Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 (S.C. 2012, c. 19, s. 52)

Act current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2014-12-31. Previous Versions

Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012

S.C. 2012, c. 19, s. 52

Assented to 2012-06-29

An Act respecting the environmental assessment of certain activities and the prevention of significant adverse environmental effects

[Enacted by section 52 of chapter 19 of the Statutes of Canada, 2012, in force July 6, 2012, see SI/2012-56.]

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this Act.

    Agency

    Agence

    Agency means the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency continued under section 103. (Agence)

    assessment by a review panel

    examen par une commission

    assessment by a review panel means an environmental assessment that is conducted by a review panel. (examen par une commission)

    Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

    Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire

    Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission means the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission established by section 8 of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. (Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire)

    designated project

    projet désigné

    designated project means one or more physical activities that

    • (a) are carried out in Canada or on federal lands;

    • (b) are designated by regulations made under paragraph 84(a) or designated in an order made by the Minister under subsection 14(2); and

    • (c) are linked to the same federal authority as specified in those regulations or that order.

    It includes any physical activity that is incidental to those physical activities. (projet désigné)

    environment

    environnement

    environment means the components of the Earth, and includes

    • (a) land, water and air, including all layers of the atmosphere;

    • (b) all organic and inorganic matter and living organisms; and

    • (c) the interacting natural systems that include components referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b). (environnement)

    environmental assessment

    évaluation environnementale

    environmental assessment means an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project that is conducted in accordance with this Act. (évaluation environnementale)

    environmental effects

    effets environnementaux

    environmental effects means the environmental effects described in section 5. (effets environnementaux)

    federal authority

    autorité fédérale

    federal authority means

    • (a) a Minister of the Crown in right of Canada;

    • (b) an agency of the Government of Canada or a parent Crown corporation, as defined in subsection 83(1) of the Financial Administration Act, or any other body established by or under an Act of Parliament that is ultimately accountable through a Minister of the Crown in right of Canada to Parliament for the conduct of its affairs;

    • (c) any department or departmental corporation that is set out in Schedule I or II to the Financial Administration Act; and

    • (d) any other body that is set out in Schedule 1.

    It does not include the Executive Council of — or a minister, department, agency or body of the government of — Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut, a council of the band within the meaning of the Indian Act, Export Development Canada or the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board. It also does not include a Crown corporation that is a wholly-owned subsidiary, as defined in subsection 83(1) of the Financial Administration Act, a harbour commission established under the Harbour Commissions Act or a not-for-profit corporation that enters into an agreement under subsection 80(5) of the Canada Marine Act, that is not set out in Schedule 1. (autorité fédérale)

    federal lands

    territoire domanial

    federal lands means

    • (a) lands that belong to Her Majesty in right of Canada, or that Her Majesty in right of Canada has the power to dispose of, and all waters on and airspace above those lands, other than lands under the administration and control of the Commissioner of Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut;

    • (b) the following lands and areas:

      • (i) the internal waters of Canada, in any area of the sea not within a province,

      • (ii) the territorial sea of Canada, in any area of the sea not within a province,

      • (iii) the exclusive economic zone of Canada, and

      • (iv) the continental shelf of Canada; and

    • (c) reserves, surrendered lands and any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band and that are subject to the Indian Act, and all waters on and airspace above those reserves or lands. (territoire domanial)

    follow-up program

    programme de suivi

    follow-up program means a program for

    • (a) verifying the accuracy of the environmental assessment of a designated project; and

    • (b) determining the effectiveness of any mitigation measures. (programme de suivi)

    interested party

    partie intéressée

    interested party, with respect to a designated project, means any person who is determined, under subsection (2), to be an interested party. (partie intéressée)

    Internet site

    site Internet

    Internet site means the Internet site that is established under section 79. (site Internet)

    jurisdiction

    instance

    jurisdiction means

    • (a) a federal authority;

    • (b) any agency or body that is established under an Act of Parliament and that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project;

    • (c) the government of a province;

    • (d) any agency or body that is established under an Act of the legislature of a province and that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project;

    • (e) any body that is established under a land claims agreement referred to in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982 and that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project;

    • (f) a governing body that is established under legislation that relates to the self-government of Indians and that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project;

    • (g) a government of a foreign state or of a subdivision of a foreign state, or any institution of such a government; and

    • (h) an international organization of states or any institution of such an organization. (instance)

    Minister

    ministre

    Minister means the Minister of the Environment. (ministre)

    mitigation measures

    mesures d’atténuation

    mitigation measures means measures for the elimination, reduction or control of the adverse environmental effects of a designated project, and includes restitution for any damage to the environment caused by those effects through replacement, restoration, compensation or any other means. (mesures d’atténuation)

    National Energy Board

    Office national de l’énergie

    National Energy Board means the National Energy Board established by section 3 of the National Energy Board Act. (Office national de l’énergie)

    prescribed

    Version anglaise seulement

    prescribed means prescribed by the regulations. (Version anglaise seulement)

    proponent

    promoteur

    proponent means the person, body, federal authority or government that proposes the carrying out of a designated project. (promoteur)

    record

    document

    record includes any correspondence, memorandum, book, plan, map, drawing, diagram, pictorial or graphic work, photograph, film, microform, sound recording, videotape and machine readable record, and any other documentary material, regardless of physical form or characteristics, and any copy of it. (document)

    Registry

    registre

    Registry means the Canadian Environmental Assessment Registry established under section 78. (registre)

    responsible authority

    autorité responsable

    responsible authority means the authority that is referred to in section 15 with respect to a designated project that is subject to an environmental assessment. (autorité responsable)

    review panel

    commission

    review panel means a review panel established under subsection 42(1) or under an agreement or arrangement entered into under subsection 40(1) or (2) or by document referred to in subsection 41(2). (commission)

    sustainable development

    développement durable

    sustainable development means development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (développement durable)

  • Marginal note:Interested party

    (2) One of the following entities determines, with respect to a designated project, that a person is an interested party if, in its opinion, the person is directly affected by the carrying out of the designated project or if, in its opinion, the person has relevant information or expertise:

    • (a) in the case of a designated project for which the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(b), that responsible authority; or

    • (b) in the case of a designated project in relation to which the environmental assessment has been referred to a review panel under section 38, that review panel.

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Purposes

Marginal note:Purposes
  •  (1) The purposes of this Act are

    • (a) to protect the components of the environment that are within the legislative authority of Parliament from significant adverse environmental effects caused by a designated project;

    • (b) to ensure that designated projects that require the exercise of a power or performance of a duty or function by a federal authority under any Act of Parliament other than this Act to be carried out, are considered in a careful and precautionary manner to avoid significant adverse environmental effects;

    • (c) to promote cooperation and coordinated action between federal and provincial governments with respect to environmental assessments;

    • (d) to promote communication and cooperation with aboriginal peoples with respect to environmental assessments;

    • (e) to ensure that opportunities are provided for meaningful public participation during an environmental assessment;

    • (f) to ensure that an environmental assessment is completed in a timely manner;

    • (g) to ensure that projects, as defined in section 66, that are to be carried out on federal lands, or those that are outside Canada and that are to be carried out or financially supported by a federal authority, are considered in a careful and precautionary manner to avoid significant adverse environmental effects;

    • (h) to encourage federal authorities to take actions that promote sustainable development in order to achieve or maintain a healthy environment and a healthy economy; and

    • (i) to encourage the study of the cumulative effects of physical activities in a region and the consideration of those study results in environmental assessments.

  • Marginal note:Mandate

    (2) The Government of Canada, the Minister, the Agency, federal authorities and responsible authorities, in the administration of this Act, must exercise their powers in a manner that protects the environment and human health and applies the precautionary principle.

Environmental Effects

Marginal note:Environmental effects
  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, the environmental effects that are to be taken into account in relation to an act or thing, a physical activity, a designated project or a project are

    • (a) a change that may be caused to the following components of the environment that are within the legislative authority of Parliament:

    • (b) a change that may be caused to the environment that would occur

      • (i) on federal lands,

      • (ii) in a province other than the one in which the act or thing is done or where the physical activity, the designated project or the project is being carried out, or

      • (iii) outside Canada; and

    • (c) with respect to aboriginal peoples, an effect occurring in Canada of any change that may be caused to the environment on

      • (i) health and socio-economic conditions,

      • (ii) physical and cultural heritage,

      • (iii) the current use of lands and resources for traditional purposes, or

      • (iv) any structure, site or thing that is of historical, archaeological, paleontological or architectural significance.

  • Marginal note:Exercise of power or performance of duty or function by federal authority

    (2) However, if the carrying out of the physical activity, the designated project or the project requires a federal authority to exercise a power or perform a duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act, the following environmental effects are also to be taken into account:

    • (a) a change, other than those referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b), that may be caused to the environment and that is directly linked or necessarily incidental to a federal authority’s exercise of a power or performance of a duty or function that would permit the carrying out, in whole or in part, of the physical activity, the designated project or the project; and

    • (b) an effect, other than those referred to in paragraph (1)(c), of any change referred to in paragraph (a) on

      • (i) health and socio-economic conditions,

      • (ii) physical and cultural heritage, or

      • (iii) any structure, site or thing that is of historical, archaeological, paleontological or architectural significance.

  • Marginal note:Schedule 2

    (3) The Governor in Council may, by order, amend Schedule 2 to add or remove a component of the environment.

  • 2012, c. 19, ss. 52 "5", 64, c. 31, s. 425(F).

Prohibitions

Marginal note:Proponent

 The proponent of a designated project must not do any act or thing in connection with the carrying out of the designated project, in whole or in part, if that act or thing may cause an environmental effect referred to in subsection 5(1) unless

  • (a) the Agency makes a decision under paragraph 10(b) that no environmental assessment of the designated project is required and posts that decision on the Internet site; or

  • (b) the proponent complies with the conditions included in the decision statement that is issued under subsection 31(3) or section 54 to the proponent with respect to that designated project.

Marginal note:Federal authority

 A federal authority must not exercise any power or perform any duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act that could permit a designated project to be carried out in whole or in part unless

  • (a) the Agency makes a decision under paragraph 10(b) that no environmental assessment of the designated project is required and posts that decision on the Internet site; or

  • (b) the decision statement with respect to the designated project that is issued under subsection 31(3) or section 54 to the proponent of the designated project indicates that the designated project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects or that the significant adverse environmental effects that it is likely to cause are justified in the circumstances.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "7", c. 31, s. 426(E).

Screening

Marginal note:Proponent’s obligation — description of designated project
  •  (1) The proponent of a designated project — other than one that is subject to an environmental assessment under section 13 or subsection 14(1) — must provide the Agency with a description of the designated project that includes the information prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 84(b).

  • Marginal note:Additional information

    (2) If the Agency is of the opinion, after receiving the description of the designated project from the proponent, that a decision cannot be made under paragraph 10(b) because the description is incomplete or does not contain sufficient details, the Agency may, within 10 days after receiving it, require the proponent to provide an amended description that includes the information and details that the Agency specifies.

Marginal note:Posting of description of designated project and public notice on Internet site

 When the Agency is satisfied that the description of the designated project includes all of the required information, it must post the following on the Internet site:

  • (a) a summary of the description;

  • (b) an indication of how a copy of the description may be obtained; and

  • (c) a notice that indicates that the designated project is the subject of a screening, invites the public to provide comments respecting the designated project within 20 days after the posting of the notice and indicates the address for filing those comments.

