Canada Pension Plan (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-8)

Act current to 2016-02-03 and last amended on 2015-06-18. Previous Versions

Canada Pension Plan

R.S.C., 1985, c. C-8

An Act to establish a comprehensive program of old age pensions and supplementary benefits in Canada payable to and in respect of contributors

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Pension Plan.

  • R.S., c. C-5, s. 1.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this Act,

    applicant

    requérant

    applicant means, in Part II,

    • (a) a person or an estate that has applied for a benefit,

    • (b) a person who has applied for a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings under section 55 or paragraph 55.1(1)(b) or (c), or

    • (c) a person in respect of whom a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings has been approved under paragraph 55.1(1)(a); (requérant)

    average monthly pensionable earnings

    moyenne mensuelle des gains ouvrant droit à pension

    average monthly pensionable earnings of a person means an amount calculated in accordance with section 47 or 48; (moyenne mensuelle des gains ouvrant droit à pension)

    balance-due day

    date d’exigibilité du solde

    balance-due day of a person for a year means

    • (a) where the person died after October in the year and before May in the immediately following year, the day that is 6 months after the day of death, and

    • (b) in any other case, April 30 in the immediately following year; (date d’exigibilité du solde)

    basic exemption

    exemption de base

    basic exemption of a person for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 19; (exemption de base)

    beneficiary

    bénéficiaire

    beneficiary means a person, estate or other body to whom a benefit has become payable; (bénéficiaire)

    benefit

    prestation

    benefit means a benefit payable under this Act and includes a pension; (prestation)

    business

    entreprise

    business includes a profession, calling, trade, manufacture or undertaking of any kind whatever, and includes an adventure or concern in the nature of trade but does not include an office or employment; (entreprise)

    common-law partner

    conjoint de fait

    common-law partner, in relation to a contributor, means a person who is cohabiting with the contributor in a conjugal relationship at the relevant time, having so cohabited with the contributor for a continuous period of at least one year. For greater certainty, in the case of a contributor’s death, the “relevant time” means the time of the contributor’s death. (conjoint de fait)

    Consumer Price Index

    indice des prix à la consommation

    Consumer Price Index means the Consumer Price Index for Canada, as published by Statistics Canada under the authority of the Statistics Act; (indice des prix à la consommation)

    contribution

    cotisation

    contribution means a contribution under this Act; (cotisation)

    contribution rate

    taux de cotisation

    contribution rate, in respect of an employee, an employer and a self-employed person for a year, means the contribution rate for that employee, employer and self-employed person for the year determined in accordance with or pursuant to this Act; (taux de cotisation)

    contributor

    cotisant

    contributor means a person who has made an employee’s contribution or a contribution in respect of the person’s self-employed earnings, and includes a person the amount of whose earnings on which a contribution has been made for a year under this Act calculated as provided in subparagraph 53(1)(b)(i) exceeds zero and a person to whom unadjusted pensionable earnings have been attributed under section 55, 55.1 or 55.2; (cotisant)

    contributory period

    période cotisable

    contributory period of a contributor has, subject to paragraph 44(2)(b) and subsection 56(5), the meaning assigned by section 49; (période cotisable)

    contributory salary and wages

    traitement et salaire cotisables

    contributory salary and wages of a person for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 12; (traitement et salaire cotisables)

    contributory self-employed earnings

    gains cotisables provenant du travail qu’une personne exécute pour son propre compte

    contributory self-employed earnings of a person for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 13; (gains cotisables provenant du travail qu’une personne exécute pour son propre compte)

    deduct

    déduire

    deduct includes withhold; (déduire)

    disabled

    invalide

    disabled has the meaning assigned by section 42; (invalide)

    employee

    employé

    employee includes an officer; (employé)

    employer

    employeur

    employer means a person liable to pay salary, wages or other remuneration in relation to employment, and, in relation to an officer, includes the person from whom the officer receives their remuneration; (employeur)

    employment

    emploi

    employment means the state of being employed under an express or implied contract of service or apprenticeship, and includes the tenure of an office; (emploi)

    excepted employment

    emploi excepté

    excepted employment means employment specified in subsection 6(2); (emploi excepté)

    maximum contributory earnings

    maximum des gains cotisables

    maximum contributory earnings of a person for a year has the meaning assigned by section 16; (maximum des gains cotisables)

    maximum pensionable earnings

    maximum des gains ouvrant droit à pension

    maximum pensionable earnings of a person for a year has the meaning assigned by section 17; (maximum des gains ouvrant droit à pension)

    office and officer

    fonction ou charge et fonctionnaire

    office means the position of an individual entitling him to a fixed or ascertainable stipend or remuneration and includes a judicial office, the office of a minister of the Crown, the office of a lieutenant governor, the office of a member of the Senate or House of Commons, a member of a legislative assembly or a member of a legislative or executive council and any other office the incumbent of which is elected by popular vote or is elected or appointed in a representative capacity, and also includes the position of a corporation director, and officer means a person holding such an office; (fonction ou charge et fonctionnaire)

    pension

    pension

    pension means a pension payable under this Act; (pension)

