Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations
Marginal note:CO2 emission standards
26 (1) Subject to subsections (3) and (5) to (7), every vocational vehicle and incomplete vocational vehicle of the 2014 and subsequent model years must have a CO2 emission rate that does not exceed the applicable CO2 emission standard set out in the following table for the model year in question for its applicable useful life:
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Item Class of Vocational Vehicle CO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per tonne-mile) for the 2014 to 2016 Model Years CO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per tonne-mile) for the 2017 and Subsequent Model Years 1 Classes 2B, 3, 4 and 5 388 373 2 Classes 6 and 7 234 225 3 Class 8 226 222
Marginal note:Modelling CO2 emissions to demonstrate compliance
(2) The CO2 emission rate must be determined using the GEM computer simulation model with the following parameters:
(a) the “regulatory subcategory” referred to in the GEM computer simulation model corresponds to a type of vocational vehicle referred to in subparagraphs 18(3)(a)(ii) to (iv), whichever applies to the class of vocational vehicle being modelled; and
(b) the steer tire rolling resistance level and the drive tire rolling resistance level measured for each tire configuration in accordance with section 520(c) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR.
Marginal note:Exemption for certain vocational vehicles
(3) The vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles referred to in subsection (1) do not include vehicles that either
(a) have tires with a maximum speed rating at or below 88 km/h (55 miles per hour); or
(b) are designed to perform work in an off-road environment or to operate at low speeds that are unsuitable for normal highway operation and meet one of the following criteria:
(i) have an axle that has a GAWR of 13 154 kg (29,000 pounds) or more,
(ii) attain a speed of 53 km/h (33 miles per hour) or less over 3.2 km (2 miles), or
(iii) attain a speed of 72 km/h (45 miles per hour) or less over 3.2 km (2 miles), have an unloaded vehicle weight that is not less than 95% of its GVWR, and have no capacity to carry occupants other than the driver and operating crew.
Marginal note:Non-eligible vehicles
(4) The vehicles referred to in subsection (3) are not eligible for participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.
Marginal note:Option to conform to higher vehicle service class
(5) For any given vehicle referred to in subsection (1), a company may elect to conform to the emission standards and useful life applicable to a higher vehicle service class, in which case the company must not obtain credits for those vehicles when participating in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.
Marginal note:Alternative standards
(6) In the case of a vocational vehicle or a cab-complete vocational vehicle equipped with a spark-ignition engine, a company may elect to comply with the standards referred to in sections 20 to 23 applicable to Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles, taking into account section 150(l) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart B, of the CFR, instead of complying with subsection (1) and sections 29 and 30 if the following conditions are met:
Marginal note:Calculation using fleets and subfleets
(7) A company may elect to comply with subsection (1) by grouping all its vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles of a given model year into fleets or subfleets, as the case may be, in accordance with section 18 and participating in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.
Marginal note:Family emission limit
(8) For the purposes of subsection (7), every vocational vehicle and incomplete vocational vehicle within a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, must conform to the CO2 family emission limit determined by the company for the fleet or subfleet of the vehicle, as the case may be, and corresponding to the value determined for B in the formula set out in paragraph 35(1)(b).
Marginal note:Engines meeting requirements
(9) Every vocational vehicle and incomplete vocational vehicle of the 2014 and subsequent model years must be equipped with a heavy-duty engine that meets the requirements of these Regulations.
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