Aeronautics Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. A-2)

Act current to 2015-10-27 and last amended on 2015-08-01. Previous Versions

Aeronautics Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. A-2

An Act to authorize the control of aeronautics


Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Aeronautics Act.

  • R.S., c. A-3, s. 1.


Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

  • 1976-77, c. 26, s. 1.


Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this Act,

    “ANS Corporation”

    « société »

    “ANS Corporation” means NAV CANADA, a corporation incorporated on May 26, 1995 under Part II of the Canada Corporations Act;


    « aérodrome »

    “aerodrome” means any area of land, water (including the frozen surface thereof) or other supporting surface used, designed, prepared, equipped or set apart for use either in whole or in part for the arrival, departure, movement or servicing of aircraft and includes any buildings, installations and equipment situated thereon or associated therewith;

    “aeronautical product”

    « produits aéronautiques »

    “aeronautical product” means any aircraft, aircraft engine, aircraft propeller or aircraft appliance or part or the component parts of any of those things, including any computer system and software;

    “air carrier”

    « transporteur aérien »

    “air carrier” means any person who operates a commercial air service;


    « aéronef »

    “aircraft” means

    • (a) until the day on which paragraph (b) comes into force, any machine capable of deriving support in the atmosphere from reactions of the air, and includes a rocket;

    • (b) [Repealed before coming into force, 2008, c. 20, s. 3]

    “air navigation services”

    « services de navigation aérienne »

    “air navigation services” has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Civil Air Navigation Services Commercialization Act;


    « aéroport »

    “airport” means an aerodrome in respect of which a Canadian aviation document is in force;

    “air traffic control services”

    « services de contrôle de la circulation aérienne »

    “air traffic control services” has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Civil Air Navigation Services Commercialization Act;

    “aviation reservation system”

    « système de réservation de services aériens »

    “aviation reservation system” means a system that provides the capability to make reservations or issue tickets for air services;

    “aviation security regulation”

    « règlement sur la sûreté aérienne »

    “aviation security regulation” means a regulation made under subsection 4.71(1);


    “Canada”[Repealed, 1996, c. 31, s. 56]

    “Canadian aircraft”

    « aéronef canadien »

    “Canadian aircraft” means an aircraft registered in Canada;

    “Canadian aviation document”

    « document d’aviation canadien »

    “Canadian aviation document” means, subject to subsection (3), any licence, permit, accreditation, certificate or other document issued by the Minister under Part I to or with respect to any person or in respect of any aeronautical product, aerodrome, facility or service;

    “civil air navigation services”

    « services de navigation aérienne civile »

    “civil air navigation services” has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Civil Air Navigation Services Commercialization Act;

    “commercial air service”

    « service aérien commercial »

    “commercial air service” means any use of aircraft for hire or reward;

    “emergency direction”

    « directive d’urgence »

    “emergency direction” means a direction made under section 4.76 or 4.77;

    “hire or reward”

    « rémunération »

    “hire or reward” means any payment, consideration, gratuity or benefit, directly or indirectly charged, demanded, received or collected by any person for the use of an aircraft;

    “interim order”

    « arrêté d’urgence »

    “interim order” means an interim order made under subsection 6.41(1) or (1.1);


    « ministre »

    “Minister” means

    • (a) subject to paragraph (b), the Minister of Transport or any other Minister that is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act, and

    • (b) the Minister of National Defence — or, under the direction of the Minister of National Defence, the Chief of the Defence Staff appointed under the National Defence Act — with respect to any matter relating to defence, including any matter relating to any of the following:

      • (i) military personnel, a military aeronautical product, a military aerodrome or military equipment of Canada or a foreign state, or a military facility of Canada or a foreign state relating to aeronautics, and

      • (ii) a service relating to aeronautics provided by such personnel, by means of such an aeronautical product or such equipment or at such an aerodrome or facility;


    « commandant de bord »

    “pilot-in-command” means, in relation to an aircraft, the pilot having responsibility and authority for the operation and safety of the aircraft during flight time;

    “registered owner”

    « propriétaire enregistré »

    “registered owner”, in respect of an aircraft, means the person to whom a certificate of registration for the aircraft has been issued by the Minister under Part I or in respect of whom the aircraft has been registered by the Minister under that Part;

    “security clearance”

    « habilitation de sécurité »

    “security clearance” means a security clearance granted under section 4.8 to a person who is considered to be fit from a transportation security perspective;

    “security measure”

    « mesure de sûreté »

    “security measure” means a measure made under subsection 4.72(1) or 4.73(1);

    “superior court”

    « juridiction supérieure »

    “superior court” means

    • (a) in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Trial Division of the Supreme Court of the Province,

    • (a.1) in the Province of Ontario, the Superior Court of Justice,

    • (b) in the Province of Quebec, the Superior Court of the Province,

    • (c) in the Provinces of New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Court of Queen’s Bench for the Province,

    • (d) in the Provinces of Nova Scotia, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island, the Supreme Court of the Province, and

    • (e) the Supreme Court of Yukon, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice;


    « Tribunal »

    “Tribunal” means the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada established by subsection 2(1) of the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act.

  • “Minister” for certain purposes

    (2) Notwithstanding the definition “Minister” in subsection (1), “Minister”, in relation to any matter referred to in paragraph 4.2(n), 4.9(p), (q) or (r), section 6.3 or paragraph 8.7(1)(b), means the Minister of National Defence.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) The following documents are deemed not to be a Canadian aviation document for the purposes of sections 6.6 to 7.21:

    • (a) a security clearance;

    • (b) a restricted area pass that is issued by the Minister in respect of an aerodrome that the Minister operates; and

    • (c) a Canadian aviation document specified in an aviation security regulation for the purpose of this subsection.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 3;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 33 (1st Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1992, c. 4, s. 1;
  • 1996, c. 20, s. 99, c. 31, s. 56;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 13, c. 31, s. 4;
  • 2001, c. 29, s. 33;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 79(E);
  • 2004, c. 15, ss. 2, 111;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 10;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 3.