Competition Tribunal Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.))

Act current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2014-11-01. Previous Versions

Competition Tribunal Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.)

An Act to establish the Competition Tribunal and to amend the Combines Investigation Act and the Bank Act and other Acts in consequence thereof

[1986, c. 26, assented to 17th June, 1986]

PART ICompetition Tribunal Act

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Part may be cited as the Competition Tribunal Act.


Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,

judicial member


judicial member means a member of the Tribunal appointed under paragraph 3(2)(a); (juge)

lay member

autre membre

lay member means a member of the Tribunal appointed under paragraph 3(2)(b); (autre membre)



Minister means the Minister of Industry; (ministre)



Tribunal means the Competition Tribunal established by subsection 3(1). (Tribunal)

  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 2;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 145(F);
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 62.

Tribunal Established

Marginal note:Tribunal
  •  (1) There is hereby established a tribunal to be known as the Competition Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Constitution of Tribunal

    (2) The Tribunal shall consist of

    • (a) not more than six members to be appointed from among the judges of the Federal Court by the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Minister of Justice; and

    • (b) not more than eight other members to be appointed by the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Advisory council

    (3) The Governor in Council may establish an advisory council to advise the Minister with respect to appointments of lay members, which council is to be composed of not more than ten members who are knowledgeable in economics, industry, commerce or public affairs and may include, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, individuals chosen from business communities, the legal community, consumer groups and labour.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) The Minister shall consult with any advisory council established under subsection (3) before making a recommendation with respect to the appointment of a lay member.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 2002, c. 8, ss. 183, 198, c. 16, s. 16.
Marginal note:Chairman
  •  (1) The Governor in Council shall designate one of the judicial members to be Chairman of the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Role of Chairman

    (2) The Chairman has supervision over and direction of the work of the Tribunal including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, the allocation of the work of the members thereof.

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity

    (3) Where the office of Chairman is vacant, or the Chairman is absent from Canada or is for any reason unable to act, the powers of the Chairman shall be exercised and the duties performed by the senior judicial member who is in Canada and is able and willing to act.

Marginal note:Tenure of judicial members
  •  (1) Each judicial member shall be appointed for a term not exceeding seven years and holds office so long as he remains a judge of the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Tenure of lay members

    (2) Each lay member shall be appointed for a term not exceeding seven years and holds office during good behaviour but may be removed by the Governor in Council for cause.

  • Marginal note:Re-appointment

    (3) A member of the Tribunal, on the expiration of a first or any subsequent term of office, is eligible to be re-appointed for a further term.

  • Marginal note:Acting after expiration of appointment

    (4) A person may continue to act as a member of the Tribunal after the expiration of his term of appointment in respect of any matter in which he became engaged during the term of his appointment.

  • Marginal note:Temporary substitute members

    (5) In the event of the absence or incapacity of a member of the Tribunal, the Governor in Council may appoint a temporary substitute member for such period of time as the Governor in Council prescribes.

Marginal note:Remuneration of lay members
  •  (1) Each lay member shall be paid such remuneration as may be fixed by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Expenses of members

    (2) Each member of the Tribunal is entitled to be paid the travel allowances that a judge is entitled to be paid under the Judges Act.

  • Marginal note:Other benefits

    (3) Each lay member is deemed to be employed in the federal public administration for the purposes of the Government Employees Compensation Act and any regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 6;
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E).
Marginal note:Oath of office
  •  (1) Every member of the Tribunal shall, before entering on the duties of his office, take an oath that he will duly and faithfully, and to the best of his skill and knowledge, execute the powers and trusts reposed in him as a member of the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:How administered

    (2) The oath referred to in subsection (1) shall be administered to the Chairman of the Tribunal before the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and to the other members by the Chairman, or in his absence or incapacity, by any other member.

Jurisdiction and Powers of the Tribunal

Marginal note:Jurisdiction
  •  (1) The Tribunal has jurisdiction to hear and dispose of all applications made under Part VII.1 or VIII of the Competition Act and any related matters, as well as any matter under Part IX of that Act that is the subject of a reference under subsection 124.2(2) of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (2) The Tribunal has, with respect to the attendance, swearing and examination of witnesses, the production and inspection of documents, the enforcement of its orders and other matters necessary or proper for the due exercise of its jurisdiction, all such powers, rights and privileges as are vested in a superior court of record.

  • Marginal note:Power to penalize

    (3) No person shall be punished for contempt of the Tribunal unless a judicial member is of the opinion that the finding of contempt and the punishment are appropriate in the circumstances.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 8;
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 41;
  • 2002, c. 16, s. 16.1.
Marginal note:Costs
  •  (1) The Tribunal may award costs of proceedings before it in respect of reviewable matters under Parts VII.1 and VIII of the Competition Act on a final or interim basis, in accordance with the provisions governing costs in the Federal Court Rules, 1998.

  • Marginal note:Payment

    (2) The Tribunal may direct by whom and to whom any costs are to be paid and by whom they are to be taxed and allowed.

  • Marginal note:Award against the Crown

    (3) The Tribunal may award costs against Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Costs adjudged to Her Majesty in right of Canada

    (4) Costs adjudged to Her Majesty in right of Canada shall not be disallowed or reduced on taxation by reason only that counsel who earned the costs, or in respect of whose services the costs are charged, was a salaried officer of Her Majesty in right of Canada performing those services in the discharge of that counsel’s duty and remunerated for those services by salary, or for that or any other reason was not entitled to recover any costs from Her Majesty in right of Canada in respect of the services so rendered.

  • Marginal note:Amounts to Receiver General

    (5) Any money or costs awarded to Her Majesty in right of Canada in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies shall be paid to the Receiver General.

  • 2002, c. 16, s. 17.
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