Canada–United States Tax Convention Act, 1984 (S.C. 1984, c. 20)

Act current to 2014-07-22 and last amended on 2008-12-15. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE IIPROTOCOL AMENDING THE CONVENTION BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME AND ON CAPITAL SIGNED AT WASHINGTON ON SEPTEMBER 26, 1980

Canada and the United States of America,

Desiring to conclude a Protocol to amend the Convention with respect to taxes on income and on capital signed at Washington on September 26, 1980 (hereinafter referred to as “the Convention”),

Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I

Subparagraph l (h) of Article III (General Definitions) of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “(h) The term “international traffic” with reference to a resident of a Contracting State means any voyage of a ship or aircraft to transport passengers or property (whether or not operated or used by that resident) except where the principal purpose of the voyage is to transport passengers or property between places within the other Contracting State;”

ARTICLE II

Paragraph 4 of Article V (Permanent Establishment) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “4. The use of an installation or drilling rig or ship in a Contracting State to explore for or exploit natural resources constitutes a permanent establishment if, but only if, such use is for more than three months in any twelve-month period.”

ARTICLE III

Article VI (Income from Real Property) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “1. Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from real property (including income from agriculture, forestry or other natural resources) situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “real property” shall have the meaning which it has under the taxation laws of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated and shall include any option or similar right in respect thereof. The term shall in any case include usufruct of real property, rights to explore for or to exploit mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources and rights to amounts computed by reference to the amount or value of production from such resources; ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as real property.

  • 3. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting or use in any other form of real property and to income from the alienation of such property.”

ARTICLE IV

Paragraph 1 of Article VIII (Transportation) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles VII (Business Profits), XII (Royalties) and XIII (Gains), profits derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic, and gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of ships, aircraft or containers (including trailers and related equipment for the transport of containers) used principally in international traffic, shall be exempt from tax in the other Contracting State.”

ARTICLE V

  • 1. Paragraph 3 of Article XII (Royalties) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2, copyright royalties and other like payments in respect of the production or reproduction of any literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work (but not including royalties in respect of motion pictures and works on film, videotape or other means of reproduction for use in connection with television) arising in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in that other State.”

  • 2. Paragraph 4 of Article XII (Royalties) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “4. The term “royalties” as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of literary, artistic or scientific work (including motion pictures and works on film, videotape or other means of reproduction for use in connection with television), any patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for the use of, or the right to use, tangible personal property or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience, and, notwithstanding the provisions of Article XIII (Gains), includes gains from the alienation of any intangible property or rights described in this paragraph to the extent that such gains are contingent on the productivity, use or subsequent disposition of such property or rights.”

  • 3. Subparagraph 6(b) of Article XII (Royalties) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “(b) Where the royalties are for the use of, or the right to use, intangible property or tangible personal property in a Contracting State, then such royalties shall be deemed to arise in that State and not in the State of which the payer is a resident.”

ARTICLE VI

  • 1. Paragraph 3 of Article XIII (Gains) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “3. For the purposes of this Article the term ““real property situated in the other Contracting State”

      • (a) In the case of real property situated in the United States, means a United States real property interest and real property referred to in Article VI (Income from Real Property) situated in the United States; and

      • (b) In the case of real property situated in Canada means:

        • (i) Real property referred to in Article VI (Income from Real Property) situated in Canada;

        • (ii) A share of the capital stock of a company, the value of whose shares is derived principally from real property situated in Canada; and

        • (iii) An interest in a partnership, trust or estate, the value of which is derived principally from real property situated in Canada.”

  • 2. Paragraph 5 of Article XIII (Gains) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “5. The provisions of paragraph 4 shall not affect the right of a Contracting State to levy tax on gains from the alienation of property derived by an individual who is a resident of the other Contracting State if such individual:

      • (a) Was a resident of the first-mentioned State for 120 months during any period of 20 consecutive years preceding the alienation of the property; and

      • (b) Was a resident of the first-mentioned State at any time during the ten years immediately preceding the alienation of the property;

      and if such property (or property for which such property was substituted in an alienation the gain on which was not recognized for the purposes of taxation in the first-mentioned State) was owned by the individual at the time he ceased to be a resident of the first-mentioned State.”