Marginal note:Screening decision

 Within 45 days after the posting of the notice on the Internet site, the Agency must

  • (a) conduct the screening, which must include a consideration of the following factors:

    • (i) the description of the designated project provided by the proponent,

    • (ii) the possibility that the carrying out of the designated project may cause adverse environmental effects,

    • (iii) any comments received from the public within 20 days after the posting of the notice, and

    • (iv) the results of any relevant study conducted by a committee established under section 73 or 74; and

  • (b) on completion of the screening, decide if an environmental assessment of the designated project is required.

Marginal note:Federal authority’s obligation

 Every federal authority that is in possession of specialist or expert information or knowledge with respect to a designated project that is subject to a screening must, on request, make that information or knowledge available to the Agency within the specified period.

Marginal note:Posting notice of decision on Internet site

 The Agency must post a notice of its decision made under paragraph 10(b) on the Internet site.

Environmental Assessment Required

Marginal note:Activities regulated by regulatory body

 A designated project for which the responsible authority is referred to in any of paragraphs 15(a) to (c) is subject to an environmental assessment.

Marginal note:Designation of physical activity as designated project
  •  (1) A designated project that includes a physical activity designated under subsection (2) is subject to an environmental assessment.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s power to designate

    (2) The Minister may, by order, designate a physical activity that is not prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 84(a) if, in the Minister’s opinion, either the carrying out of that physical activity may cause adverse environmental effects or public concerns related to those effects may warrant the designation.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s power to require that information be provided

    (3) The Minister may require any person to provide information with respect to any physical activity that can be designated under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Federal authority

    (4) The Minister must specify in the order made under subsection (2) for each designated physical activity one of the following federal authorities to which the physical activity is linked:

    • (a) the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission;

    • (b) the National Energy Board;

    • (c) any federal authority that performs regulatory functions, that may hold public hearings and that is specified in regulations made under paragraph 83(b); or

    • (d) the Agency.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (5) The Minister must not make the designation referred to in subsection (2) if

    • (a) the carrying out of the physical activity has begun and, as a result, the environment has been altered; or

    • (b) a federal authority has exercised a power or performed a duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act that could permit the physical activity to be carried out, in whole or in part.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of order on Internet site

    (6) The Agency must post on the Internet site a notice of any order made under subsection (2).

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "14", c. 31, s. 427(E).

Environmental Assessment of Designated Projects

Responsible Authority

Marginal note:Responsible authority

 For the purposes of this Act, the responsible authority with respect to a designated project that is subject to an environmental assessment is

  • (a) the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, in the case of a designated project that includes activities that are regulated under the Nuclear Safety and Control Act and that are linked to the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission as specified in the regulations made under paragraph 84(a) or the order made under subsection 14(2);

  • (b) the National Energy Board, in the case of a designated project that includes activities that are regulated under the National Energy Board Act or the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act and that are linked to the National Energy Board as specified in the regulations made under paragraph 84(a) or the order made under subsection 14(2);

  • (c) the federal authority that performs regulatory functions, that may hold public hearings and that is prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 83(b), in the case of a designated project that includes activities that are linked to that federal authority as specified in the regulations made under paragraph 84(a) or the order made under subsection 14(2); or

  • (d) the Agency, in the case of a designated project that includes activities that are linked to the Agency as specified in the regulations made under paragraph 84(a) or the order made under subsection 14(2).

Marginal note:Cooperation

 If two designated projects are closely related and the responsible authority with respect to each of them is different, each responsible authority must cooperate with the other with respect to the exercise of their respective powers and the performance of their respective duties and functions under this Act in relation to the projects.

Commencement of Environmental Assessment

Marginal note:Posting of notice on Internet site

 The responsible authority with respect to a designated project must ensure that a notice of the commencement of the environmental assessment of a designated project is posted on the Internet site.

Consultation and Cooperation with Certain Jurisdictions

Marginal note:Responsible authority’s or Minister’s obligations

 The responsible authority with respect to a designated project — or the Minister if the environmental assessment of the designated project has been referred to a review panel under section 38 — must offer to consult and cooperate with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (c) to (h) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) if that jurisdiction has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of the designated project.

Factors To Be Considered

Marginal note:Factors
  •  (1) The environmental assessment of a designated project must take into account the following factors:

    • (a) the environmental effects of the designated project, including the environmental effects of malfunctions or accidents that may occur in connection with the designated project and any cumulative environmental effects that are likely to result from the designated project in combination with other physical activities that have been or will be carried out;

    • (b) the significance of the effects referred to in paragraph (a);

    • (c) comments from the public — or, with respect to a designated project that requires that a certificate be issued in accordance with an order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act, any interested party — that are received in accordance with this Act;

    • (d) mitigation measures that are technically and economically feasible and that would mitigate any significant adverse environmental effects of the designated project;

    • (e) the requirements of the follow-up program in respect of the designated project;

    • (f) the purpose of the designated project;

    • (g) alternative means of carrying out the designated project that are technically and economically feasible and the environmental effects of any such alternative means;

    • (h) any change to the designated project that may be caused by the environment;

    • (i) the results of any relevant study conducted by a committee established under section 73 or 74; and

    • (j) any other matter relevant to the environmental assessment that the responsible authority, or — if the environmental assessment is referred to a review panel — the Minister, requires to be taken into account.

  • Marginal note:Scope of factors

    (2) The scope of the factors to be taken into account under paragraphs (1)(a), (b), (d), (e), (g), (h) and (j) is determined by

    • (a) the responsible authority; or

    • (b) the Minister, if the environmental assessment is referred to a review panel.

  • Marginal note:Community knowledge and Aboriginal traditional knowledge

    (3) The environmental assessment of a designated project may take into account community knowledge and Aboriginal traditional knowledge.

Federal Authority’s Obligation

Marginal note:Specialist or expert information

 Every federal authority that is in possession of specialist or expert information or knowledge with respect to a designated project that is subject to an environmental assessment must, on request, make that information or knowledge available, within the specified period, to

  • (a) the responsible authority;

  • (b) the review panel;

  • (c) a government, an agency or body, or a jurisdiction that conducts an assessment of the designated project under a substituted process authorized by section 32; and

  • (d) a jurisdiction that conducts an assessment, in the case of a designated project that is exempted under subsection 37(1).

Environmental Assessment by Responsible Authority

General Rules

Marginal note:Application only when no referral to review panel

 Sections 22 to 27 cease to apply to a designated project if it is referred by the Minister to a review panel under section 38.

Marginal note:Responsible authority’s obligations

 The responsible authority with respect to a designated project must ensure that

  • (a) an environmental assessment of the designated project is conducted; and

  • (b) a report is prepared with respect to that environmental assessment.

Marginal note:Information
  •  (1) The responsible authority may, when conducting the environmental assessment of a designated project and preparing the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, use any information that is available to it.

  • Marginal note:Studies and collection of information

    (2) However, if the responsible authority is of the opinion that there is not sufficient information available to it for the purpose of conducting the environmental assessment or preparing the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, it may require the collection of any information or the undertaking of any study that, in the opinion of the responsible authority, is necessary for that purpose, including requiring the proponent to collect that information or undertake that study.

Marginal note:Public participation

 Subject to section 28, the responsible authority must ensure that the public is provided with an opportunity to participate in the environmental assessment of a designated project.

Marginal note:Public notice in certain cases — draft report
  •  (1) When the responsible authority is the Agency, it must ensure that a draft report with respect to the environmental assessment of a designated project is prepared, and must ensure that the following are posted on the Internet site:

    • (a) a copy of the draft report or an indication of how a copy may be obtained; and

    • (b) a notice that invites the public to provide comments on the draft report within the period specified and provides the address for filing those comments.

  • Marginal note:Final report submitted to Minister

    (2) After taking into account any comments received from the public, the Agency must finalize the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project and submit it to the Minister.

Marginal note:Delegation
  •  (1) The responsible authority with respect to a designated project may delegate to any person, body or jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) the carrying out of any part of the environmental assessment of the designated project and the preparation of the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, but must not delegate the duty to make decisions under subsection 27(1).

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (2) For greater certainty, the responsible authority must not make decisions under subsection 27(1) unless it is satisfied that any delegated duty or function has been performed in accordance with this Act.

Marginal note:Responsible authority’s or Minister’s decisions
  •  (1) The responsible authority or, when the Agency is the responsible authority, the Minister, after taking into account the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

  • Marginal note:Time limit for Minister’s decisions

    (2) The Minister’s decisions must be made no later than 365 days after the day on which the notice of the commencement of the environmental assessment of the designated project is posted on the Internet site.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time limit by Minister

    (3) The Minister may extend that time limit by any further period — up to a maximum of three months — that is necessary to permit the Agency to cooperate with a jurisdiction referred to in section 18 with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project or to take into account circumstances that are specific to the project.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time limit by Governor in Council

    (4) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, extend the time limit extended under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Posting notice of extension on Internet site

    (5) The Agency must post on the Internet site a notice of any extension granted under subsection (3) or (4).

  • Marginal note:Excluded period

    (6) If, under subsection 23(2), the Agency requires the proponent of a designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, then the period that is taken by the proponent, in the Agency’s opinion, to comply with the requirement is not included in the calculation of the time limit within which the Minister’s decisions must be made.

  • Marginal note:Non application — section 54 of the National Energy Board Act

    (7) Subsection (1) does not apply if the carrying out of the designated project requires that a certificate be issued in accordance with an order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act.

Section 54 of the National Energy Board Act

Marginal note:Participation of interested party

 If the carrying out of a designated project requires that a certificate be issued in accordance with an order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act, the responsible authority with respect to the designated project must ensure that any interested party is provided with an opportunity to participate in the environmental assessment of the designated project.

Marginal note:Recommendations in environmental assessment report
  •  (1) If the carrying out of a designated project requires that a certificate be issued in accordance with an order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act, the responsible authority with respect to the designated project must ensure that the report concerning the environmental assessment of the designated project sets out

    • (a) its recommendation with respect to the decision that may be made under paragraph 31(1)(a) in relation to the designated project, taking into account the implementation of any mitigation measures that it set out in the report; and

    • (b) its recommendation with respect to the follow-up program that is to be implemented in respect of the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Submission of report to Minister

    (2) The responsible authority submits its report to the Minister within the meaning of section 2 of the National Energy Board Act at the same time as it submits the report referred to in subsection 52(1) of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Report is final and conclusive

    (3) Subject to sections 30 and 31, the report with respect to the environmental assessment is final and conclusive.

Marginal note:Order to reconsider
  •  (1) After the responsible authority with respect to a designated project has submitted its report with respect to the environmental assessment under section 29, the Governor in Council may, by order made under section 53 of the National Energy Board Act, refer any of the responsible authority’s recommendations set out in the report back to the responsible authority for reconsideration.

  • Marginal note:Factors and time limit

    (2) The order may direct the responsible authority to conduct the reconsideration taking into account any factor specified in the order and it may specify a time limit within which the responsible authority must complete its recon­sideration.

