Assisted Human Reproduction Act (S.C. 2004, c. 2)

Act current to 2014-09-01 and last amended on 2012-09-30. Previous Versions

Assisted Human Reproduction Act

S.C. 2004, c. 2

Assented to 2004-03-29

An Act respecting assisted human reproduction and related research

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

SHORT TITLE

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Assisted Human Reproduction Act.

PRINCIPLES

Marginal note:Declaration

 The Parliament of Canada recognizes and declares that

  • (a) the health and well-being of children born through the application of assisted human reproductive technologies must be given priority in all decisions respecting their use;

  • (b) the benefits of assisted human reproductive technologies and related research for individuals, for families and for society in general can be most effectively secured by taking appropriate measures for the protection and promotion of human health, safety, dignity and rights in the use of these technologies and in related research;

  • (c) while all persons are affected by these technologies, women more than men are directly and significantly affected by their application and the health and well-being of women must be protected in the application of these technologies;

  • (d) the principle of free and informed consent must be promoted and applied as a fundamental condition of the use of human reproductive technologies;

  • (e) persons who seek to undergo assisted reproduction procedures must not be discriminated against, including on the basis of their sexual orientation or marital status;

  • (f) trade in the reproductive capabilities of women and men and the exploitation of children, women and men for commercial ends raise health and ethical concerns that justify their prohibition; and

  • (g) human individuality and diversity, and the integrity of the human genome, must be preserved and protected.

INTERPRETATION AND APPLICATION

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Act.

“Agency”

“Agency”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“assisted reproduction procedure”

“assisted reproduction procedure”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“chimera”

« chimère »

“chimera” means

  • (a) an embryo into which a cell of any non-human life form has been introduced; or

  • (b) an embryo that consists of cells of more than one embryo, foetus or human being.

“consent”

“consent”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“controlled activity”

“controlled activity”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“donor”

« donneur »

“donor” means

  • (a) in relation to human reproductive material, the individual from whose body it was obtained, whether for consideration or not; and

  • (b) in relation to an in vitro embryo, a donor as defined in the regulations.

“embryo”

« embryon »

“embryo” means a human organism during the first 56 days of its development following fertilization or creation, excluding any time during which its development has been suspended, and includes any cell derived from such an organism that is used for the purpose of creating a human being.

“foetus”

« foetus »

“foetus” means a human organism during the period of its development beginning on the fifty-seventh day following fertilization or creation, excluding any time during which its development has been suspended, and ending at birth.

“gene”

« gène »

“gene” includes a nucleotide sequence, and an artificially created gene or nucleotide sequence.

“genome”

« génome »

“genome” means the totality of the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence of a particular cell.

“health reporting information”

“health reporting information”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“human clone”

« clone humain »

“human clone” means an embryo that, as a result of the manipulation of human reproductive material or an in vitro embryo, contains a diploid set of chromosomes obtained from a single — living or deceased — human being, foetus or embryo.

“human reproductive material”

« matériel reproductif humain »

“human reproductive material” means a sperm, ovum or other human cell or a human gene, and includes a part of any of them.

“hybrid”

« hybride »

“hybrid”means

  • (a) a human ovum that has been fertilized by a sperm of a non-human life form;

  • (b) an ovum of a non-human life form that has been fertilized by a human sperm;

  • (c) a human ovum into which the nucleus of a cell of a non-human life form has been introduced;

  • (d) an ovum of a non-human life form into which the nucleus of a human cell has been introduced; or

  • (e) a human ovum or an ovum of a non-human life form that otherwise contains haploid sets of chromosomes from both a human being and a non-human life form.

in vitro embryo”

« embryon in vitro »

in vitro embryo” means an embryo that exists outside the body of a human being.

“licence”

“licence”[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 713]

“Minister”

« ministre »

“Minister” means the Minister of Health.

“ovum”

« ovule »

“ovum” means a human ovum, whether mature or not.

“sperm”

« spermatozoïde »

“sperm” means a human sperm, whether mature or not.

“surrogate mother”

« mère porteuse »

“surrogate mother” means a female person who — with the intention of surrendering the child at birth to a donor or another person — carries an embryo or foetus that was conceived by means of an assisted reproduction procedure and derived from the genes of a donor or donors.

  • 2004, c. 2, s. 3;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 713.