  • 3. Paragraph 9 of Article XIII (Gains) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “9.  Where a person who is a resident of a Contracting State alienates a capital asset which may in accordance with this Article be taxed in the other Contracting State and

      • (a) That person owned the asset on September 26, 1980 and was resident in the first-mentioned State on that date; or

      • (b) The asset was acquired by that person in an alienation of property which qualified as a non-recognition transaction for the purposes of taxation in that other State;

      the amount of the gain which is liable to tax in that other State in accordance with this Article shall be reduced by the proportion of the gain attributable on a monthly basis to the period ending on December 31 of the year in which the Convention enters into force, or such greater portion of the gain as is shown to the satisfaction of the competent authority of the other State to be reasonably attributable to that period. For the purposes of this paragraph the term “non-recognition transaction” includes a transaction to which paragraph 8 applies and, in the case of taxation in the United States, a transaction that would have been a non-recognition transaction but for Sections 897(d) and 897(e) of the Internal Revenue Code. The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to

      • (c) An asset that on September 26, 1980 formed part of the business property of a permanent establishment or pertained to a fixed base of a resident of a Contracting State situated in the other Contracting State;

      • (d) An alienation by a resident of a Contracting State of an asset that was owned at any time after September 26, 1980 and before such alienation by a person who was not at all times after that date while the asset was owned by such person a resident of that State; or

      • (e) An alienation of an asset that was acquired by a person at any time after September 26, 1980 and before such alienation in a transaction other than a non-recognition transaction.”

ARTICLE VII

  • 1. Paragraph 3 of Article XVI (Artistes and Athletes) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “3. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the income of:

      • (a) An athlete in respect of his activities as an employee of a team which participates in a league with regularly scheduled games in both Contracting States; or

      • (b) A team described in subparagraph (a).”

  • 2. There shall be added to Article XVI (Artistes and Athletes) a new paragraph 4, as follows:

    • “4. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles XIV (Independent Personal Services) and XV (Dependent Personal Services) an amount paid by a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State as an inducement to sign an agreement relating to the performance of the services of an athlete (other than an amount referred to in paragraph 1 of Article XV (Dependent Personal Services)) may be taxed in the first-mentioned State, but the tax so charged shall not exceed 15 per cent of the gross amount of such payment.”

ARTICLE VIII

  • 1. The Title of Article XVII shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    “WITHHOLDING OF TAXES IN RESPECT OF PERSONAL SERVICES”

  • 2. Paragraph 2 of Article XVII (Withholding of Taxes in Respect of Personal Services) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “2. Where the competent authority of a Contracting State considers that an amount that would otherwise be deducted or withheld from any amount paid or credited to an individual who is a resident of the other Contracting State in respect of the performance of personal services in the first-mentioned State is excessive in relation to the estimated tax liability for the taxable year of that individual in the first-mentioned State, it may determine that a lesser amount will be deducted or withheld.”

ARTICLE IX

  • 1. Paragraph 1 of Article XVIII (Pensions and Annuities) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “1.  Pensions and annuities arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State, but the amount of any such pension that would be excluded from taxable income in the first-mentioned State if the recipient were a resident thereof shall be exempt from taxation in that other State.”

  • 2. Subparagraph 2(b) of Article XVIII (Pensions and Annuities) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “(b) Annuities may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State; but if a resident of the other Contracting State is the beneficial owner of an annuity payment, the tax so charged shall not exceed 15 per cent of the portion of such payment that would not be excluded from taxable income in the first-mentioned State if the beneficial owner were a resident thereof.”

