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Income Tax Regulations

Version of section 5906 from 2013-06-26 to 2020-07-28:

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Part, where a foreign affiliate of a corporation resident in Canada carries on an active business, it shall be deemed to carry on that business

    • (a) in a country other than Canada only to the extent that such business is carried on through a permanent establishment situated therein; and

    • (b) in Canada only to the extent that its income therefrom is subject to tax under Part I of the Act.

  • (2) The expression permanent establishment means

    • (a) for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) and the definition earnings in subsection 5907(1) (which paragraph or definition is referred to in this paragraph as a “provision”),

      • (i) if the expression is given a particular meaning in a tax treaty with a country, a permanent establishment within the meaning assigned by that tax treaty with respect to the business carried on in that country by the foreign affiliate referred to in the provision, and

      • (ii) in any other case, a fixed place of business of the affiliate, including an office, a branch, a mine, an oil well, a farm, a timberland, a factory, a workshop or a warehouse, or if the affiliate does not have any fixed place of business, the principal place at which the affiliate’s business is conducted; and

    • (b) for the purposes of subdivision i of Division B of Part I of the Act,

      • (i) if the expression is given a particular meaning in a tax treaty with a country, a permanent establishment within the meaning assigned by that tax treaty if the person or partnership referred to in the relevant portion of that subdivision (which person or partnership is referred to in this paragraph and subsection (3) as the “person”) is a resident of that country for the purpose of that tax treaty, and

      • (ii) in any other case, a fixed place of business of the person, including an office, a branch, a mine, an oil well, a farm, a timberland, a factory, a workshop or a warehouse, or if the person does not have any fixed place of business, the principal place at which the person’s business is conducted.

  • (3) For the purposes of subparagraphs (2)(a)(ii) and (b)(ii),

    • (a) if the affiliate or the person, as the case may be, carries on business through an employee or agent, established in a particular place, who has general authority to contract for the affiliate or the person or who has a stock of merchandise owned by the affiliate or the person from which the employee or agent regularly fills orders, the affiliate or the person is deemed to have a fixed place of business at that place;

    • (b) if the affiliate or the person, as the case may be, is an insurance corporation, the affiliate or the person is deemed to have a fixed place of business in each country in which the affiliate or the person is registered or licensed to do business;

    • (c) if the affiliate or the person, as the case may be, uses substantial machinery or equipment at a particular place at any time in a taxation year, the affiliate or the person is deemed to have a fixed place of business at that place;

    • (d) the fact that the affiliate or the person, as the case may be, has business dealings through a commission agent, broker or other independent agent or maintains an office solely for the purchase of merchandise at a particular place does not of itself mean that the affiliate or the person has a fixed place of business at that place; and

    • (e) the fact that the affiliate or the person, as the case may be, has a subsidiary controlled corporation at a place or a subsidiary controlled corporation engaged in trade or business at a place does not of itself mean that the affiliate or person has a fixed place of business at that place.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • SOR/94-686, s. 79(F)
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 111
  • 2013, c. 34, s. 45
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