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Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2020-07-01. Previous Versions

PART DVitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids (continued)

DIVISION 1Vitamins in Foods (continued)

 [Repealed, SOR/88-559, s. 32]

 Subject to section D.01.010, no person shall sell a food to which any of the following vitamins have been added unless a reasonable daily intake of that food by a person would result in the daily intake by such person of not less than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 1,600 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, 0.6 milligram;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, 1.0 milligram;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, six milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of ascorbic acid, 20 milligrams; and

  • (f) in the case of vitamin D, 300 International Units.

 Where a food to which a vitamin has been added is represented as being solely for use in the feeding of children under two years of age, no person shall sell such food unless a reasonable daily intake of that food by a child under two years of age would result in the daily intake by the child of not less than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 1,000 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, 0.4 milligram;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, 0.6 milligram;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, four milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of pyridoxine, 0.6 milligram;

  • (f) in the case of ascorbic acid, 20 milligrams;

  • (g) in the case of vitamin D, 300 International Units; and

  • (h) in the case of vitamin E, five International Units.

 No person shall sell a food to which any of the following vitamins have been added if a reasonable daily intake of that food by a person would result in the daily intake by such person of more than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 2,500 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, two milligrams;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, three milligrams;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, 20 milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of pyridoxine, 1.5 milligrams;

  • (f) in the case of ascorbic acid, 60 milligrams;

  • (g) in the case of vitamin D, 400 International Units; and

  • (h) in the case of vitamin E, 15 International Units.

 No person shall, in advertising a food that is represented as containing a vitamin or on a label of such food,

  • (a) give any assurance or guarantee of any kind with respect to the result that may be, has been or will be obtained by the addition of the vitamin to a person’s diet; or

  • (b) refer to, reproduce or quote any testimonial.

 [Repealed, SOR/2003-11, s. 31]

TABLE I[Repealed, SOR/2016-305, s. 67]

TABLE II

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
VitaminUnitsAmount
1Biotinmicrograms90
2Folacinmicrograms195
3Niacinniacin equivalents16
4Pantothenic Acidmilligrams5.0
5Riboflavinmilligrams1.2
6Thiaminemilligrams1.0
7Vitamin Aretinol equivalents870
8Vitamin B6milligrams1.0
9Vitamin B12micrograms1.0
10Vitamin Cmilligrams34
11Vitamin Dmicrograms3.0
12Vitamin Emilligrams7.0
  • SOR/96-259, s. 5

DIVISION 2Mineral Nutrients in Foods

  •  (1) In this Division, mineral nutrient means any of the following chemical elements, whether alone or in a compound with one or more other chemical elements:

  • (2) This Division applies only in respect of foods that are represented as containing a mineral nutrient for use in human nutrition.

  • SOR/88-559, s. 34
  • SOR/90-830, s. 9(F)
  •  (1) No person shall, on the label of or in any advertisement for a food, other than salt for table or general household use containing added iodide, prepackaged water and ice, a formulated liquid diet, a human milk substitute or a food represented as containing a human milk substitute, make a statement or claim concerning the mineral nutrient content of the food unless

    • (a) the mineral nutrient is set out in column 1 of Part 2 of the Table of Daily Values;

    • (b) the percentage of the daily value of the mineral nutrient, per serving of stated size, is 5% or more; and

    • (c) the mineral nutrient content is declared on the label or in the advertisement as a percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size.

  • (1.1) The condition set out in paragraph (1)(c) need not be met if the statement or claim described in subsection (1) is made on a label of or in any advertisement for a fresh vegetable or fruit or any combination of fresh vegetables or fruits without any added ingredients, an orange with added food colour or a fresh vegetable or fruit coated with mineral oil, paraffin wax, petrolatum or any other protective coating.

  • (2) If a statement or claim described in subsection (1) is made in an advertisement for a food that is not a prepackaged product or in an advertisement for a prepackaged product that is not made or placed by or on the direction of the manufacturer of the product, the percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size, shall,

    • (a) in the case of an advertisement, other than a radio or television advertisement, be

      • (i) adjacent to, without any intervening printed, written or graphic material, the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once, and

      • (ii) shown in letters of at least the same size and prominence as those of the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once;

    • (b) in the case of a radio advertisement or the audio portion of a television advertisement, immediately precede or follow the statement or claim; or

    • (c) in the case of a television advertisement, be communicated

      • (i) in the audio mode, if the statement or claim is made only in the audio portion of the advertisement or in both the audio and visual portions, or

      • (ii) in the audio or visual mode, if the statement or claim is made only in the visual portion of the advertisement.

  • (3) The percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size, that is communicated in the visual mode of a television advertisement in accordance with subparagraph (2)(c)(ii) shall

    • (a) appear concurrently with and for at least the same amount of time as the statement or claim;

    • (b) be adjacent to, without any intervening printed, written or graphic material, the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once; and

    • (c) be shown in letters of at least the same size and prominence as those of the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once.

  • (4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a statement or claim made in respect of the sodium or potassium content.

  • (5) Paragraphs (1)(a) and (c) do not apply in respect of a declaration of the total fluoride ion content as required by sections B.12.002 and B.12.008.

  • (6) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in respect of a declaration of the mineral nutrient content in a nutrition facts table.

  • (7) Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply in respect of a declaration of the chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum and selenium content as required by subparagraph B.24.202(a)(v).

  • SOR/84-300, s. 60(E)
  • SOR/88-559, s. 34
  • SOR/90-830, s. 10
  • SOR/96-259, s. 9
  • SOR/2003-11, s. 34
  • SOR/2016-305, ss. 68, 75(F)
 
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