  • 3. Paragraph 6 of Article XVIII (Pensions and Annuities) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “6. Alimony and other similar amounts (including child support payments) arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable as follows:

      • (a) Such amounts shall be taxable only in that other State;

      • (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a), the amount that would be excluded from taxable income in the first-mentioned State if the recipient were a resident thereof shall be exempt from taxation in that other State.”

ARTICLE X

Paragraph 2 of XXI (Exempt Organizations) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “2. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, income referred to in Articles X (Dividends) and XI (Interest) derived by:

    • (a) A trust, company or other organization which is resident in a Contracting State, generally exempt from tax in a taxable year in that State and constituted and operated exclusively to administer or provide benefits under one or more funds or plans established to provide pension, retirement or other employee benefits; or

    • (b) A trust, company or other organization which is resident in a Contracting State, not taxed in a taxable year in that State and constituted and operated exclusively to earn income for the benefit of an organization referred to in subparagraph (a);

    shall be exempt from tax in that taxable year in the other Contracting State.”

ARTICLE XI

  • 1. Paragraph 1 of Article XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “1. In the case of the United States, subject to the provisions of paragraphs 4, 5 and 6, double taxation shall be avoided as follows: In accordance with the provisions and subject to the limitations of the law of the United States (as it may be amended from time to time without changing the general principle hereof), the United States shall allow to a citizen or resident of the United States, or to a company electing to be treated as a domestic corporation, as a credit against the United States tax on income the appropriate amount of income tax paid or accrued to Canada; and, in the case of a company which is a resident of the United States owning at least 10 per cent of the voting stock of a company which is a resident of Canada from which it receives dividends in any taxable year, the United States shall allow as a credit against the United States tax on income the appropriate amount of income tax paid or accrued to Canada by that company with respect to the profits out of which such dividends are paid.”

  • 2. Paragraph 2 of Article XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “2.  In the case of Canada, subject to the provisions of paragraphs 4, 5 and 6, double taxation shall be avoided as follows:

      • (a) Subject to the provisions of the law of Canada regarding the deduction from tax payable in Canada of tax paid in a territory outside Canada and to any subsequent modification of those provisions (which shall not affect the general principle hereof), and unless a greater deduction or relief is provided under the law of Canada, income tax paid or accrued to the United States on profits, income or gains arising in the United States shall be deducted from any Canadian tax payable in respect of such profits, income or gains;

      • (b) Subject to the provisions of the law of Canada regarding the determination of the exempt surplus of a foreign affiliate and to any subsequent modification of those provisions (which shall not affect the general principle hereof), for the purposes of computing Canadian tax, a company which is a resident of Canada shall be allowed to deduct in computing its taxable income any dividend received by it out of the exempt surplus of a foreign affiliate which is a resident of the United States; and

      • (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (a), where Canada imposes a tax on gains from the alienation of property that, but for the provisions of paragraph 5 of Article XIII (Gains), would not be taxable in Canada, income tax paid or accrued to the United States on such gains shall be deducted from any Canadian tax payable in respect of such gains.”

  • 3. There shall be added to Article XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) a new paragraph 9, as follows:

    • “9. The provisions of this Article relating to the source of profits, income or gains shall not apply for the purpose of determining a credit against United States tax for any foreign taxes other than income taxes paid or accrued to Canada.”

ARTICLE XII

Paragraph 6 of Article XXV (Non-Discrimination) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “6.  Notwithstanding the provisions of Article XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation), the taxation on a permanent establishment which a resident of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favorably levied in the other State than the taxation levied on residents of the other State carrying on the same activities. This paragraph shall not be construed as obliging a Contracting State:

    • (a) To grant to a resident of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents; or

    • (b) To grant to a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State the same tax relief that it provides to a company which is a resident of the first-mentioned State with respect to dividends received by it from a company.”

ARTICLE XIII

  • 1. Paragraph 2 of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “2. Except as provided in paragraph 3, nothing in the Convention shall be construed as preventing a Contracting State from taxing its residents (as determined under Article IV (Residence)) and, in the case of the United States, its citizens (including a former citizen whose loss of citizenship had as one of its principal purposes the avoidance of tax, but only for a period of ten years following such loss) and companies electing to be treated as domestic corporations, as if there were no convention between the United States and Canada with respect to taxes on income and on capital.”

