Canadian Aviation Regulations
605.16 (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in a power-driven aircraft for the purpose of night VFR flight, unless it is equipped with
(a) the equipment referred to in paragraphs 605.14(c) to (n);
(b) a sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure;
(c) subject to subsection (2), a turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator;
(d) an adequate source of electrical energy for all of the electrical and radio equipment;
(e) in respect of every set of fuses of a particular rating that is installed on the aircraft and accessible to the pilot-in-command during flight, a number of spare fuses that is equal to at least 50 per cent of the total number of installed fuses of that rating;
(f) where the aircraft is operated so that an aerodrome is not visible from the aircraft, a stabilized magnetic direction indicator or a gyroscopic direction indicator;
(g) where the aircraft is to be operated within the Northern Domestic Airspace, a means of establishing direction that is not dependent on a magnetic source;
(h) where the aircraft is an airship operated within controlled airspace, radar reflectors attached in such a manner as to be capable of a 360-degree reflection;
(i) a means of illumination for all of the instruments used to operate the aircraft;
(j) when carrying passengers, a landing light; and
(k) position and anti-collision lights that conform to the Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards.
(2) Where the aircraft is equipped with a standby attitude indicator that is usable through flight attitudes of 360 degrees of pitch and roll for an aeroplane, or ± 80 degrees of pitch and ± 120 degrees of roll for a helicopter, the aircraft may be equipped with a slip-skid indicator in lieu of a turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator.
(3) No person shall operate an aircraft that is equipped with any light that may be mistaken for, or downgrade the conspicuity of, a light in the navigation light system, unless the aircraft is being operated for the purpose of aerial advertising.
(4) In addition to the equipment requirements specified in subsection (1), no person shall operate an aircraft in night VFR flight under Subpart 4 of this Part or Subparts 2 to 5 of Part VII, unless the aircraft is equipped with
(a) an attitude indicator;
(b) a vertical speed indicator;
(c) a means of preventing malfunction caused by icing for each airspeed indicating system; and
(d) an outside air temperature gauge.
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