Assisted Human Reproduction Act (S.C. 2004, c. 2)

Act current to 2016-08-01 and last amended on 2012-09-30. Previous Versions

Assisted Human Reproduction Act

S.C. 2004, c. 2

Assented to 2004-03-29

An Act respecting assisted human reproduction and related research

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Assisted Human Reproduction Act.

Principles

Marginal note:Declaration

 The Parliament of Canada recognizes and declares that

  • (a) the health and well-being of children born through the application of assisted human reproductive technologies must be given priority in all decisions respecting their use;

  • (b) the benefits of assisted human reproductive technologies and related research for individuals, for families and for society in general can be most effectively secured by taking appropriate measures for the protection and promotion of human health, safety, dignity and rights in the use of these technologies and in related research;

  • (c) while all persons are affected by these technologies, women more than men are directly and significantly affected by their application and the health and well-being of women must be protected in the application of these technologies;

  • (d) the principle of free and informed consent must be promoted and applied as a fundamental condition of the use of human reproductive technologies;

  • (e) persons who seek to undergo assisted reproduction procedures must not be discriminated against, including on the basis of their sexual orientation or marital status;

  • (f) trade in the reproductive capabilities of women and men and the exploitation of children, women and men for commercial ends raise health and ethical concerns that justify their prohibition; and

  • (g) human individuality and diversity, and the integrity of the human genome, must be preserved and protected.

Interpretation and Application

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Act.

Agency

Agency[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

assisted reproduction procedure

assisted reproduction procedure[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

chimera

chimère

chimera means

  • (a) an embryo into which a cell of any non-human life form has been introduced; or

  • (b) an embryo that consists of cells of more than one embryo, foetus or human being. (chimère)

consent

consent[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

controlled activity

controlled activity[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

donor

donneur

donor means

  • (a) in relation to human reproductive material, the individual from whose body it was obtained, whether for consideration or not; and

  • (b) in relation to an in vitro embryo, a donor as defined in the regulations. (donneur)

embryo

embryon

embryo means a human organism during the first 56 days of its development following fertilization or creation, excluding any time during which its development has been suspended, and includes any cell derived from such an organism that is used for the purpose of creating a human being. (embryon)

foetus

foetus

foetus means a human organism during the period of its development beginning on the fifty-seventh day following fertilization or creation, excluding any time during which its development has been suspended, and ending at birth. (foetus)

gene

gène

gene includes a nucleotide sequence, and an artificially created gene or nucleotide sequence. (gène)

genome

génome

genome means the totality of the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence of a particular cell. (génome)

health reporting information

health reporting information[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

human clone

clone humain

human clone means an embryo that, as a result of the manipulation of human reproductive material or an in vitro embryo, contains a diploid set of chromosomes obtained from a single — living or deceased — human being, foetus or embryo. (clone humain)

human reproductive material

matériel reproductif humain

human reproductive material means a sperm, ovum or other human cell or a human gene, and includes a part of any of them. (matériel reproductif humain)

hybrid

hybride

hybrid means

  • (a) a human ovum that has been fertilized by a sperm of a non-human life form;

  • (b) an ovum of a non-human life form that has been fertilized by a human sperm;

  • (c) a human ovum into which the nucleus of a cell of a non-human life form has been introduced;

  • (d) an ovum of a non-human life form into which the nucleus of a human cell has been introduced; or

  • (e) a human ovum or an ovum of a non-human life form that otherwise contains haploid sets of chromosomes from both a human being and a non-human life form. (hybride)

in vitro embryo

embryon in vitro

in vitro embryo means an embryo that exists outside the body of a human being. (embryon in vitro)

licence

licence[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

Minister

ministre

Minister means the Minister of Health. (ministre)

ovum

ovule

ovum means a human ovum, whether mature or not. (ovule)

sperm

spermatozoïde

sperm means a human sperm, whether mature or not. (spermatozoïde)

surrogate mother

mère porteuse

surrogate mother means a female person who — with the intention of surrendering the child at birth to a donor or another person — carries an embryo or foetus that was conceived by means of an assisted reproduction procedure and derived from the genes of a donor or donors. (mère porteuse)

  • 2004, c. 2, s. 3;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 713.
Marginal note:Her Majesty bound

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Marginal note:Non-application

 The Human Pathogens and Toxins Act does not apply in respect of sperm, ova and in vitro embryos to be used for the purpose of assisted human reproduction.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 714.

Prohibited Activities

Marginal note:Prohibited procedures
  •  (1) No person shall knowingly

    • (a) create a human clone by using any technique, or transplant a human clone into a human being or into any non-human life form or artificial device;

    • (b) create an in vitro embryo for any purpose other than creating a human being or improving or providing instruction in assisted reproduction procedures;

    • (c) for the purpose of creating a human being, create an embryo from a cell or part of a cell taken from an embryo or foetus or transplant an embryo so created into a human being;

    • (d) maintain an embryo outside the body of a female person after the fourteenth day of its development following fertilization or creation, excluding any time during which its development has been suspended;

    • (e) for the purpose of creating a human being, perform any procedure or provide, prescribe or administer any thing that would ensure or increase the probability that an embryo will be of a particular sex, or that would identify the sex of an in vitro embryo, except to prevent, diagnose or treat a sex-linked disorder or disease;

    • (f) alter the genome of a cell of a human being or in vitro embryo such that the alteration is capable of being transmitted to descendants;

    • (g) transplant a sperm, ovum, embryo or foetus of a non-human life form into a human being;

    • (h) for the purpose of creating a human being, make use of any human reproductive material or an in vitro embryo that is or was transplanted into a non-human life form;

    • (i) create a chimera, or transplant a chimera into either a human being or a non-human life form; or

    • (j) create a hybrid for the purpose of reproduction, or transplant a hybrid into either a human being or a non-human life form.

  • Marginal note:Offers

    (2) No person shall offer to do, or advertise the doing of, anything prohibited by this section.

  • Marginal note:Payment for prohibited act

    (3) No person shall pay or offer to pay consideration to any person for doing anything prohibited by this section.

 
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