  • 2. Subparagraph 3(a) of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “(a) Under paragraphs 3 and 4 of Article IX (Related Persons), paragraphs 6 and 7 of Article XIII (Gains), paragraphs 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6(b) of Article XVIII (Pensions and Annuities), paragraph 5 of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules), paragraphs 3 and 5 of Article XXX (Entry into Force), and Articles XIX (Government Service), XXI (Exempt Organizations), XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation), XXV (Non-Discrimination) and XXVI (Mutual Agreement Procedure); and”

  • 3. Paragraph 4 of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “4.  With respect to taxable years not barred by the statute of limitations ending on or before December 31 of the year before the year in which the Social Security Agreement between Canada and the United States (signed in Ottawa on March 11, 1981) enters into force, income from personal services not subject to tax by the United States under this Convention or the 1942 Convention shall not be considered wages or net earnings from self-employment for purposes of social security taxes imposed under the Internal Revenue Code.”

  • 4. Paragraph 5 of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “5. A beneficiary of a Canadian registered retirement savings plan may elect, under rules established by the competent authority of the United States, to defer United States taxation with respect to any income accrued in the plan but not distributed by the plan, until such time as a distribution is made from such plan, or any plan substituted therefor. The provisions of the preceding sentence shall not apply to income which is reasonably attributable to contributions made to the plan by the beneficiary while he was not a resident of Canada.”

  • 5. Paragraph 6 of Article XXIX (Miscellaneous Rules) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

    • “6. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Convention,

      • (a) Where profits, income or gains derived by a trust is to be treated for the purposes of the Convention as income of a resident of a Contracting State, and a principal purpose for the establishment, acquisition or maintenance of the trust was to obtain a benefit under the Convention or the 1942 Convention for persons who are not residents of that State, Articles VI (Income from Real Property) through XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) shall not apply in relation to the profits, income or gains of the trust; and

      • (b) Articles VI (Income from Real Property) through XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) shall not apply to non-resident-owned investment corporations as defined under section 133 of the Income Tax Act of Canada, or under any similar provision enacted by Canada after the date of signature of the Protocol.”

ARTICLE XIV

Paragraph 3 of Article XXX (Entry into Force) shall be deleted and replaced by the following:

  • “3. For the purposes of applying the United States foreign tax credit in relation to taxes paid or accrued to Canada:

    • (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2(a) of Article II (Taxes Covered), the tax on 1971 undistributed income on hand imposed by Part IX of the Income Tax Act of Canada shall be considered to be an income tax for distributions made on or after the first day of January 1972 and before the first day of January 1979 and shall be considered to be imposed upon the recipient of a distribution, in the proportion that the distribution out of undistributed income with respect to which the tax has been paid bears to 85 per cent of such undistributed income;

    • (b) The principles of paragraph 6 of Article XXIV (Elimination of Double Taxation) shall have effect for taxable years beginning on or after the first day of January 1976; and

    • (c) The provisions of paragraph 1 of Article XXIV shall have effect for taxable years beginning on or after the first day of January 1981.

    Any claim for refund based on the provisions of this paragraph may be filed on or before June 30 of the calendar year following that in which the Convention enters into force, notwithstanding any rule of domestic law to the contrary.”

ARTICLE XV

  • 1. This protocol shall be subject to ratification in accordance with the applicable procedures of Canada and the United States and instruments of ratification shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible.

  • 2. The Protocol shall enter into force upon the exchange of instruments of ratification and shall have effect in accordance with Article XXX (Entry into Force) of the Convention.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Protocol.

DONE in two copies at Ottawa this 14th day of June, 1983, in the English and French languages, each text being equally authentic.

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA:
MARC LALONDE
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
PAUL ROBINSON