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Food and Drug Regulations

Version of section B.01.500 from 2008-12-13 to 2019-11-19:

  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this section and in the table following section B.01.513.

    combination foods

    combination foods means the category of food to which belong foods that contain as ingredients foods from more than one food group, or foods from one or more food groups mixed with foods from the category of other foods, such as pizza or lasagna. (aliments composés)

    food group

    food group means one of the following categories of foods:

    • (a) milk products, and milk product alternatives such as fortified plant-based beverages;

    • (b) meat, poultry and fish, and alternatives such as legumes, eggs, tofu or peanut butter;

    • (c) bread and grain products; or

    • (d) vegetables and fruit. (groupe alimentaire)

    other foods

    other foods means the category of food to which belong foods that are not part of any food group, including

    • (a) foods that are mostly fats, such as butter, margarine, oil or lard;

    • (b) foods that are mostly sugars, such as jam, honey, syrup or confectionery;

    • (c) snack foods, such as potato chips or pretzels;

    • (d) beverages, such as water, tea, coffee or soft drinks; and

    • (e) herbs, spices and condiments, such as pickles, mustard or ketchup. (autres aliments)

    reference food of the same food group

    reference food of the same food group means a food that can be substituted in the diet for the food to which it is compared and that belongs to

    • (a) the same food group as the food to which it is compared, such as cheese as a reference food for milk, or chicken as a reference food for tofu;

    • (b) the category of other foods, if the food to which it is compared also belongs to that category, such as pretzels as a reference food for potato chips; or

    • (c) the category of combination foods, if the food to which it is compared also belongs to that category, such as pizza as a reference food for lasagna. (aliment de référence du même groupe alimentaire)

    similar reference food

    similar reference food means a food of the same type as the food to which it is compared and that has not been processed, formulated, reformulated or otherwise modified in a manner that increases or decreases the energy value or the amount of a nutrient that is the subject of the comparison, such as whole milk as a similar reference food for partly skimmed milk or regular chocolate chip cookies as a similar reference food for fat-reduced chocolate chip cookies. (aliment de référence similaire)

  • (2) The similar reference food referred to in column 3 of item 45 of the table following section B.01.513, with respect to the subject “light in energy or fat” set out in column 1, shall have a nutrient value that is representative of foods of that type that have not been processed, formulated, reformulated or otherwise modified in a manner that increases the energy value or the amount of fat.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2007-302, s. 4(F)
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