  • Marginal note:Responsible authority’s obligation

    (3) The responsible authority must, before the expiry of the time limit specified in the order, if one was specified, reconsider any recommendation specified in the order and prepare and submit to the Minister within the meaning of section 2 of the National Energy Board Act a report on its reconsideration.

  • Marginal note:Content of reconsideration report

    (4) In the reconsideration report, the responsible authority must

    • (a) if the order refers to the recommendation referred to in paragraph 29(1)(a)

      • (i) confirm the recommendation or set out a different one with respect to the decision that may be made under paragraph 31(1)(a) in relation to the designated project, and

      • (ii) confirm, modify or replace the mitigation measures set out in the report with respect to the environmental assessment; and

    • (b) if the order refers to the recommendation referred to in paragraph 29(1)(b), confirm the recommendation or set out a different one with respect to the follow-up program that is to be implemented in respect of the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Report is final and conclusive

    (5) Subject to section 31, the responsible authority reconsideration report is final and conclusive.

  • Marginal note:Reconsideration of report under this section

    (6) After the responsible authority has submitted its report under subsection (3), the Governor in Council may, by order made under section 53 of the National Energy Board Act, refer any of the responsible authority’s recommendations set out in the report back to the responsible authority for reconsideration. If it does so, subsections (2) to (5) apply. However, in subparagraph (4)(a)(ii), the reference to the mitigation measures set out in the report with respect to the environmental assessment is to be read as a reference to the mitigation measures set out in the reconsideration report.

Marginal note:Governor in Council’s decision
  •  (1) After the responsible authority with respect to a designated project has submitted its report with respect to the environmental assessment or its reconsideration report under section 29 or 30, the Governor in Council may, by order made under subsection 54(1) of the National Energy Board Act

    • (a) decide, taking into account the implementation of any mitigation measures specified in the report with respect to the environmental assessment or in the recon­sideration report, if there is one, that the designated project

      • (i) is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects,

      • (ii) is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects that can be justified in the circumstances, or

      • (iii) is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects that cannot be justified in the circumstances; and

    • (b) direct the responsible authority to issue a decision statement to the proponent of the designated project that

      • (i) informs the proponent of the decision made under paragraph (a) with respect to the designated project and,

      • (ii) if the decision is referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii), sets out conditions — which are the implementation of the mitigation measures and the follow-up program set out in the report with respect to the environmental assessment or the reconsideration report, if there is one — that must be complied with by the proponent in relation to the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Certain conditions subject to exercise of power or performance of duty or function

    (2) The conditions that are included in the decision statement regarding the environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(2), that are directly linked or necessarily incidental to the exercise of a power or performance of a duty or function by a federal authority and that would permit the designated project to be carried out, in whole or in part, take effect only if the federal authority exercises the power or performs the duty or function.

  • Marginal note:Responsible authority’s obligation

    (3) The responsible authority must issue to the proponent of the designated project the decision statement that is required in accordance with the order relating to the designated project within seven days after the day on which that order is made.

  • Marginal note:Posting of decision statement on Internet site

    (4) The responsible authority must ensure that the decision statement is posted on the Internet site.

  • Marginal note:Decision statement considered part of certificate

    (5) The decision statement issued in relation to the designated project under subsection (3) is considered to be a part of the certificate issued in accordance with the order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act in relation to the designated project.

Substitution

Marginal note:Minister’s obligation
  •  (1) Subject to sections 33 and 34, if the Minister is of the opinion that a process for assessing the environmental effects of designated projects that is followed by the government of a province — or any agency or body that is established under an Act of the legislature of a province — that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project would be an appropriate substitute, the Minister must, on request of the province, approve the substitution of that process for an environmental assessment.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s power

    (2) Subject to sections 33 and 34, if the Minister is of the opinion that a process for assessing the environmental effects of designated projects that is followed by any jurisdiction referred to in paragraph (e) or (f) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated project would be an appropriate substitute, the Minister may approve the substitution of that process for the environmental assessment.

  • Marginal note:Manner of approval

    (3) An approval must be in writing and may be given in respect of a designated project or a class of designated projects.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of approval on Internet site

    (4) The Agency must post a notice of the approval on the Internet site.

Marginal note:Exceptions

 The Minister must not approve the substitution of a process in relation to a designated project

  • (a) for which the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(a) or (b); or

  • (b) in relation to which the environmental assessment has been referred by the Minister to a review panel under section 38.

Marginal note:Conditions
  •  (1) The Minister may only approve a substitution if he or she is satisfied that

    • (a) the process to be substituted will include a consideration of the factors set out in subsection 19(1);

    • (b) the public will be given an opportunity to participate in the assessment;

    • (c) the public will have access to records in relation to the assessment to enable their meaningful participation;

    • (d) at the end of the assessment, a report will be submitted to the responsible authority;

    • (e) the report will be made available to the public; and

    • (f) any other conditions that the Minister establishes are or will be met.

  • Marginal note:Approval

    (2) The Minister may also approve the substitution of a process that has already been completed for an environmental assessment if he or she is satisfied that the conditions under subsection (1) have been met.

  • Marginal note:Availability

    (3) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1)(f) must be made available to the public.

Marginal note:Assessment considered in conformity

 If the Minister approves the substitution of a process under section 32, the assessment that results from the substitution is considered to be an environmental assessment under this Act and to satisfy any requirements of this Act and the regulations in respect of an environmental assessment.

Marginal note:Responsible authority’s or Minister’s decision

 After taking into account the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project that is received by the responsible authority at the end of the assessment under the process authorized by section 32, the responsible authority or, when the Agency is the responsible authority, the Minister must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

Equivalent Assessment

Marginal note:Exemption
  •  (1) When the Minister must, under subsection 32(1), on request, approve the substitution of a process that is followed by the government of a province or any agency or body that is established under an Act of the legislature of a province for an environmental assessment of a designated project, the Governor in Council may, by order and on the Minister’s recommendation, exempt the designated project from the application of this Act, if the Governor in Council is satisfied that

    • (a) after the completion of the assessment process, the government or the agency or body determines whether, taking into account the implementation of any mitigation measures that it considers appropriate, the designated project is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects;

    • (b) the government or the agency or body ensures the implementation of the mitigation measures that are taken into account in making the determination and the implementation of a follow-up program; and

    • (c) any other conditions that the Minister establishes are or will be met.

  • Marginal note:Availability

    (2) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1)(c) must be made available to the public.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of order on Internet site

    (3) The Agency must post a notice of any order made under subsection (1) on the Internet site.

Environmental Assessment by a Review Panel

General Rules

Marginal note:Referral to review panel
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (6), within 60 days after the notice of the commencement of the environmental assessment of a designated project is posted on the Internet site, the Minister may, if he or she is of the opinion that it is in the public interest, refer the environmental assessment to a review panel.

  • Marginal note:Public interest

    (2) The Minister’s determination regarding whether the referral of the environmental assessment of the designated project to a review panel is in the public interest must include a consideration of the following factors:

    • (a) whether the designated project may cause significant adverse environmental effects;

    • (b) public concerns related to the significant adverse environmental effects that the designated project may cause; and

    • (c) opportunities for cooperation with any jurisdiction that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of the designated project or any part of it.

  • Marginal note:Time limits

    (3) If the Minister refers the environmental assessment of the designated project to a review panel, the Minister must establish the following time limits — which combined are not to exceed 24 months — within which

    • (a) the review panel is to be established after the referral;

    • (b) the review panel must submit the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project to the Minister; and

    • (c) the Minister must, after receiving the review panel’s report, issue a decision statement under section 54 in relation to the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Modified time limits

    (4) Subject to section 54, the Minister may, as required, modify those time limits.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notices on Internet site

    (5) The Agency must post on the Internet site a notice of any decision made by the Minister to refer the environmental assessment of the designated project to a review panel, and a notice of any time limits that the Minister establishes in relation to the designated project and any changes that he or she may make to those time limits.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) The Minister must not refer to a review panel the environmental assessment of a designated project for which the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(a) or (b).

Marginal note:Studies and collection of information

 When the Minister refers the environmental assessment of a designated project to a review panel under section 38, the Agency may, from the day on which the referral is made and until the day on which the panel is established, require the proponent of the designated project to collect any information or undertake any studies that, in the opinion of the Agency, are necessary for the environmental assessment by the review panel.

Marginal note:Agreement to jointly establish review panel
  •  (1) When the Minister refers the environmental assessment of a designated project to a review panel under section 38, he or she may enter into an agreement or arrangement with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) that has powers, duties or functions in relation to the assessment of the environmental effects of the designated project, respecting the joint establishment of a review panel and the manner in which the environmental assessment of the designated project is to be conducted by that panel.

  • Marginal note:Other jurisdiction

    (2) When the Minister refers the environmental assessment of a designated project to a review panel under section 38, the Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs may enter into an agreement or arrangement with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraph (g) or (h) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) that has powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of the designated project respecting the joint establishment of a review panel and the manner in which the environmental assessment of the designated project is to be conducted by that panel.

  • Marginal note:Posting on Internet site

    (3) Any agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection (1) or (2) must be posted on the Internet site before the commencement of the hearings conducted by the jointly established review panel.

Marginal note:Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act
  •  (1) When a proposal is referred to the Minister under paragraph 130(1)(c) of the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, the Minister must refer the proposal to a review panel.

  • Marginal note:Document establishing review panel

    (2) When the Minister is required to refer the proposal to a review panel, he or she and the Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board must, in writing, jointly establish a review panel and prescribe the manner of its examination of the impact of the proposal on the environment.

  • Marginal note:If no agreement

    (3) Despite subsection (2), if, in respect of a proposal referred to in subsection 138.1(1) of the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, no agreement is entered into under that subsection within the period fixed by the regulations referred to in subsection 138.1(4) of that Act, an assessment by a review panel of the proposal must be conducted.

  • Marginal note:Coordination with environmental impact review

    (4) The Minister must to the extent possible ensure that any assessment of the proposal required by subsection (3) is coordinated with any environmental impact review of the pro­posal under the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act.

  • Marginal note:Consultations

    (5) Before making decisions under section 47 in relation to the proposal referred to in subsection (4), the Minister must take into account any report concerning the proposal that is issued under subsection 134(2) of the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act and must consult the persons and bodies to whom the report is submitted or distributed under subsection 134(3) of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Posting on Internet site

    (6) Any document establishing a review panel under subsection (2) must be posted on the Internet site before the commencement of the hearings conducted by the jointly established review panel.

Marginal note:Terms of reference and appointment of members
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if the environmental assessment of a designated project is referred to a review panel, the Minister must establish the panel’s terms of reference and appoint as a member one or more persons who are unbiased and free from any conflict of interest relative to the designated project and who have knowledge or experience relevant to its anticipated environmental effects.

  • Marginal note:Provisions of agreement

    (2) When there is an agreement or arrangement to jointly establish a review panel under subsection 40(1) or (2), or when there is a document jointly establishing a review panel under subsection 41(2), the agreement, arrangement or document must provide that the environmental assessment of the designated project includes a consideration of the factors set out in subsection 19(1) and is conducted in accordance with any additional requirements and procedures set out in it and provide that

    • (a) the Minister must establish — or approve — the review panel’s terms of reference;

    • (b) subject to section 54, the Minister establishes or approves the period within which the panel must submit its report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project and may, at any time, modify the terms of reference in order to extend the period;

    • (c) the Minister must appoint — or approve the appointment of — the chairperson or appoint a co-chairperson and must appoint at least one other member of the review panel; and

    • (d) the members of the panel are to be unbiased and free from any conflict of interest relative to the designated project and are to have knowledge or experience relevant to its anticipated environmental effects.

