opening device or exhauster for exhausting air is fitted to the dry valve, the capacity may be increased to 3 410 L;

    • (g) where the system is subdivided and has more than one dry valve, the arrangement of the air maintenance device shall be such that, when one dry valve operates, water cannot accumulate in the form of a static head on the other dry valves through the air supply lines;

    • (h) pressure gauges shall be located

      • (i) above and below each dry valve, and

      • (ii) at the air compressor or air receiver;

    • (i) a low pressure alarm switch shall be connected to the system on the air pressure side of each dry valve and shall operate a warning device in the engine room when a loss of air from any part of the system occurs; and

    • (j) the low pressure alarm shall be distinct from the flow alarm referred to in paragraph 18(1)(d) of this Schedule.

General Requirements For Wet And Dry Systems

Pressure Tanks and Air Compressors

    • 18 (1) In each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system

      • (a) subject to paragraph (b), a pressure tank shall be provided

        • (i) having a capacity of not less than twice the standing charge of fresh water required for the automatic operation of the system, and

        • (ii) of adequate strength to maintain a standing charge of not less than 2 273 L of fresh water under an air pressure of not less than 483 kPa plus the pressure due to a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system;

      • (b) a pressure tank of 3 410 L may be used if

        • (i) the standing charge of fresh water adequate for the system is not in excess of 2 273 L, and

        • (ii) the pressure tank is of adequate strength to maintain a standing charge of 2 273 L under an air pressure of not less than 758 kPa plus the pressure due to a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system;

      • (c) the pressure tank shall be of a design approved by the Board and shall be fitted with an efficient relief valve, a water gauge glass, a pressure gauge and stop valves or cocks at each of the gauge connections;

      • (d) an alarm switch shall be provided which shall operate a warning device in the engine room when a flow of water from the tank occurs and when the pressure in the tank is reduced below that required for efficient operation; and

      • (e) an air compressor shall be provided which shall be connected to and capable of maintaining in the pressure tank the pressure required by this subsection.

Pipes, Valves and Fittings

  • 19 The pipes, valves and fittings of each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system shall

    • (a) meet the applicable requirements of the Marine Machinery Regulations and, if made of ferrous materials, be protected inside and outside against corrosion;

    • (b) be properly jointed and supported and where necessary, protected against injury;

    • (c) have connections that are capable of supplying a replenishment of the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank and of enabling pipes to be flushed with fresh water after the use of salt water in the system; and

    • (d) on completion of the piping, be tested to 1 379 kPa.

External Connections

    • 20 (1) Each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system shall be a self-contained unit, and no external connections shall be fitted to it other than

      • (a) either of

        • (i) a manually operated sprinkler system for vehicular decks installed in accordance with paragraph 6(1)(b), or

        • (ii) a manually operated water curtain installed in accordance with paragraph 11(1)(b);

      • (b) hose couplings with shut-off valves and non-return valves situated close to the couplings for the purpose of coupling to a shore supply and so situated that easy connection to a shore supply can be made no matter which way the ship is berthed; and

      • (c) a connection with the ship’s fire main provided with

        • (i) a screw-down valve that can be locked, and

        • (ii) a non-return valve at the connection that will prevent a back flow from the sprinkler system to the fire main.

    • (2) The shut-off valves for the shore supply and the ship’s fire main connection shall be clearly and permanently marked to show their purpose, and means shall be provided to prevent the operation of those valves by any unauthorized person.

Pumps

    • 21 (1) Each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system shall have an independent power pump for the sole purpose of continuing automatically the discharge of water from the sprinkler heads.

    • (2) A pump referred to in subsection (1) shall

      • (a) be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted;

      • (b) have a suction direct from the sea which shall be independent of any other suction;

      • (c) have fitted close to it on the delivery side a 50 mm diameter waste valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe for testing purposes;

      • (d) be so arranged that it cannot pass sea water into the pressure tank;

      • (e) if it is of the centrifugal type, be so arranged as to prevent a back flow of water to the sea; and

      • (f) have a size and capacity sufficient

        • (i) to service the zone having the greatest capacity need for any one deck as determined by the Board, or

        • (ii) to maintain a pressure of 172 kPa at the level of the highest sprinkler with the 50 mm diameter waste valve referred to in paragraph (c) fully open,

        whichever is the more stringent requirement.

Sprinkler Heads

    • 22 (1) The sprinkler heads of each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system shall be grouped into separate sections each of which

      • (a) shall contain not more than 150 sprinkler heads;

      • (b) shall serve not more than two decks; and

      • (c) shall serve not more than one main vertical zone or watertight compartment, except that where the Board is satisfied that sufficient fire protection is provided, a section of sprinkler heads may serve more than one compartment, or main vertical zone.

    • (2) Each section of sprinkler heads shall be controlled by one control valve, the location of which shall be clearly and permanently indicated, and no other valves shall be provided for controlling any of the sprinklers in that section.

    • (3) The control valve of each section of sprinkler heads shall be

      • (a) readily accessible; and

      • (b) provided with means to prevent its operation by any unauthorized person.

