Plant Protection Regulations

Version of section 29 from 2007-03-01 to 2009-12-09:

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (1.1) to (5) and the conditions set out in sections 38 to 44, no person shall import into Canada any thing that is a pest, is or could be infested or constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, unless the person has obtained and furnished to an inspector a valid permit number and, as applicable, a foreign Phytosanitary Certificate or a foreign Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export.

  • (1.1) The person may obtain and furnish to an inspector the number of the applicable certificate referred to in subsection (1) instead of the certificate if doing so is in accordance with an agreement between the Minister and the phytosanitary certification authorities of a foreign country to furnish documents directly to the Minister in electronic form.

  • (2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a person may import a thing referred to in subsection (1) without a permit where the Minister determines, on the basis of a pest risk assessment,

    • (a) that the thing is not a pest, is not or is not suspected of being infested or does not or could not constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, and that the thing originates from an area free from pests listed in the List of Pests Regulated by Canada, published by the Agency, as amended from time to time; or

    • (b) where the thing is a pest, is or could be infested or constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, that the thing has been treated or processed in the country or place of origin or reshipment in a manner that eliminates any pest or biological obstacle or results in any pest or biological obstacle being non-viable.

  • (3) Where a thing originates from an area referred to in paragraph (2)(a), a person who imports the thing without a permit shall furnish to an inspector a document that attests to the origin of the thing.

  • (4) Where a permit is not required pursuant to paragraph (2)(b), the person shall, before importation, demonstrate to the Minister or an inspector that the treatment or process of the thing has

    • (a) eradicated any pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest; or

    • (b) resulted in any pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest being non-viable.

  • (5) Where a person referred to in subsection (4) does not demonstrate before importation that the treatment or process has attained a result referred to in that subsection, the person shall comply with subsection (1).

  • (6) Any thing referred to in subsection (2) shall be packaged, moved, handled, controlled and used in a manner that ensures that the thing does not become a pest, infested or a biological obstacle to the control of a pest.

  • (7) A person may import a thing referred to in subsection (1) without a foreign Phytosanitary Certificate or foreign Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export where the Minister determines, on the basis of a pest risk assessment, that the thing is not a pest, is not or is not suspected of being infested or does not constitute or could not constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest.

  • SOR/97-292, s. 31
  • SOR/2007-48, s. 2
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