  • Marginal note:Establishment of roster

    (3) The Minister must establish a roster of persons who may be appointed as members of a review panel established under subsection (1) or under an agreement, arrangement or document referred to in subsection (2).

Marginal note:Review panel’s duties
  •  (1) A review panel must, in accordance with its terms of reference,

    • (a) conduct an environmental assessment of the designated project;

    • (b) ensure that the information that it uses when conducting the environmental assessment is made available to the public;

    • (c) hold hearings in a manner that offers any interested party an opportunity to participate in the environmental assessment;

    • (d) prepare a report with respect to the environmental assessment that sets out

      • (i) the review panel’s rationale, conclusions and recommendations, including any mitigation measures and follow-up program, and

      • (ii) a summary of any comments received from the public, including interested parties;

    • (e) submit the report with respect to the environmental assessment to the Minister; and

    • (f) on the Minister’s request, clarify any of the conclusions and recommendations set out in its report with respect to the environmental assessment.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (2) Subject to section 54, when a review panel is not jointly established under an agreement, arrangement or document referred to in subsection 42(2), the Minister must, in the terms of reference, set out the period within which the panel must submit the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project to the Minister and may, at any time, modify the terms of reference in order to extend the period.

Marginal note:Information
  •  (1) A review panel may, when conducting the environmental assessment of a designated project and preparing the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, use any information that is available to it.

  • Marginal note:Studies and collection of information

    (2) However, if the review panel is of the opinion that there is not sufficient information available for the purpose of conducting the environmental assessment or preparing the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, it may require the collection of any information or the undertaking of any study that, in the opinion of the review panel, is necessary for that purpose, including requiring the proponent to collect that information or undertake that study.

Marginal note:Power to summon witnesses
  •  (1) A review panel has the power to summon any person to appear as a witness before it and to order the witness to

    • (a) give evidence, orally or in writing; and

    • (b) produce any records and things that the panel considers necessary for conducting its environmental assessment of the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement powers

    (2) A review panel has the same power to enforce the attendance of witnesses and to compel them to give evidence and produce records and other things as is vested in a court of record.

  • Marginal note:Hearings to be public

    (3) A hearing by a review panel must be public unless the panel is satisfied after representations made by a witness that specific, direct and substantial harm would be caused to the witness or specific harm would be caused to the environment by the disclosure of the evidence, records or other things that the witness is ordered to give or produce under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Non-disclosure

    (4) If a review panel is satisfied that the disclosure of evidence, records or other things would cause specific, direct and substantial harm to a witness, the evidence, records or things are privileged and must not, without the witness’s authorization, knowingly be or be permitted to be communicated, disclosed or made available by any person who has obtained the evidence, records or other things under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Non-disclosure

    (5) If a review panel is satisfied that the disclosure of evidence, records or other things would cause specific harm to the environment, the evidence, records or things are privileged and must not, without the review panel’s authorization, knowingly be or be permitted to be communicated, disclosed or made available by any person who has obtained the evidence, records or other things under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement of summonses and orders

    (6) Any summons issued or order made by a review panel under subsection (1) must, for the purposes of enforcement, be made a summons or order of the Federal Court by following the usual practice and procedure.

  • Marginal note:Immunity

    (7) No action or other proceeding lies or is to be commenced against a member of a review panel for or in respect of anything done or omitted to be done during the course of and for the purposes of the assessment by the review panel.

Marginal note:Public notice

 On receiving a report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project by a review panel, the Minister must make the report available to the public in any manner he or she considers appropriate to facilitate public access to the report, and must advise the public that it is available.

Marginal note:Minister’s decisions
  •  (1) The Minister, after taking into account the review panel’s report with respect to the environmental assessment, must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

  • Marginal note:Studies and collection of information

    (2) The Minister may, before making decisions referred to in subsection 52(1), require the proponent of the designated project to collect any information or undertake any studies that, in the opinion of the Minister, are necessary for the Minister to make decisions.

Marginal note:Excluded periods

 If the Agency, the review panel or the Minister, under section 39 or subsection 44(2) or 47(2), respectively, requires the proponent of a designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, then

  • (a) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Agency, to comply with the requirement under section 39 is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in paragraph 38(3)(a);

  • (b) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the review panel, to comply with the requirement under subsection 44(2) is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in paragraph 38(3)(b) or 42(2)(b) or subsection 43(2); and

  • (c) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Minister, to comply with the requirement under subsection 47(2) is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in paragraph 38(3)(c).

Rules in Case of Termination

Marginal note:Termination
  •  (1) The Minister must terminate the assessment by a review panel of a designated project if the review panel fails to submit its report within the specified period including any extension of time limits.

  • Marginal note:Power to terminate

    (2) The Minister may terminate the assessment by a review panel of a designated project if he or she is of the opinion that the review panel will not be able to submit its report within the specified period including any extension of time limits.

  • Marginal note:Preliminary consultations

    (3) However, before the Minister exercises the power referred to in subsection (2) with respect to a review panel that is jointly established under one of the following agreements, arrangements or documents, he or she must

    • (a) in the case of an agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection 40(1), consult the jurisdiction with which the agreement or arrangement was entered into;

    • (b) in the case of an agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection 40(2), obtain the approval of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and consult the jurisdiction with which the agreement or arrangement was entered into; and

    • (c) in the case of a document referred to in subsection 41(2), consult the Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board.

Marginal note:Completion of environmental assessment by Agency

 When the assessment by a review panel of a designated project is terminated under section 49, the Agency must, in accordance with directives provided by the Minister, complete the environmental assessment of the designated project and prepare a report and submit it to the Minister.

Marginal note:Minister’s decisions

 The Minister, after taking into account the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project that was submitted by the Agency, must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

Decision Making

Marginal note:Decisions of decision maker
  •  (1) For the purposes of sections 27, 36, 47 and 51, the decision maker referred to in those sections must decide if, taking into account the implementation of any mitigation measures that the decision maker considers appropriate, the designated project

    • (a) is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(1); and

    • (b) is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(2).

  • Marginal note:Referral if significant adverse environmental effects

    (2) If the decision maker decides that the designated project is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(1) or (2), the decision maker must refer to the Governor in Council the matter of whether those effects are justified in the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Referral through Minister

    (3) If the decision maker is a responsible authority referred to in any of paragraphs 15(a) to (c), the referral to the Governor in Council is made through the Minister responsible before Parliament for the responsible authority.

  • Marginal note:Governor in Council’s decision

    (4) When a matter has been referred to the Governor in Council, the Governor in Council may decide

    • (a) that the significant adverse environmental effects that the designated project is likely to cause are justified in the circumstances; or

    • (b) that the significant adverse environmental effects that the designated project is likely to cause are not justified in the circumstances.

Marginal note:Conditions — environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(1)
  •  (1) If the decision maker decides under paragraph 52(1)(a) that the designated project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(1), or the Governor in Council decides under paragraph 52(4)(a) that the significant adverse environmental effects referred to in that subsection that the designated project is likely to cause are justified in the circumstances, the decision maker must establish the conditions in relation to the environmental effects referred to in that subsection with which the proponent of the designated project must comply.

  • Marginal note:Conditions — environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(2)

    (2) If the decision maker decides under paragraph 52(1)(b) that the designated project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects referred to in subsection 5(2), or the Governor in Council decides under paragraph 52(4)(a) that the significant adverse environmental effects referred to in that subsection that the designated project is likely to cause are justified in the circumstances, the decision maker must establish the conditions — that are directly linked or necessarily incidental to the exercise of a power or performance of a duty or function by a federal authority that would permit a designated project to be carried out, in whole or in part — in relation to the environmental effects referred to in that subsection with which the proponent of the designated project must comply.

  • Marginal note:Conditions subject to exercise of power or performance of duty or function

    (3) The conditions referred to in subsection (2) take effect only if the federal authority exercises the power or performs the duty or function.

  • Marginal note:Mitigation measures and follow-up program

    (4) The conditions referred to in subsections (1) and (2) must include

    • (a) the implementation of the mitigation measures that were taken into account in making the decisions under subsection 52(1); and

    • (b) the implementation of a follow-up program.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "53", c. 31, s. 428.

Decision Statement

Marginal note:Decision statement issued to proponent
  •  (1) The decision maker must issue a decision statement to the proponent of a designated project that

    • (a) informs the proponent of the designated project of the decisions made under paragraphs 52(1)(a) and (b) in relation to the designated project and, if a matter was referred to the Governor in Council, of the decision made under subsection 52(4) in relation to the designated project; and

    • (b) includes any conditions that are established under section 53 in relation to the designated project and that must be complied with by the proponent.

  • Marginal note:Time limit of decision statement

    (2) When the decision maker has made a decision under paragraphs 52(1)(a) and (b) in relation to the designated project for the purpose of section 47, the decision maker must issue the decision statement no later than 24 months after the day on which the environmental assessment of the designated project was referred to a review panel under section 38.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time limit by Minister

    (3) The decision maker may extend that time limit by any further period – up to a maximum of three months – that is necessary to permit cooperation with any jurisdiction with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project or to take into account circumstances that are specific to the project.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time limit by Governor in Council

    (4) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, extend the time limit extended under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Posting notice of extension on Internet site

    (5) The Agency must post a notice of any extension granted under subsection (3) or (4) on the Internet site.

  • Marginal note:Excluded period

    (6) If the Agency, the review panel or the Minister, under section 39 or subsection 44(2) or 47(2), respectively, requires the proponent of the designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, the calculation of the time limit within which the decision maker must issue the decision statement does not include:

    • (a) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Agency, to comply with the requirement under section 39;

    • (b) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the review panel, to comply with the requirement under subsection 44(2); and

    • (c) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Minister, to comply with the requirement under subsection 47(2).

Marginal note:Posting of decision statement on Internet site

 The responsible authority referred to in any of paragraphs 15(a) to (c) must ensure that any decision statement that it issues under section 54 is posted on the Internet site, and the Agency must post on the Internet site any decision statement that the Minister issues under that section.

Marginal note:Decision statement considered part of licence under Nuclear Safety and Control Act
  •  (1) A decision statement issued in relation to a designated project by the responsible authority referred to in paragraph 15(a) is considered to be a part of the licence issued under section 24 of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act in relation to the designated project.

  • Marginal note:Decision statement considered part of certificate, etc., under National Energy Board Act and Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act

    (2) A decision statement issued in relation to a designated project by the responsible authority referred to in paragraph 15(b) is considered to be a part of

    • (a) the certificate, order, permit or licence issued, the leave or exemption granted or the direction or approval given under the National Energy Board Act in relation to the designated project; or

    • (b) the authorization or licence issued, the approval granted or the leave given under the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act in relation to the designated project.

Participant Funding Programs

Marginal note:Agency’s obligation

 The Agency must establish a participant funding program to facilitate the participation of the public in the environmental assessment of designated projects that have been referred to a review panel under section 38.