    • (4) The piping of a section of sprinkler heads between the sectional control valve and the sprinkler heads shall

      • (a) if it services accommodation spaces, be of a size set out in Table I to this subsection and service not more than the number of sprinkler heads set out opposite the pipe size in that Table; and

      • (b) if it services service spaces, be of a size set out in Table II to this subsection and service not more than the number of sprinklers set out opposite the pipe size in that Table.

        TABLE I

        Accommodation Spaces
        Size of pipe in millimetresMaximum Number of Sprinklers allowed
        252
        323
        385
        5010
        6430
        7560
        89100
        100150

        TABLE II

        Service Spaces, including Galleys, Mail Rooms, Pantries, Bondrooms and Similar Spaces
        Size of pipe in millimetresMaximum Number of Sprinklers allowed
        252
        323
        385
        5010
        6420
        7540
        8965
        100100
        125150
    • (5) Each section of sprinkler heads shall have

      • (a) a pressure gauge located at the control valve and at a central station to indicate the pressure available throughout the system;

      • (b) 13 mm sprinkler heads capable of operating with salt water and rated

        • (i) in spaces where a high ambient temperature may be expected, at 100°C, and

        • (ii) in other spaces, at between 57°C and 82°C;

      • (c) at least six spare sprinkler heads which shall be stowed in clearly identified boxes or holders provided for that purpose near the control valve for the section;

      • (d) the sprinkler heads so designed and arranged that the overhead is effectively protected and that all portions of the deck below are covered;

      • (e) the sprinklers so located that no part of the overhead or vertical projection of the deck below is more than 2 m from a sprinkler head; and

      • (f) the sprinkler heads placed as clear as possible, of beams, or other objects likely to obstruct the projection of water.

    • (6) Sprinkler heads shall not be located in radio rooms.

Alarms

    • 23 (1) Each wet or dry automatic sprinkler system shall include means for giving a visible and audible alarm signal automatically whenever any sprinkler comes into operation.

    • (2) The alarm signal referred to in subsection (1)

      • (a) shall indicate on a panel at one or more points on the ship, so as to bring rapidly to the attention of the master and the crew, the presence and position of any fire in the spaces served by the system; and

      • (b) if the alarm is operated electrically, it shall be constructed so as to operate if any derangement occurs in the electrical circuit.

  • 24 A framed block plan shall be fixed in close proximity to the indicator panel prescribed in section 23 and shall show the parts of the ship protected by each sectional or installation control valve and the situation thereof.

Power Supply

    • 25 (1) Safety Convention ships shall be provided with not less than two sources of power supply for the sea water pumps, air compressors and automatic alarms.

    • (2) Where the sources of power are electrical,

      • (a) there shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power;

      • (b) one supply of power shall be taken from the main switch board by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose;

      • (c) the feeders shall be run to a change-over switch situated near the sprinkler unit;

      • (d) the change-over switch from the emergency switchboard to the feeder shall normally be kept closed;

      • (e) the change-over switch shall be clearly labelled; and

      • (f) no other switch shall be permitted in those feeders.

Aluminum Alloy Superstructures

  • 26 Where the superstructure of a passenger ship carrying more than 12 passengers is constructed of aluminum alloy and Method II of fire protection is employed in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations, the whole unit including the sprinkler pump, tank and air compressor shall be situated, to the satisfaction of the Board, in a position reasonably remote from the boilers and machinery spaces, and, if the feeders from the emergency generator to the sprinkler unit pass through any space constituting a fire risk, the cables shall be of a fireproof type.

Testing

  • 27 Sprinkler systems shall, for testing purposes, have

    • (a) a test valve situated near the control valve for each section for testing the automatic alarm for that section of sprinklers by a discharge of water equivalent to the operation of one sprinkler head;

    • (b) means for testing the automatic cutting-in of the pump; and

    • (c) switches at one of the points referred to in section 23 that will enable the alarm and the indicators for each section of sprinklers to be tested.

Instruction Book

  • 28 An instruction book regarding the operation and maintenance of the sprinkler equipment, containing a block plan and appendix showing the parts of the ship protected by the various control valves, shall be carried in the ship.

  • SOR/81-738, ss. 103 to 117;
  • SOR/95-372, s. 7.

SCHEDULE VII(s. 19)Precautions To Be Taken Against Fire in Small Motor Ships

  • 1 Care must be taken to prevent leakage of gasoline, or the risk of fire due to unshielded woodwork or other flammable material being in too close proximity to hot pipes.

  • 2 Where a reserve supply of gasoline is carried it shall be carried in a metal container and the spout or opening in the container shall be provided with an effective cap.

  • 3 In all cases when gasoline tanks are being filled, an efficient funnel shall be used to prevent spillage into the hull of the boat.

  • 4 Gasoline tanks shall be installed so that gasoline cannot spill into the bilges while the tanks are being filled.

  • 5 Passenger vessels using gasoline shall not be fueled while passengers are on board.

  • 6 An appliance which burns liquid or gaseous fuel shall be so fitted that there is a free circulation of air all around and below the appliance.

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