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Federal Courts Rules

Version of section 299.18 from 2006-03-22 to 2007-12-12:


Marginal note:Conditions

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), a judge shall certify an action as a class action if

    • (a) the pleadings disclose a reasonable cause of action;

    • (b) there is an identifiable class of two or more persons;

    • (c) the claims of the class members raise common questions of law or fact, whether or not those common questions predominate over questions affecting only individual members;

    • (d) a class action is the preferable procedure for the fair and efficient resolution of the common questions of law or fact; and

    • (e) there is a representative plaintiff who

      • (i) would fairly and adequately represent the interests of the class,

      • (ii) has prepared a plan for the action that sets out a workable method of advancing the action on behalf of the class and of notifying class members how the proceeding is progressing,

      • (iii) does not have, on the common questions of law or fact, an interest that is in conflict with the interests of other class members, and

      • (iv) provides a summary of any agreements respecting fees and disbursements between the representative plaintiff and the representative plaintiff's solicitor.

  • Marginal note:Matters to be considered

    (2) All relevant matters shall be considered in a determination of whether a class action is the preferable procedure for the fair and efficient resolution of the common questions of law or fact, including whether

    • (a) questions of law or fact common to the members of the class predominate over any questions affecting only individual members;

    • (b) a significant number of the members of the class have a valid interest in individually controlling the prosecution of separate actions;

    • (c) the class action would involve claims that are or have been the subject of any other action;

    • (d) other means of resolving the claims are less practical or less efficient; and

    • (e) the administration of the class action would create greater difficulties than those likely to be experienced if relief were sought by other means.

  • Marginal note:Subclasses

    (3) If the judge determines that a class includes a subclass whose members have claims that raise common questions of law or fact not shared by all the class members so that the protection of the interests of the subclass members requires that they be separately represented, the judge shall not certify the action as a class action unless there is a representative plaintiff who

    • (a) would fairly and adequately represent the interests of the subclass;

    • (b) has prepared a plan for the action that sets out a workable method of advancing the action on behalf of the subclass and of notifying subclass members how the proceeding is progressing;

    • (c) does not have, on the common questions of law or fact for the subclass, an interest that is in conflict with the interests of other subclass members; and

    • (d) provides a summary of any agreements respecting fees and disbursements between the representative plaintiff and the representative plaintiff's solicitor.

  • SOR/2002-417, s. 17
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