Marginal note:Responsible authority’s obligation
  •  (1) A responsible authority must establish a participant funding program to facilitate the participation of the public in the environmental assessment of any designated project, for which it is the responsible authority, that meets the following conditions:

    • (a) it includes physical activities that are designated by regulations made under paragraph 84(e) or that are part of a class of activities designated by those regulations; and

    • (b) the environmental assessment of the designated project was not referred to a review panel under section 38.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The obligation does not apply with respect to any designated project for which the Minister has approved a substitution under section 32.

Cost Recovery

Marginal note:Proponent’s obligation to pay costs
  •  (1) For the Agency to recover its costs in relation to the environmental assessment of a designated project, the proponent of the designated project must pay to the Agency

    • (a) if the environmental assessment is conducted by the Agency, any costs that the Agency incurs for prescribed services provided by a third party in the course of the environmental assessment and any prescribed amounts that are related to the exercise of its responsibilities in relation to the environmental assessment; and

    • (b) if the environmental assessment is referred to a review panel under section 38, any costs that the review panel and the Agency incur for prescribed services provided by a third party in the course of the environmental assessment and any prescribed amounts that are related to the exercise of its responsibilities or to those of the members of the review panel, in relation to the environmental assessment.

  • Marginal note:User Fees Act

    (2) The User Fees Act does not apply to the costs and amounts referred to in subsection (1) that are fixed at the time of the coming into force of this Act.

Marginal note:Services provided during given period

 For the purposes of section 59, the services or responsibilities are limited to those provided or exercised during the period that begins when the notice of the commencement of the environmental assessment of the designated project is posted on the Internet site under section 17 and that ends when the decision statement is issued to the proponent under section 54.

Marginal note:Debt due to Her Majesty

 The costs and amounts that the proponent must pay under section 59 constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered as such in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Termination of Environmental Assessment

Marginal note:Termination by responsible authority or Minister

 The responsible authority with respect to a designated project — or the Minister if the environmental assessment of the designated project has been referred to a review panel under section 38 — may terminate the environmental assessment if the proponent advises the responsible authority or the Minister in writing that the proponent does not intend to carry out the designated project.

Marginal note:Termination by responsible authority

 The responsible authority referred to in any of paragraphs 15(a) to (c) may terminate the environmental assessment of a designated project for which it is the responsible authority if it decides not to exercise any power or perform any duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act that could permit the designated project to be carried out in whole or in part and, if the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(c), the environmental assessment of a designated project was not referred to a review panel under section 38.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "63", c. 31, s. 429(E).
Marginal note:Termination by Minister

 The Minister may terminate the environmental assessment by a review panel of a designated project for which the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(c) if it decides not to exercise any power or perform any duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act that could permit the designated project to be carried out in whole or in part.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "64", c. 31, s. 429(E).

Confidential Information

Marginal note:No disclosure

 Despite any other provision of this Act, no confidence of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada in respect of which subsection 39(1) of the Canada Evidence Act applies is to be disclosed or made available under this Act to any person.

Duties of Certain Authorities in Relation to Projects

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in sections 5 and 67 to 72.

authority

autorité

authority means

  • (a) a federal authority; and

  • (b) any other body that is set out in Schedule 3. (autorité)

project

projet

project means a physical activity that is carried out on federal lands or outside Canada in relation to a physical work and is not a designated project. (projet)

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "66", c. 31, s. 430.
Marginal note:Project carried out on federal lands

 An authority must not carry out a project on federal lands, or exercise any power or perform any duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act that could permit a project to be carried out, in whole or in part, on federal lands, unless

  • (a) the authority determines that the carrying out of the project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects; or

  • (b) the authority determines that the carrying out of the project is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects and the Governor in Council decides that those effects are justified in the circumstances under subsection 69(3).

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "67", c. 31, s. 431(E).
Marginal note:Project outside Canada

 A federal authority must not carry out a project outside Canada, or provide financial assistance to any person for the purpose of enabling, in whole or in part, a project to be carried out outside Canada, unless

  • (a) the federal authority determines that the carrying out of the project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects; or

  • (b) the federal authority determines that the carrying out of the project is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects and the Governor in Council decides that those effects are justified in the circumstances under subsection 69(3).

Marginal note:Referral to Governor in Council
  •  (1) If the authority determines that the carrying out of a project on federal lands or outside Canada is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects, the authority may refer to the Governor in Council the matter of whether those effects are justified in the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Referral through Minister

    (2) When the determination is made by an authority other than a federal Minister, then the referral to the Governor in Council is made through the Minister responsible before Parliament for that authority.

  • Marginal note:Governor in Council’s decision

    (3) When a matter has been referred to the Governor in Council, the Governor in Council must decide whether the significant adverse environmental effects are justified in the circumstances and must inform the authority of its decision.

Marginal note:Non-application — national emergency or emergency

 Sections 67 and 68 do not apply to an authority in respect of a project

  • (a) in relation to which there are matters of national security;

  • (b) that is to be carried out in response to a national emergency for which special temporary measures are being taken under the Emergencies Act; or

  • (c) that is to be carried out in response to an emergency, and carrying out of the project without delay is in the interest of preventing damage to property or the environment or is in the interest of public health or safety.

Marginal note:Federal authority’s reporting duty
  •  (1) The federal authority must, at the end of each fiscal year, report on its activities under sections 67 to 69 during the previous fiscal year.

  • Marginal note:Tabling in Parliament

    (2) The information on its activities must be laid before each House of Parliament during the fiscal year after the fiscal year to which the information relates.

Marginal note:Authority’s reporting duty
  •  (1) The authority referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition authority in section 66 must, each year, report on its activities during the previous year under sections 67 and 69.

  • Marginal note:Availability

    (2) The authority must make the information on its activities available to the public.

Regional Studies

Marginal note:Establishment of committee — region entirely on federal lands
  •  (1) The Minister may establish a committee to conduct a study of the effects of existing or future physical activities carried out in a region that is entirely on federal lands.

  • Marginal note:Mandate and appointment of members

    (2) If the Minister establishes a committee, he or she must establish its terms of reference and appoint as a member of the committee one or more persons.

Marginal note:Joint establishment of committee — other regions
  •  (1) If the Minister is of the opinion that it is appropriate to conduct a study of the effects of existing or future physical activities carried out in a region that is composed in part of federal lands or in a region that is entirely outside federal lands,

    • (a) the Minister may enter into an agreement or arrangement with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) respecting the joint establishment of a committee to conduct the study and the manner in which the study is to be conducted; and

    • (b) the Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs may enter into an agreement or arrangement with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraph (g) or (h) of that definition respecting the joint establishment of a committee to conduct the study and the manner in which the study is to be conducted.

  • Marginal note:Mandate and appointment of members

    (2) If an agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection (1) is entered into, the Minister must establish — or approve — the committee’s terms of reference and appoint one or more persons as a member of the committee — or approve their appointment.

Marginal note:Report to Minister

 On completion of the study that it conducts, the committee established under section 73 or under an agreement or arrangement entered into under paragraph 74(1)(a) or (b) must provide a report to the Minister.

Marginal note:Public notice

 On receiving the committee’s report, the Minister must make the report available to the public in any manner he or she considers appropriate to facilitate public access to the report and must advise the public that it is available.

Marginal note:Application of section 45

 Section 45 applies, with any necessary modifications, to a committee referred to in section 75 and, for the purpose of applying section 45 to a committee, a reference in that section to a review panel is a reference to a committee.

Canadian Environmental Assessment Registry

Establishment of Registry

Marginal note:Canadian Environmental Assessment Registry
  •  (1) For the purpose of facilitating public access to records relating to environmental assessments and providing notice in a timely manner of those assessments, there is to be a registry called the Canadian Environmental Assessment Registry, consisting of an Internet site and project files.

  • Marginal note:Right of access

    (2) The Registry must be operated in a manner that ensures convenient public access to it. That right of access to the Registry is in addition to any right of access provided under any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Copy

    (3) For the purpose of facilitating public access to records included in the Registry, the responsible authority must ensure that a copy of any of those records is provided in a timely manner on request.

Internet Site

Marginal note:Establishment and maintenance
  •  (1) The Agency must establish and maintain an Internet site that is available to the public.

  • Marginal note:Contents — responsible authority

    (2) The responsible authority with respect to a designated project must ensure that the following records and information, relating to the environmental assessment of the designated project that it conducts, are posted on the Internet site:

    • (a) any public notice that is issued by the responsible authority to request participation of the public — or, with respect to a designated project that requires that a certificate be issued in accordance with an order made under section 54 of the National Energy Board Act, of any interested party — in the environmental assessment;

    • (b) a description of the factors to be taken into account in the environmental assessment and of the scope of those factors or an indication of how such a description may be obtained;

    • (c) the report with respect to the environmental assessment that is taken into account by the responsible authority or the Minister for the purpose of making decisions under section 27 or 36, or a summary of the report and an indication of how a copy of the report may be obtained;

    • (d) the report with respect to the environmental assessment or the reconsideration report that is taken into account by the Governor in Council for the purpose of making a decision under section 31, or a summary of that report and an indication of how a copy of that report may be obtained;

    • (e) notice of the responsible authority’s decision to terminate the environmental assessment under section 62 or 63;

    • (f) any other information that the responsible authority considers appropriate, including information in the form of a list of relevant records and an indication of how a copy of them may be obtained; and

    • (g) any other record or information prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 84(f).

  • Marginal note:Contents — Agency

    (3) The Agency must ensure that, in the case of an assessment conducted by a review panel or an environmental assessment completed under section 50, the following records or information are posted on the Internet site:

    • (a) the review panel’s terms of reference;

    • (b) any public notice that is issued by the review panel to request public participation in an environmental assessment;

    • (c) the report with respect to the environmental assessment that is taken into account by the Minister for the purpose of making decisions under section 47 or 51, or a summary of the report and an indication of how a copy of the report may be obtained;

    • (d) notice of the termination of an assessment conducted by the review panel under section 49;

    • (e) notice of the Minister’s decision to terminate an environmental assessment under section 62 or 64;

    • (f) any other information that the Agency considers appropriate, including information in the form of a list of relevant documents and an indication of how a copy of them may be obtained; and

    • (g) any other record or information prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 84(f).

  • Marginal note:Management of Internet site

    (4) The Agency must determine

    • (a) what the form of the Internet site is to be and how it is to be kept;

    • (b) what information must be contained in any record required to be posted on the Internet site under this Act; and

    • (c) when information may be removed from the Internet site.

Project Files

Marginal note:Establishment and maintenance
  •  (1) In respect of every designated project for which a screening or an environmental assessment is conducted, a project file must be established and maintained

    • (a) by the Agency when there is a screening of the designated project, during the screening; and

    • (b) by the responsible authority from the commencement of the environmental assessment until any follow-up program in respect of the designated project is completed.

  • Marginal note:Contents of project file

    (2) A project file must contain all records produced, collected or received for the purpose of conducting the screening and the environmental assessment of the designated project, including

    • (a) all records posted on the Internet site;

    • (b) the description of the designated project;

    • (c) any report relating to the environmental assessment;

    • (d) any comments that are received from the public in relation to the screening and the environmental assessment;

    • (e) any records relating to the design or implementation of any follow-up program; and

    • (f) any records relating to mitigation measures to be implemented.