    Pension Appeals Board

    Pension Appeals Board[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 225]

    Pension Index

    indice de pension

    Pension Index has the meaning assigned by section 43; (indice de pension)

    pensionable employment

    emploi ouvrant droit à pension

    pensionable employment means employment specified in subsection 6(1); (emploi ouvrant droit à pension)

    prescribed

    prescrit

    prescribed means

    • (a) in the case of a form or the information to be given on a form, authorized by the Minister having the control and direction of the administration of the Part of this Act to which the context extends, and

    • (b) in any other case, prescribed by regulation or determined in accordance with rules prescribed by regulation; (prescrit)

    Record of Earnings

    registre des gains

    Record of Earnings means the Record of Earnings established under section 95; (registre des gains)

    representative

    représentant

    representative means, in respect of any person, a guardian, curator, committee, executor, liquidator of a succession, administrator or other legal representative of that person; (représentant)

    Review Committee

    Review Committee[Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 1]

    Review Tribunal

    Review Tribunal[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 225]

    salary and wages on which a contribution has been made

    traitement et salaire sur lesquels a été versée une cotisation

    salary and wages on which a contribution has been made for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 15; (traitement et salaire sur lesquels a été versée une cotisation)

    self-employed earnings

    gains provenant du travail qu’une personne exécute pour son propre compte

    self-employed earnings of a person for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 14; (gains provenant du travail qu’une personne exécute pour son propre compte)

    Social Insurance Number and Social Insurance Number Card

    numéro d’assurance sociale et carte matricule d’assurance sociale

    Social Insurance Number means a Social Insurance Number assigned to an individual under the authority of any Act of Parliament, and Social Insurance Number Card means a Social Insurance Number Card issued to an individual under that authority; (numéro d’assurance sociale et carte matricule d’assurance sociale)

    spouse

    spouse[Repealed, 2000, c. 12, s. 42]

    total pensionable earnings

    total des gains ouvrant droit à pension

    total pensionable earnings of a contributor means an amount calculated in accordance with section 50; (total des gains ouvrant droit à pension)

    total pensionable earnings of a contributor attributable to contributions made under this Act

    total des gains d’un cotisant ouvrant droit à pension, afférents à des cotisations versées selon la présente loi

    total pensionable earnings of a contributor attributable to contributions made under this Act means an amount calculated in accordance with section 78; (total des gains d’un cotisant ouvrant droit à pension, afférents à des cotisations versées selon la présente loi)

    unadjusted pensionable earnings

    gains non ajustés ouvrant droit à pension

    unadjusted pensionable earnings of a contributor for a year means an amount calculated in accordance with section 53; (gains non ajustés ouvrant droit à pension)

    year

    année

    year means a calendar year; (année)

    Year’s Basic Exemption

    exemption de base de l’année

    Year’s Basic Exemption has the meaning assigned by section 20; (exemption de base de l’année)

    Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings

    maximum des gains annuels ouvrant droit à pension

    Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings has the meaning assigned by section 18. (maximum des gains annuels ouvrant droit à pension)

  • Marginal note:When specified age deemed to be reached

    (2) For the purposes of any provision of this Act in which reference is made to the reaching by a person of a specified age — other than a reference in paragraph 13(1)(c) or (e) or (1.2)(c), 17(c), 19(c) or (d) or 44(3)(a), section 70 or paragraph 72(1)(c) — the person is deemed to have reached the specified age at the beginning of the month following the month in which the person actually reached that age, and in computing

    • (a) any period of months ending with the time when he reached a specified age, the month in which he actually reached that age shall be included; and

    • (b) any period of months commencing with the time when he reached a specified age, the month in which he actually reached that age shall not be included.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-8, s. 2;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 1, c. 1 (4th Supp.), s. 45(F);
  • 1991, c. 44, s. 1, c. 49, s. 203;
  • 1995, c. 33, s. 25;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 42;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 111;
  • 2009, c. 31, s. 25;
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 172;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 225, c. 31, s. 193.
 
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