General

Marginal note:Categories of available information
  •  (1) Despite any other provision of this Act, the Registry must contain a record, part of a record or information only if

    • (a) it has otherwise been made publicly available; or

    • (b) the responsible authority, in the case of a record under its control, or the Minister, in the case of a record under the Agency’s control,

      • (i) determines that it would have been disclosed to the public in accordance with the Access to Information Act if a request had been made in respect of that record under that Act at the time the record came under the control of the responsible authority or the Agency, including any record that would be disclosed in the public interest under subsection 20(6) of that Act, or

      • (ii) believes on reasonable grounds that it would be in the public interest to disclose it because it is required for the public to participate effectively in the environmental assessment — other than any record the disclosure of which would be prohibited under section 20 of the Access to Information Act.

  • Marginal note:Applicability of sections 27, 28 and 44 of Access to Information Act

    (2) Sections 27, 28 and 44 of the Access to Information Act apply to any information described in subsection 27(1) of that Act that the Agency or a responsible authority intends to be included in the Registry with any necessary modifications, including the following:

    • (a) the information is deemed to be a record that the head of a government institution intends to disclose; and

    • (b) any reference to the person who requested access must be disregarded.

Marginal note:Protection from civil proceeding or prosecution

 Despite any other Act of Parliament, no civil or criminal proceedings lie against a responsible authority, the Agency or the Minister, or against any person acting on behalf of, or under the direction of, any one of them and no proceedings lie against the Crown, the Agency or any responsible authority, for the disclosure in good faith of any record or any part of a record under this Act or for any consequences that flow from that disclosure or for the failure to give any notice required under section 27 or 28 of the Access to Information Act if reasonable care is taken to give the required notice.

Administration

Marginal note:Regulations — Governor in Council

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) amending Schedule 1 or 3 by adding or deleting a body or a class of bodies;

  • (b) prescribing, for the purposes of paragraph 15(c), the federal authority that performs regulatory functions and that may hold public hearings;

  • (c) exempting any class of proponents or class of designated projects from the application of section 59;

  • (d) varying or excluding any requirement set out in this Act or the regulations as it applies to physical activities to be carried out

    • (i) on reserves, surrendered lands or other lands that are vested in Her Majesty and subject to the Indian Act,

    • (ii) on lands covered by land claim agreements referred to in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982,

    • (iii) under international agreements or arrangements entered into by the Government of Canada, or

    • (iv) in relation to which there are matters of national security;

  • (e) prescribing anything that, by this Act, is to be prescribed;

  • (f) prescribing the way in which anything that is required or authorized by this Act to be prescribed is to be determined; and

  • (g) generally, for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

Marginal note:Regulations — Minister

 The Minister may make regulations

  • (a) for the purpose of the definition designated project in subsection 2(1), designating a physical activity or class of physical activities and specifying for each designated physical activity or class of physical activities one of the following federal authorities to which the physical activity is linked:

    • (i) the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission,

    • (ii) the National Energy Board,

    • (iii) any federal authority that performs regulatory functions, that may hold public hearings and that is prescribed in regulations made under paragraph 83(b), or

    • (iv) the Agency;

  • (b) prescribing the information that must be contained in a description of a designated project;

  • (c) respecting the procedures, requirements and time periods relating to environmental assessments, including the manner of designing a follow-up program;

  • (d) respecting a participant funding program established under section 57 or established under section 58 by the responsible authority referred to in paragraph 15(d);

  • (e) designating, for the purposes of section 58, a physical activity or class of physical activities;

  • (f) respecting the Registry, including the identification of records or information to be posted on the Internet site and the establishment and maintenance of project files referred to in section 80; and

  • (g) respecting the charging of fees for providing copies of documents contained in the Registry.

Marginal note:Externally produced documents
  •  (1) A regulation made under this Act may incorporate by reference documents that are produced by a person or body other than the Agency, including a federal authority referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (d) of the definition federal authority in subsection 2(1).

  • Marginal note:Ambulatory incorporation by reference

    (2) A document may be incorporated by reference either as it exists on a particular date or as amended from time to time.

  • Marginal note:Accessibility of incorporated document

    (3) The Minister must ensure that any document incorporated by reference in a regulation is accessible.

  • Marginal note:No registration or publication

    (4) For greater certainty, a document that is incorporated by reference into a regulation is not required to be transmitted for registration or published in the Canada Gazette by reason only that it is incorporated by reference.

Marginal note:Minister’s powers
  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, the Minister may

    • (a) issue guidelines and codes of practice respecting the application of this Act and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, establish criteria to determine whether a designated project, taking into account the implementation of any appropriate mitigation measures, is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects or whether such effects are justified in the circumstances;

    • (b) establish research and advisory bodies in the area of environmental assessment;

    • (c) enter into agreements or arrangements with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) respecting assessments of environmental effects;

    • (d) enter into agreements or arrangements with any jurisdiction for the purposes of coordination, consultation, exchange of information and the determination of factors to be considered in relation to the assessment of the environmental effects of designated projects of common interest;

    • (e) establish criteria for the appointment of members of review panels; and

    • (f) establish criteria for the appointment of members of committees established under section 73 or 74.

  • Marginal note:Power to enter into international agreements

    (2) The Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs may enter into agreements or arrangements with any jurisdiction referred to in paragraphs (g) and (h) of the definition jurisdiction in subsection 2(1) respecting assessments of environmental effects, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, for the purposes of implementing the provisions of any international agreement or arrangement to which the Government of Canada is a party respecting the assessment of environmental effects.

  • Marginal note:Opportunity for public to comment

    (3) The Minister must provide reasonable public notice of and a reasonable opportunity for anyone to comment on draft guidelines, codes of practice, agreements, arrangements or criteria under this section.

  • Marginal note:Availability to public

    (4) Any guidelines, codes of practice, agreements, arrangements or criteria must be made available to the public.

Marginal note:Non-application — national security
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, by order, exclude a designated project from the application of this Act if, in the Governor in Council’s opinion, the designated project is one in relation to which there are matters of national security.

  • Marginal note:Non-application — national emergency or emergency

    (2) The Minister may, by order, exclude a designated project from the application of this Act if, in the Minister’s opinion, the designated project is one to be carried out in response to

    • (a) a national emergency for which special temporary measures are being taken under the Emergencies Act; or

    • (b) an emergency, and carrying out the designated project without delay is in the interest of preventing damage to property or the environment or is in the interest of public health or safety.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of order on Internet site

    (3) The Agency must post on the Internet site a notice of any order made under subsection (2).

Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

 An order made under subsection 14(2), 37(1), 87(1) or (2), 125(7) or 128(2) is not a statutory instrument for the purposes of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Administration and Enforcement

Designation

Marginal note:Power to designate
  •  (1) The Minister may designate persons or classes of persons for the purposes of the administration and enforcement of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (2) The Minister must provide every person designated under subsection (1) with a certificate of designation. That person must, if so requested, produce the certificate to the occupant or person in charge of a place referred to in subsection 90(1).

Powers

Marginal note:Authority to enter
  •  (1) A person who is designated to verify compliance or prevent non-compliance with this Act or orders made under section 94 may, for those purposes, enter a place in which they have reasonable grounds to believe a designated project is being carried out or a record or anything relating to a designated project is located.

  • Marginal note:Powers on entry

    (2) The designated person may, for those purposes,

    • (a) examine anything in the place;

    • (b) use any means of communication in the place or cause it to be used;

    • (c) use any computer system in the place, or cause it to be used, to examine data contained in or available to it;

    • (d) prepare a document, or cause one to be prepared, based on the data;

    • (e) use any copying equipment in the place, or cause it to be used;

    • (f) remove anything from the place for examination or copying;

    • (g) take photographs and make recordings or sketches;

    • (h) order the owner or person in charge of the place or a person at the place to establish their identity to the designated person’s satisfaction or to stop or start an activity;

    • (i) order the owner or a person having possession, care or control of anything in the place to not move it, or to restrict its movement, for as long as, in the designated person’s opinion, is necessary;

    • (j) direct any person to put any machinery, vehicle or equipment in the place into operation or to cease operating it; and

    • (k) prohibit or limit access to all or part of the place.

  • Marginal note:Duty to assist

    (3) The owner or person in charge of the place and every person in the place must give all assistance that is reasonably required to enable the designated person to exercise a power or perform a duty or function under this section and must provide any documents, data or information that are reasonably required for that purpose.

Marginal note:Warrant for dwelling-house
  •  (1) If the place is a dwelling-house, the designated person must not enter it without the occupant’s consent except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (2) On ex parte application, a justice may issue a warrant authorizing a designated person who is named in it to enter a dwelling-house, subject to any conditions specified in the warrant, if the justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the dwelling-house is a place referred to in subsection 90(1);

    • (b) entry to the dwelling-house is necessary for any of the purposes of that subsection; and

    • (c) entry was refused by the occupant or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be refused or that consent to entry cannot be obtained from the occupant.

Marginal note:Entry on private property
  •  (1) For the purpose of gaining entry to a place referred to in subsection 90(1), a designated person may enter private property and pass through it, and is not liable for doing so. For greater certainty, no person has a right to object to that use of the property and no warrant is required for the entry, unless the property is a dwelling-house.

  • Marginal note:Person accompanying designated person

    (2) A person may, at the designated person’s request, accompany the designated person to assist them to gain entry to the place referred to in subsection 90(1) and is not liable for doing so.

Marginal note:Use of force

 In executing a warrant to enter a dwelling-house, a designated person must not use force unless the use of force has been specifically authorized in the warrant and the designated person is accompanied by a peace officer.

Orders

Marginal note:Measures required
  •  (1) If a person designated to verify compliance with this Act believes on reasonable grounds that there is a contravention of this Act, they may, among other things, order a person to

    • (a) stop doing something that is in contravention of this Act or cause it to be stopped; or

    • (b) take any measure that is necessary in order to comply with this Act or to mitigate the effects of non-compliance.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) The order must be provided in the form of a written notice and must include

    • (a) a statement of the reasons for the order; and

    • (b) the time and manner in which the order must be carried out.

  • Marginal note:Duty to comply with order

    (3) Any person to whom an order is given under subsection (1) must comply with the order given.

Marginal note:Measures taken by designated person

 If a person does not comply with an order made under subsection 94(1) within the time specified, the designated person may, on their own initiative and at that person’s expense, carry out the measure required.

Injunctions

Marginal note:Court’s power
  •  (1) If, on the Minister’s application, it appears to a court of competent jurisdiction that a person has done, is about to do or is likely to do any act constituting or directed toward the commission of an offence under section 99, the court may issue an injunction ordering the person who is named in the application to

    • (a) refrain from doing an act that, in the court’s opinion, may constitute or be directed toward the commission of the offence; or

    • (b) do an act that, in the opinion of the court, may prevent the commission of the offence.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) At least 48 hours before the injunction is issued, notice of the application must be given to persons named in the application, unless the urgency of the situation is such that the delay involved in giving the notice would not be in the public interest.

Prohibitions and Offences

Marginal note:Obstruction

 It is prohibited to obstruct or hinder a designated person who is exercising their powers or performing their duties and functions under this Act.

Marginal note:False statements or information

 It is prohibited to knowingly make a false or misleading statement or knowingly provide false or misleading information in connection with any matter under this Act to any person who is exercising their powers or performing their duties and functions under this Act.

Marginal note:Contravention — section 6
  •  (1) Any proponent who contravenes section 6 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable, for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $200,000 and, for any subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $400,000.

  • Marginal note:Contravention — subsection 94(3)

    (2) A person who contravenes subsection 94(3) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable, for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $200,000 and, for any subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $400,000.

  • Marginal note:Contravention — section 97

    (3) Any person who contravenes section 97 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable, for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $100,000 and, for any subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $300,000.

  • Marginal note:Continuing offences

    (4) If an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is committed or continued on more than one day, it constitutes a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Due diligence defence

    (5) A person must not be found guilty of an offence under subsection (1), (2) or (3) if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.

Marginal note:Contravention — section 98

 Any person who contravenes section 98 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to a fine of not more than $300,000.

Marginal note:Limitation period

 Proceedings by way of summary conviction in respect of an offence under this Act may be instituted at any time within two years after the day on which the Minister becomes aware of the acts or omissions that constitute the alleged offence.

Marginal note:Admissibility of evidence
  •  (1) In proceedings for an offence under this Act, a statement, certificate, report or other document of the Minister, the responsible authority or the designated person that is purported to have been signed by that person or authority is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, is proof of the matters asserted in it.

  • Marginal note:Copies and extracts

    (2) In proceedings for an offence under this Act, a copy of or an extract from any document that is made by the Minister, the responsible authority or the designated person that appears to have been certified under the signature of that person or authority as a true copy or extract is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, has the same probative force as the original would have if it were proved in the ordinary way.

  • Marginal note:Presumed date of issue

    (3) A document referred to in this section is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, presumed to have been issued on the date that it bears.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) No document referred to in this section may be received in evidence unless the party intending to produce it has provided reasonable notice of that intention to the party against whom it is intended to be produced together with a copy of the document.

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency

Marginal note:Agency continued
  •  (1) The Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency is continued and must advise and assist the Minister in exercising the powers and performing the duties and functions conferred on him or her by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s responsibility

    (2) The Minister is responsible for the Agency.

Marginal note:Delegation to Agency
  •  (1) The Minister may, subject to any terms and conditions that the Minister specifies, delegate to an officer or employee of the Agency any of the powers, duties and functions that the Minister is authorized to exercise or perform under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) However, the Minister is not authorized to delegate a power to make regulations nor a power to delegate under subsection (1).

Marginal note:Agency’s objects

 The Agency’s objects are

  • (a) to conduct or administer environmental assessments and administer any other requirements and procedures established by this Act and the regulations;

  • (b) to promote uniformity and harmonization in relation to the assessment of environmental effects across Canada at all levels of government;

  • (c) to promote or conduct research in matters of environmental assessment and to encourage the development of environmental assessment techniques and practices, including testing programs, alone or in cooperation with other agencies or organizations;

  • (d) to promote environmental assessment in a manner that is consistent with the purposes of this Act;

  • (e) to promote, monitor and facilitate compliance with this Act;

  • (f) to promote and monitor the quality of environmental assessments conducted under this Act; and

  • (g) to engage in consultation with Aboriginal peoples on policy issues related to this Act.

Marginal note:Agency’s duties
  •  (1) In carrying out its objects, the Agency must

    • (a) provide support for review panels and any committees established under section 73 or under an agreement or arrangement entered into under paragraph 74(1)(a) or (b);

    • (b) provide, on the Minister’s request, administrative support for any research and advisory body established under paragraph 86(1)(b); and

    • (c) provide information or training to facilitate the application of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Agency’s powers

    (2) In carrying out its objects, the Agency may

    • (a) undertake studies or activities or conduct research relating to environmental assessment;

    • (b) advise persons and organizations on matters relating to the assessment of environmental effects; and

    • (c) negotiate agreements or arrangements referred to in paragraph 86(1)(c) or (d) on the Minister’s behalf.

Marginal note:Using government facilities

 In exercising its powers and performing its duties and functions under this Act, the Agency must, when appropriate, make use of the services and facilities of departments, boards and agencies of the Government of Canada.

Marginal note:President
  •  (1) The Governor in Council appoints an officer to be the President of the Agency, to hold office during pleasure, who is, for the purposes of this Act, a deputy of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:President — chief executive officer

    (2) The President is the Agency’s chief executive officer, and may exercise all of the Minister’s powers under this Act as authorized by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Acting President — Executive Vice-president

    (3) Subject to subsection (5), in the event of the absence or incapacity of the President or a vacancy in that office, the Executive Vice-president acts as, and exercises the powers of, the President in the interim.

  • Marginal note:Acting President — other person

    (4) Subject to subsection (5), the Minister may appoint a person other than the Executive Vice-president to act as the President in the interim.

  • Marginal note:Governor in Council’s approval required

    (5) The Executive Vice-president, or a person appointed under subsection (4), must not act as the President for a period exceeding 90 days without the Governor in Council’s approval.

Marginal note:Executive Vice-president
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may appoint an officer to be the Executive Vice-president of the Agency and to hold office during pleasure.

  • Marginal note:Powers, duties and functions

    (2) The Executive Vice-president must exercise any powers and perform any duties and functions that the President may assign.

Marginal note:Remuneration

 The President and the Executive Vice-president are to be paid any remuneration that the Governor in Council may fix.

Marginal note:Appointment under Public Service Employment Act

 The employees who are necessary to carry out the Agency’s work are to be appointed in accordance with the Public Service Employment Act.

Marginal note:Head office

 The head office of the Agency is to be in the National Capital Region as described in the schedule to the National Capital Act.

Marginal note:Contracts, etc., binding on Her Majesty
  •  (1) Every contract, memorandum of understanding and arrangement entered into by the Agency in its own name is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada to the same extent as it is binding on the Agency.

  • Marginal note:Legal proceedings

    (2) Actions, suits or other legal proceedings in respect of any right or obligation acquired or incurred by the Agency, whether in its own name or in the name of Her Majesty in right of Canada, may be brought or taken by or against the Agency in its own name in any court that would have jurisdiction if the Agency were a corporation that is not an agent of Her Majesty.

Annual Report

Marginal note:Annual report to Parliament
  •  (1) The Minister must, at the end of each fiscal year, prepare a report on the Agency’s activities and the administration and implementation of this Act during the previous fiscal year.

  • Marginal note:Tabling in Parliament

    (2) The Minister must, during the fiscal year after the fiscal year for which the report is prepared, cause the report to be laid before each House of Parliament.

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this section and sections 116 to 129.

former Act

ancienne loi

former Act means the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, chapter 37 of the Statutes of Canada, 1992. (ancienne loi)

former Agency

ancienne Agence

former Agency means the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency established by section 61 of the former Act. (ancienne Agence)

Marginal note:President of former Agency

 The person who holds the office of President of the former Agency immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force continues in office as the President of the Agency until the expiry or revocation of the appointment.

Marginal note:Executive Vice-president of former Agency

 The person who holds the office of Executive Vice-president of the former Agency immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force continues in office as the Executive Vice-president of the Agency until the expiry or revocation of the appointment.

Marginal note:Employment continued
  •  (1) Nothing in this Act is to be construed to affect the status of an employee who, immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force, occupied a position in the former Agency, except that the employee is to, on that day, occupy their position in the Agency.

  • Definition of employee

    (2) For the purposes of this section, employee has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Public Service Employment Act.

Marginal note:References

 Every reference to the former Agency in any deed, contract, agreement or other document executed by the former Agency in its own name is, unless the context otherwise requires, to be read as a reference to the Agency.

Marginal note:Transfer of rights and obligations

 All rights and property of the former Agency and of Her Majesty in right of Canada that are under the administration and control of the former Agency and all obligations of the former Agency are transferred to the Agency.

Marginal note:Commencement of legal proceedings

 Any action, suit or other legal proceeding in respect of an obligation or liability incurred by the former Agency may be brought against the Agency in any court that would have had jurisdiction if the action, suit or other legal proceeding had been brought against the former Agency.

Marginal note:Continuation of legal proceedings

 Any action, suit or other legal proceeding to which the former Agency is party that is pending in any court immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force may be continued by or against the Agency in like manner and to the same extent as it could have been continued by or against the former Agency.

Marginal note:Appropriations

 Any amount appropriated, for the fiscal year in which this Act comes into force, by an appropriation Act based on the Estimates for that year for defraying the charges and expenses of the former Agency and that, on the day on which this Act comes into force, is unexpended is considered, on that day, to be an amount appropriated for defraying the charges and expenses of the Agency.

Marginal note:Completion of screenings commenced under former Act
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (3) to (5), any screening of a project commenced under the former Act before the day on which this Act comes into force must, if the project is a designated project, be continued and completed as if the former Act had not been repealed.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s power

    (2) The Minister may, only on the day on which this Act comes into force, exercise the power conferred by subsection 14(2) with respect to a physical activity that is included in a project that was the subject of a screening commenced under the former Act before the day on which this Act comes into force, and that is not completed on that day and that is not, on that day, a designated project.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (3) The responsible authority with respect to the project to which subsection (1) applies must take a course of action under section 20 of the former Act no later than 365 days after the day on which this Act comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion

    (4) If the responsible authority under subsection 18(2) of the former Act requires the proponent of the project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the project, the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the responsible authority, to comply with the requirement, is not included in the calculation of the 365-day time limit.

  • Marginal note:Project requiring assessment by review panel

    (5) If, during the screening or once the screening is completed, the Minister is of the opinion that the project must be referred to a review panel, the environmental assessment of the project is continued under the process established under this Act. The project is considered to be a designated project and the Minister must refer the environmental assessment of the project to a review panel under section 38.

Marginal note:Completion of comprehensive studies commenced under former Act
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (6), any comprehensive study of a project commenced under the former Act before the day on which this Act comes into force is continued and completed as if the former Act had not been repealed.

  • Marginal note:Establishing Timelines for Comprehensive Studies Regulations

    (2) The Establishing Timelines for Comprehensive Studies Regulations are deemed to have come into force on July 12, 2010 with respect to a comprehensive study to which subsection (1) applies.

  • Marginal note:Six-month time limit

    (3) With respect to any comprehensive study commenced before July 12, 2010 to which subsection (1) applies with respect to a project for which the responsible authority is not the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, the responsible authority must ensure that the Minister and the Agency are provided with the comprehensive study report no later than six months after the day on which this Act comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Six-month time limit

    (4) With respect to any comprehensive study to which subsection (1) applies and which was commenced before July 12, 2010 by a port authority established under section 8 of the Canada Marine Act, the port authority must ensure that the comprehensive study report is provided to the Minister of Transport and the Agency no later than six months after the day on which this Act comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Excluded periods

    (5) If, under the former Act, the responsible authority or the port authority requires the proponent to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the project, then

    • (a) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the responsible authority, to comply with the requirement, is not included in the calculation of the six-month time limit referred to in subsection (3); and

    • (b) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the port authority, to comply with the requirement, is not included in the calculation of the six-month time limit referred to in subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Project requiring assessment by review panel

    (6) If, during the comprehensive study, the Minister is of the opinion that the project must be referred to a review panel, the environmental assessment of the project is continued under the process established under this Act. The project is considered to be a designated project and the Minister must refer the environmental assessment of the project to a review panel under section 38.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s powers

    (7) The Minister may, by order, exclude any comprehensive study of a project from the application of subsection (1) and provide that the environmental assessment of the project is continued under the process established under this Act. In such a case, the project is considered to be a designated project and, despite subsection 27(2), when the Minister must make decisions under section 27 with respect to the designated project, he or she must specify in the order the time limit for the decisions to be made. Subsections 27(3), (4) and (6) apply with respect to the time limit.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of order on Internet site

    (8) The Agency must post a notice of any order made under subsection (7) on the Internet site.

Marginal note:Completion of assessment by a review panel commenced under former Act
  •  (1) Despite subsection 38(6) and subject to subsections (2) to (6), any assessment by a review panel, in respect of a project, commenced under the process established under the former Act before the day on which this Act comes into force is continued under the process established under this Act as if the environmental assessment had been referred by the Minister to a review panel under section 38. The project is considered to be a designated project for the purposes of this Act and Part 3 of the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act, and

    • (a) if, before that day, a review panel was established under section 33 of the former Act, in respect of the project, that review panel is considered to have been established — and its members are considered to have been appointed — under subsection 42(1) of this Act;

    • (b) if, before that day, an agreement or arrangement was entered into under subsection 40(2) of the former Act, in respect of the project, that agreement or arrangement is considered to have been entered into under section 40 of this Act; and

    • (c) if, before that day, a review panel was established by an agreement or arrangement entered into under subsection 40(2) of the former Act or by document referred to in subsection 40(2.1) of the former Act, in respect of the project, it is considered to have been established by — and its members are considered to have been appointed under — an agreement or arrangement entered into under section 40 of this Act or by document referred to in subsection 41(2) of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Time limit for issuing decision statement under section 54

    (2) The Minister must establish the time limit within which, from the day on which this Act comes into force, the decision statement that is required under section 54 in respect of the project must be issued. Subsection 54(3) applies with respect to the time limit.

  • Marginal note:Other time limits

    (3) The Minister must, in respect of the project, also establish any of the time limits set out in paragraphs 38(3)(a) to (c) — which combined are not to exceed the time limit referred to in subsection (2) — that are necessary, depending on whether, on the day on which this Act comes into force, the review panel has or has not been established or the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the project has or has not been submitted to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Certain time limits established jointly

    (4) In respect of a project to which paragraph (1)(b) applies and for which the responsible authority is referred to in paragraph 15(a) or (b), the Minister jointly establishes the time limits under subsections (2) and (3) with the responsible authority with respect to the project.

  • Marginal note:Posting time limits on Internet site

    (5) The Agency must post on the Internet site a notice of any time limits established under subsection (2) or (3) in respect of the project.

  • Marginal note:Excluded periods

    (6) If the Agency, the review panel or the Minister, under section 39 or subsection 44(2) or 47(2), respectively, requires the proponent of the project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, the following periods are not included in the calculation of the time limit within which the Minister must issue the decision statement in respect of the project nor in the calculation of any of the time limits that are established under subsection (3):

    • (a) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Agency, to comply with the requirement under section 39;

    • (b) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the review panel, to comply with the requirement under subsection 44(2); and

    • (c) the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the Minister, to comply with the requirement under subsection 47(2).

Marginal note:Substitution under former Act

 The environmental assessment of a project commenced under the former Act before the day on which this Act comes into force for which the Minister has, before that date, approved the substitution of a process under section 43 of the former Act is continued and completed as if the former Act had not been repealed.

Marginal note:Non-application of this Act
  •  (1) This Act does not apply to a project, as defined in the former Act, that is a designated project as defined in this Act, if one of the following conditions applies:

    • (a) the proponent of the project has, before the day on which this Act comes into force, initiated the construction of the project;

    • (b) it was determined by the Agency or a federal authority under the former Act that an environmental assessment of the project was likely not required;

    • (c) the responsible authority has taken a course of action under paragraph 20(1)(a) or (b) or subsection 37(1) of the former Act in relation to the project; or

    • (d) an order issued under subsection (2) applies to the project.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.1) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if the carrying out of the project in whole or in part requires that a federal authority exercise any power or perform any duty or function conferred on it under any Act of Parliament other than this Act and that power, duty or function was a power, duty or function referred to in subsection 5(1) of the former Act.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of effect

    (1.2) Subsection (1.1) ceases to have effect on January 1, 2014.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s powers

    (2) On the day on which this Act comes into force, the Minister may, by order, exclude from the application of this Act a project, as defined in the former Act, that is a designated project under this Act, if the Minister is of the opinion that the project was not subject to the former Act and that another jurisdiction that has powers, duties or functions in relation to the assessment of the environmental effects of the project has commenced that assessment.

  • Marginal note:Posting of notice of order on Internet site

    (3) The Agency must post a notice of any order made under subsection (2) on the Internet site.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "128", c. 31, s. 432.
Marginal note:Privileged evidence, documents or things

 The evidence, documents or things that, before the day on which this Act comes into force, are privileged under subsection 35(4) or (4.1) of the former Act are considered to be privileged under subsection 45(4) or (5), respectively, of this Act.

SCHEDULE 1(Subsection 2(1) and paragraph 83(a))Federal Authorities

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 52 "Sch. 1";
  • 2014, c. 13, s. 115.

SCHEDULE 2(Subparagraph 5(1)(a)(iv) and subsection 5(3))Components of the Environment

SCHEDULE 3(Section 66 and paragraph 83(a))Bodies

RELATED PROVISIONS

  • — 2012, c. 19, s. 100

    • Definitions

      100 The following definitions apply in this section and sections 101 to 109.

      Board

      Board means the National Energy Board established by section 3 of the other Act. (Office)

      Chairperson

      Chairperson means the Chairperson of the National Energy Board. (Version anglaise seulement)

      commencement day

      commencement day means the day on which this section and sections 68 to 85, 89, 90, 92 to 97, 99 and 101 to 114 come into force. (entrée en vigueur)

      designated project

      designated project means a project that is considered to be a designated project under subsection 126(1) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012. (projet désigné)

      Minister responsible for the other Act

      Minister responsible for the other Act means the member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada that is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of the other Act. (ministre responsable de l’autre loi)

      other Act

      other Act means the National Energy Board Act. (autre loi)

  • — 2012, c. 19, s. 104

    • Section 52 application — review panel
      • 104 (1) Subsections (2) to (9) apply in respect of an application for a certificate under section 52 of the other Act if

        • (a) the application was made before the commencement day;

        • (b) a review panel had been jointly established before that day under an agreement entered into under subsection 40(2) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act in relation to the pipeline to which the application relates; and

        • (c) no final decision in respect of the application had been made before that day.

      • Sections 52 to 55.2

        (2) Subject to subsection (3) and (5) to (9), sections 52 to 55.2 of the other Act, as enacted by section 83, apply in respect of the application, as though it had been made on the commencement day.

      • Subsection 52(3)

        (3) Unless subsection (8) or (9) applies, the reference in subsection 52(3) of the other Act, as enacted by section 83, to the Board is to be read as a reference to the review panel.

      • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012

        (4) For the purposes of the environmental assessment under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 of the designated project to which the application relates,

        • (a) sections 47 and 48 of that Act are to be read as follows:

          • Governor in Council’s decision
            • 47 (1) The Governor in Council, after taking into account the review panel’s report with respect to the environmental assessment, must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

            • Studies and collection of information

              (2) Before making decisions referred to in subsection 52(1), the Governor in Council may, by order, direct the National Energy Board to require the proponent of the designated project to collect any information or undertake any studies that, in the Governor in Council’s opinion, are necessary for the Governor in Council to make decisions.

            • Publication

              (3) A copy of the order must be published in the Canada Gazette within 15 days after it is made.

          • Excluded periods
            • 48 (1) If the review panel under subsection 44(2) requires the proponent of the designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project and the review panel, with the approval of the Chairperson of the National Energy Board, states publicly that this subsection applies, the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the review panel, to comply with the requirement under subsection 44(2) is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in paragraph 38(3)(b) that is established under subsection 126(4).

            • Excluded periods

              (2) If the National Energy Board, acting under an order made under subsection 47(2), requires a proponent of the designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the National Energy Board, to comply with the requirement is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in paragraph 38(3)(c) that is established under subsection 126(4).

        • (b) section 54 of that Act is to be read as follows:

          • Decision statement
            • 54 (1) The National Energy Board must issue a decision statement to the proponent of a designated project that

              • (a) informs the proponent of the designated project of the decisions made under paragraphs 52(1)(a) and (b), and under subsection 52(4), if that subsection applies, in relation to the designated project; and

              • (b) includes any conditions that are established under section 53 in relation to the designated project and that must be complied with by the proponent.

            • Extension of time limit

              (2) The Governor in Council may extend the time limits established under subsection 126(4) by any further period.

            • Public notice of extension

              (3) The National Energy Board must make public any extension granted under subsection (2).

            • Excluded period

              (4) If the National Energy Board, acting under an order made under subsection 47(2), requires a proponent of the designated project to collect information or undertake a study with respect to the designated project, the period that is taken by the proponent, in the opinion of the National Energy Board, to comply with the requirement is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in subsection 126(2) that is established under subsection 126(4).

      • Time limit

        (5) The time limit established under subsection 126(4) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 for the submission of the review panel’s report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project to which the application relates is to be considered, despite the period of 15 months referred to in subsection 52(4) of the other Act, as enacted by section 83, to be the time limit specified by the Chairperson under that subsection 52(4).

      • Extension

        (6) If a time limit is extended under subsection 52(7) of the other Act, as enacted by section 83, the same extension is considered to have been made under subsection 54(2) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, as that subsection reads by reason of paragraph (4)(b).

      • Extension

        (7) If a time limit is extended under subsection 54(4) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, as that subsection reads by reason of paragraph (4)(b), the same extension is considered to have been made under subsection 52(7) of the other Act, as enacted by section 83.

      • Exercise of Chairperson’s powers

        (8) If a time limit is considered by virtue of subsection (5) to have been specified by the Chairperson under subsection 52(4) of the other Act, as enacted by section 83, and the Minister of the Environment and the Chairperson are of the opinion that the time limit is not likely to be met, the Chairperson may exercise any of the Chairperson’s powers under subsection 6(2.2) of the other Act, as enacted by subsection 71(2). If any of those powers are exercised,

        • (a) for greater certainty, subsections 6(2.3) to (2.5), as enacted by that subsection 71(2), apply; and

        • (b) the Minister of the Environment is considered to have terminated, under subsection 49(2) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, the review panel’s environmental assessment of the designated project to which the application relates.

      • Exercise of Minister’s powers

        (9) If the review panel’s environmental assessment of the designated project to which the application relates is terminated by the Minister of the Environment under subsection 49(1) or (2) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, or is considered to have been terminated under subsection (8),

        • (a) despite section 50 of that Act, the Board shall complete the environmental assessment of the designated project and prepare a report with respect to the environmental assessment; and

        • (b) section 51 of that Act is to be read as follows in respect of that designated project:

          • Governor in Council’s decision

            51 The Governor in Council, after taking into account the report with respect to the environmental assessment of the designated project, must make decisions under subsection 52(1).

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